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Public Sector Employment in the 21st Century

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ISBN: 9781920942618 Year: Pages: 331 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459475 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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This book addresses the transformations which have occurred in employment arrangements and practices in the Australian public sector over the past decade and the changes in responsibilities and accountability through employment contracts, whistleblower legislation and partnerships between government and the private sector. It provides a comparative context through studies of reconstruction of the public service in the United Kingdom and New Zealand. Themes of contractualisation, privatisation and outsourcing are explored and critically examined, as well as influences of the industrial relations legislative framework including the Work Choices legislation.

Voices of Labor: Creativity, Craft, and Conflict in Global Hollywood

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ISBN: 9780520295438 9780520968196 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.26 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Media and communication --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-08 11:01:13
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Motion pictures are made, not mass produced, requiring a remarkable collection of skills, self-discipline, and sociality—all of which are sources of enormous pride among Hollywood’s craft and creative workers. The interviews collected here showcase the pleasures that attract people to careers in film and television. They also reflect critically on changes in the workplace brought about by corporate conglomeration and globalization. Rather than offer publicity-friendly anecdotes by marquee celebrities, Voices of Labor presents off-screen observations about the everyday realities of Global Hollywood. Ranging across job categories—from showrunner to make-up artist to location manager—this collection features voices of labor from Los Angeles, Atlanta, Prague, and Vancouver. Together they show how abstract concepts like conglomeration, financialization, and globalization are crucial tools for understanding contemporary Hollywood and for reflecting more generally on changes and challenges in the screen media workplace and our culture at large.

Precarious Claims: The Promise and Failure of Workplace Protections in the United States

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ISBN: 9780520288782 9780520963603 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.19 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-10 11:01:24
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Precarious Claims tells the human story behind the bureaucratic process of fighting for justice in the U.S. workplace. The global economy has fueled vast concentrations of wealth that have driven a demand for cheap and flexible labor. Workplace violations such as wage theft, unsafe work environments, and discrimination are widespread in low-wage industries such as restaurants, retail, hospitality, and domestic work, where jobs are often held by immigrants and other vulnerable workers. Despite the challenges they face, these workers do seek justice. Why and how do they come forward,and what happens once they do? Based on extensive fieldwork in Northern California, Shannon Gleeson investigates the array of gatekeepers with whom workers must negotiate in the labor standards enforcement bureaucracy and, ultimately, the limited reach of formal legal protections. Gleeson also tracks how workplace injustices—and the arduous process of contesting them—have long-term effects on their everyday lives. Workers sometimes win, but their chances are precarious at best.

The Plight of Older Workers: Labor Market Experience after Plant Closure in the Swiss Manufacturing Sector

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Book Series: Life Course Research and Social Policies ISSN: 2211-7776 ISBN: 9783319397528 9783319397542 Year: Pages: 195 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-39754-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-14 10:13:43
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This open access book examines the economic, social, and psychological consequences of manufacturing plant closure at the individual level. Using an original data set of over 1,200 workers from Switzerland who lost their manufacturing jobs after the financial crisis of 2008, the author analyzes the determinants of reemployment, the sector of reemployment, and the change in wages over a two year period. In addition, coverage also explores how plant closure affects the social relationship between a displaced worker and his or her significant other, which includes a discussion of the coping strategies on the household level as well as how changes in a worker's social and occupational life affects overall satisfaction. Readers will discover that the burden of structural change disproportionately falls on the shoulders of workers aged 55 and older who often face substantial barriers when trying to return to employment. A larger portion of this group experience long-term unemployment and those who do manage to find a new job often suffer disproportionate wage loss.This result is intriguing in the context of the current demographic change and contradicts the common assumption that young and low-qualified individuals are at greatest risk of unemployment. Advanced age—and not low education—appears to be the primary obstacle to workers finding job satisfaction after being laid off because of market conditions.

City of Strangers

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ISBN: 9780801448829 9780801476020 9780801462207 9780801462191 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_627411 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100456
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:19
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Exploring the everyday experiences of workers from India who have migrated to Bahrain, this study contributes significantly to our understanding of politics and society among the Persian Gulf states and of the migrant labor phenomenon that is an increasingly important aspect of globalization."Andrew M. Gardner expertly combines in-depth ethnography with theoretical sophistication in this important look at the complex linkages between labor, migration, globalization, and the structural violence that accompanies the new world economic order. Gardner follows the labyrinthine paths of migrant workers in the Gulf, drawing on powerful qualitative data to complicate existing assumptions about the lives of skilled and unskilled workers in the Middle East's fastest growing region. Beautifully written and compelling, the book sheds light on a population and area of the world that remains understudied despite its rapid emergence onto the global market."—Pardis Mahdavi, Pomona College

Sex, Love, and Migration

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ISBN: 9781501713149 9781501709418 9781501712050 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101564
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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A common image of migration in the early twenty-first century features young women from poor countries who are drawn into low paid, and often intimate, labor in wealthy countries. While aligning with scholarship critical of such inequalities, From Istanbul with Love traces how new mobilities are fundamentally reshaping emotional worlds and social ties between women and men, women and work, women and their households of origin, and women and children in the region. Based on ethnographic fieldwork spanning over a decade carried out primarily in Istanbul, but also in Russia and southern Moldova, Alexia Bloch moves between the lives of post-Soviet migrant women employed in three distinct spheres—sex work, the garment trade, and domestic work—to consider how they negotiate emotion, intimate relationships, and unpredictable state power shaping their labor and their relationships.

Keywords

Anthropology --- Anthropology --- Labor --- Turkey --- Russia --- Moldova --- Women --- Migration

Hazard or Hardship

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Book Series: An ILR Press Book ISBN: 9780801451898 9780801469244 9780801469237 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101478
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:48
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Today, hazardous work kills 2.3 million people each year and injures millions more. Among the most compelling yet controversial forms of legal protection for workers is the right to refuse unsafe work. The rise of globalization, precarious work, neoliberal politics, attacks on unions, and the idea of individual employment rights have challenged the protection of occupational health and safety for workers worldwide. In Hazard or Hardship, Jeffrey Hilgert presents the protection of refusal rights as a moral and a human rights question.

Frame by Frame

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ISBN: 9780520972773 9780520303621 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.65 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Media and communication --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:06
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For most of the twentieth century, the making of animated cartoons was mechanized and standardized to allow for high-volume production: thousands of drawings were inked and painted onto individual transparent celluloid sheets (called "cels") and then photographed in succession, a labor-intensive process that was divided across scores of artists and technicians, most of them anonymous. In order to understand how the industrial mode of production influenced the medium’s visual style, this book regards each frame of a given animated cartoon as a historical document in its own right. This new consideration of the materiality of the medium analyzes cartoons frame by frame to expose hitherto unseen qualities of the image. The book covers the different technologies of reproduction involved in this process, from photography to xerography, as well as the idiosyncrasies of the image—from abstract imagery to mistakes in reproduction—that can be seen only when the film is halted. What emerges is both a new methodology for thinking about animation, the idea of frame-by-frame analysis, and a highly original account of an art formed on the assembly line.&#xD;

Trade Unions on YouTube

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ISBN: 9783030249144 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-24914-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:07
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This open access book investigates how trade unions representing different social classes use YouTube videos for renewal purposes. Information and communication technology has undoubtedly offered new opportunities for social movements, but while research suggests that these new means of communication can be used for trade union revitalization, few studies have examined what unions actually do on social media. By analysing more than 4500 videos that have been uploaded by Swedish trade unions, Jansson and Uba explore how unions use YouTube to address issues such as recruiting new members, improving internal democracy, promoting political campaigns and constructing (new) self-images. The results demonstrate that trade unions representing a range of social classes use different revitalization strategies via YouTube. This research will be of use to students and scholars researching European politics and political participation, trade unionism and labour movements in the digital age.

The Rudd Government

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781921862076 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459513 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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This edited collection examines Commonwealth administration under the leadership Prime Minister Kevin Rudd from 2007-2010. This was a remarkable period in Australian history: Rudd’s government was elected in 2007 with an ambitious program for change. However, as the chapters in this book demonstrate, these ambitions were thwarted by a range of factors, not the least being Rudd’s failure to press ahead when he confronted ‘road blocks’ such the ETS or managing his massive agenda which constantly elevated issues to ‘first order priority’. Although he started his term with stratospheric approval ratings, only two years later his support had collapsed and on 24 July 2010 he became the first sitting Prime Minister to be removed by his own Party before the expiry of his first term. In this book, expert contributors consider the Rudd Government’s policy, institutional and political legacy. The 14 chapters are organized into four sections, outlining the issues and agendas that guided Rudd’s government, changes to the institutions of state such as the public service and parliament, followed by discussions of key issues and policies that marked Rudd’s term in office. The final section examines Rudd’s leadership and reflects on the personal foibles and political factors that brought his Prime Ministership undone. The Rudd Government has been produced by the ANZSOG Institute for Governance at the University of Canberra. It is the tenth in a series of books on successive Commonwealth administrations. Each volume has provided a chronicle and commentary of major events, policies and issues that have dominated successive administrations since 1983. As with previous volumes in the series, contributors have been drawn from a range of universities and other organisations.

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