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Measuring urban inequalities. Spatial patterns of service access in sixteenth-century Leiden (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.24
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This contribution develops a broader understanding of well-being in premodern towns and by using digital methods to map social and economic inequalities, thereby drawing on insights from research on socio-spatial equity from urban studies. The key questions are how socio-economic inequality was reflected in the urban social topography and to what extent these spatial patterns reproduced inequality. Taking sixteenth-century Leiden as a case study, the spatial patterns of economic inequality and social segregation in this town are first examined. Next, the level of location-based inequality is explored by mapping and calculating urban spatial patterns of service accessibility.

Responsible Innovation

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Research and Innovation Governance ISBN: 9789402417203 Year: Pages: 97 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-024-1720-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Philosophy --- Political Science --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:05
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This Open Access book, Responsible innovation provides benefits for society, for instance more sustainable products, more engagement with consumers and less anxiety about emerging technologies. As a governance tool it is mostly driven by research funders, including the European Commission, under the term “responsible research and innovation” (RRI). To achieve uptake in private industry is a challenge. This book provides successful case studies for the implementation of responsible innovation in businesses. The importance of social innovations is emphasized as a link between benefits for society and profits for businesses, especially SMEs. For corporate industry it is shown how responsible innovation can offer a competitive advantage to adopters. The book is based on the latest insights from theory and practice and combines conceptual work with first-hand experience. It is of interest to innovation managers, entrepreneurs and academics. For academics, the book will provide a combination of analysis and discussion, and present recent learnings from first-hand interaction with entrepreneurs. For innovation managers and entrepreneurs, it will provide inspiration and better ideas about what responsible innovation can look like in practice, why others have “done it” and what the potential benefits might be. The book will thus serve the purposes of spreading the word about the responsible innovation concept among different audiences whilst making it more accessible to innovation managers and entrepreneurs.

Human and Organisational Factors

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISBN: 9783030256395 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-25639-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Psychology --- Economics --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:12
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This open access book addresses several questions regarding the implementation of human and organisational factors (HOF) so that recent improvements in industrial safety can be built upon. It addresses sources of frustration in senior management with high expectations of operational recommendations and disquiet on the part of HOF specialists struggling to have an impact on high-level decision making. The brief explores these issues with an emphasis on examples and lessons learned based on the experience of its authors, who come from different academic disciplines and various industrial sectors such as oil and gas, energy and transportation. It then offers some ways forward for a better consideration of HOF in hazardous companies with a view of promoting safety and facing challenges in a rapidly changing world.

Disuguaglianza economica nelle societ&agrave; preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 488 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-10 16:25:57
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In contrast to the debates of the past, which focused mainly on income inequality and the related elements of injustice, the recent interest in economic inequality focuses on its effects on economic growth and social development. New research is an important element of these recent debates: a historical approach that contextualizes inequality with reference to social relations, institutions, access to power and its cultural legitimacy can facilitate the understanding of the mechanisms that lead to inequality and its effects.

Economic inequality in preindustrial Europe, 1300-1800: methods and results from the EINITE project (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.07
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This article provides an overview of the research done in recent years by the ERC-funded projects EINITE-Economic Inequality across Italy and Europe 1300-1800, and SMITE-Social Mobility and Inequality across Italy and Europe 1300-1800. It begins by discussing the sources available for reconstructing preindustrial economic inequality, especially in Italy, then it provides an overview of the methods which have been developed to produce reliable and homogenous information about inequality levels and trends. The method developed by EINITE to produce measures or distributions representative of broader aggregates (regions or entire states) is also discussed, as well as the techniques that can be employed to explore in a meaningful way such distributions to answer relevant historical questions.

Dinamiche della disuguaglianza economica nella Repubblica di Venezia: fonti e metodi d’indagine a partire dal caso padovano (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.09
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This paper presents an analysis of the available primary sources and the existing methods to reconstruct the tendencies of the economic inequality in the Venetian Mainland, focusing on the case of Padua and its province, the so called contado. After presenting briefly the evolution of the administrative and fiscal system of the Republic of Venice, this paper analyses the main characteristics of the fiscal primary sources produced in the Padovano and proposes a synthetic analysis of the economic inequality trends in this province.

Ricchezza e propriet&agrave; in una citt&agrave; levantina: Bari tra Cinque e Settecento (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.10
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This work offers a descriptive and quantitative picture of the property owned by the socio-economic elite of Bari, the only one of the three present great cities of Southern Italy analysable for the Modern Age, given the exemption granted to Naples and Palermo as capitals of the kingdoms of Naples and Sicily. The analysis on the 1598 apprezzo and the 1753 catasto has allowed to identify and estimate the wealth of the wealthiest families of Bari, and to show the social composition of its main families. From this analysis it emerged also that, during this century and a half, the number of patrician families in Bari halved in favor of those that “lived nobly”, with more substantial assets to replace the patriciate, among them those of foreigners from Ferrara and Lombardy.

Wealth inequalities in cities of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and their changes during the seventeenth century. Sources and methods of measure (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.12
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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I would like to determine the evolution of wealth concentration in main cities of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth by comparing the data from different benchmark years. Moreover, I will analyze whether the Gini coefficient value indeed refers to the communities who are at a threshold of economic growth, and what is the correlation between the value of the coefficient and the town or city’s economic situation. Also, it is worthwhile to ponder the question: is there any correlation – noted by both Jan Luiten van Zanden and Guido Alfani – whereby the larger the town/city, the more visible the inequalities. Finally, how do the towns/cities of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth compare to those in Western Europe.

A study of economic inequality in the light of fiscal sources: the case of Catalonia (14th-18th centuries) (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.13
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This essay aims to present the first results of an ongoing research project devoted to study the evolution of the economic inequality in Catalonia based on different documentary sources and parameters. Here we focus on the strengths and limits of the rich fiscal sources preserved between the 14th and 18th century allowing us an analysis of inequality. This study is limited to the period before 1716 because we do not consider totally reliable connecting data from taxes before this moment, essentially focused on immovable wealth, with those from the Cadastre, which was levied on a wide range of incomes.

La disuguaglianza economica in area marchigiana: uno studio di lungo periodo (1400-1800) (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.08
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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The research aimed at bringing new data to the study of inequality in the distribution of wealth in the long run using the fiscal documentation available to many communities of the Marches region over a period covering the late Middle Ages and the full modern age. The political-administrative history of this territory, progressively incorporated into the Papal State, was reflected in an evolution of the methodologies for assessing wealth for tax purposes. Their characteristics have been carefully taken into account and criticized in order to ensure compatibility in time and space. Land registers, “estimi”, "libre", as well as books of “collette”, will be used to describe the fiscal capacity of taxpayers enrolled in these registers and to estimate the dynamics of economic inequality.

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