Search results: Found 22

Listing 11 - 20 of 22 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by
Chapter 3: 'The Gibbet in the Landscape: Locating the Criminal Corpse in Mid-Eighteenth-Century England' from book: A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9781137444011 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.1057/9781137444011_4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 16:57:22
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This is a chapter from A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse edited by Richard Ward. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. In this chapter, Zoe Dyndor uses data compiled for the Wellcome Trust funded project, Harnessing the Power of the Criminal Corpse, to investigate the logic and rationale behind selecting gibbet locations in eighteenth-century England. She suggests that while gibbets were generally located near to the scene of the crime, there were a number of other factors that led to the selection of particular sites for cases of hanging in chains. Through a case study of smugglers hung in chains in the 1740s, Dyndor demonstrates that, in certain cases, gibbet locations were specifically selected to reflect the nature of the offence, the background of the offender or the circumstances of the crime.

Chapter 5: 'Target Suitability and the Crime Drop' from book: The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781137391322 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.1057/9781137391322_5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 17:12:36
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This chapter is open access under a CC BY license. It is from The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory, edited by Martin A. Andresen and Graham Farrell. The full volume provides a unique collection of essays in honour of the work of Marcus Felson and his notable contribution to routine activity theory, environmental criminology and the discipline more broadly.

Introduction: 'Address as Social Action Across Cultures and Contexts' from book: Address Practice as Social Action: European Perspectives

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781137529923 Year: Pages: 11 DOI: 10.1057/9781137529923_1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 17:21:21
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This is the introductory chapter of Address Practice as Social Action: European Perspectives. It is open access under a CC BY license.How we address one another says a great deal about our social relationships and which groups in society we belong to. This edited volume examines address choices in a range of everyday interactions taking place in Dutch, Finnish, Flemish, French, German, Italian and the two national varieties of Swedish, Finland Swedish and Sweden Swedish.

The cognitive, emotional and neural correlates of creativity

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196333 Year: Pages: 98 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-633-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Across species, humans have an unsurpassed capacity for creative thought and innovation. Human creativity is at the roots of extraordinary achievements in the arts and sciences, and enables individuals and their groups to adapt flexibly to changing circumstances, to manage complex social relations, and to survive and prosper through social, technological, and medical innovations. The ability to generate novel and potentially useful ideas and problem solutions (viz., creativity) is a key driver of human evolution, and among the most valued and sought after competencies in contemporary societies that struggle with complex problems and compete for technological and economic supremacy. Because creativity provides fitness functionality in both ancestral and contemporary societies, it stands to reason that (i) the human brain evolved to sustain and promote creative thinking and we should be able to identify (ii) the brain circuitries, genetic drivers, and neurohormonal modulators of the human capacity for creative problem solving and original ideation; and (iii) the core cognitive and emotional processes underlying creative thought. In this Research Topic, we bring together a collection of papers to provide an encyclopedic, open access snapshot of the current state of the art on the neural, cognitive, and emotional correlates of creativity.

Marine Biomolecules

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196616 Year: Pages: 97 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-661-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Oceans include the greatest extremes of pressure, temperature and light, and habitats can range from tropical waters to ocean trenches, several kilometers below sea level at high pressure. With its 70% of the surface of our planet marine ecosystem still remains largely unexplored, understudied and underexploited in comparison with terrestrial ecosystems, organisms and bioprocesses. The biological adaptation of marine organisms to a wide range of environmental conditions in the specific environment (temperature, salinity, tides, pressure, radiation, light, etc.) has made them an enormous reservoir of interesting biological material for both basic research and biotechnological improvements. As a consequence marine ecosystem is valued as a source of enzymes and other biomolecules exhibiting new functions and activities to fulfill human needs. Indeed, in recent years it has been recognised as an untapped source of novel enzymes and metabolites even though, with regard to the assignment of precise biological functions to genes, proteins and enzymes, it is still considered as the least developed. Using metagenomics to recover genetic material directly from environmental samples, this biogenetic diversification can be accessed but despite the contributions from metagenomic technologies the new field requires major improvements. A few words on the complexity of marine environments should be added here. This complexity ranges from symbiotic relationships to biology and chemistry of defence mechanisms and from chemoecology of marine invasions up to the strategies found in prokaryotes to adapt to extreme environments. The interdisciplinary study of this complexity will enable researchers to find an arsenal of enzymes and pathways greatly demanded in biotechnological applications. As far as marine enzymes are concerned they may carry novel chemical and stereochemical properties, thus biocatalytically oriented studies (testing of suitable substrates, appropriate checking of reaction conditions, study of stereochemical asset of catalysis) should be performed to appropriately reveal this “chemical biodiversity” which increases interest for these enzymes. Among other biomolecules, polysaccharides are the most abundant renewable biomaterial found on land and in oceans. Their molecular diversity is very interesting; except polysaccharides used traditionally in food and non-food industries, the structure and the functionality of most of them are unknown and unexplored. Brown seaweeds synthesize unique bioactive polysaccharides: laminarans, alginic acids and fucoidans. A wide range of biological activities (anticoagulant, antitumor, antiviral, anti-inflammation, etc.) have been attributed to fucoidans and their role with respect to structure-activity relationship is still under debate. In this Research Topic, we wish to centralize and review contributions, idea and comments related to the issues above. In particular results of enzymatic bioprospecting in gross marine environment will be acknowledged along with research for structural characterization and biological function of biomolecules such as marine polysaccharides and all kind of research related to the complexity of bioprocesses in marine environments. Inter- and multi-disciplinary approach to this field is favoured in this Research Topic and could greatly be facilitated by the web and open access nature as well.

Internet Research Ethics

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9788202489519 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.17585/noasp.3.3 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-30 11:02:14
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This anthology addresses ethical challenges that arise within the field of Internet research. Among the issues discussed in the book are the following: When is voluntary informed consent from research subjects required in using the Internet as a data source?&#xD;How may researchers secure the privacy of research subjects in a landscape where the traditional public/private distinction is blurred and re-identification is a recurring threat?&#xD;What are the central ethical and legal aspects of Internet research for individuals, groups, and society?

Introduction (Book chapter)

Book title: A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse

Author:
Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137444011 9781137443991 Year: Pages: 313 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095904
Subject: Law --- Psychology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:02
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Through studies of beheaded Irish traitors, smugglers hung in chains on the English coast, suicides subjected to the surgeon's knife in Dresden and the burial of executed Nazi war criminals, this volume provides a fresh perspective on the history of capital punishment. This book has two open access chapters under a CC BY license.

The Gibbet in the Landscape (Book chapter)

Book title: A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse

Author:
Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137444011 9781137443991 Year: Pages: 313 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095904
Subject: Law --- Psychology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:02
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Through studies of beheaded Irish traitors, smugglers hung in chains on the English coast, suicides subjected to the surgeon's knife in Dresden and the burial of executed Nazi war criminals, this volume provides a fresh perspective on the history of capital punishment. This book has two open access chapters under a CC BY license.

Target Suitability and the Crime Drop

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781137525024 9781349707058 9781137525017 9781349995905 Year: Pages: 22 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-137-52502-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This is a chapter from The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory edited by Martin A. Andresen and Graham Farrell. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. Target suitability is a cornerstone of Marcus Felson's routine activities approach, and critical in determining crime rates. Recent research identifies reduced target suitability, via improved security, as central to the 'crime drop' experienced in many countries. Studies in different countries show car theft fell with far more and better vehicle security. Yet increases in household security were more modest and do not track burglary's decrease as well. In this chapter, the authors explain that apparent anomaly as due more to an improvement in the quality of household security leading to reduced burglary. It is further suggested that improvements to home insulation in the UK that brought double glazing may have, somewhat inadvertently, introduced better frames and locks for doors and windows, that in turn reduced household burglary.; This is a chapter from The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory edited by Martin A. Andresen and Graham Farrell. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. Target suitability is a cornerstone of Marcus Felson's routine activities approach, and critical in determining crime rates. Recent research identifies reduced target suitability, via improved security, as central to the 'crime drop' experienced in many countries. Studies in different countries show car theft fell with far more and better vehicle security. Yet increases in household security were more modest and do not track burglary's decrease as well. In this chapter, the authors explain that apparent anomaly as due more to an improvement in the quality of household security leading to reduced burglary. It is further suggested that improvements to home insulation in the UK that brought double glazing may have, somewhat inadvertently, introduced better frames and locks for doors and windows, that in turn reduced household burglary.

Keywords

Criminology --- Public safety

A Philosophical Examination of Social Justice and Child Poverty

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781137426024 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.1057/9781137426024 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Philosophy --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book is open access under a CCBY license. This book investigates child poverty from a philosophical perspective. It identifies the injustices of child poverty, relates them to the well-being of children, and discusses who has a moral responsibility to secure social justice for children.

Listing 11 - 20 of 22 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search