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Citoyenneté et réconciliation au Rwanda

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Book Series: Collection du centre de recherche sociale ISBN: 9782882241412 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_578314 Language: French
Publisher: Editions IES Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163798
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-29 11:01:11
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Abstract

This action research jointly undertaken by the Center for Conflict Manage-ment in Butare and the Haute Ecole de Travail Social in Geneva aims at analysing and supporting pilot experiences by community actors in post-genocide Rwanda. Such experiences are analysed through dialogs involving field actors, Rwandan and Swiss researchers. Special attention is paid to managing conflicts related to identity and memory and rebuilding social solidarity among citizens. Expected benefits include training of field actors and those involved in reconciliation work in general.

La part sensible de l’acte

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Book Series: Le social dans la cité ISBN: 9782882240996 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_578318 Language: French
Publisher: Editions IES Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163638
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-29 11:01:13
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Social educators are involved daily in situations where institutional, profesional and personal elements are intermingled. To understand what is at stake in accompanying young people placed in a shelter, Joëlle Libois explores three profesional situations in order to reach the heart of the activity, enriching them by theoretical contributions (based mainly on Piette, Vygotski, Clot, Mendel). She particularly seeks to maintain coherence between the epistemology of the clinical approach to activity and the methodological building of her approach, and thus grasp the key dimensions of the acting. La part sensible de l’acte focuses on the intention in the action and questions it in the light of the epistemological framing of the analysis of activity, which insists on a dimension that is contextualised and situated in the acting. The activity is understood as an interaction between a manageable part of oneself and of the forces involved that proceed from the resistance opposed by the reality (Clot, 1999), which integrates what the will of the subject cannot grasp. &#xD;This allows to identify the standardized character of every practice and to insist on the fact that the relational – the notion of presence in reference to the notion of presence-absence (Piette, 2009) and the ability to to let go – is not linked to spontaneous virtues but that it needs being thought over, questioned and practiced in the frame of institutional targets.&#xD;At last, notions of uncertainty and risk, characteristic to the acting, are opposed to the institutional expectations carried by the normative speeches aiming for social control and evaluation of the action.

Chypre : les espoirs du rapprochement communautaire

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ISBN: 9782858312825 DOI: 10.4000/books.pressesinalco.16730 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Inalco
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
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Quel est le but de ce livre ? pour le dire en quelques mots, il s’agit de montrer qu’à côté des innombrables rencontres politiques officielles qui sont sans résultat notable depuis plus de quarante ans, des militants courageux et volontaires, aidés par le passage des générations, tentent d’agir sur l’opinion citoyenne, en rétablissant des relations personnelles entre les populations chypriotes, en développant, à côté de l’hellénisme et du turcisme, l’idée d’une nation chypriote. La première partie rappelle le fil de l’histoire : comment l’Empire ottoman, la domination britannique, la courte indépendance et le nationalisme surdimensionné des colonels grecs, encouragés par les États‑Unis, ont façonné la situation actuelle. La seconde, 1974‑2003, montre comment la situation s’enlise : d’un côté, les politiques locaux prennent des mesures qui solidifient et aggravent la partition de 1974, de l’autre, une première génération de militants développe le chypriotisme. Enfin la troisième partie montre comment depuis 2003, les contacts entre citoyens de Chypre se multiplient sans heurts, en exerçant indéniablement une influence sur les politiques locaux, même si les résultats sont encore limités. Les mentalités ne changent pas rapidement, et le sort de Chypre dépend, également et malheureusement, de facteurs extérieurs, la Grèce, la Turquie, la Grande-Bretagne, l’Union européenne, les États-Unis, la Russie, la situation au Proche-Orient...

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