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After Confucius

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ISBN: 9780824828424 9780824873998 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_625891 Language: English
Publisher: University of Hawai'i / Hawai‘i Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100425
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-01 16:09:38
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After Confucius is a collection of eight studies of Chinese philosophy from the time of Confucius to the formation of the empire in the second and third centuries B.C.E. As detailed in a masterful introduction, each essay serves as a concrete example of “thick description”—an approach invented by philosopher Gilbert Ryle—which aims to reveal the logic that informs an observable exchange among members of a community or society. To grasp the significance of such exchanges, it is necessary to investigate the networks of meaning on which they rely. Paul R. Goldin argues that the character of ancient Chinese philosophy can be appreciated only if we recognize the cultural codes underlying the circulation of ideas in that world. Thick description is the best preliminary method to determine how Chinese thinkers conceived of their own enterprise.

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Philosophy

Architects of Buddhist Leisure

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Book Series: Contemporary Buddhism ISBN: 9780824865986 9780824874407 9780824879754 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_626388 Language: English
Publisher: University of Hawai'i / Hawai‘i Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100419
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-01 16:09:48
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Buddhism, often described as an austere religion that condemns desire, promotes denial, and idealizes the contemplative life, actually has a thriving leisure culture in Asia. Justin McDaniel looks at the growth of Asia’s culture of Buddhist leisure through a study of architects responsible for monuments, museums, amusement parks, and other sites. In conversation with noted theorists of material and visual culture and anthropologists of art, McDaniel argues that such sites highlight the importance of public, leisure, and spectacle culture from a Buddhist perspective and illustrate how “secular” and “religious,” “public” and “private,” are in many ways false binaries. Provocative and theoretically innovative, Architects of Buddhist Leisure challenges current methodological approaches in religious studies and speaks to a broad audience interested in modern art, architecture, religion, anthropology, and material culture.

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Philosophy

Kierkegaard, Literature, and the Arts

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ISBN: 9780810135970 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101376
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-08 11:02:39
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Soren Kierkegaard was as much aesthete as philosopher, and his writings are as much literary and music criticism as philosophy. Kierkegaard, Literature, and the Arts contains fourteen essays that focus on the influence and reception of Kierkegaard in literature, the visual arts, and music. The essays in part I focus on Kierkegaard in relationship to literature, his own main medium of expression; part II, to the performing arts, including theater, music, and dance; part III, to visual arts and film; while the essays of part IV are comparative in nature, considering Kierkegaard in juxtaposition with a Romantic poet, a modern composer, and a contemporary musician, singer, and song-writer.

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Philosophy

Perception in Aristotle’s Ethics

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Book Series: Rereading Ancient Philosophy ISBN: 9780810136434 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101381
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-08 11:02:39
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Rabinoff strives to account for ethical perception (aisthesis) in Aristotle’s ethics—to give it a place of importance in ethical choice and action—and to offer an account of the faculty of perception expansive enough to include reception of the ethical significance of particulars. The book is motivated by particular features of Aristotle’s thought and by increasing philosophical awareness that the ethical agent is an embodied, situated individual, rather than a disembodied, abstract rational will. Traditionally, the soul has been understood to have a non-rational part characterized by desire and perception and a rational part characterized by thinking, knowledge, and argument. Depending on how the relationship between the sides is conceived, the non-rational is either a bane to be controlled by the rational, or plays an irreducible role in moral action. By establishing and accounting for perception’s place in ethics, Rabinoff shows the importance for ethical life of integrating both.

Keywords

Philosophy

The Planetary Turn

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ISBN: 9780810130753 9780810130746 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101382
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 11:01:02
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A groundbreaking collection that pursues the rise of geoculture as an essential framework for arts criticism, The Planetary Turn shows how the planet—as territory, sociopolitical arena, space of interaction for life, and artistic theme—is increasingly the conceptual and political dimension in which artists picture themselves and their work. In an introduction that comprehensively defines the planetary model of art, culture, and cultural-aesthetic interpretation, the editors explain how the planet is emerging as distinct from older concepts of globalization, cosmopolitanism, and environmentalism and is becoming a new ground for work in literature, art, and social humanities. Written by internationally recognized scholars, the twelve essays illustrate the unfolding of a new vision of potential planetary community that retools earlier models based on the nation-state or political “blocs” and reimagines cultural, political, aesthetic, and ethical relationships for the post–Cold War era.

Keywords

Philosophy

Montaigne and the Origins of Modern Philosophy

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ISBN: 9780810129658 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101383
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 11:01:02
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Montaigne’s Essays are rightfully studied as giving birth to the literary form of that name. Ann Hartle’s Montaigne and the Origins of Modern Philosophy argues that the essay is actually the perfect expression of Montaigne as what he called "a new figure: an unpremeditated and accidental philosopher." Unpremeditated philosophy is philosophy made sociable—brought down from the heavens to the street, where it might be engaged in by a wider audience. In the same philosophical act, Montaigne both transforms philosophy and invents "society," a distinctly modern form of association. Through this transformation, a new, modern character emerges: the individual, who is neither master nor slave and who possesses the new virtues of integrity and generosity. In Montaigne’s radically new philosophical project, Hartle finds intimations of both modern epistemology and modern political philosophy.

Keywords

Philosophy

Incapacity

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ISBN: 9780810129924 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101388
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 11:01:02
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In this highly original study of the nature of performance, Spencer Golub uses the insights of Ludwig Wittgenstein into the way language works to analyze the relationship between the linguistic and the visual in the work of a broad range of dramatists, novelists, and filmmakers, among them Richard Foreman, Mac Wellman, Peter Handke, David Mamet, and Alfred Hitchcock. Like Wittgenstein, these artists are concerned with the limits of language’s representational capacity. For Golub, it is these limits that give Wittgenstein’s thought a further, very personal significance—its therapeutic quality with respect to the Obsessive Compulsive Disorder from which he suffers.Underlying what Golub calls “performance behavior” is Wittgenstein’s notion of “pain behavior”—that which gives public expression to private experience. Golub charts new directions for exploring the relationship between theater and philosophy, and even for scholarly criticism itself.

Keywords

Philosophy

Essential Vulnerabilities

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Book Series: Rereading Ancient Philosophy ISBN: 9780810129948 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101386
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 11:01:02
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In Essential Vulnerabilities, Deborah Achtenberg contests Emmanuel Levinas’s idea that Plato is a philosopher of freedom for whom thought is a return to the self. Instead, Plato, like Levinas, is a philosopher of the other. Nonetheless, Achtenberg argues, Plato and Levinas are different. Though they share the view that human beings are essentially vulnerable and essentially in relation to others, they conceive human vulnerability and responsiveness differently. For Plato, when we see beautiful others, we are overwhelmed by the beauty of what is, by the vision of eternal form. For Levinas, we are disrupted by the newness, foreignness, or singularity of the other. The other, for him, is new or foreign, not eternal. The other is unknowable singularity. By showing these similarities and differences, Achtenberg resituates Plato in relation to Levinas and opens up two contrasting ways that self is essentially in relation to others.

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Philosophy

Jacques Rancière

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780822344933 9780822390930 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102099
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:21:04
License: Duke University Press

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The French philosopher Jacques Rancière has influenced disciplines from history and philosophy to political theory, literature, art history, and film studies. His research into nineteenth-century workers’ archives, reflections on political equality, critique of the traditional division between intellectual and manual labor, and analysis of the place of literature, film, and art in modern society have all constituted major contributions to contemporary thought. In this collection, leading scholars in the fields of philosophy, literary theory, and cultural criticism engage Rancière’s work, illuminating its originality, breadth, and rigor, as well as its place in current debates. They also explore the relationships between Rancière and the various authors and artists he has analyzed, ranging from Plato and Aristotle to Flaubert, Rossellini, Auerbach, Bourdieu, and Deleuze.

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Philosophy

Uncertain Bioethics

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Book Series: Routledge Annals of Bioethics ISBN: 9780815372981 9781351244510 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102684
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-07 11:21:14
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Uncertain Bioethics makes a significant and distinctive contribution to the bioethics literature by culling the insights from contemporary moral psychology to highlight the epistemic pitfalls and distorting influences on our apprehension of value. Stephen Napier also incorporates research from epistemology addressing pragmatic encroachment and the significance of peer disagreement to justify what he refers to as epistemic diffidence when one is considering harming or killing human beings. Napier extends these developments to the traditional bioethical notion of dignity and argues that beliefs subject to epistemic diffidence should not be acted upon. He proceeds to apply this framework to traditional and developing issues in bioethics including abortion, stem cell research, euthanasia, decision-making for patients in a minimally conscious state, and risky research on competent human subjects.

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Philosophy

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