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Monitoring coastal areas: a brief history of measuring instruments for solar radiation (Book chapter)

Book title: Eighth International Symposium “Monitoring of Mediterranean Coastal Areas. Problems and Measurement Techniques”

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Book Series: Proceedings e report ISSN: 27045846 ISBN: 9788855181471 Year: Volume: 126 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-147-1.67
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Forestry
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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Abstract

The first measuring instruments of solar radiation, for meteorological aims, were made only in 1800s. In 1896 OMI established a commission for radiometry which led, in 1905, to choose Ångström pyrheliometer as standard instrument. Later, radiometers were built with a chart recorder for measuring solar radiation components. Instruments using thermopile or photocell as sensitive element were made. From 1980s radiometers with data logger were built. In 2000s devices were developed for measuring solar radiation components in water column, for studies on physical and biological marine quantities.

Alexander von Humboldt, da 250 anni il teorizzatore dello studio interdisciplinare dell’ambiente (Book chapter)

Book title: Eighth International Symposium “Monitoring of Mediterranean Coastal Areas. Problems and Measurement Techniques”

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Proceedings e report ISSN: 27045846 ISBN: 9788855181471 Year: Volume: 126 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-147-1.01
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Forestry
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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In 19th century birth of the term scientist led to beginning of Sciences professionalization and end of Nature eclectic scholar, of which Humboldt was the last exponent. Humboldt managed to connect all disciplines in a holistic vision of the world: organic and inorganic nature form a single system of active forces; all the organisms of Earth are linked as a family sharing same home. Today, given the anthropogenic damage caused to Nature, it needs to reconsider his unified vision, establishing connections between scholars of various disciplines, for an organic and global vision of Environment.

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2020 (2)