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Ethics and Drug Resistance: Collective Responsibility for Global Public Health

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Book Series: Public Health Ethics Analysis ISBN: 9783030278748 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27874-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Biology --- Medicine (General) --- Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:19:56
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This Open Access volume provides in-depth analysis of the wide range of ethical issues associated with drug-resistant infectious diseases. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is widely recognized to be one of the greatest threats to global public health in coming decades; and it has thus become a major topic of discussion among leading bioethicists and scholars from related disciplines including economics, epidemiology, law, and political theory. Topics covered in this volume include responsible use of antimicrobials; control of multi-resistant hospital-acquired infections; privacy and data collection; antibiotic use in childhood and at the end of life; agricultural and veterinary sources of resistance; resistant HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria; mandatory treatment; and trade-offs between current and future generations. As the first book focused on ethical issues associated with drug resistance, it makes a timely contribution to debates regarding practice and policy that are of crucial importance to global public health in the 21st century.

Human Challenge Studies in Endemic Settings

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Ethics ISBN: 9783030414801 Year: Pages: 134 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-41480-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Biology --- Internal medicine --- Medicine (General) --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:06:25
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This open access book provides an extensive review of ethical and regulatory issues related to human infection challenge studies, with a particular focus on the expansion of this type of research into endemic settings and/or low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Human challenge studies (HCS) involve the intentional infection of research participants, and this type of research is rapidly increasing in frequency worldwide. HCS are widely considered to be an especially promising approach to vaccine development, including for pathogens endemic to LMICs. However, challenge studies are sometimes controversial and raise complex ethical issues, some of which are especially salient in endemic and/or LMIC settings. Informed by qualitative interviews with experts in infectious diseases and bioethics, this book highlights areas of ethical consensus and controversy concerning this kind of research. As the first volume to focus on ethical issues associated with human challenge studies, it sets the agenda for further work in this important area of global health research; contributes to current debates in research ethics; and aims to inform regulatory policy and research practice. Insofar as it focuses on HCS in (endemic) settings where diseases are present and/or widespread, much of the analysis provided here is directly relevant to HCS involving pandemic diseases including COVID19.

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