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Entre mers—Outre-mer

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ISBN: 9783946054818 Year: Pages: 285 DOI: 10.17885/heiup.355.492 Language: English|German
Publisher: Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP)
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:11
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The history of individual seascapes has recently become a vibrant and innovative field of research. Nonetheless, connections between seas (entre mers) and the imagination of lands „beyond the Sea“ (Outre-mer) have only rarely been focused in these contexts. This is precisely the main aim of the present collection of essays, which results from a conference held at Heidelberg University. The individual papers treat various aspects of transmarine connections, their regulation and mental expansion in an Indo-Mediterranean context, which comprises the Mediterranean, the Indian Ocean, as well as projections of seaways to India on other maritime areas, thus spanning a wide chronological spectrum from Egyptian antiquity to the onset of the Atlantic Age in the sixteenth century.

Religious minorities, integration and the State; État, minorités religieuses et intégration

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Book Series: Religion and Law in Medieval Christian and Muslim Societies ISBN: 9782503564999 Year: Pages: 230 Language: English|French
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion --- Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-07 11:02:38
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Judaism, Christianity and Islam have coexisted in Europe for over 1300 years. The three monotheistic faiths differ in demography, in the moment of their arrival on the continent and in the unequal relations they maintain with power: Christianity was chosen by a large number of inhabitants and became — in spite of important differences according to place and time —a religion of state. The organization of the continent into states and the divisions within Christianity often placed minorities in an unstable and at times painful situation. This partially explains the fight against "heresies", the wars of religions, the expulsion of Jews from several European kingdoms (as well as the expulsion of Muslims from Sicily and the Iberian peninsula), the "Jewish question" in the 19th century up until the Holocaust. Since the 20th century, the debates concerning Islam and concerning public expression of religion are shaped in part by this past. The 13 studies gathered in this volume explore the ways in which states have treated their religious minorities. We study various policies — repression, supervision, integration, tolerance, secularization, indifference — as well as the many ways in which minorities have accommodated the majority’s demands. The relation is by no means one-sided: on the contrary, state policies have created resistance, negotiation (on the legal, political, and cultural fronts) or compromise. Through these precise and original examples, we can see how the protagonists (states, religious institutions, the elite, the faithful) interact, try to convince or influence each other in order to transform practices, invent and implement common norms and grounds, all the while knowing the confessional dimension of "religious" majority and minority does not fully embrace the identity of each citizen in full.

Inschriftenkulturen im kommunalen Italien. Traditionen, Brüche, Neuanfänge

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Book Series: Materiale Textkulturen ISSN: 2198-6932 ISBN: 9783110642261 Year: Volume: 21 Pages: 342 DOI: 10.1515/9783110642261 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 15:10:51
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The volume examines the epigraphic cultures of Italian communes during the High Middle Ages and their relationship to earlier epigraphic cultures in antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. It focuses especially on the question of continuity and breaks and the influence of the ancient epigraphic heritage on Medieval epigraphic practice in the cities.

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