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Gli anni Sessanta a Leningrado

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Book Series: Biblioteca di Studi di Filologia Moderna ISBN: 9788884539618 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_341468 Language: Italian
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This book offers a portrait of Leningrad in the 1960s, of its cultural life in those years permeated by a great hope for change. Leningrad, now St. Petersburg, is the heir and witness of the rise and fall of the 'Soviet hope' for an authentic change, its evolution and its inevitable decline. Through an analysis of the poems of Iosif Brodskij, Stefania Pavan maps out the process that led the intelligencija of Leningrad to disclose their claims, to give shape to the intellectual conscience of the city, and that subsequently constrained them to adopt the opposite approach, concealing – in a semi-visible space and in the myriad modes of the 'samizdat' – the values, names and images of the hope of change. Through an analysis of the linguistic peculiarities of The dregs , one of the 'classic' short stories of Boris Ivanov, Simonetta Signorini proposes a micro-history of the Russian language in the 60s, to which the study carried out by Ljudmila Zubova on the poems of Viktor Sosnora makes a useful contribution. The essay by Irina Dvizova highlights an aspect of the culture of Leningrad that can be considered extremely topical, in terms both of argument and as a method of reading literary history: the relation between the city and the Dostoevskij museum.

Keywords

literature --- russia --- letteratura --- poetry --- poesia

Phoenix from the Ashes

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Book Series: Canberra Papers on Strategy and Defence ISBN: 9781921666117 Year: Pages: 121 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459441 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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The continued existence of the Russian defence and arms industry (OPK) was called into question following the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. Industry experts cited the lack of a domestic market, endemic corruption, and excess capacity within the industry as factors underpinning its predicted demise. However, the industry’s export customers in China, India and Iran during those early years became the OPK’s saving grace. Their orders introduced hard currency back into the industry and went a long way to preventing the forecasted OPK collapse. Although pessimistic predictions continued to plague the OPK throughout the 1990s, the valuable export dollars provided the OPK the breathing space it needed to claw back its competitive advantage as an arms producer. That revival has been further underpinned by a new political commitment, various research and development initiatives, and the restoration of defence industry as a tool of Russian foreign policy. The short-term future of the Russian OPK looks promising. The rising domestic defence order is beginning to challenge the export market as the OPK’s most important customer. Meanwhile, exports will be safeguarded by continued foreign demand for niche Russian defence products. Although the long-term future of the OPK is more difficult to predict, Russia’s solid research and development foundation and successful international joint military ventures suggest that the current thriving trend in exports is likely to continue. Russia represents the next generation of affordable and rugged military equipment for the arsenals of the developing world. Coupled with Russia’s growing ability to rearm itself through higher oil prices and a more streamlined defence industry, the future of the OPK looks bright.

Keywords

russia --- defence --- opk --- arms industry

About Russia, Its Revolutions, Its Development and Its Present

Author:
Book Series: Prager Schriften zur Zeitgeschichte und zum Zeitgeschehen ISBN: 9783631695548 9783631695555 9783631671368 Year: Pages: 191 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:54
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The author analyzes modern Russian history from a new perspective. Due to the ideological heritage of the XIXth and XXth centuries, the social settings of the sociopolitical history of the USSR (1917–1945) have not been fully identified. Detailed examination of ideological and political concepts shows that the revolution of 1917 became not a middle class, proletarian movement, but rather a plebeian one. The misjudgment by the new power enabled growth but caused tremendous losses of human lives and material damages. Socialization of economy and strict centralization led to a new social structure and established terror as an instrument for social reorganization. WWII revealed the necessity of a correction of these developments, but the events of the Cold War circumvented any further considerations.

Keywords

Development --- Present --- Reiman --- Revolutions --- Russia

A New Rival State?

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760462284 Year: Pages: 368 DOI: 10.22459/NRS.10.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:14
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"A New Rival State? is a unique collection of dispatches written in 1857–1917 by the Russian consuls in Melbourne to the Imperial Russian Embassy in London and the Russian Foreign Ministry in St Petersburg. Written by eight consuls, they offer a Russian view of the development of the settler colonies in the late nineteenth century and the first years of the federated Commonwealth of Australia. They cover the federalist movement, the changing domestic political situation, labour politics, the treatment of the Indigenous population, the ‘White Australia’ policy, Australia’s defensive capacity and foreign policy as part of the British Empire. The bulk of the material is drawn from the Russian-language collection The Russian Consular Service in Australia 1857–1917, edited by Alexander Massov and Marina Pollard (2014), using documents from the archive of the Russian Foreign Ministry."

Keywords

History --- Colonial history --- Australia --- Russia

Beyond Holy Russia : The Life and Times of Stephen Graham

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ISBN: 9782821854062 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Bibliography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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This biography examines the long life of the traveller and author Stephen Graham. Graham walked across large parts of the Tsarist Empire in the years before 1917, describing his adventures in a series of books and articles that helped to shape attitudes towards Russia in Britain and the United States. In later years he travelled widely across Europe and North America, meeting some of the best known writers of the twentieth century, including H.G. Wells and Ernest Hemingway. Graham also wrote numerous novels and biographies that won him a wide readership on both sides of the Atlantic. This book traces Graham’s career as a world traveller, and provides a rich portrait of English, Russian and American literary life in the first half of the twentieth century. It also examines how many aspects of his life and writing coincide with contemporary concerns, including the development of New Age spirituality and the rise of environmental awareness. The result is a fascinating portrait of a man who was for many years a significant literary figure on both sides of the Atlantic.

Tchernychevski et l’âge du réalisme : Essai de sémiotique des comportements

Author:
ISBN: 9782847889116 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.7773 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Nikolaï Tchernychevski (1828-1889), personnage d’une importance colossale en Russie, encore bien trop méconnu en Occident, est resté dans l’histoire comme l’auteur de Que faire ? (1863). Le roman prétendait fournir un « guide dans la vie », sur lequel les jeunes radicaux pourraient modeler leur vie quotidienne, leurs relations personnelles et leurs émotions. La volonté de créer des « hommes nouveaux » et des « femmes nouvelles » pour le nouvel âge révolutionnaire était née. Et Que faire ? devint bel et bien ce guide décrivant des situations fictionnelles (mariage et adultère, vie en communauté) qui furent mises en application dans la réalité, avec des résultats variables. Cette fusion de « la littérature et la réalité », l’un contaminant l’autre, fournit une matière idéale à une étude sémiotique de la culture qui puisse illustrer l’action réciproque de l’auteur en tant qu’homme et de son époque. Dans cet ouvrage traduit pour la première fois en français, Irina Paperno étudie de très près la vie et l’œuvre de Tchernychevski. Elle analyse comment l’écrivain naît d’un contexte historique spécifique, de préoccupations sociales et psychologiques communes à son milieu et sa génération comme des codes littéraires en vigueur. Au bout du compte, Irina Paperno montre comment l’expérience personnelle de l’auteur se transforme en structure littéraire, donnant naissance à un roman à même d’influer sur la vie émotionnelle et le comportement de lecteurs placés dans la même situation culturelle. Illustration de couverture : « Portrait de Debora Delano lisant », James Abbott McNeill Whistler, 1858, Rijksmuseum.

Keywords

Chernyshevky --- semiotics --- literature --- Russia --- society

Beyond Holy Russia: The Life and Times of Stephen Graham

Author:
ISBN: 9781783740130 Year: Pages: 369 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0040 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-21 14:36:56
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This biography examines the long life of the traveller and author Stephen Graham. Graham walked across large parts of the Tsarist Empire in the years before 1917, describing his adventures in a series of books and articles that helped to shape attitudes towards Russia in Britain and the United States. In later years he travelled widely across Europe and North America, meeting some of the best known writers of the twentieth century, including H.G. Wells and Ernest Hemingway. Graham also wrote numerous novels and biographies that won him a wide readership on both sides of the Atlantic. This book traces Graham’s career as a world traveller, and provides a rich portrait of English, Russian and American literary life in the first half of the twentieth century. It also examines how many aspects of his life and writing coincide with contemporary concerns, including the development of New Age spirituality and the rise of environmental awareness.Beyond Holy Russia is based on extensive research in archives of private papers in Britain and the USA and on the many works of Graham himself. The author describes with admirable tact and clarity Graham’s heterodox and convoluted spiritual quest. The result is a fascinating portrait of a man who was for many years a significant literary figure on both sides of the Atlantic.

In the Land of the Romanovs: An Annotated Bibliography of First-hand English-language Accounts of the Russian Empire (1613-1917)

Author:
ISBN: 9781783740581 Year: Pages: 438 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0042 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Bibliography --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-21 14:36:56
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Over the course of more than three centuries of Romanov rule in Russia, foreign visitors and residents produced a vast corpus of literature conveying their experiences and impressions of the country. The product of years of painstaking research by one of the world’s foremost authorities on Anglo-Russian relations, In the Lands of the Romanovs is the realization of a major bibliographical project that records the details of over 1200 English-language accounts of the Russian Empire.Ranging chronologically from the accession of Mikhail Fedorovich in 1613 to the abdication of Nicholas II in 1917, this is the most comprehensive bibliography of first-hand accounts of Russia ever to be published. Far more than an inventory of accounts by travellers and tourists, Anthony Cross’s ambitious and wide-ranging work includes personal records of residence in or visits to Russia by writers ranging from diplomats to merchants, physicians to clergymen, gardeners to governesses, as well as by participants in the French invasion of 1812 and in the Crimean War of 1854-56.Providing full bibliographical details and concise, informative annotation for each entry, this substantial bibliography will be an invaluable tool for anyone with an interest in contacts between Russia and the West during the centuries of Romanov rule.

A Difficult Neighbourhood

Author:
ISBN: 9781760460600 Year: DOI: 10.22459/DN.10.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:23:14
License: ANU Press

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"Through a series of essays on key events in recent years in Russia, the western ex-republics of the USSR and the countries of the one-time Warsaw Pact, John Besemeres seeks to illuminate the domestic politics of the most important states, as well as Moscow’s relations with all of them. At the outset, he takes some backward glances at the violent suppression of national life in the ‘bloodlands’ of Europe during World War II by the Stalinist and Nazi regimes, which helps to explain much about the region’s dynamics since. His concern throughout is that a large area of Europe with a combined population well in excess of Russia’s could again be consigned by the West to Moscow’s care, not this time by more and less malign forms of collusion, but by distracted negligence or incomprehension. ‘This is a wonderful collection of essays from a leading Eastern Europe specialist. John Besemeres brings a lifetime of experience, profound insights, and an incisive style to subjects ranging from wartime and post-war Poland through contemporary Ukraine to Putin’s Russia. At a time when doublespeak has become the new normal, his refreshing honesty has never been in greater need.’ — Bobo Lo"

The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929–1953: Archetypes, inventions and fabrications

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ISBN: 9781760460624 Year: DOI: 10.22459/PCSSP.12.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Arts in general --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-18 11:01:20
License: ANU Press

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From 1929 until 1953, Iosif Stalin’s image became a central symbol in Soviet propaganda. Touched up images of an omniscient Stalin appeared everywhere: emblazoned across buildings and lining the streets; carried in parades and woven into carpets; and saturating the media of socialist realist painting, statuary, monumental architecture, friezes, banners, and posters. From the beginning of the Soviet regime, posters were seen as a vitally important medium for communicating with the population of the vast territories of the USSR. Stalin’s image became a symbol of Bolshevik values and the personification of a revolutionary new type of society. The persona created for Stalin in propaganda posters reflects how the state saw itself or, at the very least, how it wished to appear in the eyes of the people. The ‘Stalin’ who was celebrated in posters bore but scant resemblance to the man Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, whose humble origins, criminal past, penchant for violent solutions and unprepossessing appearance made him an unlikely recipient of uncritical charismatic adulation. The Bolsheviks needed a wise, nurturing and authoritative figure to embody their revolutionary vision and to legitimate their hold on power. This leader would come to embody the sacred and archetypal qualities of the wise Teacher, the Father of the nation, the great Warrior and military strategist, and the Saviour of first the Russian land, and then the whole world. This book is the first dedicated study on the marketing of Stalin in Soviet propaganda posters. Drawing on the archives of libraries and museums throughout Russia, hundreds of previously unpublished posters are examined, with more than 130 reproduced in full colour. The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929–1953 is a unique and valuable contribution to the discourse in Stalinist studies across a number of disciplines.

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