Search results: Found 73

Listing 11 - 20 of 73 << page
of 8
>>
Sort by
Becoming Citizens in a Changing World: IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study 2016 International Report

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783319739625 9783319739632 Year: Pages: 243 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73963-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA)
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 15:42:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book presents the results from the second cycle of the IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS 2016). Using data from 24 countries in Asia, Europe and Latin America, the study investigates the ways in which young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens in a range of countries in the second decade of the 21st century. It also responds to the enduring and emerging challenges of educating young people in a world where contexts of democracy and civic participation continue to change. New developments of this kind include the increase in the use of social media by young people as a tool for civic engagement, growing concerns about global threats and sustainable development, as well as the role of schools in fostering peaceful ways of interaction between young people. Besides enabling the evaluation of a wide range of aspects of civic and citizenship education, including those related to recent developments in a number of countries, the inclusion of test and questionnaire material from the first cycle of the study in 2009 allows the results from ICCS 2016 to be used to examine changes in civic knowledge, attitudes and engagement over seven years.

Clinical Text Mining: Secondary Use of Electronic Patient Records

Author:
ISBN: 9783319785028 9783319785035 Year: Pages: 181 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-78503-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Riksbankens Jubileumsfond; Stockholm University
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 15:52:54
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book describes the results of natural language processing and machine learning methods applied to clinical text from electronic patient records.It is divided into twelve chapters. Chapters 1-4 discuss the history and background of the original paper-based patient records, their purpose, and how they are written and structured. These initial chapters do not require any technical or medical background knowledge. The remaining eight chapters are more technical in nature and describe various medical classifications and terminologies such as ICD diagnosis codes, SNOMED CT, MeSH, UMLS, and ATC. Chapters 5-10 cover basic tools for natural language processing and information retrieval, and how to apply them to clinical text. The difference between rule-based and machine learning-based methods, as well as between supervised and unsupervised machine learning methods, are also explained. Next, ethical concerns regarding the use of sensitive patient records for research purposes are discussed, including methods for de-identifying electronic patient records and safely storing patient records. The book’s closing chapters present a number of applications in clinical text mining and summarise the lessons learned from the previous chapters.The book provides a comprehensive overview of technical issues arising in clinical text mining, and offers a valuable guide for advanced students in health informatics, computational linguistics, and information retrieval, and for researchers entering these fields.

Contemporary Perspectives on Ageism

Authors: ---
Book Series: International Perspectives on Aging ISSN: 2197-5841 ISBN: 9783319738192 9783319738208 Year: Volume: 19 Pages: 564 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73820-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: European Cooperation in Science & Technology (COST); European Commission
Subject: Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 16:05:07
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book provides a comprehensive European perspective on the concept of ageism, its origins, the manifestation and consequences of ageism, as well as ways to respond to and research ageism. The book represents a collaborative effort of researchers from over 20 countries and a variety of disciplines, including, psychology, sociology, gerontology, geriatrics, pharmacology, law, geography, design, engineering, policy and media studies. The contributors have collaborated to produce a truly stimulating and educating book on ageism which brings a clear overview of the state of the art in the field. The book serves as a catalyst to generate research, policy and public interest in the field of ageism and to reconstruct the image of old age and will be of interest to researchers and students in gerontology and geriatrics.

Control Theory Tutorial: Basic Concepts Illustrated by Software Examples

Author:
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISSN: 2191-530X ISBN: 9783319917061 9783319917078 Year: Pages: 111 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91707-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: US National Science Foundation (NSF); Donald Bren Foundation; University of California
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 16:13:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access Brief introduces the basic principles of control theory in a concise self-study guide. It complements the classic texts by emphasizing the simple conceptual unity of the subject. A novice can quickly see how and why the different parts fit together. The concepts build slowly and naturally one after another, until the reader soon has a view of the whole. Each concept is illustrated by detailed examples and graphics. The full software code for each example is available, providing the basis for experimenting with various assumptions, learning how to write programs for control analysis, and setting the stage for future research projects. The topics focus on robustness, design trade-offs, and optimality. Most of the book develops classical linear theory. The last part of the book considers robustness with respect to nonlinearity and explicitly nonlinear extensions, as well as advanced topics such as adaptive control and model predictive control. New students, as well as scientists from other backgrounds who want a concise and easy-to-grasp coverage of control theory, will benefit from the emphasis on concepts and broad understanding of the various approaches.

Cosmic Ray Neutron Sensing: Estimation of Agricultural Crop Biomass Water Equivalent

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319695389 9783319695396 Year: Pages: 33 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69539-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 16:37:01
License: CC BY IGO 3.0

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book provides methods for the estimation of Biomass Water Equivalent (BEW), an essential step for improving the accuracy of area-wide soil moisture by cosmic-ray neutron sensors (CRNS). Three techniques are explained in detail: (i) traditional in-situ destructive sampling, (ii) satellite based remote sensing of plant surfaces, and (iii) biomass estimation via the use of the CRNS itself. The advantages and disadvantages of each method are discussed along with step by step instructions on proper procedures and implementation.

Deliberative Public Engagement with Science: An Empirical Investigation

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Psychology ISSN: 2192-8363 ISBN: 9783319781594 9783319781600 Year: Pages: 129 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-78160-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: US National Science Foundation (NSF)
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 16:43:17
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This compact open access reference delves beyond popular concepts of educated consumers and an informed public by examining the science behind deliberative engagement. Using data from four longitudinal studies, the authors assess public engagement methods in deliberative discussions of ethical, legal, and social issues concerning innovations in nanotechnology. Coverage includes the theoretical origins of the studies, forms of engagement and variations used, and in-depth details on cognitive, affective, and social components that go into the critical thinking process and forming of opinions. Not only are the findings intriguing in and of themselves, but researchers from varied fields will also find them useful in pursuing their own projects.Featured in the coverage:Experimental methods and measures used in relation to specific outcomes.Forms of deliberative engagement affecting objective and subjective knowledge.Effects of engagement variables on attitude formation, change, and polarization.Tracing the processes leading to policy acceptance and support.Study conclusions and evaluation.Plus supplemental materials giving readers access to full study data.Since public engagement methods are widely regarded as valuable for policy input, planning purposes, and understanding societal processes, Deliberative Engagement with Science stands to have a wide audience among psychologists, researchers, academics, and policymakers, as well as professionals in the corporate sphere and the tech industries.

Designing Sustainable Energy for All: Sustainable Product-Service System Design Applied to Distributed Renewable Energy

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Green Energy and Technology ISSN: 1865-3529 ISBN: 9783319702223 9783319702230 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70223-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Politecnico di Milano
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 17:14:41
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book addresses the issue of diffusing sustainable energy access in low- and middle-income contexts.Access to energy is one of the greatest challenges for many people living in low-income and developing contexts, as around 1.4 billion people lack access to electricity.Distributed Renewable Energy systems (DRE) are considered a promising approach to address this challenge and provide energy access to all. However, even if promising, the implementation of DRE systems is not always straightforward.The book analyses, discusses and classifies the promising Sustainable Product-Service System (S.PSS) business models to deliver Distributed Renewable Energy systems in an effective, efficient and sustainable way. Its message is supported with cases studies and examples, discussing the economic, environmental and socioethical benefits as well as its limitations and barriers to its implementation. An innovative design approach is proposed and a set of design tools are supplied, enabling readers to create and develop Sustainable Product-Service System (S.PSS) solutions to deliver Distributed Renewable Energy systems.Practical applications of the book’s design approach and tools by companies and practitioners are discussed and the book will be of interest to readers in design, industry, governmental institutions, NGOs as well as researchers.

Diseases of the Abdomen and Pelvis 2018-2021: Diagnostic Imaging - IDKD Book

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: IDKD Springer Series ISSN: 2523-7829 ISBN: 9783319750187 9783319750194 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75019-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Foundation for the Advancement of Education in Medical Radiology
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 17:34:01
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book deals with imaging of the abdomen and pelvis, an area that has seen considerable advances over the past several years, driven by clinical as well as technological developments. The respective chapters, written by internationally respected experts in their fields, focus on imaging diagnosis and interventional therapies in abdominal and pelvic disease; they cover all relevant imaging modalities, including magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and positron emission tomography. As such, the book offers a comprehensive review of the state of the art in imaging of the abdomen and pelvis. It will be of interest to general radiologists, radiology residents, interventional radiologists, and clinicians from other specialties who want to update their knowledge in this area.

Keywords

Gastrointestinal disease --- PET/CT --- Radiology --- X-ray --- IDKD --- Davos

Earth Observation Open Science and Innovation

Authors: ---
Book Series: ISSI Scientific Report Series ISBN: 9783319656328 9783319656335 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-65633-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: International Space Science Institute (ISSI)
Subject: Technology (General) --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-26 12:48:07
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Over the past decades, rapid developments in digital and sensing technologies, such as the Cloud, Web and Internet of Things, have dramatically changed the way we live and work. The digital transformation is revolutionizing our ability to monitor our planet and transforming the way we access, process and exploit Earth Observation data from satellites.This book reviews these megatrends and their implications for the Earth Observation community as well as the wider data economy. It provides insight into new paradigms of Open Science and Innovation applied to space data, which are characterized by openness, access to large volume of complex data, wide availability of new community tools, new techniques for big data analytics such as Artificial Intelligence, unprecedented level of computing power, and new types of collaboration among researchers, innovators, entrepreneurs and citizen scientists. In addition, this book aims to provide readers with some reflections on the future of Earth Observation, highlighting through a series of use cases not just the new opportunities created by the New Space revolution, but also the new challenges that must be addressed in order to make the most of the large volume of complex and diverse data delivered by the new generation of satellites.

Ethics and Civil Drones: European Policies and Proposals for the Industry

Authors: ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Law ISSN: 2192-855X ISBN: 9783319710860 9783319710877 Year: Pages: 92 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71087-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Universitat Politècnica de València
Subject: Technology (General) --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-26 13:03:09
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book disseminates some of the results of the European H2020 AiRT Project (Technology transfer of RPAs for the creative industry). In particular, it presents findings related to mitigating safety and security concerns when civil drones are piloted by the service sector (mainly, the creative industry). European policies regarding drones generally focus on outdoor drones, but they are also used indoors. Moreover, a number of European countries have fragmented regulations on drone use, and as a result, European institutions are attempting address these issues. This work is based on a detailed study of the European policies, a comparative analysis of the regulation in various European countries, an analysis of the drone sector in Europe, and primary data from members of the creative industry. The authors created focus groups in Spain, the UK and Belgium in order to discuss with the creative industry the concerns on safety and security when using civil drones for their work. Based on these results, the book offers advice to the European industry, as well as new insights for academics and policymakers.

Listing 11 - 20 of 73 << page
of 8
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

Springer (73)


License

CC by (54)

CC by-nc (17)

CC BY IGO 3.0 (1)

Springer (1)


Language

english (68)

deutsch (4)

german (1)


Year
From To Submit

2020 (1)

2019 (5)

2018 (46)

2017 (8)

2016 (9)

2015 (3)

2011 (1)