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Splendeurs d’Italie : La peinture sur pierre à la Renaissance

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ISBN: 9782869065277 DOI: 10.4000/books.pufr.8510 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires François-Rabelais
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:43
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage porte sur la peinture sur pierre, technique qui apparaît en Italie autour de 1530. Dans un premier temps, cette technique, mise au point par le peintre vénitien Sebastiano del Piombo, vers 1530, s’inscrit dans les débats relatifs au Parallèle des Arts, à la suprématie de la sculpture ou de la peinture. La durée apparaît comme un problème fondamental ; la peinture sur pierre constituerait une réponse puisqu’elle offrirait l’avantage de se conserver plus longtemps que les tableaux peints sur des supports traditionnels comme le bois ou la toile. Dans un deuxième temps, à partir des années 1580-1590, les artistes varient leurs productions en employant des supports comme le jaspe, l’améthyste, l’agate, ou l’albâtre. La diversité et la richesse des matériaux répondent alors à deux attentes : elle correspond au goût pour la préciosité et s’inscrit dans une connivence entre art et nature. Florence et Rome deviennent des centres de production importants et de nombreuses familles dont les Médicis et les Barberini jouent un rôle primordial dans cet essor. Parallèlement, les artistes, poussés par le désir de transposer sur de grandes surfaces les effets picturaux obtenus avec la peinture à l’huile, se lancent dans diverses expérimentations. C’est vraisemblablement dans un tel contexte qu’il faut inscrire l’élaboration de peintures d’autel sur pierre entre 1530 et 1620. Sebastiano del Piombo en serait également l’initiateur mais d’autres personnalités artistiques dont Pierre Paul Rubens seront amenés à élaborer des peintures de grand format sur pierre.

Bourdieu and Literature

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ISBN: 9781906924430 Year: Pages: 203 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0027 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 03:32:42
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Bourdieu and Literature is a wide-ranging, rigorous and accessible introduction to the relationship between Pierre Bourdieu's work and literary studies. It provides a comprehensive overview and critical assessment of his contributions to literary theory and his thinking about authors and literary works. One of the foremost French intellectuals of the post-war era, Bourdieu has become a standard point of reference in the fields of anthropology, linguistics, art history, cultural studies, politics, and sociology, but his longstanding interest in literature has often been overlooked. This study explores the impact of literature on Bourdieu's intellectual itinerary, and how his literary understanding intersected with his sociological theory and thinking about cultural policy. This is the first full-length study of Bourdieu's work on literature in English, and it provides an invaluable resource for students and scholars of literary studies, cultural theory and sociology.

Kakanien als Gesellschaftskonstruktion

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ISBN: 9783205787402 Year: Pages: 1222 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437166 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4286
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:04
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This monograph (professorial dissertation FU Berlin 2009) undertakes an interpretation of the entirety of Musil's monumental novel by placing the focus on its socio-analytical critique of contemporary society. It adapts Pierre Bourdieu's concept of the socio-analysis of literary texts, complemented by methodology from recent narratology, discourse and media theory, and is empirically grounded upon research from social and cultural history. Opening with a reconstruction of Musil's 'negative' anthropology and his concurrently analytical and constructivistic conception of the novel, as well as his essayistic, 'anti-filmic' poetics, the first part of the study profiles the socio-analytical implications of two major terms of his concept of the novel: firstly "Eigenschaftslosigkeit" (lack of inherent qualities or characteristics), and secondly "Möglichkeitssinn" (sense of possibility) or "Essayismus" (essayism). The main section of the study continues with a reading of The Man without Qualities as a social 'force field', beginning with an analysis of the narratively constituted chronotope and the social sphere of Kakania. It then turns to the central male and female figures of the novel (in the sections Heirs and Disinherited; Climbers and Stagnaters; Terrorists and Prophets, as well as Fallen Lovers; Sufferers of an 'obscure time-disease'; Adapters and Dissidents) and finally to the constellations and interactions of the characters in their aesthetic arrangements (in the sections Marriages in Crises; Orderless Circumstances, Gender Struggle; Attempts at Love beyond Marriage; and Rivalry over Principles and People; Ideologic Hostilities and Class Struggle). Special attention is paid to Musil's contemporary critique of a society in a contradictory process of modernisation, and to his concrete historical and ideological points of reference in the conflict strewn Austria and Germany of the preand inter-war years, as it is these to date neglected aspects that cause the uncompleted, and yet epoch-making, novel to appear so unique and incomparable. A final section considers the positioning of the novel and ist author in the contemporary literary field, as well as his indirect authorial self-analysis which occurs in a concealed manner throughout the fictional narration. With this socio-analysis of The Man without Qualities, Bourdieu's innovative cultural-sociological approach is for the first time applied in a consistent and detailed manner on a canonical German language novel. Moreover, an integral aspect of the study involves a theoretically aware integration of meticulous textual analysis and a broad cultural and literary historical contextualisation, which not only extends over Musil's essays and his voluminous literary remains (notes and drafts of sequels), but also over numerous discoursive involvements with contemporary Austrian and German politics and scholarship, and national and international literature. The Man without Qualities hence is presented as a modern classic of European literature, which relentlessly reveals the roots of the catastrophical history of the early twentieth century, and which transcends the sociological knowledge of its time.

Die vielsprachige Seele Kakaniens

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ISBN: 9783205788294 Year: Pages: 442 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437186 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4326
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-04-19 19:35:34
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In the last few decades, the discipline of Translation Studies has been characterized by a considerable increase of interdisciplinary approaches which both helped to sharpen its profiling and to promote its multilayered epistemological discussions. The contribution of this book to these developments is located on various levels. I claim that in view of its multifaceted forms, translation as practiced in the late Habsburg Empire to a high degree contributed to the construction of cultures in the pluri-cultural space of the Habsburg Monarchy: on the one hand, I have revealed the various layers of translation’s constructive character and then – on the basis of Pierre Bourdieu’s sociological framework – shed light on the various construction processes on behalf of detailed analyses which focus on the agents involved in these processes. These considerations are then reflected in the delineation of a model which I call the “pluri-cultural communication space of the Habsburg Monarchy”. &#xD;In terms of methodology, I have drawn on post-colonial theoretical frameworks. On such a basis, I have sketched a concept of culture which aims to correspond to the hybrid constellations characteristic to vast parts of the Monarchy and which claims to detect the symbolic forms of ethnically articulated dominance. The metaphorically inspired translation concept developed in the wake of these reflections (“cultural translation”) results in conceptualizing a typology of various translation forms which claim to do justice to the complexity of the Monarchy’s translatorial practices in the continuum between “communication” and “translation”. Primarily on the basis of archival sources, the analysis covers the translatorial practice in the various ministries (“Commission of Terminology “,“Bureau of Redaction of the Imperial Law Gazette”, “Section of Ciphering and Translatorial Work”), in court (sworn interpreters), and in the diplomatic service, among others. On the other hand, I have worked on extensive corpora analyzing the translation flows both between various languages of the crown lands and with countries outside the Monarchy by adopting numerous parameters (focus: translations into German). Finally, the focus is laid on the translations from Italian, with a particular emphasis on laying bare the construction processes operating in the selection, production, distribution and reception of these translations. &#xD;The features which make up the construction of culture in the Habsburg context can be particularly detected in two instances: first, in the tensions related to national conflicts which are inscribed in all translation types dealt with in the period under investigation. Secondly, in the phenomenon of bi- and multilingualism which – according to the territory and the legal situation respectively – represented a basic prerequisite for the translation and interpreting activity and as such in many cases made a professional and qualitatively differentiated formation in translation at least at first sight avoidable. Nevertheless, it has been able to reconstruct a gradual institutionalization of the translatorial activity. &#xD;English version of the book: http://e-book.fwf.ac.at/o:786

Bordieuan Field Theory as an Instrument for Military Operational Analysis

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Book Series: New Security Challenges ISBN: 9783319653518 9783319653525 Year: Pages: 123 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-65352-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Military Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 17:29:39
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This book uses Pierre Bourdieu’s field theory as a lens through which to examine military operations. Novel in its approach, this innovative text provides a better, more nuanced understanding of the modern ‘battlespace’, particularly in instances of prolonged low-intensity conflict. Formed in two parts, this book primarily explores the scope of Bourdien theory before secondly providing a detailed case study of the Yugoslavian succession war of 1990-1992. Gunneriusson suggests that although theories do not necessarily provide answers, they do help us ask better questions. This volume suggests news lines of interdisciplinary investigation that will be of interest to members of armed forces, practitioners from NGOs, and policymakers.

Bourdieu and Literature

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ISBN: 9781906924447 Year: Pages: 203 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0027 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Sociology --- Languages and Literatures --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-04 11:01:50
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Bourdieu and Literature is a wide-ranging, rigorous and accessible introduction to the relationship between Pierre Bourdieu's work and literary studies. It provides a comprehensive overview and critical assessment of his contributions to literary theory and his thinking about authors and literary works. One of the foremost French intellectuals of the post-war era, Bourdieu has become a standard point of reference in the fields of anthropology, linguistics, art history, cultural studies, politics, and sociology, but his longstanding interest in literature has often been overlooked. This study explores the impact of literature on Bourdieu's intellectual itinerary, and how his literary understanding intersected with his sociological theory and thinking about cultural policy. This is the first full-length study of Bourdieu's work on literature in English, and it provides an invaluable resource for students and scholars of literary studies, cultural theory and sociology.

Chapter 4 Promoting medical change in Restoration Ireland (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526145147 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097782/Z/11/Z
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:03
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This chapter seeks to situate James Butler, duke of Ormond, at the centre of an important patronage network for medicine in Restoration Britain and Ireland. It explores the Irish dimension of the emergence of the Society of Chemical Physicians and situates it against the background provided by the momentous Cromwellian period in Ireland. Particular attention is paid to Pierre Belon, a Huguenot physician patronised by Ormond who was involved in efforts to promote a spa at Chapelizod near Dublin. &#xD;

Glossaire technique trilingue de la pierre : L’exploitation en carrière

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ISBN: 9782351593011 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifpo.1040 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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De Pétra à Baalbek, en passant par Palmyre, la pierre est omniprésente au Proche-Orient. Presque tous les monuments de la région sont issus des carrières et la plupart de leurs caractères techniques sont étroitement dépendants des conditions géologiques et des techniques propres à ces exploitations. Comment imaginer l’usage de mégalithes à Baalbek si la roche locale n’avait présenté que des strates fragmentées et de faible épaisseur ? Si la production en série modulaire des blocs des fortifications hellénistiques de la côte méditerranéenne a été décidée, c’est grâce à la relative homogénéité des grès dunaires. L’absence de colonnes monolithes en gypse dans les sites de la vallée de l’Euphrate syrien ne tient pas à une décision architecturale, mais à l’impossibilité d’extraire de longs monolithes dans cette roche. La bichromie des monuments d’époque islamique se trouve essentiellement dans les zones géologiques où l’on peut extraire, à peu de distance, du calcaire clair et du basalte. Les pierres décoratives importées de diverses contrées présentent également des aspects spécifiques à leur type de gisement et à leur mode d’exploitation. Tel est le cas des colonnes de marbre cipolin dont l’esthétique finale est déjà déterminée, dès la carrière, par la manière d’isoler leur volume dans la masse rocheuse en anticipant la position de leurs veines vertes et grises. Par ailleurs, que sait-on sur les carriers antiques et médiévaux de la région ? Très peu de chose, si l’on en juge par l’extrême rareté des études historiques et archéologiques qui abordent ce thème. Les sources antiques et médiévales sont quasiment muettes à leur sujet. Les archéologues les assimilent souvent aux mineurs qui ne font que briser la roche pour en extraire le minerai sans intervenir sur la suite du processus de fabrication, alors que les carriers sont, au contraire, en interrelations étroites avec les chantiers de construction : ils exécutent les commandes après avoir défini pour les constructeurs, les possibilités techniques et esthétiques de la production de leur carrière. La rareté des informations sur les carrières de pierre tient d’abord au manque de sensibilisation des archéologues à leur sujet : peu connaissent la problématique archéologique des chantiers d’extraction et les résultats potentiels que peut apporter leur fouille stratigraphique. Les méthodes de fouille doivent être également adaptées aux carrières. Mais, dans la périphérie des zones urbaines, face à la transformation rapide des anciennes carrières en dépotoir, il est indispensable d’engager des prospections et des inventaires. Ces investigations doivent être accompagnées de descriptions précises des structures rocheuses encore visibles dans ces sites. Il existe pour cela un vocabulaire bien spécifique à ce domaine mais très mal connu, aussi bien en français qu’en arabe. L’objectif du présent ouvrage est de proposer un outil linguistique et technique illustré afin d’élargir les recherches dans cette discipline, où elles ne sont qu’embryonnaires. La technicité du sujet impliquait la présentation de nombreuses illustrations et une édition en format réduit pour faciliter l’usage de ce glossaire sur le terrain. Malgré tous nos efforts en vue de l’exhaustivité, il restera néanmoins quelques lacunes, dont nous prions les lecteurs de bien vouloir nous excuser.

Verdrängungen des Ökonomischen

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783839409343 9783899429343 Year: Pages: 386 DOI: 10.14361/9783839409343 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:28
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Dieser Text legt Pierre Bourdieus Theorie der sozialen Praxis erstmals als eigenwertige Theorie der modernen Gesellschaft aus. Neben einer Analyse ihrer theoretischen Problembezüge und begrifflichen Konzeption wird die Theorie sozialer Felder differenzierungstheoretisch gelesen und im Hinblick auf ihre Deutungspotenziale systematisiert. Um die Eigenständigkeit von Bourdieus Beitrag herauszuarbeiten, wird die vom Feld der Macht ausgehende Untersuchung der unterschiedlichen sozialen Felder (Kultur, Recht, Politik, Massenmedien, Ökonomie) in einem differenzierungstheoretischen Diskurs kontextiert.

Pierre Rosanvallon's Political Thought

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Bamberger Beiträge zur Linguistik ISBN: 9783839446522 9783837646528 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.14361/9783839446522 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-28 11:21:02
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The work of Pierre Rosanvallon has increasingly found itself at the center of debates in democratic and political theory – although only few of his numerous monographs have thus far been translated from French. This interdisciplinary volume, the first comprehensive collection on his political thought in English, seeks to lay the groundwork for the study of this eminent political thinker and historian. Following a hitherto untranslated opening essay by Rosanvallon, the chapters – written from a variety of disciplinary perspectives including political theory, political science, philosophy, and history – cover a wide range of topics from the history of democracy to sovereignty, populism, and the function of the press in liberal democratic regimes.&#xD;

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