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Konservierungswissenschaft schreibt Geschichte

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ISBN: 9783205788591 Year: Pages: 257 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437228 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4329
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:50:02
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An overview of the academic courses of study and vocational trainings offered in the conservation and restoration of objects of decorative arts and metal in German-speaking countries points to a lack of continuity and identity. This is due to the fact that this field is a relatively young one and many universities have only offered degree courses since the 1990s. In Austria there are two Universities, the "Akademie der bildenden Künste" and the "Universität für angewandte Kunst". Both are located in Vienna and have a old-established academic experience. The long tradition particular to the field of restoration of objects of decorative arts at the University of Applied Arts Vienna is exceptionally. Early conservation and preservation research and restoration work started in the late 19th century. This is a distinctive feature, as other institutions with a similarly long history put their focus on the restoration of paintings and painting technique research instead. The "Kunstgewerbemuseum", todays Museum of Applied Arts Vienna, was founded 1863. In 1868 the school called "Kunstgewerbeschule" was attached. It is famous for its leading design-position during art nouveau an developed into todays University of Applied Arts Vienna. Both stood in close contact with the "K.K. Centralcommission". This historic preservation agency, established in 1850, concentrated in the preservation of monuments and historic buildings of the large Habsburg Empire. During the 19th century new emerging ideas of conservation where well known at "Kunstgewerbeschule" and "Kunstgewerbemuseum".&#xD;Teaching staff at the school made in their annual reports notes of early restoration. But they did it as an additional business and therefore more detailed information is not given. Women in the studios for enamelwork (Adele von Stark) and the studio for textile work (Rosalia Rothansl) were about 1900 pioneers in field of object conservation. The first official class for conservation existed 1902 - 1910, named "Atelier für Kunstweberei und Restaurierung". A lot of information about the astonishing mordern ethics and methods in Conservation at that time can be extracted from two conferences that took place in Vienna: The First Arthistorical Congress in 1873 and the Enquete about Conservation of Art in 1904. Curators of the Museum of applied Arts and to a certain extent teaching staff of the "Kunstgewerbeschule" were involved with organisation and speeches.&#xD;A new era for the conservation at University of Applied Arts Vienna started after World War Two. Otto Nedbal, a conservator experienced in metal crafts, was appointed at the university. He at first assumed the existing class for enamelwork. In 1964 he founded a new master class for restoration of metals and objects of enamel. But the content of teaching and the requirements for diploma thesis changed significant during the following forty years and this class evolved into today's Institute for Conservation and Restoration. The specialization of painting conservation was established by Nedbals successor Hubert Dietrich in 1980. In the course of a reorganization of the university in 2000 and the appointment of Gabriela Krist as head of the new conservation department, the new specializations of conservation of stone and textile were arranged.

Landnutzungswandel in Mitteleuropa - Forschungsgegenstand und methodische Annäherung an die historische Landschaftsanalyse

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ISBN: 9783863950767 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-478 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-04-12 20:08:23
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„Annäherung an die historische Landschaftsanalyse“ – lautete das Thema eines Workshops, der am 16. und 17. Februar 2011 im Rahmen des „Graduiertenkollegs Interdisziplinäre Umweltgeschichte“ in Göttingen stattfand und dessen Beiträge nun in diesem Sammelband erscheinen. In acht Beiträgen wird die Vielschichtigkeit des Themenkomplexes und die Bedeutung für den Natur- und Landschaftsschutz deutlich.

Forestry and Water Conservation in South Africa

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ISBN: 9781925022834 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_588815 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Forestry --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-12 11:01:21
License: ANU Press

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This innovative interdisciplinary study focuses on the history, science, and policy of tree planting and water conservation in South Africa. South Africa’s forestry sector has sat—often controversially—at the crossroads of policy and scientific debates regarding water conservation, economic development, and biodiversity protection. Bennett and Kruger show how debates about the hydrological impact of exotic tree planting in South Africa shaped the development of modern scientific ideas and state policies relating to timber plantations, water conservation, invasive species control, and biodiversity management within South Africa as well as elsewhere in the world. Forestry and Water Conservation in South Africa shows how scientific research on the impact of exotic and native vegetation led to the development of a comprehensive national policy for conserving water, producing timber, and protecting indigenous species from invasive alien plants. Policies and laws relating to forests and water began to change in the late 1980s and early 1990s as a result of political and administrative changes within South Africa. This book suggests that the country’s contemporary policies towards timber plantations, guided by the National Water Act of 1998, need to be reconsidered in light of the authors’ findings. Bennett and Kruger also call for more interdisciplinary research and greater emphasis on integrated policies and management plans for forestry, invasive alien plants, water conservation, and biodiversity preservation.

Biodiversity in Locally Managed Lands

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ISBN: 9783038424543 9783038424550 Year: Pages: VIII, 158 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-455-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-16 12:19:31
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This volume assembles papers that provide empirical evidence for the success or otherwise of landscape and community or local government managed initiatives to conserve biodiversity. The papers report successful biodiversity conservation projects that have operated at those scales as well as documenting cases where these approaches were attempted but were less successful. The papers identify the conditions under which these local and landscape approaches have succeeded and those under which they have been less successful.

High Mountain Conservation in a Changing World

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Book Series: Advances in Global Change Research ISSN: 1574-0919 / 2215-1621 ISBN: 9783319559810 9783319559827 Year: Pages: 413 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55982-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 13:16:26
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This book aims to provide case studies and a general view of the main processes involved in the ecosystem shifts occurring in the high mountains, and to analyse the implications for nature conservation. Although case studies from the Pyrenees are preponderant, conclusions are aimed at any mountain range surrounded by highly populated lowland areas. The chapters give emphasis to approaches from environmental geography, functional ecology, biogeography, and paleoenvironmental reconstructions. The introductory and closing chapters summarize the main challenges that nature conservation may face in mountain areas under the environmental shifting conditions.This interdisciplinary book will appeal to researchers in mountain ecosystems, students and nature professionals.

Biodiversity and Conservation in Forests

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ISBN: 9783038975748 / 9783038975755 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-575-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Forestry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-18 12:03:56
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Global forest communities cover only about 30% of land areas, but they provide important ecosystem services, such as watershed protection, carbon sequestration, and oxygen production, as well as renewable forest products for human subsistence and markets. Forests also support the majority of the world’s terrestrial biodiversity. Although land conversion for agriculture and pastureland has historically resulted in fragmentation and declining forested areas, forests worldwide are now experiencing change at an unprecedented rate due to various anthropogenic activities and growing human populations. Global warming trends are altering snowpack and hydrology, fostering outbreaks of native forest pests, and accelerating the loss of older tree age classes. Modeling suggests that future fire regimes in temperate regions will have shorter return intervals, with more severe wildfires. In addition, a by-product of trade and travel globalization has been the accelerated transport of plants and animals, and plant and animal diseases, around the world. Exotic species have altered community composition, especially where foundation tree species are affected. Every forest community worldwide is challenged by some of these problems. In this Special Issue of the journal Forests we explore the unique biodiversity supported by forest communities, how forest communities are rapidly changing, and conservation approaches to preserving forest biodiversity.

Wildlife Management - Failures, Successes and Prospects

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ISBN: 9781789852912 9781789852929 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69821 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The decline of wildlife populations is increasingly posing a challenge to wildlife management agencies. In the face of increasing challenges such as wildlife diseases, human - wildlife conflicts, climate change, illegal hunting, and habitat loss, among others, new management models and strategies are being adopted to address these challenges. These models and strategies have, however, produced some mixed outcomes - both failures and successes. Wildlife Management - Failures, Successes and Prospects provides an understanding of some of the realities shaping wildlife management policies in different parts of the world. Drawing from case studies, the book presents some challenges facing wildlife management and the emerging management models, strategies, options for action, and success stories. This book offers a real field experience to conservation practitioners, planners, researchers, academicians, and students.

Les monuments sont habités

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ISBN: 9782735119455 DOI: 10.4000/books.editionsmsh.3477 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Issu d’un dialogue franco-italien de longue durée, cet ouvrage tente d’éclairer les relations complexes et changeantes entre le monument et les populations qui vivent autour de lui. Ces relations sont hétérogènes, contradictoires, changeantes, c’est-à-dire éminemment historiques. En cela, elles contredisent le rêve d’immobilité qui est à la source de l’utopie monumentale. À travers une quinzaine d’études de cas - qui intéressent de grands ensemble historiques comme la Cité de Carcassonne, les Sassi de Matera, les trulli d’Alberobello, les églises baroques du Val de Noto, les falaises de Bandiagara au Mali… aussi bien que la Bibliothèque nationale François-Mitterrand ou les palais du pouvoir qui s’ouvrent lors des Journées du patrimoine - les auteurs explicitent la diversité des modes d’appropriation, singuliers et collectifs, discrets et violents, de la grandeur monumentale

Aires marine protégées ouest-africaines : Défis scientifiques et enjeux sociétaux

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ISBN: 9782709920933 DOI: 10.4000/books.irdeditions.8955 Language: French
Publisher: IRD Éditions
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les écosystèmes côtiers, qui concentrent actuellement 70 % de la population mondiale, sont particulièrement impactés par le changement climatique et les activités anthropiques. D’où les espoirs placés dans la création d’aires marines protégées (AMP), qui favorisent la résilience des systèmes vivants et la conservation des espèces. Au cours des dernières années, un véritable consensus international s’est progressivement imposé quant à l’intérêt de les multiplier. Cependant, de nombreuses incertitudes demeurent sur leur efficacité réelle et sur les modalités de leur mise en œuvre. Les enjeux sociétaux qui sont associés à la multiplication des AMP interrogent les scientifiques, notamment en termes d’acceptation sociale, de régulation juridique et de pérennité des dispositifs mis en place. Ainsi, entre soutien au développement des AMP et analyse des controverses dont elles font parfois l’objet, cet ouvrage apporte un éclairage interdisciplinaire sur le développement de ces nouveaux espaces de conservation. Les études présentées ici sont centrées sur l’Afrique du Nord-Ouest (Algérie, Maroc et Sénégal). À travers le regard de juristes, d’écologues, de géographes, d’économistes, elles illustrent le potentiel associé à ce mode de conservation des zones marines et côtières. Elles questionnent par ailleurs l’efficience des AMP, tout en soulignant leur intérêt, bien au-delà des territoires où elles se situent.

From Dust to Digital : Ten Years of the Endangered Archives Programme

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ISBN: 9782821876262 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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Much of world's documentary heritage rests in vulnerable, little-known and often inaccessible archives. Many of these archives preserve information that may cast new light on historical phenomena and lead to their reinterpretation. But such rich collections are often at risk of being lost before the history they capture is recorded. This volume celebrates the tenth anniversary of the Endangered Archives Programme at the British Library, established to document and publish online formerly inaccessible and neglected archives from across the globe. From Dust to Digital showcases the historical significance of the collections identified, catalogued and digitised through the Programme, bringing together articles on 19 of the 244 projects supported since its inception. These contributions demonstrate the range of materials documented - including rock inscriptions, manuscripts, archival records, newspapers, photographs and sound archives - and the wide geographical scope of the Programme. Many of the documents are published here for the first time, illustrating the potential these collections have to further our understanding of history.

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