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Reading Together

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ISBN: 9781137545503 Year: Pages: 18 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-54550-3_3 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 670876
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-09 11:21:02
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Abstract

Every region of India is and has been multilingual, with speakers ofdifferent languages and speakers of multiple languages. But literary‘multilingual locals’ are often more fragmented than we think. Whilemultilingualism suggests interest, and proficiency, in more than one literarylanguage and tradition, very real barriers exist in terms of written vs. oralaccess, mutual interaction, and social and cultural hierarchies andexclusions. What does it mean to take multilingualism seriously when studyingliterature? One way, this essay suggests, is to consider works on a similartopic or milieu written in the different languages and compare both theirliterary sensibilities and their social imaginings. Rural Awadh offers anexcellent example, as the site of many intersecting processes anddiscourses—of shared Hindu-Muslim sociality and culture and Muslimseparatism, of nostalgia for a sophisticated culture and critique ofzamindari exploitation and socio-economic backwardness, as the home of Urduand of rustic Awadhi. This essay analyses three novels written at differenttimes about rural Awadh—one set before 1947 and the others in the wake ofthe Zamindari Abolition Act of 1950 and the migration of so many Muslimzamindars from Awadh, either to Pakistan or to Indian cities. The first isQazi Abdul Sattar’s Urdu novel Shab gazida (1962), the other two areShivaprasad Singh’s Alag alag vaitarani (1970) and the Awadh subplot inVikram Seth’s A Suitable Boy (1993). Without making them representatives oftheir respective languages, by comparing these three novels I am interestedin exploring how they frame and what they select of Awadh culture, how muchground and sensibility they share, and how they fit within broader traditionsof ‘village writing’ in Hindi, Urdu, and Indian English.

Keywords

Oral --- tradtion --- local dialect --- tenant --- farmer zamindar --- Urdu --- Hindi

Chapter Reading together (Book chapter)

Book title: Reading Together

Author:
ISBN: 9781137545503 Year: Pages: 18 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-54550-3_3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 670876
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-29 00:10:55
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Abstract

Every region of India is and has been multilingual, with speakers of different languages and speakers of multiple languages. But literary ‘multilingual locals’ are often more fragmented than we think. While multilingualism suggests interest, and proficiency, in more than one literary language and tradition, very real barriers exist in terms of written vs. oral access, mutual interaction, and social and cultural hierarchies and exclusions. What does it mean to take multilingualism seriously when studying literature? One way, this essay suggests, is to consider works on a similar topic or milieu written in the different languages and compare both their literary sensibilities and their social imaginings. Rural Awadh offers an excellent example, as the site of many intersecting processes and discourses—of shared Hindu-Muslim sociality and culture and Muslim separatism, of nostalgia for a sophisticated culture and critique of zamindari exploitation and socio-economic backwardness, as the home of Urdu and of rustic Awadhi. This essay analyses three novels written at different times about rural Awadh—one set before 1947 and the others in the wake of the Zamindari Abolition Act of 1950 and the migration of so many Muslim zamindars from Awadh, either to Pakistan or to Indian cities. The first is Qazi Abdul Sattar’s Urdu novel Shab gazida (1962), the other two are Shivaprasad Singh’s Alag alag vaitarani (1970) and the Awadh subplot in Vikram Seth’s A Suitable Boy (1993). Without making them representatives of their respective languages, by comparing these three novels I am interested in exploring how they frame and what they select of Awadh culture, how much ground and sensibility they share, and how they fit within broader traditions of ‘village writing’ in Hindi, Urdu, and Indian English.

Keywords

Oral --- tradtion --- local dialect --- tenant --- farmer zamindar --- Urdu --- Hindi

Tellings and Texts: Music, Literature and Performance in North India

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ISBN: 9781783741045 Year: Pages: 566 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0062 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 263643
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-22 11:01:03
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"Examining materials from early modern and contemporary North India and Pakistan, Tellings and Texts brings together seventeen first-rate papers on the relations between written and oral texts, their performance, and the musical traditions these performances have entailed. The contributions from some of the best scholars in the field cover a wide range of literary genres and social and cultural contexts across the region. The texts and practices are contextualized in relation to the broader social and political background in which they emerged, showing how religious affiliations, caste dynamics and political concerns played a role in shaping social identities as well as aesthetic sensibilities. By doing so this book sheds light into theoretical issues of more general significance, such as textual versus oral norms; the features of oral performance and improvisation; the role of the text in performance; the aesthetics and social dimension of performance; the significance of space in performance history and important considerations on repertoires of story-telling. Tellings and Texts is essential reading for anyone with an interest in South Asian culture and, more generally, in the theory and practice of oral literature, performance and story-telling."

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