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Pharmacognosy - Medicinal Plants

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ISBN: 9781838806101 9781838806118 9781838808747 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.78419 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Pharmacognosy is a term derived from the Greek words for drug (pharmakon) and knowledge (gnosis). It is a field of study within Chemistry focused on natural products isolated from different sources and their biological activities. Research on natural products began more than a hundred years ago and has continued up to now with a plethora of research groups discovering new ideas and novel active constituents. This book compiles the latest research in the field and will be of interest to scientists, researchers, and students.

A Critical Evaluation of Vitamin D - Basic Overview

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ISBN: 9789535130833 9789535130840 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.5772/61867 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:10

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The book ""A Critical Evaluation of Vitamin D - Basic Overview"" targets the physiological, biochemical and immunological aspects of vitamin D, including principles, mechanisms and clinical significance. This book covers four sections: 'Vitamin D on Physical and Physiological Activities', 'Vitamin D on Biochemical and Immunological Activities', 'Vitamin D on Musculoskeletal and Neurological System' and 'Vitamin D on Reproductive System'. Each of these sections is interwoven with the theoretical aspects and experimental techniques of basic and clinical sciences. This book will be a significant source to students, scientists, physicians, healthcare professionals and also other members of this society who are interested in exploring the role of vitamin D in human life.

[We derive vitamin D from the sunshine, and hence it can also be considered as 'day' vitamin. - Sivakumar Gowder]

A Critical Evaluation of Vitamin D - Clinical Overview

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ISBN: 9789535130857 9789535130864 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68714 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:11

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Vitamin D, a fat-soluble vitamin, also called as ""sunshine vitamin"" is derived mostly from sun exposure and food, and for normal activation, it has to undergo two hydroxylation reactions. Vitamin D affects more than 2000 genes in the body. Serum level of 25(OH) D is an ideal indicator of vitamin D status in our body. Vitamin D deficiency leads to various diseases. On a therapeutic point of view, vitamin D helps to treat many diseases. The book ""A Critical Evaluation of Vitamin D - Clinical Overview"" targets the principles, mechanisms, and clinical significance of vitamin D. This book covers four sections: ""Vitamin D in Cardiovascular and Renal Diseases"", ""Vitamin D in Age and Neurological Diseases"", ""Vitamin D and Cancer"" and ""Therapeutic Measurements of Vitamin D"". Each of these sections is interwoven with the theoretical aspects and experimental techniques of basic and clinical sciences. This book will be a significant source to students, scientists, physicians, healthcare professionals and also other members of this society who are interested in exploring the role of vitamin D in human life.

[Vitamin D can be considered as vitamin of ""defense"" since it cures several diseases. - Sivakumar Gowder]

Simon of Genoa's Medical Lexicon

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ISBN: 9788376560236 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560236 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 13:12:22
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“Simon of Genoa's Medical Lexicon”, an edited volume based on the conference held on March 17th, 2012, is part of the Simon Online project – a dynamically growing Wiki edition of Simon of Genoa's Clavis sanationis, a Latin-Greek-Arabic medical dictionary from the late 13th century. In the individual articles, written by well-known scholars, authorities in their fields of research, Simon and his major work, are approached from different perspectives and as a whole. The volume offers a comprehensible and well-balanced collection of current research on Simon and Clavis sanationis.The volume demonstrates the importance of the Clavis, not only for the history of pharmacology and medicine, but also for Byzantine and medieval studies, Roman, Greek, Latin and Arabic philology and lexicography.Barbara Zipser (Doctor of Philosophy, Wellcome Trust University Award 2006, 2010) is a researcher at the Centre for the Study of the Body and Material Culture, History Department, Royal Holloway University of London. Her main field of research is Greek medicine from Galen to the late Middle Ages, with an emphasis on textual criticism, manuscript transmission, and the formation of Greek vernacular terminology. Dr Zipser is a well-known and promising young scholar in the field of Ancient and Medieval Medicine. She runs Simon Online (http://www.simonofgenoa.org) – the joint edition and translation project of Simon of Genoa's Clavis sanationis, a dictionary of Latin, Greek and Arabic medical terminology in Wiki format.

Neurotoxins

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ISBN: 9781789231687 9781789231694 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.5772/65878 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Toxicologists seek to better understand the myriad of mechanisms responsible for neurotoxins. Because the incidence of neurobehavioral hazards and risks of exogenous compounds (e.g., natural toxins, synthetic molecules, and therapeutic agents) remain a subject matter of interest, predictive tools have evolved, including but not limited to novel translational in vitro models, biomarkers, newer epidemiological research tools, and well-accepted best practices for diagnosing neurotoxins in clinical practice. Taken together, the foreseen need to highlight some of the more appreciated and/or emerging tactical approaches in neurotoxicology results in a ""one-stop reference"" book, Neurotoxins.

Drug Addiction

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789233704 9781789233711 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70103 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This edited volume is a collection of reviewed and relevant research chapters, offering a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of drug addiction. The book comprises single chapters authored by various researchers and edited by an expert active in the pertinent research area. All chapters are complete in themselves but united under a common research study topic. This publication aims at providing a thorough overview of the latest research efforts by international authors on drug addiction, and opens new possible research paths for further novel developments.

Dopamine - Health and Disease

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ISBN: 9781789842692 9781789842708 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74360 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The chemical basis of human emotions has been an exciting aspect in biology. The ""feel-good chemical"" dopamine (DA) is a hormone and also a neurotransmitter, which performs a critical role in reward and movement control in the brain. DA also performs multiple other functions outside the brain. Regulating unrelated critical biological functions makes this chemical a vital factor for sustaining life in both health and disease. Dopamine - Health and Disease is an endeavour with an objective to understand and appreciate the biological functions of DA in human wellbeing and its potential utility in biomedical research. This effort will supplement scientific and non-scientific communities in stimulating a critical understanding of the biological purpose of ""ticklish"" DA, which eventually supports the human relentless effort to reduce the burden of disease. As the most exciting molecule,dopamine directly impacts day-to-day life. Anyone who has an eye for health and disease-related concepts will find this book a good read.

Alternatives to Animal Testing

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789811324475 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-2447-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:24
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This open access book presents recent advances in the pure sciences that are of significance in the quest for alternatives to the use of animals in research and describes a variety of practical applications of the three key guiding principles for the more ethical use of animals in experiments – replacement, reduction, and refinement, collectively known as the 3Rs. Important examples from across the world of implementation of the 3Rs in the testing of cosmetics, chemicals, pesticides, and biologics, including vaccines, are described, with additional information on relevant regulations. The coverage also encompasses emerging approaches to alternative tests and the 3Rs. The book is based on the most informative contributions delivered at the Asian Congress 2016 on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences. It will be of value for those working in R&D, for graduate students, and for educators in various fields, including the pharmaceutical and cosmetic sciences, pharmacology, toxicology, and animal welfare. The free, open access distribution of Alternatives to Animal Testing is enabled by the Creative Commons Attribution license in International version 4: CC BY 4.0.

Tatort Gesundheitsmarkt - Rechtswirklichkeit - Strafwürdigkeit - Prävention

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Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863950286 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.17875/gup2011-132 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law --- Pharmacy and materia medica
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Reports on medical billing frauds, “premiums” of hospitals (for the referral of a patient) as well as the “medical marketing” arouse increasing attention in times of dwindling financial resources within the socially insured healthcare system and the worry for spreading “rationing”. Out of consideration for the partly remarkably high financial damages the call for a harsh punishment suggests itself, but the criminal law is always late and, above all, isn't capable of compensating the intangible loss of trust. Therefore, the search for instruments of an effective prevention of corruption deserves far more notice, but consequently the question of the real criminal events and of the possible “adjusting screws” for preventive interventions as well. The articles in this volume, which come from the recent (organized on 8 July 2011) annual conference of the Institute of Criminal Law and Justice in Göttingen, present the latest findings available so far. They may provide the interested public with an insight, that is respectably and not clouded by the drive of mass-media scandalisation, into the extent and appearances of corrupt behaviour in the healthcare system and may give the experts suggestions for productive further discussions and innovative problem solvings.

Cannabinoids in Health and Disease

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ISBN: 9789535124290 9789535124306 9789535141983 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.5772/61595 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:09

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This book provides a comprehensive overview of current knowledge of cannabinoid activity in human physiology and points out the importance of endocannabinoid system for the maintenance of human health and treatment of diseases. Each chapter has been organized with the aim to cover basic concepts in the modulation of endocannabinoid system in both physiological and pathological conditions, thanks to the integration of data from experimental animal models and clinical observations. A special focus has been put on the medical use of cannabinoids and on the targeting of endocannabinoid system as new therapeutic strategy for the prevention and treatment of human diseases. Taken together, this book targets a wide audience of basic and clinical scientists, teachers and students interested in gaining a better understanding in the field of cannabinoids.

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