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Ageing, Diversity and Equality

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Book Series: Routledge Advances in Sociology ISBN: 9780415786690 9781315226835 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100744
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:14
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Current understandings of ageing and diversity are impoverished in three main ways. Firstly, with regards to thinking about what inequalities operate in later life there has been an excessive preoccupation with economic resources. On the other hand, less attention has been paid to cultural norms and values, other resources, wider social processes, political participation and community engagement. Secondly, in terms of thinking about the ‘who’ of inequality, this has so far been limited to a very narrow range of minority populations. Finally, when considering the ‘how’ of inequality, social gerontology’s theoretical analyses remain under-developed. The overall effect of these issues is that social gerontology remains deeply embedded in normative assumptions which serve to exclude a wide range of older people. This book aims to challenge and provoke the above described normativity and offer an alternative approach which highlights the heterogeneity and diversity of ageing.

Retirement Timing and Social Stratification. A Comparative Study of Labor Market Exit and Age Norms in Western Europe

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ISBN: 9788376560410 9783110399240 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560410 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 13:28:39
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The monograph disseminates the very topical issue of retirement and its timing as the key to one of the greatest challenges facing ageing societies. Postponing retirement is now almost universally regarded as indispensable in order to relieve European welfare states from the demography-related financial pressures. This seminal study, derived from a statistical analysis of a large-scale survey data, provides a thorough understanding of the micro- and macro-level determinants of retirement timing in contemporary Western Europe. The book is the first monograph to combine the analysis of the retirement attitudes with the analysis of the retirement behaviour within one research. It tackles the question as to whether early retirement can be explained by “early exit culture”, triangulating life course theory with a social stratification approach. The author used a novel and innovative approach to obtain the results. The methodology includes: tobit models of proscriptive age norms; simulations of the impact of class structure on a country’s average retirement age; competing risks models of different work-exit modalities; duration selection models of retirement timing.

Role of Stem Cells in Skeletal Muscle Development, Regeneration, Repair, Aging and Disease

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198665 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-866-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Biology --- Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Adult stem cells are responsible for tissue regeneration and repair throughout life. Their quiescence or activation are tightly regulated by common signalling pathways that often recapitulate those happening during embryonic development, and thus it is important to understand their regulation not only in postnatal life, but also during foetal development. In this regard, skeletal muscle is an interesting tissue since it accounts for a large percentage of body mass (about 40%), it is highly amenable to intervention through exercise and it is also key in metabolic and physiological changes underlying frailty susceptibility in the elderly. While muscle-resident satellite cells are responsible for all myogenic activity in physiological conditions and become senescent in old age, other progenitor cells such as mesoangioblasts do seem to contribute to muscle regeneration and repair after tissue damage. Similarly, fibro-adipogenic precursor cells seem to be key in the aberrant response that fills up the space left from atrophied muscle mass and which ends up with a dysfunctional muscle having vast areas of fatty infiltration and fibrosis. The complex interplay between these stem/progenitor cell types and their niches in normal and pathological conditions throughout life are the subjects of intense investigation. This eBook highlights recent developments on the role of stem cells in skeletal muscle function, both in prenatal and postnatal life, and their regulation by transcriptional, post-transcriptional and epigenetic mechanisms. Additionally, it includes articles on interventions associated with exercise, pathological changes in neuromuscular diseases, and stem cell aging.

Social Services Disrupted: Changes, Challenges and Policy Implications for Europe in Times of Austerity

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: New Horizons in Social Policy series ISBN: 9781786432100 9781786432117 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.4337/9781786432117
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Social and Public Welfare --- Social Sciences --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 13:40:13
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Public social services are a key component of the welfare state in most of Europe, although their development trajectories, coverage and legal status still vary considerably among countries. How such services are provided, and for whom, impacts significantly on social and territorial cohesion, gender balance and, ultimately, on the development of any society. However, while much is discussed and written about social policy and welfare systems, social services remain somewhat neglected. Although they have gained a stronger foothold in national legislations and social policy agendas, their status remains weaker compared to education or health. Moreover, because of the austerity measures following the 2008 financial crisis, they have been subject to cuts and reorganisation, which have brought about significant disruption. This book revives the discussion on public social services and their redesign, with a focus on services relating to care and the social inclusion of vulnerable groups. Conveying the main findings of the EU-funded COST Action IS1102 Social Services, Welfare States and Places, the book provides rich information on the changes that occurred in the organisation and supply of public social services over the last thirty years in different European places and service fields. Despite the persisting variety in social service models, three shared trends emerge: public sector disengagement, ‘vertical re-scaling’ of authority and ‘horizontal re-mix’ in the supply system. The consequences of such changes are evaluated from different perspectives – governance, social and territorial cohesion, labour market, gender – and are eventually deemed ‘disruptive’ in both economic and social terms. The policy implications of the restructuring are also explored.The book will appeal to a broad audience: researchers and students, policy-makers, civil servants, service providers, social workers and users’ organisations.

Ageing and Technology

Authors: ---
Book Series: Science Studies ISBN: 9783837629576 9783839429570 Year: Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101242
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
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The booming increase of the senior population has become a social phenomenon and a challenge to our societies, and technological advances have undoubtedly contributed to improve the lives of elderly citizens in numerous aspects. In current debates on technology, however, the »human factor« is often largely ignored. The ageing individual is rather seen as a malfunctioning machine whose deficiencies must be diagnosed or as a set of limitations to be overcome by means of technological devices. This volume aims at focusing on the perspective of human beings deriving from the development and use of technology: this change of perspective – taking the human being and not technology first – may help us to become more sensitive to the ambivalences involved in the interaction between humans and technology, as well as to adapt technologies to the people that created the need for its existence, thus contributing to improve the quality of life of senior citizens.

Embodied Cognition over the Lifespan and in Applied Settings

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454921 Year: Pages: 293 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-492-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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While Embodied Cognition has now been accepted as mainstream in Cognitive Science, the study of its potential contribution to understding child developemnt and ageing, as well as its potential applications, is still in its infancy. This collection of articles explores the contribution of Embodied Cognition to studying the lifespan and potential applied fields. The contributions are theoretical and empirical and offer an important framework for future research and its applications.

Mittendrin?

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Beitrage zur Bevölkerungswissenschaft ISBN: 9783847402572 9783847406365 Year: Pages: 273 DOI: 10.3224/84740636 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:04
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Older people today find themselves in a more favourable life situation than previous generations: Many of them have a high standard of living, a high level of education and good health. In view of this potential, the question arises as to what plans and ideas older people have today about living in the "third age". What decisions do they make in their transition to retirement with regard to further employment participation, civil society involvement or family support? This volume presents current findings from the interdisciplinary study "Transitions and Old Age Potential (TOP)" by the Federal Institute for Population Research on the life plans, potentials and transitions of 55- to 70-year-olds in Germany. In addition to presenting current scientific results, the volume aims to derive recommendations for action for politicians, companies and civil society organisations - and not least for the elderly themselves.

Pratiques culturelles, 1973-2008 : Dynamiques générationnelles et pesanteurs sociales

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ISBN: 9782111399037 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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L’analyse rétrospective des cinq éditions de l’enquête Pratiques culturelles réalisées depuis le début des années 1970 met en lumière quelques grandes tendances d’évolution : l’augmentation massive de l’écoute de musique et la généralisation de la culture d’écrans, le recul de la lecture d’imprimés, l’essor des pratiques artistiques en amateur et la hausse de la fréquentation des établissements culturels. Elle souligne l’ampleur du renouvellement des pratiques culturelles, la féminisation et le vieillissement des publics, mais elle vient aussi rappeler que les dynamiques générationnelles liées à la diversification de l’offre tant publique que privée et aux profondes mutations de la société française doivent souvent composer avec les pesanteurs qui entravent le processus de démocratisation.

Design & Usabilità in ambito sanitario

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Book Series: Serie di architettura e design ISBN: 9788835102281 Year: Pages: 183 Language: Italian
Publisher: FrancoAngeli
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-25 00:09:26
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The progressive ageing of the global population is on the one hand a goal of today's society, and at the same time one of the main socio-economic problems of health and pension systems. The transition from hospitalization to home treatment seems to be a first concrete response. The main reasons that push towards the strengthening of home care are also favoured by new technologies applied to health care that aim to contain public spending, through the implementation of innovative services, including medical devices to use at home. At the same time, the increase in risk conditions caused by the complexity of hospital care requires greater attention and immediate intervention, as represented by a study conducted by two researchers at John Hopkins University, who have shown that medical errors are the third leading cause of mortality in America. This volume is addressed to designers, students of Design courses and all those who address the disciplines of the project. To give them a better understanding of the theoretical-practical course described in the book, this has been divided into two parts. The first part, theory, is dedicated to the description of the current scenario in its multiple aspects - diverging phase -, aimed at defining two design strategies that can be used during the development process of a medical product, both for hospital and home use - converging phase -, as described in the second part, dedicated to practice and experimentation.

Mentale und physische Gesundheit im Alter

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ISBN: 9783966659871 Year: Pages: 229 DOI: 10.3224/96665012 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:28:16
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How do changes in the financial situation affect different dimensions of health in old age? In empirical analyzes using longitudinal data from the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE), the author examines various dimensions of health: depression, subjective health and physical limitations. The effects of income and wealth inequality in society on individual health are also being researched .; How is the financial situation of a person linked to their health in old age? Empirical analyzes using longitudinal data from the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) examine various dimensions of health: depression, subjective health and physical limitations. In addition, the influences of income and wealth inequality in society on individual health are investigated.

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