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Creating Diversities

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Folkloristica ISBN: 9789518580716 9789517466318 9789518580723 Year: Pages: 307 DOI: 10.21435/sff.14 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Subject: Sociology --- History --- Migration --- Religion --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:11
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"The effects of globalization and the momentous changes to the political map of Europe have led to a world in which multiculturalism and ethnic differences have become issues of increasing importance. In Nordic countries, relationships between new immigrants, local ethnic groups and majorities are created in ongoing and sometimes heated discussions. In transforming multicultural societies, folklore has taken on new manifestations and meanings. How can folklore studies illuminate the present cultural, political and historical changes? ""Creating Diversities. Folklore, Religion and the Politics of Heritage"", edited by Anna-Leena Siikala, Barbro Klein and Stein R. Mathisen, seeks answers to this question. It emphasizes two important factors in the cultural and political exchanges among historical minorities, recent immigrants, and the majority groups dictating the conditions of these exchanges. The first factor is religion, which is a powerful tool in the construction of ethnic selves and in the establishment of boundaries between groups. The second factor is the role of national and regional folklore archives and ethnographic and cultural historical museums which create ideas and images of minorities. These representations, created in different political climates, affect the general understanding of the people depicted. Fifteen well-known folklorists and ethnographers from Norway, Sweden, Finland, Estonia and the United States offer insights and background material on these problems. In addition to immigrants and ethnic minorities in the Nordic countries, especially the Sámi, examples are sought from among the Finno-Ugrian minorities in Russia and the Nordic population in North America. "

21 Effective Cooperation Between Strangers in Unexpected and Dangerous Situations (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 14 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch21 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
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"This chapter aims to discuss what it takes to make people or groups that do not know each other previously establish effective cooperation during unforeseen events. The focus is on the formation process of “swift trust”, and the potential prerequisites and outcomes of such trust, seen as an alternative to traditional, history-based trust approaches that dominate the research literature of today. “Swift trust” may enable effective cooperation even among people that are unfamiliar with each other. This is seen as a relevant perspective because such temporal groups often handle unforeseen and critical events. Given the limited amount of research on “swift trust”, the chapter also aims to identify future research questions. In the analysis, I utilize different theoretical perspectives, including the social sciences, experimental psychology and leadership, and seek to conclude the investigation by identifying different leadership strategies that may stimulate the formation of “swift trust”."

Good Governance in the Era of Global Neoliberalism

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in the Modern World Economy ISBN: 9780203478691 9780415341165 9780415648080 9781134296491 9781134296484 9781134296446 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203478691 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:23
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This new collection critically examines the new global policy of 'good governance'. This catchphrase of aid policy and development thinking has been the subject of too little analysis to date. This book redresses the balance. It places the prefix 'good', and exactly what that means, under the microscope and examines the impact of neoliberal governance in a wide range of countries and territories, including Chile, Russia, Argentina and Indonesia.

Child Soldiers in Context

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783863954550 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2020-1325 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-27 23:58:09
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Long before “IS” and “Boko Haram”, the messianic “Lord’s Resistance Army” (LRA) in Uganda was considered as one of the most brutal rebel groups in Africa, or in the world, and as one which clearly specialized in the abduction, “recruitment” and deployment of children and adolescents as ombatants. This book presents the results of a research project on former child soldiers and rebels in northern Uganda and their “reintegration” into society after their return to civilian life. The authors investigate their biographies and the social figurations or relationships between them and members of the civilian population that emerged following their return, not least in their families of origin, and show which conditions facilitate or hinder their “(re)integration” into civilian life. The discussion also shows what distinguishes them from former members of rebel groups in the neighboring region of West Nile, in respect of their history and how they were recruited, as well as in their present situation and social position.

Hardy Inequalities on Homogeneous Groups

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Book Series: Progress in Mathematics ISBN: 9783030028954 Year: Pages: 571 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02895-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:19
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This open access book provides an extensive treatment of Hardy inequalities and closely related topics from the point of view of Folland and Stein's homogeneous (Lie) groups. The place where Hardy inequalities and homogeneous groups meet is a beautiful area of mathematics with links to many other subjects. While describing the general theory of Hardy, Rellich, Caffarelli-Kohn-Nirenberg, Sobolev, and other inequalities in the setting of general homogeneous groups, the authors pay particular attention to the special class of stratified groups. In this environment, the theory of Hardy inequalities becomes intricately intertwined with the properties of sub-Laplacians and subelliptic partial differential equations. These topics constitute the core of this book and they are complemented by additional, closely related topics such as uncertainty principles, function spaces on homogeneous groups, the potential theory for stratified groups, and the potential theory for general Hörmander's sums of squares and their fundamental solutions. This monograph is the winner of the 2018 Ferran Sunyer i Balaguer Prize, a prestigious award for books of expository nature presenting the latest developments in an active area of research in mathematics. As can be attested as the winner of such an award, it is a vital contribution to literature of analysis not only because it presents a detailed account of the recent developments in the field, but also because the book is accessible to anyone with a basic level of understanding of analysis. Undergraduate and graduate students as well as researchers from any field of mathematical and physical sciences related to analysis involving functional inequalities or analysis of homogeneous groups will find the text beneficial to deepen their understanding.

Nachwuchsfuehrungskraefte in multikulturellen Gruppen

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783653989298 9783653989304 9783631649664 Year: Pages: 268 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:57
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Dieses Buch beschäftigt sich mit der Führung von homogenen und multikulturellen Gruppen und der Arbeit in diesen aus der Sicht von BerufseinsteigerInnen. Ziel ist es, einerseits kulturelle Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede zwischen Nationen aufzuzeigen und andererseits aus der Untersuchung kulturübergreifender Zusammenarbeit in unterschiedlichen Settings innerhalb der Gruppen und zwischen Gruppenmitgliedern und Nachwuchsführungskräften Erkenntnisse zu gewinnen. Dazu wurde ein Experiment durchgeführt, in dem die Wahrnehmungen und Zuschreibungen von BerufseinsteigerInnen und Graduierten aus Österreich, der Türkei, China und den USA erforscht wurden.

Housing Estates in Europe

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: The Unknown Nineteenth Century ISBN: 9783319928135 9783319928128 Year: Pages: 429 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-92813-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 615159
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:09
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This open access book explores the formation and socio-spatial trajectories of large housing estates in Europe. Are these estates clustered or scattered? Which social groups originally had access to residential space in housing estates? What is the size, scale and geography of housing estates, their architectural and built environment composition, services and neighbourhood amenities, and metropolitan connectivity? How do housing estates contribute to the urban mosaic of neighborhoods by ethnic and socio-economic status? What types of policies and planning initiatives have been implemented in order to prevent the social downgrading of housing estates?&#xD;&#xD;The collection of chapters in this book addresses these questions from a new perspective previously unexplored in scholarly literature. The social aspects of housing estates are thoroughly investigated (including socio-demographic and economic characteristics of current and past inhabitants; ethnicity and segregation patterns; population dynamics; etc.), and the physical composition of housing estates is described in significant detail (including building materials; building form; architectural and landscape design; built environment characteristics; etc.). This book is timely because the recent global economic crisis and Europe’s immigration crisis demand a thorough investigation of the role large housing estates play in poverty and ethnic concentration. Through case studies of housing estates in 14 European centers, the book also identifies policy measures that have been used to address challenges in housing estates throughout Europe.

Invariants of complex and p-adic origami-curves

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ISBN: 9783866444829 Year: Pages: VI, 74 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000015949 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Origamis (also known as square-tiled surfaces) are Riemann surfaces which are constructed by glueing together finitely many unit squares. By varying the complex structure of these squares one obtains easily accessible examples of Teichmüller curves in the moduli space of Riemann surfaces.Different Teichmüller curves can be distinguished by several invariants, which are explicitly computed. The results are then compared to a p-adic analogue where Riemann surfaces are replaced by Mumford curves.

Sufism in the West

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780203087206 9780415274074 9780415274081 9781134479825 9781134479818 9781134479771 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203087206 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:11
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With the increasing Muslim diaspora in post-modern Western societies, Sufism – intellectually as well as sociologically – may eventually become Islam itself due to its versatile potential. Although Sufism has always provoked considerable interest in the West, no volume has so far been written which discusses this aspect of Islam in terms of how it is practised in Western societies. Bringing together leading international authorities to survey the history of Islamic mysticism in North America and Europe, this book elaborates the ideas and institutions which organize Sufism and folk-religious practices. The chapters cover: the orders and movements their social base organization and institutionalization recruitment-patterns in new environments channels of disseminating ideas, such as ritual, charisma, and organization reasons for their popularity among certain social groups the nature of their affiliation with the countries of their origin. Providing a fascinating insight into how Sufism operates within different spheres of society, Sufism in the West is essential reading for students and academics with research interests in Islam, Islamic history and social anthropology.

Keywords

orders --- bawa --- muhaiyaddeen --- movements --- insan --- kamil --- hisham --- kabbani --- groups --- abd-al-qr

Residential Segregation Patterns of Latinos in the United States, 1990-2000

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Book Series: Latino Communities: Emerging Voices - Political, Social, Cultural and Legal Issues ISBN: 9780203943137 9780415979030 9780415542067 9781135864521 9781135864514 9781135864477 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203943137 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:13
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Historically, residential segregation of Latinos has generally been seen as a result of immigration and the process of self-segregation into ethnic enclaves. The only theoretical exception to ethnic enclave Latino segregation has been the structural inequality related to Latinos that have a high degree of African ancestry. This study of the 331 metropolitan area in the United States between 1990 and 2000 shows that Latinos are facing structural inequalities outside of the degree of African ancestry. The results of the author's research suggest that Latino segregation is due to the mobility of Latinos and structural barriers in wealth creation due to limited housing equity and limited occupational mobility. In addition, Latino suburbanization appears to be a segregation force rather than an integration force. This study also shows that Mexicans, Puerto Ricans and Cubans have different experiences with residential segregation. Residential segregation of Cubans does not appear to be a

Keywords

sub-groups --- ethnic --- enclave --- puerto --- rican --- rates --- metropolitan --- area --- highly --- segregated

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