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Spatial Audio

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ISBN: 9783038425854 9783038425861 Year: Pages: VIII, 206 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-06 12:39:21
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This special issue compiles some of the latest state-of-the-art research works in the area of spatial audio and it serves as a good reference for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, and to researchers working in this exciting area of spatial audio.

Remote Sensing and Geospatial Technologies in Public Health

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ISBN: 9783038971726 9783038971733 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-173-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-21 11:22:29
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This book demonstrates the utilization of remote sensing and geospatial technologies for a wide range of public health studies.Although remote sensing and geospatial technologies have been successfully applied for more than 50 years, continuous advancements are essential to better understand the complex environment around us that impacts our health and well-being.Thankfully, the availability of spatial analytical tools and necessary data have enabled us to reveal multifaceted, obscured spatial relationships that would have been unexplored otherwise. Now, we are able to make more precise and effective public health-related decisions. However, without a proper understanding of the methodologies, applying these tools may result in inaccurate findings for decision-making.With 15 selected papers, this book covers diverse topics and discusses different methodologies that are fundamentals for spatial analysis in public health. Readers will have an opportunity to experience the advancements in spatial tools, data, and methodologies that are applicable to public health investigations.This book, Remote Sensing and Geospatial Technologies in Public Health, is expected to encourage academicians and professionals to further advance their knowledge in this sub-discipline.

Liquid Crystal on Silicon Devices: Modeling and Advanced Spatial Light Modulation Applications

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ISBN: 9783039218288 9783039218295 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-829-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) has become one of the most widespread technologies for spatial light modulation in optics and photonics applications. These reflective microdisplays are composed of a high-performance silicon complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) backplane, which controls the light-modulating properties of the liquid crystal layer. State-of-the-art LCoS microdisplays may exhibit a very small pixel pitch (below 4 ?m), a very large number of pixels (resolutions larger than 4K), and high fill factors (larger than 90%). They modulate illumination sources covering the UV, visible, and far IR. LCoS are used not only as displays but also as polarization, amplitude, and phase-only spatial light modulators, where they achieve full phase modulation. Due to their excellent modulating properties and high degree of flexibility, they are found in all sorts of spatial light modulation applications, such as in LCOS-based display systems for augmented and virtual reality, true holographic displays, digital holography, diffractive optical elements, superresolution optical systems, beam-steering devices, holographic optical traps, and quantum optical computing. In order to fulfil the requirements in this extensive range of applications, specific models and characterization techniques are proposed. These devices may exhibit a number of degradation effects such as interpixel cross-talk and fringing field, and time flicker, which may also depend on the analog or digital backplane of the corresponding LCoS device. The use of appropriate characterization and compensation techniques is then necessary.

Placing Empire

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ISBN: 9780520293915 9780520967236 9780520967236 9780520967236 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.34 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-08 11:01:12
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Placing Empire examines the spatial politics of Japanese imperialism through a study of Japanese travel and tourism to Korea, Manchuria, and Taiwan between the late nineteenth century and the early 1950s. In a departure from standard histories of Japan, this book shows how debates over the place of colonized lands reshaped the social and spatial imaginary of the modern Japanese nation. In turn, this sociospatial imaginary affected the ways in which colonial difference was conceptualized and enacted. The book thus illuminates how ideas of place became central to the production of new forms of colonial hierarchy as empires around the globe transitioned from an era of territorial acquisition to one of territorial maintenance.

People, Places and Policy

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Regions and Cities ISBN: 9781315683904 9781138925205 9781317407577 9781317407560 9781317407553 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9781315683904 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:15
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The Open Access version of this book, available at www.tandfebooks.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. Set within the context of UK devolution and constitutional change, People, Places and Policy offers important and interesting insights into ‘place-making’ and ‘locality-making’ in contemporary Wales. Combining policy research with policy-maker and stakeholder interviews at various spatial scales (local, regional, national), it examines the historical processes and working practices that have produced the complex political geography of Wales. This book looks at the economic, social and political geographies of Wales, which in the context of devolution and public service governance are hotly debated. It offers a novel ‘new localities’ theoretical framework for capturing the dynamics of locality-making, to go beyond the obsession with boundaries and coterminous geographies expressed by policy-makers and politicians. Three localities – Heads of the Valleys (north of Cardiff), central and west coast regions (Ceredigion, Pembrokeshire and the former district of Montgomeryshire in Powys) and the A55 corridor (from Wrexham to Holyhead) – are discussed in detail to illustrate this and also reveal the geographical tensions of devolution in contemporary Wales. This book is an original statement on the making of contemporary Wales from the Wales Institute of Social and Economic Research, Data and Methods (WISERD) researchers. It deploys a novel ‘new localities’ theoretical framework and innovative mapping techniques to represent spatial patterns in data. This allows the timely uncovering of both unbounded and fuzzy relational policy geographies, and the more bounded administrative concerns, which come together to produce and reproduce over time Wales’ regional geography.

Zwischenstadtland Schweiz

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783839435946 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_621693 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170384
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-30 11:01:21
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This volume analyses the communal decision-making processes behind the current spatial development in an urbanising Switzerland.

Untamed Urbanisms

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Routledge Advances in Regional Economics, Science and Policy ISBN: 9781315746692 9781138815421 9781317599104 9781317599098 9781317599081 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9781315746692 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:04
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An electronic version of this book is available Open Access at www.tandfebooks.com. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. One of the major challenges of urban development has been reconciling the way cities develop with the mounting evidence of resource depletion and the negative environmental impacts of predominantly urban-based modes of production and consumption. This book aims to re-politicise the relationship between urban development, sustainability and justice, and to explore the tensions emerging under real circumstances, as well as their potential for transformative change. For some, cities are the root of all that is unsustainable, while for others cities provide unique opportunities for sustainability-oriented innovations that address equity and ecological challenges. This book is rooted in the latter category, but recognises that if cities continue to evolve along current trajectories they will be where the large bulk of the most unsustainable and inequitable human activities are concentrated. By drawing on a range of case studies from both the global South and global North, this book is unique in its aim to develop an integrated social-ecological perspective on the challenge of sustainable urban development. Through the interdisciplinary and original research of a new generation of urban researchers across the global South and North, this book addresses old debates in new ways and raises new questions about sustainable urban development. .

Machine Learning Techniques Applied to Geoscience Information System and Remote Sensing

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ISBN: 9783039212156 9783039212163 Year: Pages: 438 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-216-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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As computer and space technologies have been developed, geoscience information systems (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) technologies, which deal with the geospatial information, have been rapidly maturing. Moreover, over the last few decades, machine learning techniques including artificial neural network (ANN), deep learning, decision tree, and support vector machine (SVM) have been successfully applied to geospatial science and engineering research fields. The machine learning techniques have been widely applied to GIS and RS research fields and have recently produced valuable results in the areas of geoscience, environment, natural hazards, and natural resources. This book is a collection representing novel contributions detailing machine learning techniques as applied to geoscience information systems and remote sensing.

Keywords

landslide --- bagging ensemble --- Logistic Model Trees --- GIS --- Vietnam --- colorization --- random forest regression --- grayscale aerial image --- change detection --- gully erosion --- environmental variables --- data mining techniques --- SCAI --- GIS --- mapping --- single-class data descriptors --- materia medica resource --- Panax notoginseng --- one-class classifiers --- geoherb --- change detection --- convolutional network --- deep learning --- panchromatic --- remote sensing --- remote sensing image segmentation --- convolutional neural networks --- Gaofen-2 --- hybrid structure convolutional neural networks --- winter wheat spatial distribution --- classification-based learning --- real-time precise point positioning --- convergence time --- ionospheric delay constraints --- precise weighting --- landslide --- weights of evidence --- logistic regression --- random forest --- hybrid model --- traffic CO --- traffic CO prediction --- neural networks --- GIS --- land use/land cover (LULC) --- unmanned aerial vehicle --- texture --- gray-level co-occurrence matrix --- machine learning --- crop --- landslide susceptibility --- random forest --- boosted regression tree --- information gain --- landslide susceptibility map --- ALS point cloud --- multi-scale --- classification --- large scene --- coarse particle --- particulate matter 10 (PM10) --- landsat image --- machine learning --- support vector machine --- high-resolution --- optical remote sensing --- object detection --- deep learning --- transfer learning --- land subsidence --- Bayes net --- naïve Bayes --- logistic --- multilayer perceptron --- logit boost --- change detection --- convolutional network --- deep learning --- panchromatic --- remote sensing --- leaf area index (LAI) --- machine learning --- Sentinel-2 --- sensitivity analysis --- training sample size --- spectral bands --- spatial sparse recovery --- constrained spatial smoothing --- spatial spline regression --- alternating direction method of multipliers --- landslide prediction --- machine learning --- neural networks --- model switching --- spatial predictive models --- predictive accuracy --- model assessment --- variable selection --- feature selection --- model validation --- spatial predictions --- reproducible research --- Qaidam Basin --- remote sensing --- TRMM --- artificial neural network --- n/a

Research and Development Progress in 3D Cadastral Systems

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039210565 9783039210572 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-057-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The increasing complexity of infrastructures and densely built-up areas requires a proper registration of the legal status (private and public), which can only be provided to a limited extent by the existing 2D cadastral registrations. The registration of the legal status in complex 3D situations is investigated under the header of 3D Cadastres. This publication, containing 13 selected contributions on 3D Cadastre, addresses the following areas:

Keywords

country profile --- LADM --- 3D cadastre --- GeoInfoStrategy --- 3D cadastral registration --- architectural models (BIM) --- 3D deed --- 3D land administration --- 3D cadastres --- survey plans --- LandXML --- InfraGML --- multi-level topology --- geographic information systems --- rights --- restrictions --- responsibilities --- spatial data infrastructure --- real property --- PLR --- RRR --- 3D Cadastre --- legal framework --- marine administration system (MAS) --- marine cadastre (MC) --- marine information data model --- land administration domain model (LADM) --- ISO 19152 --- S-121 maritime limits and boundaries (MLB) --- marine rights --- restrictions and responsibilities (RRRs) --- building information modelling --- stratified legal interests --- legal view --- physical view --- multistorey buildings --- 3D cadastre --- 3D real property --- land administration --- legal --- institutional --- technical --- topographic signs --- LADM --- Serbian country profile --- 3D cadastre --- 3D cadastre --- land administration --- legal and physical space --- INTERLIS modelling language --- constraints --- code lists --- spatial data modelling --- Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) --- ISO 1952 --- Model Driven Architecture (MDA) --- BIM --- IDM --- workflow --- MVD --- Environs Act --- land registry map --- superficies --- complex multi-use rights --- 3D cadastral survey system --- 3D cadastre --- 3D parcel --- rights restrictions responsibilities --- spatial object --- spatial unit --- private rights --- common rights --- indoor --- navigation --- party --- 3D cadastre --- land management --- spatial data and functionalities --- 3D volumetric parcel --- n/a

Geoinformatics in Citizen Science

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ISBN: 9783039210725 9783039210732 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-073-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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The book features contributions that report original research in the theoretical, technological, and social aspects of geoinformation methods, as applied to supporting citizen science. Specifically, the book focuses on the technological aspects of the field and their application toward the recruitment of volunteers and the collection, management, and analysis of geotagged information to support volunteer involvement in scientific projects. Internationally renowned research groups share research in three areas: First, the key methods of geoinformatics within citizen science initiatives to support scientists in discovering new knowledge in specific application domains or in performing relevant activities, such as reliable geodata filtering, management, analysis, synthesis, sharing, and visualization; second, the critical aspects of citizen science initiatives that call for emerging or novel approaches of geoinformatics to acquire and handle geoinformation; and third, novel geoinformatics research that could serve in support of citizen science.

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