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Plant Competition in a Changing World

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452057 Year: Pages: 154 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-205-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Botany --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 14:57:01
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Competitiveness describes a key ability important for plants to grow and survive abiotic and biotic stresses. Under optimal, but particularly under non-optimal conditions, plants compete for resources including nutrients, light, water, space, pollinators and other. Competition occurs above- and belowground. In resource-poor habitats, competition is generally considered to be more pronounced than in resource-rich habitats. Although competition occurs between different players within an ecosystem such as between plants and soil microorganisms, our topic focusses on plant-plant interactions and includes inter-specific competition between different species of similar and different life forms and intra-specific competition.Strategies for securing resources via spatial or temporal separation and different resource needs generally reduce competition. Increasingly important is the effect of invasive plants and subsequent decline in biodiversity and ecosystem function. Current knowledge and future climate predictions suggest that in some situations competition will be intensified with occurrence of increased abiotic (e.g. water and nutrient limitations) and biotic stresses (e.g. mass outbreak of insects), but competition might also decrease in situations where plant productivity and survival declines (e.g. habitats with degraded soils).Changing interactions, climate change and biological invasions place new challenges on ecosystems. Understanding processes and mechanisms that underlie the interactions between plants and environmental factors will aid predictions and intervention. There is much need to develop strategies to secure ecosystem services via primary productivity and to prevent the continued loss of biodiversity.This Research Topic provides an up-to-date account of knowledge on plant-plant interactions with a focus on identifying the mechanisms underpinning competitive ability. The Research Topic aims to showcase knowledge that links ecological relevance with physiological processes to better understanding plant and ecosystem function.

Revisiting China's Competition Law and Its Interaction with Intellectual Property Rights

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Book Series: Munich Intellectual Property Law Center - MIPLC ISBN: 9783845292687 Year: Volume: 30 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845292687 Language: en
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-05 12:58:39
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Taking the dynamics of EU competition policy as a reference, the author provides a historical perspective of China's competition law, enforcement mechanisms and future challenges against the background of ongoing economic reforms and the concomitant modernisation of the judicial system. Readers are familiarised with the main principles of China

Industrial Concentration and the Chicago School of Antitrust Analysis

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631408742 Year: Pages: 422 DOI: 10.3726/b13907 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Law --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:26
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After roughly 15 years of merger control application in the Federal Republic of Germany a reassessment of the significance of this instrument of antitrust policy seems necessary. This is particularly so in view of the reorientation of merger control policy in the United States which has been - in its original version - the model for the German merger control system.
Concerning merger control, the reorientation is characterized by the notion that the structure-conduct-performance paradigm which has dominated U.S. antitrust for a quarter of a century is imprecise or even incorrect and «that bigness in business does not necessarily mean badness.»
This makes the fundamental question arise of whether the German merger control system is still up to date in terms of the underlying market theory and of whether the German Act Against Restraints of Competition needs a reorientation towards aspects of market conduct and performance instead of market structure by means of a Fifth Amendment.

On Competition and Regulation in Health Care Systems

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Book Series: Finanzwissenschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631535271 Year: Pages: 183 DOI: 10.3726/b13723 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:34
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Health care systems are under reform in many countries. This typically involves a shift towards more competition. But still, markets are highly regulated. This study analyzes competition and regulatory measures in four important fields using the modern tools of microeconomic theory and microeconometrics. The book demonstrates how price regulation interacts with the quality of care and shows that non-price competition amongst providers affects the social desirability of a gatekeeping system. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, the conventional wisdom of risk selection by German sickness funds is challenged.

Scientific Competition

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783161494130 783161560378 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101839
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:02
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Is science a 'market of ideas'? Not according to the economics of science. Science is competitive, but scientific competition is not market competition. Nor is scientific competition the same as competition between universities. Scientific competition is, first of all, competition between individual scientists. Current science policies shift the boundary between scientific competition, where scientists provide public goods in the hope to acquire status among their peers, and market competition in science, where the results of research are private property protected by patents or other means, in favor of the market. However, the economic ring of the political slogans cannot conceal a serious lack of understanding of scientific competition behind the reform proposals.

Reaching to Grasp Cognition: Analyzing Motor Behavior to Investigate Social Interactions

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456000 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-600-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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How humans plan and execute their actions has always been a fascinating topic for neuroscience and psychology. In particular, kinematics studies have contributed to shed light on how very basic actions (e.g. reaching-grasping) are affected by manipulating target properties, visually or linguistically presented stimuli, absence or presence of contextual information. Interestingly, recent studies have also shown how the social context in which actions take place and their relevance for human interactions can also affect the execution of very simple actions. This research topic aims to bring together researchers from psychology and neuroscience with a special focus on the use of kinematics analysis for the study of socially relevant aspects of cognition (e.g. action observation, competition/cooperation, complementary actions, coordination, shared emotions and so on).

Discovering Craft Villages in Vietnam : Ten itineraries around Hà Nội

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ISBN: 9782709922289 DOI: 10.4000/books.irdeditions.26049 Language: English
Publisher: IRD Éditions
Subject: Arts in general --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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With their festivals and traditional industries, their commun halls, pagodas, temples, and vernacular buildings, the villages around Hà Nội possess a rich body of cultural, architectural and craft heritage. Less than one hour from the capital are over 500 specialist craft villages, producing an array of religious or artistic objects, as well as food products, industrial goods, textiles, basketware and much more. Despite the trials and tribulations Vietnam has endured, these traditions have remained alive; today they consti­tute the basis of material, social and spiritual culture among the village communities of the Red River delta. The artisans themselves, and their local institutions, see cultural tourism as a way of further improving the fortunes of the craft village communities and bringing their heritage to wider attention. Until recently, few guides or tourists had forayed into these settle­ments, some of which are lost in the maze of routes and tracks that criss-cross the rice paddies of the Hà Nội hinterland. The history and skills they harbour have been inaccessible to all but a few specialists. Few of the villages are signposted, yet between them they are home to three quarters of the architectural, religious and craft heritage of the upper delta. This book, the fruit of several years' research by specialists working in northern Vietnam, comprises ten itineraries, blending potted histories, legends, descriptions of craft techniques, signposted walks and maps, designed to introduce travellers and lovers of Vietnamese culture to forty or so villages around Hà Nội. Many of us have seen their wares on sale in shops in and around the 36 streets of Hà Nội Old Quarter or in other cities in West. This book is about the true lives and enduring skills of the nameless artisans who made them.

Sports et environnement

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ISBN: 9782858925513 DOI: 10.4000/books.msha.12956 Language: French
Publisher: Maison des Sciences de l’Homme d’Aquitaine
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Aujourd'hui, diverses activités physiques et sportives ont pour cadre un environnement de nature supposant des opérations d'aménagement et un entretien des espaces. Les pratiques sportives plus "traditionnelles" sont également marquées par une évolution en matière d'environnement architectural et urbanistique. Le sport ne s'organise plus nécessairement autour d'un unique centre de gravité : la compétition en club, au plus haut niveau de performance possible, tandis qu'avec le développement du loisir, les "valeurs" de l'hédonisme, de la liberté, de la nature s'affirment... De fait, les interrelations entre le sport et l'environnement sont complexes et changeantes. Les mass médias y font souvent référence, confirmant ainsi l'impact psychologique du thème et l'expression d'intérêts parfois contradictoires. L'objectif principal de ce Cahier de l'Université Sportive d'Été est d'établir un aperçu détaillé de la question en sollicitant les acteurs (élus politiques, responsables d'associations, techniciens de l'aménagement, professionnels du sport et du tourisme, universitaires, experts ou même simples pratiquants sportifs...) opérant dans le domaine considéré. Grâce aux contributions rassemblées, prenant la forme de conférences, d'exposés, de témoignages, de débats et de tables rondes, le lecteur identifie clairement les points de vue et les enjeux. Pour autant l'ouvrage n'a pas la prétention de fournir une réponse définitive. On peut d'ailleurs penser que le thème "Sports et environnement" est appelé à rester "problématique" tant il est riche de conceptions spécifiques visant à l'épanouissement de la personne, au contact d'autrui ou de la nature, et d'expressions symboliques et esthétiques allant souvent à l'encontre d'intérêts strictement économiques.

La culture du sport au Québec

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782858925759 DOI: 10.4000/books.msha.16707 Language: French
Publisher: Maison des Sciences de l’Homme d’Aquitaine
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Ce livre propose des regards diversifiés - par les genres d'écritures et par les interprétations données - sur les genèses, les formes et les processus d'identification du sport au Québec. L'histoire du sport est présentée inscrite dans la société québécoise comme une “histoire qui s'écrit et qui se dit”, c'est-à- dire dont la mise en récit a, en tant que telle, des effets de socialisation. Le hockey sur glace, qui apparaît à Montréal à la fin du xixe siècle, fournit un exemple emblématique de la dimension identitaire nationale du sport, qu'il soit de loisir ou de compétition. Longtemps sujet d'étude secondaire, le sport s'affirme de plus en plus, au Québec et dans le reste du monde, comme un élément majeur de la culture contemporaine. De la place de l'objet sport dans les sciences sociales et dans la littérature, la vingtaine d'auteurs représentant plusieurs universités canadiennes apporte un témoignage et des analyses montrant combien la culture du sport peut être un révélateur des changements sociaux globaux.

Les politiques au stade

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ISBN: 9782753505209 9782753530027 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-22 17:18:59
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Lieux de rencontre intense de pratiques et de propagandes, les manifestations sportives constituent un objet de recherche particulièrement prometteur si on veut comprendre les articulations entre les champs du politique et du sport – à condition d’être examinées non pas de manière isolée mais dans une perspective de comparaison internationale. C’est cette approche encore trop rarement employée en France qu’a privilégiée un projet de recherche dont les résultats sont rassemblés dans cet ouvrag...

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