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Introduction (Book chapter)

Book title: The making of British bioethics

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ISBN: 9781847798879 Year: Pages: 303 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 081493
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04

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Recent decades have witnessed profound shifts in the politics of medicine and the biological sciences. Members of several professions, including philosophers, lawyers and social scientists, now discuss and help regulate issues that were once left to doctors and scientists, in a form of outside involvement known as ‘bioethics’. The making of British bioethics provides the first in-depth study of the growing demand for this outside involvement in Britain, where bioethicists have become renowned and influential ‘ethics experts’. The book moves beyond existing histories, which often claim that bioethics arose in response to questions surrounding new procedures such as in vitro fertilisation. It shows instead that British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between changing sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals. Highlighting this interplay has important implications for our understanding of how issues such as embryo experiments, animal research and assisted dying became high profile ‘bioethical’ concerns in late twentieth century Britain. And it also helps us appreciate how various individuals and groups intervened in and helped create the demand for bioethics, playing a major role in their transformation into ‘ethics experts’. &#xD;&#xD;The making of British bioethics draws on a wide range of materials, including government archives, popular sources, professional journals, and original interviews with bioethicists and politicians. It is clearly written and will appeal to historians of medicine and science, general historians, bioethicists, and anyone interested in what the emergence of bioethics means for our notions of health, illness and morality.

Consolidating the ‘ethics industry’: a national ethics committee and bioethics during the 1990s (Book chapter)

Book title: The making of British bioethics

Author:
ISBN: 9781847798879 Year: Pages: 303 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 081493
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04

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Recent decades have witnessed profound shifts in the politics of medicine and the biological sciences. Members of several professions, including philosophers, lawyers and social scientists, now discuss and help regulate issues that were once left to doctors and scientists, in a form of outside involvement known as ‘bioethics’. The making of British bioethics provides the first in-depth study of the growing demand for this outside involvement in Britain, where bioethicists have become renowned and influential ‘ethics experts’. The book moves beyond existing histories, which often claim that bioethics arose in response to questions surrounding new procedures such as in vitro fertilisation. It shows instead that British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between changing sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals. Highlighting this interplay has important implications for our understanding of how issues such as embryo experiments, animal research and assisted dying became high profile ‘bioethical’ concerns in late twentieth century Britain. And it also helps us appreciate how various individuals and groups intervened in and helped create the demand for bioethics, playing a major role in their transformation into ‘ethics experts’. &#xD;&#xD;The making of British bioethics draws on a wide range of materials, including government archives, popular sources, professional journals, and original interviews with bioethicists and politicians. It is clearly written and will appeal to historians of medicine and science, general historians, bioethicists, and anyone interested in what the emergence of bioethics means for our notions of health, illness and morality.

Acknowledgements (Book chapter)

Book title: The making of British bioethics

Author:
ISBN: 9781847798879 Year: Pages: 303 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 081493
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04

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Abstract

Recent decades have witnessed profound shifts in the politics of medicine and the biological sciences. Members of several professions, including philosophers, lawyers and social scientists, now discuss and help regulate issues that were once left to doctors and scientists, in a form of outside involvement known as ‘bioethics’. The making of British bioethics provides the first in-depth study of the growing demand for this outside involvement in Britain, where bioethicists have become renowned and influential ‘ethics experts’. The book moves beyond existing histories, which often claim that bioethics arose in response to questions surrounding new procedures such as in vitro fertilisation. It shows instead that British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between changing sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals. Highlighting this interplay has important implications for our understanding of how issues such as embryo experiments, animal research and assisted dying became high profile ‘bioethical’ concerns in late twentieth century Britain. And it also helps us appreciate how various individuals and groups intervened in and helped create the demand for bioethics, playing a major role in their transformation into ‘ethics experts’. &#xD;&#xD;The making of British bioethics draws on a wide range of materials, including government archives, popular sources, professional journals, and original interviews with bioethicists and politicians. It is clearly written and will appeal to historians of medicine and science, general historians, bioethicists, and anyone interested in what the emergence of bioethics means for our notions of health, illness and morality.

Ethics ‘by and for professions’: the origins and endurance of club regulation (Book chapter)

Book title: The making of British bioethics

Author:
ISBN: 9781847798879 Year: Pages: 303 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 081493
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04

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Abstract

Recent decades have witnessed profound shifts in the politics of medicine and the biological sciences. Members of several professions, including philosophers, lawyers and social scientists, now discuss and help regulate issues that were once left to doctors and scientists, in a form of outside involvement known as ‘bioethics’. The making of British bioethics provides the first in-depth study of the growing demand for this outside involvement in Britain, where bioethicists have become renowned and influential ‘ethics experts’. The book moves beyond existing histories, which often claim that bioethics arose in response to questions surrounding new procedures such as in vitro fertilisation. It shows instead that British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between changing sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals. Highlighting this interplay has important implications for our understanding of how issues such as embryo experiments, animal research and assisted dying became high profile ‘bioethical’ concerns in late twentieth century Britain. And it also helps us appreciate how various individuals and groups intervened in and helped create the demand for bioethics, playing a major role in their transformation into ‘ethics experts’. &#xD;&#xD;The making of British bioethics draws on a wide range of materials, including government archives, popular sources, professional journals, and original interviews with bioethicists and politicians. It is clearly written and will appeal to historians of medicine and science, general historians, bioethicists, and anyone interested in what the emergence of bioethics means for our notions of health, illness and morality.

Ian Ramsey, theology and ‘trans-disciplinary’ medical ethics (Book chapter)

Book title: The making of British bioethics

Author:
ISBN: 9781847798879 Year: Pages: 303 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 081493
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04

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Abstract

Recent decades have witnessed profound shifts in the politics of medicine and the biological sciences. Members of several professions, including philosophers, lawyers and social scientists, now discuss and help regulate issues that were once left to doctors and scientists, in a form of outside involvement known as ‘bioethics’. The making of British bioethics provides the first in-depth study of the growing demand for this outside involvement in Britain, where bioethicists have become renowned and influential ‘ethics experts’. The book moves beyond existing histories, which often claim that bioethics arose in response to questions surrounding new procedures such as in vitro fertilisation. It shows instead that British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between changing sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals. Highlighting this interplay has important implications for our understanding of how issues such as embryo experiments, animal research and assisted dying became high profile ‘bioethical’ concerns in late twentieth century Britain. And it also helps us appreciate how various individuals and groups intervened in and helped create the demand for bioethics, playing a major role in their transformation into ‘ethics experts’. &#xD;&#xD;The making of British bioethics draws on a wide range of materials, including government archives, popular sources, professional journals, and original interviews with bioethicists and politicians. It is clearly written and will appeal to historians of medicine and science, general historians, bioethicists, and anyone interested in what the emergence of bioethics means for our notions of health, illness and morality.

Medizinische Gutachten des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts. Sprachhistorische Untersuchungen zu einer Textsortenklasse

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Book Series: Lingua Academica ISBN: 9783110555080 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 286 DOI: 10.1515/9783110555080 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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Medical reports were a major element of medical communication as early as the 17th and 18th centuries. What characterizes such texts? Using a broad-based analytic model from the field of text linguistics, the author investigates specific classes of texts – consultations, court reports, and autopsy reports – in terms of their cultural and scientific history while also identifying their particular linguistic hallmarks.

Barren Women. Religion and Medicine in the Medieval Middle East

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Book Series: Islam – Thought, Culture, and Society ISSN: 2628-4286 ISBN: 9783110596588 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 324 DOI: 10.1515/9783110596588 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion --- History --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-08 10:43:54
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This book explores the ramifications of being infertile in the medieval Arab-Islamic world by examining legal texts, medical treatises, and works of religious preaching. Sara Verskin illuminates how attitudes toward mixed-gender interactions legal theories pertaining to marriage, divorce, and inheritance and scientific theories of reproduction contoured the intellectual and social landscape infertile women had to navigate.

Animals and Medicine: The Contribution of Animal Experiments to the Control of Disease

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ISBN: 9781783741182 9781783741199 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0055 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-10 13:31:46
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Animals and Medicine: The Contribution of Animal Experiments to the Control of Disease offers a detailed, scholarly historical review of the critical role animal experiments have played in advancing medical knowledge. Laboratory animals have been essential to this progress, and the knowledge gained has saved countless lives—both human and animal. Unfortunately, those opposed to using animals in research have often employed doctored evidence to suggest that the practice has impeded medical progress. This volume presents the articles Jack Botting wrote for the Research Defence Society News from 1991 to 1996, papers which provided scientists with the information needed to rebut such claims. Collected, they can now reach a wider readership interested in understanding the part of animal experiments in the history of medicine—from the discovery of key vaccines to the advancement of research on a range of diseases, among them hypertension, kidney failure and cancer.This book is essential reading for anyone curious about the role of animal experimentation in the history of science from the nineteenth century to the present.

Medicine, Religion and Gender in Medieval Culture

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ISBN: 9781843844013 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574130 Language: English
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097469
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-08-30 11:01:12

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Current preoccupations with the body have led to a growing interest in the intersections between religion, literature and the history of medicine, and, more specifically, how they converge within a given culture. This collection of essays explores the ways in which aspects of medieval culture were predicated upon an interaction between medical and religious discourses, particularly those inflected by contemporary gendered ideologies. The essays interrogate this convergence broadly in a number of different ways: textually, conceptually, historically, socially and culturally. They argue for an inextricable relationship between the physical and spiritual in accounts of health, illness and disability, and demonstrate how medical, religious and gender discourses were integrated in medieval culture. Naoë Kukita Yoshikawa is Professor of English in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at Shizuoka University.&#xD;&#xD;Contributors: Louise M. Bishop, Elma Brenner, Joy Hawkins, Roberta Magnani, Takami Matsuda, Liz Herbert McAvoy, Irina Metzler, Denis Renevey, Patricia Skinner, Juliette Vuille, Diane Watt, Naoë Kukita Yoshikawa.

Marking the Face, Curing the Soul? Reading the Disfigurement of Women in the Later Middle Ages (Book chapter)

Book title: Medicine, Religion and Gender in Medieval Culture

Author:
ISBN: 9781843844013 Year: Pages: 26 Language: English
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097469
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04
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Current preoccupations with the body have led to a growing interest in the intersections between religion, literature and the history of medicine, and, more specifically, how they converge within a given culture. This collection of essays explores the ways in which aspects of medieval culture were predicated upon an interaction between medical and religious discourses, particularly those inflected by contemporary gendered ideologies. The essays interrogate this convergence broadly in a number of different ways: textually, conceptually, historically, socially and culturally. They argue for an inextricable relationship between the physical and spiritual in accounts of health, illness and disability, and demonstrate how medical, religious and gender discourses were integrated in medieval culture. Naoë Kukita Yoshikawa is Professor of English in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at Shizuoka University. Contributors: Louise M. Bishop, Elma Brenner, Joy Hawkins, Roberta Magnani, Takami Matsuda, Liz Herbert McAvoy, Irina Metzler, Denis Renevey, Patricia Skinner, Juliette Vuille, Diane Watt, Naoë Kukita Yoshikawa.

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