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Industrial Concentration and the Chicago School of Antitrust Analysis

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631408742 Year: Pages: 422 DOI: 10.3726/b13907 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Law --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:26
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After roughly 15 years of merger control application in the Federal Republic of Germany a reassessment of the significance of this instrument of antitrust policy seems necessary. This is particularly so in view of the reorientation of merger control policy in the United States which has been - in its original version - the model for the German merger control system.
Concerning merger control, the reorientation is characterized by the notion that the structure-conduct-performance paradigm which has dominated U.S. antitrust for a quarter of a century is imprecise or even incorrect and «that bigness in business does not necessarily mean badness.»
This makes the fundamental question arise of whether the German merger control system is still up to date in terms of the underlying market theory and of whether the German Act Against Restraints of Competition needs a reorientation towards aspects of market conduct and performance instead of market structure by means of a Fifth Amendment.

Innovation, Economic Development, and Intellectual Property in India and China

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Book Series: ARCIALA Series on Intellectual Assets and Law in Asia ISBN: 9789811381027 Year: Pages: 514 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-8102-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Business and Management --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:04
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This open access book analyses intellectual property codification and innovation governance in the development of six key industries in India and China. These industries are reflective of the innovation and economic development of the two economies, or of vital importance to them: the IT Industry; the film industry; the pharmaceutical industry; plant varieties and food security; the automobile industry; and peer production and the sharing economy. The analysis extends beyond the domain of IP law, and includes economics and policy analysis. The overarching concern that cuts through all chapters is an inquiry into why certain industries have developed in one country and not in the other, including: the role that state innovation policy and/or IP policy played in such development; the nature of the state innovation policy/IP policy; and whether such policy has been causal, facilitating, crippling, co-relational, or simply irrelevant. The book asks what India and China can learn from each other, and whether there is any possibility of synergy. The book provides a real-life understanding of how IP laws interact with innovation and economic development in the six selected economic sectors in China and India. The reader can also draw lessons from the success or failure of these sectors.

Responsible Innovation

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Research and Innovation Governance ISBN: 9789402417203 Year: Pages: 97 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-024-1720-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Philosophy --- Political Science --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:05
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This Open Access book, Responsible innovation provides benefits for society, for instance more sustainable products, more engagement with consumers and less anxiety about emerging technologies. As a governance tool it is mostly driven by research funders, including the European Commission, under the term “responsible research and innovation” (RRI). To achieve uptake in private industry is a challenge. This book provides successful case studies for the implementation of responsible innovation in businesses. The importance of social innovations is emphasized as a link between benefits for society and profits for businesses, especially SMEs. For corporate industry it is shown how responsible innovation can offer a competitive advantage to adopters. The book is based on the latest insights from theory and practice and combines conceptual work with first-hand experience. It is of interest to innovation managers, entrepreneurs and academics. For academics, the book will provide a combination of analysis and discussion, and present recent learnings from first-hand interaction with entrepreneurs. For innovation managers and entrepreneurs, it will provide inspiration and better ideas about what responsible innovation can look like in practice, why others have “done it” and what the potential benefits might be. The book will thus serve the purposes of spreading the word about the responsible innovation concept among different audiences whilst making it more accessible to innovation managers and entrepreneurs.

Ein neuer Gesellschaftsvertrag für eine nachhaltige Landwirtschaft

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ISBN: 9783662586563 Year: Pages: 323 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-58656-3 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Law --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:06
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Die Landwirtschaft in Deutschland, Europa und weltweit befindet sich in einem dramatischen Umbruchprozess. Einerseits bieten Liberalisierung und Marktöffnung, neue technologische Entwicklungen, die wachsende Weltbevölkerung und neue Kundenwünsche vielen landwirtschaftlichen Betrieben neue Möglichkeiten. Andererseits stehen viele Landwirtinnen und Landwirte in internationaler Konkurrenz, sind zum betrieblichen Wachstum mit hohem Investitionsrisiko gezwungen, sind Teil strikt regulierter Wertschöpfungsketten und müssen steigenden gesellschaftlichen Ansprüchen genügen. Zugleich machen sich viele Menschen Sorgen, dass die Prozesse der Rationalisierung und Modernisierung der landwirtschaftlichen Produktion auf Kosten von Natur-, Umwelt- und Tierschutz gehen. Auf vielen Ebenen wird daher bereits nach einer neuen Verständigung darüber gesucht, was die Gesellschaft von der Landwirtschaft erwartet, und welche Unterstützung die Landwirtinnen und Landwirte im Gegenzug dafür erwarten dürfen. Vor diesem Hintergrund entwickelt das vorliegende Open Access-Buch eine wissenschaftlich fundierte Kritik der Umweltauswirkungen der Landwirtschaft und der politischen Logik der Agrarpolitik. Es präsentiert ein neues Leitbild mit konkreten Indikatoren sowie alternative strategische Handlungsoptionen. Die umfassende Analyse wird zu einem Vorschlag für eine neue Architektur der europäischen Agrarpolitik gebündelt, die eine breite Diskussion um einen Neuen Gesellschaftsvertrag für die Landwirtschaft in Deutschland und Europa anstoßen soll.

IMPROVE - Innovative Modelling Approaches for Production Systems to Raise Validatable Efficiency

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Book Series: Technologien für die intelligente Automation ISBN: 9783662578056 Year: Pages: 129 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-57805-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:06
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This open access work presents selected results from the European research and innovation project IMPROVE which yielded novel data-based solutions to enhance machine reliability and efficiency in the fields of simulation and optimization, condition monitoring, alarm management, and quality prediction.

Human and Organisational Factors

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISBN: 9783030256395 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-25639-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Psychology --- Economics --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:12
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This open access book addresses several questions regarding the implementation of human and organisational factors (HOF) so that recent improvements in industrial safety can be built upon. It addresses sources of frustration in senior management with high expectations of operational recommendations and disquiet on the part of HOF specialists struggling to have an impact on high-level decision making. The brief explores these issues with an emphasis on examples and lessons learned based on the experience of its authors, who come from different academic disciplines and various industrial sectors such as oil and gas, energy and transportation. It then offers some ways forward for a better consideration of HOF in hazardous companies with a view of promoting safety and facing challenges in a rapidly changing world.

Risk Communication for the Future

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISBN: 9783319740980 Year: Pages: 175 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-74098-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Information theory --- Business and Management --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:13
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The conventional approach to risk communication, based on a centralized and controlled model, has led to blatant failures in the management of recent safety related events. In parallel, several cases have proved that actors not thought of as risk governance or safety management contributors may play a positive role regarding safety. Building on these two observations and bridging the gap between risk communication and safety practices leads to a new, more societal perspective on risk communication, that allows for smart risk governance and safety management. This book is Open Access under a CC-BY licence.

Competition Authorities in South Eastern Europe

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Book Series: Contributions to Economics ISBN: 9783319766447 Year: Pages: 217 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-76644-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:15
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This open access book provides answers to key open questions concerning competition policy in emerging economies, with a focus on South Eastern Europe. The contributions address two major issues. One is the design of competition policy and the national competition authorities that enforce it, including the topics of competition advocacy and state aid control; the other is the use of economic methods in competition law enforcement, especially in the cases of relevant market definition and merger control. Many lessons learned in the countries of South Eastern Europe can be applied to the emerging markets of other regions. As such, the findings presented here will be highly relevant for officials and staff at national competition authorities, advisers to legislators shaping national competition policy, competition law professionals, and university students alike. ; Presents topical insights into the institutional design of national competition authorities Offers specific economic methods relevant for competition law enforcement Linked to a dedicated website providing information about ongoing competition law cases in SEE countries

„Deutschland ist das Land der Chancen“

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ISBN: 9783658249663 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-24966-3 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration --- Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:20
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Social sciences; Industrial sociology; Emigration and immigration; Childhood; Adolescence; Social groups; Family

Digitale Transformation

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Book Series: Informationsmanagement und digitale Transformation ISBN: 9783658226244 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-22624-4 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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Dieses Open Access-Buch gibt eine Einführung in die Grundlagen der digitalen Transformation. Es werden aktuelle technologische Trends sowie Auswirkungen auf den Wettbewerb und die Geschäftsmodellentwicklung erläutert. Außerdem werden anhand empirischer Umfragen sowie Fallstudien aus der Praxis die Chancen und Risiken digitaler Transformationsprojekte aufgezeigt. Die Ergebnisse helfen Unternehmen dabei, Technologiepotentiale abzuschätzen und frühzeitig zukunftsweisende Technologiekompetenzen aufzubauen.

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