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Japan's Subnational Governments in International Affairs

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Book Series: The University of Sheffield/Routledge Japanese Studies Series ISBN: 9780203413906 9780415333672 9780415649438 9781134316793 9781134316786 9781134316748 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203413906 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- History --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:20
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This book moves away from the common belief that Japan’s international relations are firmly the preserve of the national government in Japan’s highly centralised political system. Examining examples of subnational governments (SNGs) across Japan the book uncovers a significant and generally unrecognised development in Japanese politics: SNGs are ever more dynamic international actors as national borders ‘weaken’ across the world. Exploring what Japanese SNGs do, where they do it, and why, the book considers the implications of these factors for Japan’s international relations and domestic politics. By bringing to light the scope and consequences of the international actions of Japan’s SNGs, this book provides a more accurate and nuanced understanding of the country's foreign policy, at a time when it is pursuing a broader and more active profile in international affairs.

Keywords

japans --- foreign --- tottori --- prefecture --- sister --- city --- relationships --- central --- niigata --- policy

Japan's China Policy

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Book Series: European Institute of Japanese Studies East Asian Economics and Business Series ISBN: 9780203023792 9780415346795 9780415438995 9781134278718 9781134278701 9781134278664 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203023792 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- History --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:20
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Japan's China Policy understands Japan's foreign policy in terms of power - one of the most central concepts of political analysis. It contributes a fresh understanding to the subject by developing relational power as an analytical framework and by applying it to significant issues in Japan's China policy: the negotiations for a bilateral investment protection treaty and the disputed Pinnacle (Senkaku/Diaoyu) Islands. Hagström demonstrates that Japan exerted power over China in such divergent empirical settings for the most part by using civilian instruments positively, defensively and through non-action. Given that Japan's foreign policy is often portrayed rather enigmatically in terms of power, the unique contribution of Japan's China Policy is to demonstrate how to analyze power aspects of Japan's foreign policy in a more coherent fashion. This revealing approach to Japan's foreign policy will be of huge interest to anyone

Keywords

relational --- power --- analysis --- pinnacle --- islands --- japans --- foreign --- japanese --- chinese --- relations

China's Business Reforms

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Routledge Contemporary China Series ISBN: 9780203537039 9780415345170 9780415648806 9781134283262 9781134283255 9781134283217 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203537039 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Sociology --- History --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:29
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China's recent economic reforms have led to impressive growth, and an unprecedented enthusiasm for establishing foreign enterprises in China. Since 1993, China has been the second largest recipient of foreign direct investment in the world and is now considered to be the world's third biggest economy. Its greater economic integration with the rest of the world, especially since its accession to the World Trade Organisation (WTO), has further accelerated its market-oriented economic reforms. China is now opening its protected markets and beginning to submit to the rule of international law. This ongoing transition and increasing participation in the world economy has resulted in significant changes in human resource management and social welfare practices in China's enterprises. The book examines the key areas, all of which are linked, where China is grappling with institutional reforms as it opens up to the outside world: state-owned enterprise reform, capital markets and financial reform, human resources and labour market reform, social welfare reform, and China's accession to the WTO and the growth of the private sector.

Keywords

iron --- rice --- bowl --- foreign --- banks --- corporate --- governance --- social --- protection --- chinas

Britain's Imperial Cornerstone in China

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia ISBN: 9780203315125 9780415326193 9780415545518 9781134340941 9781134340934 9781134340897 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203315125 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sociology --- History --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:30
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This is an in-depth account of the Chinese Imperial Maritime Customs Service, a uniquely cosmopolitan institution established in the wake of China's defeat in the Opium Wars (1842 to 43), and a central feature of the Treaty Port system. The British-dominated service was headed by the famous Robert Hart who founded a far-reaching customs administration that also encompassed other responsibilities such as marine and harbour maintenance, quarantine, anti-piracy patrols and postal services. This institution sat at a crucial juncture between Chinese and foreign interests, and was intimately linked to British interests and fortunes in the Far East. Following the establishment of the Republic in 1911 there were grave misgivings as to whether the foreign element of the Service would survive. Yet the Service grew in influence and strength, ensuring the foreign inspectorate a continued role in China's affairs. Delivering an overview of the Service, its bureaucracy, fiscal responsibilities and life for foreigners in its employ, focusing especially on the later years of the Service, Donna Brunero draws on the experiences of the foreign administration of the Service as it attempted to negotiate between Chinese and foreign expectations and interests.

Keywords

chinese --- maritime --- customs --- service --- indoor --- staff --- foreign --- sino --- western --- relations

Chapter 1 Unintended Consequences of EU External Action (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367346492 Year: Pages: 16 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-13 11:21:03
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"There is a gap in IR and EU scholarship concerning unintended consequences in an international context, leaving this important phenomenon understudied. To fill this gap, a conceptualisation of unintended consequences is offered, and a set of common research questions are presented, highlighting the nature (what), the causes (why) and the modes of management (how) of unintended consequences of EU external action. The Special Issue contributes to the study of the EU as an international actor by broadening the notion of the EU’s impact abroad to include the unintended consequences of EU (in)actions and by shedding new light on the conceptual paradigms that explain EU external action."

Europe under Pressure

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ISBN: 9783828839717 9783828866881 9783828866898 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Tectum Wissenschaftsverlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101917
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-17 11:24:36
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The past years were characterized by a massive influx of migrants crossing the Union’s external borders seeking asylum. Illegal migration, exploitation of social welfare systems, foreign infiltration and the instrumentalization of religion condensed in terror attacks determine today’s changed attitude towards foreigners, refugees and migrants and therefore strongly impact the current European political agenda. Angelika C. Dankert describes the development of the EU and provides information on events that led to the creation and the spill-over of the Arab Spring. Roots and origin of Jihadist ideology as well as goals of religiously motivated terrorism are illustrated and European standards on morals and values are critically questioned. Through investigation of current matters in the field of law, security and interculturality, this book reveals the biggest geopolitical challenge of the 21st century.

Kompetenzen in DaF/DaZ

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: DaF/DaZ in Forschung und Lehre ISBN: 9783732906161 9783732993789 9783732993796 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_1005797 Language: German
Publisher: Frank & Timme
Subject: Education --- Linguistics --- History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-05 11:21:15
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Competence orientation opens up always new perspectives for teaching German as an Foreign and as a second language (DaF/DaZ) . The current tendencies of competence orientation presented here are include: - Specialist language skills in the fields of theology and medicine, - the expertise of teachers in relation to learning styles, Grammar and Intercultural Competence as well as - two contrasting analyses of the speech act of the written complaint and oral criticism. Without exception, the authors are enthusiastic and inspiring Teachers who are at the same time committed and open to new challenges, going the extra mile in research. The result of this close interaction of theory and practice are research results with direct application orientation. This is the claim of the series "DaF/DaZ in research and teaching". Christina Maria Ersch has studied German and Scandinavian Studies in Göttingen and German as a foreign language in Mainz, where she works as an academic employee. She has been teaching for several years DaF, is a certified telc examiner and teaches professional training courses on neurodidactics and action-oriented learning. Her research interests include the general didactics with focus on practical competence orientation and the intercultural communication. Die Kompetenzorientierung eröffnet gerade für das Fach Deutsch als Fremd- und Zweitsprache (DaF/DaZ) immer wieder neue Perspektiven für die Lehre. Die hier vorgestellten aktuellen Tendenzen der Kompetenzorientierung umfassen: • fachspezifische Sprachkompetenzen für die Bereiche Theologie und Medizin, • die Fachkompetenzen von Lehrkräften in Bezug auf Lernstile, Grammatik und Interkulturelle Kompetenz sowie • zwei kontrastive Analysen des Sprechaktes der schriftlichen Beschwerde und der mündlichen Kritikäußerung. Die Autorinnen sind ohne Ausnahme begeisterte und begeisternde Lehrkräfte und Dozentinnen, die gleichzeitig engagiert und offen neue Wege in der Forschung gehen. Das Ergebnis dieser engen Verzahnung von Theorie und Praxis sind Forschungsergebnisse mit direkter Anwendungsorientierung. Das ist der Anspruch der Reihe DaF/DaZ in Forschung und Lehre. Christina Maria Ersch hat Germanistik und Skandinavistik in Göttingen und Deutsch als Fremdsprache in Mainz studiert, wo sie als wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin tätig ist. Sie unterrichtet seit mehreren Jahren DaF, ist zertifizierte telc-Prüferin und leitet Weiterbildungskurse zu Neurodidaktik und Handlungsorientiertem Lernen. Ihre Forschungsinteressen liegen u. a. in der allgemeinen Didaktik mit Fokus auf praktischer Kompetenzorientierung und der interkulturellen Kommunikation.

Der deutsche "Dialog mit der islamischen Welt"

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Book Series: Kultur und soziale Praxis ISBN: 9783837629606 9783839429600 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839429600 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103322
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:57
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Kulturdialog, Interkultureller Dialog, Islamdialog, Transformationsdialog - wer spricht da eigentlich mit wem und vor allem wie? Vom 11. September 2001 bis zu den Umbrüchen in der arabischen Welt 2011 gewährt das Buch spannende und ausführliche Einblicke in das Dialogverständnis und die Diskurspraxis der deutschen Auswärtigen Kultur- und Bildungspolitik. Anhand der vom Autor geführten Interviews mit Vertretern vom Auswärtigen Amt, dem DAAD und dem Goethe-Institut wird die Diplomatensprache in bislang einmaliger Form interdisziplinär unter die philologische Lupe genommen. Vorschläge für einen künftigen Dialog im historisch wie gegenwärtig hochdynamischen Mittelmeerraum ergänzen die Analysen.

In search of a path; An analysis of the foreign policy of Suriname from 1975 to 1991

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Book Series: Caribbean Series ISBN: 9789067183345 9789004253674 Year: Volume: 27 Pages: xxii + 348 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_371570 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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In search of a path An analysis of the foreign policy of Suriname from 1975 to 1991 Roger Janssen The foreign policy of small states is an often neglected topic, which is particularly the case when it comes to Suriname. How did the young Republic deal with its dependency on the Netherlands for development aid after 1975? Was Paramaribo following a certain foreign policy strategy or did it merely react towards internal and external events? What were the decision making processes in defining the foreign policy course and who was involved in these processes? And why was a proposal discussed to hand back the right of an independent foreign and defence policy to a Dutch Commonwealth government in the early 1990s? These questions are examined here in depth, in the first comprehensive analysis of Suriname’s foreign policy from 1975 to 1991. The book provides readers interested in Caribbean and Latin American affairs with a detailed account of Suriname’s external relations. Moreover, the young Republic may stand as a case study, as it confronted the difficulties and challenges that small developing states often face. Roger Janssen (1967), born in the Dutch-German border region of Cleve, migrated to Australia in 1989. He received his education as a historian at the University of Western Australia where he obtained a Ph.D. in 1999. During his graduate and post-graduate studies, the main focus of his research was directed towards the social-economic and political developments of the Dutch Caribbean after the Second World War. Currently he lives and works in the Netherlands.

Building State Capability: Evidence, Analysis, Action

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780198747482 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747482.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: Harvard University
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-25 11:01:13
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Governments play a major role in the development process, and constantly introduce reforms and policies to achieve developmental objectives. Many of these interventions have limited impact, however; schools get built but kids don’t learn, IT systems are introduced but not used, plans are written but not implemented. These achievement deficiencies reveal gaps in capabilities, and weaknesses in the process of building state capability. This book addresses these weaknesses and gaps. It starts by providing evidence of the capability shortfalls that currently exist in many countries, showing that many governments lack basic capacities even after decades of reforms and capacity-building efforts. The book then analyzes this evidence, identifying capability traps that hold many governments back—particularly related to isomorphic mimicry (where governments copy best practice solutions from other countries that make them look more capable even if they are not more capable) and premature load bearing (where governments adopt new mechanisms that they cannot actually make work, given weak extant capacities). The book then describes a process that governments can use to escape these capability traps. Called PDIA (problem-driven iterative adaptation), this process empowers people working in governments to find and fit solutions to the problems they face. The discussion about this process is structured in a practical manner so that readers can actually apply tools and ideas to the capability challenges they face in their own contexts. These applications will help readers devise policies and reforms that have more impact than those of the past.

Keywords

foreign aid --- reform --- policy --- government --- politics --- capability --- development --- poverty --- pdia --- services

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