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Identification et surveillance des individus

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« Big Brother is watching you ! » Cet avertissement placardé sur les murs de la cité imaginaire d'Océania dans le roman 1984 de Georges Orwell peut-il s'appliquer à nos sociétés contemporaines ? Passeport biométrique, fichage informatisé des individus, multiplication des caméras de surveillance, utilisation de puce dans des objets de la vie quotidienne, ou pour suivre les criminels en liberté surveillée, les mesures d'identification, de fichage et de surveillance des individus par des techniq...

Foot-and-Mouth Disease in Swine

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452804 Year: Pages: 95 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-280-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is one of the most devastating diseases of livestock. The research topic here features nine studies supplementing the state-of-the art of the knowledge on the pathogenesis and epidemiology of FMD in swine.

Monitored

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ISBN: 9780745338637 9781786803924 9781786803931 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102245
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-05 09:51:01
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This book explores a central contradiction of 21st century economy and society: the more morally and politically unaccountable capitalism and capitalists are, the more accountable the mass majority of its subjects must become. The technocratic ideology and surveillance culture of our modern marketized societies hides a deeper reality of a free market that is unmanageable and a corporate elite whose actions cannot be traced let alone regulated. This work highlights the paradoxical way an often disjointed and unjustifiable modern neoliberalism persists through subjecting individuals and communities to a wide range of technical and ethical 'accounting' in all areas of contemporary life. These pervasive practices of monitoring and codifying everything and everyone mask how at its heart this system and its elites remain socially uncontrollable and ethically out of control.

Bodies as Evidence

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Global Insecurities ISBN: 9781478001690 9781478004301 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102077
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:21:03
License: Duke University Press

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From biometrics to predictive policing, contemporary security relies on sophisticated scientific evidence-gathering and knowledge-making focused on the human body. Bringing together new anthropological perspectives on the complexities of security in the present moment, the contributors to Bodies as Evidence reveal how bodies have become critical sources of evidence that is organized and deployed to classify, recognize, and manage human life. Through global case studies that explore biometric identification, border control, forensics, predictive policing, and counterterrorism, the contributors show how security discourses and practices that target the body contribute to new configurations of knowledge and power. At the same time, margins of error, unreliable technologies, and a growing suspicion of scientific evidence in a “post-truth” era contribute to growing insecurity, especially among marginalized populations.

Raum – Weltbild – Kontrolle

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ISBN: 9783863882204 9783863880545 Year: Pages: 241 DOI: 10.3224/86388054 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:06
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What are the connections between space, control and world view? The author answers this question using the concept of cognitive mapping, which he presents and discusses as a theoretical concept of social analysis and as an empirical means of research. Surveillance - so his thesis - makes the examination and control of worldviews possible and thus becomes a form of social orientation. At the same time, worldviews also provide a basis for understanding attitudes towards surveillance measures. Surveillance in this sense is not a product of modernity, but occurs in all historical epochs and serves the organization of reality. Space and spatial notions of the world are shaped by the environment and the experiences people have in it. Socio-spatial conceptions are the origin of discourses of surveillance and are in turn influenced by forms of control. Worldviews can be used to trace attitudes and surveillance and the orientation patterns behind them. This book deals with these interrelations using the concept of cognitive mapping. This concept analyses causes and effects and explains how they play an important role in processes of social exclusion/integration or the possibilities of identity formation.

Polices d’Empires : XVIIIe-XIXe siècles

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ISBN: 9782753568976 DOI: 10.4000/books.pur.132450 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:46
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les policiers furent les figures les plus visibles et les plus symboliques de la domination coloniale dont ils formaient le premier maillon. Au contact quotidien des populations, chargés des tâches les plus diverses, sous des dénominations très variables, ils jouaient cependant pleinement leur rôle dans la « mission civilisatrice de l’homme blanc ». Cet ouvrage entend montrer quelle fut leur contribution à l’émergence d’un nouveau mode de gestion colonial des populations, des années 1750 à la veille de la Grande Guerre. De Buenos Aires à Sydney, en passant par Rio, Montréal, Bombay, Le Cap ou Batavia, du Suriname aux Indes néerlandaises, les contributions réunies ici retracent l’histoire des forces de l’ordre des empires coloniaux européens, l’intense circulation des pratiques, des conceptions policières et des hommes au sein des empires. Loin d’être la projection des structures des polices métropolitaines, les polices des territoires coloniaux ont été des terrains d’expérimentation, sans cesse adaptés aux contraintes matérielles et politiques des sociétés locales. À bien des égards, les colonies furent le laboratoire de la modernité policière, présentée comme une innovation des métropoles du XIXe siècle. Fruit d’une enquête collective, rassemblant douze études inédites de spécialistes internationaux, cet ouvrage se veut une contribution à l’histoire de l’État et des empires coloniaux, ainsi qu’à celle des polices.

Making Things Stick: Surveillance Technologies and Mexico’s War on Crime

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ISBN: 9780520284043 9780520959705 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.12 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-09 11:01:08
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With Mexico’s War on Crime as the backdrop, Making Things Stick offers an innovative analysis of how surveillance technologies impact governance in the global society. More than just tools to monitor ordinary people, surveillance technologies are imagined by government officials as a way to reform the national state by focusing on the material things—cellular phones, automobiles, human bodies—that can enable crime. In describing the challenges that the Mexican government has encountered in implementing this novel approach to social control, Keith Guzik presents surveillance technologies as a sign of state weakness rather than strength and as an opportunity for civic engagement rather than retreat.

Surveying Antimicrobial Resistance: Approaches, Issues, and Challenges to Overcome

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451418 Year: Pages: 419 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-141-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Microbiology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Why Antibiotic Resistance? The use of antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine may have consequences beyond their intended applications. The “One Health” concept recognizes that the health of humans is connected to the health of animals and the environment. Progress in molecular genetics is facilitating the rapid evaluation of the essentiality of these targets on a genomic scale. In 2015, a group of researchers established the International Conference on Antibiotic Resistance (IC2AR).The primary objective of this meeting is to bring together scientists involved in antibiotic resistance prevention and control. The IC2AR conducted its inaugural world congress in January 2015 at Caparica (Portugal). Antimicrobial resistance presents a significant challenge to scientists in the field of infectious diseases. The full knowledge of how antibiotics resistance is evolving and being transmitted between hosts in different ecosystems is taking on great importance. Necessary action includes research to define the scope of the problem including its various sources. This eBook comprises a series of original research and review articles dealing with the epidemiology of resistance in animal and zoonotic pathogens, mobile elements containing resistance genes, the omics of antimicrobial resistance, emerging antimicrobial resistance mechanisms, control of resistant infections, establishing antimicrobial use and resistance surveillance systems, and alternatives strategies to overcome the problem of antimicrobial resistance worldwide. Gilberto Igrejas, José Luis Capelo and Patrícia Poeta Scientific Committee of IC2AR, February 20th, 2017Why Antibiotic Resistance? The use of antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine may have consequences beyond their intended applications. The “One Health” concept recognizes that the health of humans is connected to the health of animals and the environment. Progress in molecular genetics is facilitating the rapid evaluation of the essentiality of these targets on a genomic scale. In 2015, a group of researchers established the International Conference on Antibiotic Resistance (IC2AR).The primary objective of this meeting is to bring together scientists involved in antibiotic resistance prevention and control. The IC2AR conducted its inaugural world congress in January 2015 at Caparica (Portugal). Antimicrobial resistance presents a significant challenge to scientists in the field of infectious diseases. The full knowledge of how antibiotics resistance is evolving and being transmitted between hosts in different ecosystems is taking on great importance. Necessary action includes research to define the scope of the problem including its various sources. This eBook comprises a series of original research and review articles dealing with the epidemiology of resistance in animal and zoonotic pathogens, mobile elements containing resistance genes, the omics of antimicrobial resistance, emerging antimicrobial resistance mechanisms, control of resistant infections, establishing antimicrobial use and resistance surveillance systems, and alternatives strategies to overcome the problem of antimicrobial resistance worldwide. Gilberto Igrejas, José Luis Capelo and Patrícia Poeta Scientific Committee of IC2AR, February 20th, 2017

Bulk Collection

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ISBN: 9780190685515 9780190685515 Year: Pages: 504 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190685515.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Law --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-25 11:01:02
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In June 2013, Edward Snowden revealed a secret US government program that collected records on every phone call made in the country. Further disclosures followed, detailing mass surveillance by the UK as well. Journalists and policymakers soon began discussing large-scale programs in other countries. Over two years before the Snowden leaks began, Cate and Dempsey had started researching systematic collection. Leading an initiative sponsored by The Privacy Projects, they commissioned a series of country reports, asking national experts to uncover what they could about government demands that telecommunications providers and other private-sector companies disclose information about their customers in bulk. Their initial research found disturbing indications of systematic access in countries around the world. These programs, often undertaken in the name of national security, were cloaked in secrecy and largely immune from oversight, posing serious threats to personal privacy. After the Snowden leaks, the project morphed into something more ambitious: an effort to explore what should be the rules for government access to data and how companies should respond to those demands within the framework of corporate responsibility. This volume concludes the nearly six-year project. It assembles 12 country reports, updated to reflect recent developments. One chapter presents both descriptive and normative frameworks for analyzing national surveillance laws. Others examine international law, human rights law, and oversight mechanisms. Still others explore the concept of accountability and the role of encryption in shaping the surveillance debate. In their conclusion, Cate and Dempsey offer recommendations for both government and industry.&#xD;

Digital Transformation of Animal Health Data: Proceedings of the AHEAD 2017 Workshop

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455683 Year: Pages: 63 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-568-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Animal Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)’s Co-operativeResearch Programme on Biological Resource Management for SustainableAgricultural Systems sponsored the AHEAD 2017 workshop, bringing together expertsfrom the farming and pharmaceutical industries, information and communicationstechnology, policy, research (and more) to create a roadmap to the digital transformationof animal health surveillance.In many countries, policy supports the reduction of antibiotic use and a growingfocus in the veterinary practice is to move away from blanket dosage of antibiotics,for example for mastitis. Significant and speedy improvements can take place, but only with coordinated actions supported by the entire value chain.Reducing the use of antibiotics is of massive societal importance, but changingon farm or veterinary methods requires thought and a user-centred approach.The most glaring and addressable challenge is the absence of near real-time dataand information.AHEAD 2017 explored how governments globally can benefit from increased digitisationin animal health. For effective monitoring, it is important to first understandthe relevant tasks of each stakeholder in the food value chain. In these proceedingswe openly discuss and define these tasks, identify existing challenges to completionof these tasks, and suggest the business opportunities overcoming these challengescan create. Through this publication, it is our intention to encourage open discussion,design and co-creation of an improved digital approach to animal health anddrug usage in agriculture.The Workshop was sponsored by the OECD Co-operative Research Programmeon Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems, whosefinancial support made it possible for most of the invited speakers to participate inthe Workshop.The opinions expressed and arguments employed in this publication are the soleresponsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or ofthe governments of its Member countries.

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