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Johanssonian Investigations. Essays in Honour of Ingvar Johansson on His Seventieth Birthday

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Book Series: Eide ISSN: 2198-1841 ISBN: 9783110322507 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: 756 DOI: 10.1515/9783110322507 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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Inthe last decades, Ingvar Johansson has made a formidable contribution to the development of philosophy in general and perhaps especially to the development of metaphysics. This volume consists of original papers written by 50 philosophers from all over the world in honour of Ingvar Johansson to celebrate his 70th birthday. The papers cover traditional issues in metaphysics and the philosophy of mind, applied ethics and applied metaphysics, the nature of human rights, the philosophy of economics and sports. Some of the papers study the philosophy of Ingvar Johansson. All of them studies subjects which he has shown an interest in. The variety of subjects covered, testifies to the extraordinary wide range of issues his thought has had a bearing on.

Discourse on the State of the Jews. Bilingual Edition

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Book Series: Studies and Texts in Scepticism ISSN: 25689614 ISBN: 9783110527988 Year: Volume: 7 Pages: 395 DOI: 10.1515/9783110527988 Language: English / Italian
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17
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In 1638, a small book of no more than 92 pages in octavo was published “appresso Gioanne Calleoni” under the title “Discourse on the State of the Jews and in particular those dwelling in the illustrious city of Venice.” It was dedicated to the Doge of Venice and his counsellors, who are labelled “lovers of Truth.” The author of the book was a certain Simone (Simḥa) Luzzatto, a native of Venice, where he lived and died, serving as rabbi for over fifty years during the course of the seventeenth century.Luzzatto’s political thesis is simple and, at the same time, temerarious, if not revolutionary: Venice can put an end to its political decline, he argues, by offering the Jews a monopoly on overseas commercial activity. This plan is highly recommendable because the Jews are “wellsuited for trade,” much more so than others (such as “foreigners,” for example). The rabbi opens his argument by recalling that trade and usury are the only occupations permitted to Jews. Within the confines of their historical situation, the Venetian Jews became particularly skilled at trade with partners from the Eastern Mediterranean countries. Luzzatto’s argument is that this talent could be put at the service of the Venetian government in order to maintain – or, more accurately, recover – its political importance as an intermediary between East and West. He was the first to define the role of the Jews on the basis of their economic and social functions, disregarding the classic categorisation of Judaism’s alleged privileged religious status in world history.Nonetheless, going beyond the socio-economic arguments of the book, it is essential to point out Luzzatto’s resort to sceptical strategies in order to plead in defence of the Venetian Jews. It is precisely his philosophical and political scepticism that makes Luzzatto’s texts so unique.This edition aims to grant access to his works and thought to English-speaking readers and scholars. By approaching his texts from this point

Kant on Love

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Book Series: Kantstudien-Ergänzungshefte ISSN: 0340-6059 ISBN: 9783110544978 Year: Volume: 196 Pages: 197 DOI: 10.1515/9783110544978 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-18 15:12:41
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What did Immanuel Kant really think about love? This book is the first in-depth study of the concept of love in Kant`s philosophy. It argues that love is much more important to Kant than previously thought, and that understanding love is actually essential for Kantian ethical life. Perhaps surprisingly, for Kant, love permeates human existence from the strongest impulses of nature to the highest ideals of morally deserved happiness.

Thinking and Killing - Philosophical Discourse in the Shadow of the Third Reich

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ISBN: 9781614511014 9781614511281 Year: Pages: 116 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-09 16:28:04
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This book explores the phenomenon of the Third Reich from a philosophical perspective. It concentrates on the ways in which the subjects and experiences of Nazi Germany, the Holocaust and Anti-Semitism are conceived by eight German thinkers from the Continental tradition. These eight intellectuals include Martin Heidegger, Hannah Arendt, Karl Löwith, Carl Schmitt, Ernst Jünger, Jean Améry, Hans-Georg Gadamer, and Jan Assmann. Based on careful philosophical examinations of both known and unknown texts of these eight thinkers (including an English translation of two forgotten texts by Schmitt and Jünger), this study exposes and then explores the tension between ideology and philosophy, between submission to authority and genuine critical thinking, all of which constitute the essence of the Continental philosophical tradition. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Internationale Gerechtigkeit und institutionelle Verantwortung

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ISBN: 9783110615876 Year: Pages: 438,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110615876 Language: German / English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38
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What are the implications of globalization for moral behavior? What would global practices look like that were just for all in principle? Is it possible to generalize the basic principles of social justice as they prevail in democratic countries? Or instead, do other, possibly weaker levels of moral responsibility exist at the global level that promote global social justice based on different sets of principles?

Space in Hellenistic Philosophy: Critical Studies in Ancient Physics

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ISBN: 9783110365856 9783110554762 9783110386264 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.1515/9783110365856 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-02 11:21:05

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The volume discusses the notion of space by focusing on the most representative exponents of the Hellenistic schools and explores the role played by spatial concepts in both coeval and later authors who, without specifically thematising these concepts, made use of them in a theoretically original way. Renowned scholars investigate the philosophical significance and bring to light the problematical character of the ancient conceptions of space.

Christianity, Book-Burning and Censorship in Late Antiquity. Studies in Text Transmission

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Book Series: Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte ISSN: 1861-5996 ISBN: 9783110486070 Year: Volume: 135 Pages: 369 DOI: 10.1515/9783110486070 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-18 15:12:41
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The role of Christian institutions, writers and saints in the active suppression and destruction of books in Late Antiquity has received surprisingly little consideration. The author argues that texts and ideas from materialistic philosophical traditions were vulnerable to destruction, censorship or suppression through prohibition of the copying of manuscripts. This includes texts which were to become the basis for modern philosophy and science.

Philosophy of Globalization

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ISBN: 9783110544671 9783110492415 9783110491685 Year: Pages: 480 DOI: 10.1515/9783110492415 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101193
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-10 11:01:02
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The aim of the publication is both to provide the debates on globalization with a genuine philosophical perspective by working out its normative dimensions, and to scientifically ground the ethical-philosophical discourse on global responsibility. Other topics addressed are the altering consciousness of space and time, and globalization as a discourse, as an ideology and as a symbolic form.

Religion as a philosophical matter. Concerns about truth, name, and habitation

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ISBN: 9783110468663 9783110468731 Year: Pages: 249 DOI: 10.1515/9783110468663 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-18 15:57:59
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The book works out new perspectives for a philosophy of religion that aims beyond the internal questions of rationality within a theological tradition, on the one hand, and the outer criticism of religion from naturalistic quaters, on the other. Instead it places itself within a wider philosophical view in line with groundbreaking thoughts about culture and a basic human 'conditionality' among interwar philosophers such as Ernst Cassirer, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Walter Benjamin, and Martin Heidegger. The book also offers a concrete interpretation of examples of religious phenomena displaying a human world-relation that centers on issues of 'truth', 'name', and 'habitation'. Finally, lines are drawn to Jean-Luc Nancy's current rethinking of Christianity.

Cosmopolitan Responsibility

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ISBN: 9783110600780 9783110611281 Year: Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102174
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-05 11:21:13
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The world we live in is unjust. Preventable deprivation and suffering shape the lives of many people, while others enjoy advantages and privileges aplenty. Cosmopolitan responsibility addresses the moral responsibilities of privileged individuals to take action in the face of global structural injustice. Individuals are called upon to complement institutional efforts to respond to global challenges, such as climate change, unfair global trade, or world poverty. Committed to an ideal of relational equality among all human beings, the book discusses the impact of individual action, the challenge of special obligations, and the possibility of moral overdemandingness in order to lay the ground for an action-guiding ethos of cosmopolitan responsibility. This thought-provoking book will be of interest to any reflective reader concerned about justice and responsibilities in a globalised world.

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