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Environmental Protection and Transitions from Conflict to Peace

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ISBN: 9780198784630 Year: Pages: 512 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198784630.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Law --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-05 11:02:27
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This book is the first targeted work in the legal literature that investigates environmental challenges in the aftermath of conflict. The volume brings together academics, policy-makers, and practitioners from different disciplines to clarify policies and practices of environmental protection and key legal considerations related to normative frameworks (e.g. international environmental law, international humanitarian law, transitional justice, and human rights), the treatment of substantive principles (e.g. proportionality under jus in bello and jus post bellum, environmental integrity), ‘shared responsibility’, and accountability mechanisms for environmental damage. By providing a comprehensive and in-depth analysis of environmental protection and natural resource management during the transition to peace, the volume reveals strong links between the peace-orientation of jus post bellum and environmental principles, such as intergenerational equity and precaution. There is a great deal of work to do to ensure greater protection of the environment before, during, and after conflict. It remains a challenge to align protection with the political interest of states, and the increasing involvement of non-state actors in armed conflict. This volume marks a starting point for an urgently needed space for states, international organizations, and civil society to discuss, and debate conflict and the environment. By engaging with the International Law Commission’s 2016 Draft Principles on the Protection of the Environment in Relation to Armed Conflicts, the volume adds clarity to the law and momentum to the development of the law in this important area.

Was vom Krieg übrig bleibt

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Book Series: Kultur und soziale Praxis ISBN: 9783837627794 9783839427798 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839427798 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103328
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Wie ordnen sich gesellschaftliche Verhältnisse nach kriegerischer Gewalt neu? Und wie gehen Betroffene und Beteiligte mit weiterhin bestehenden unfriedlichen Beziehungen um? Am Fallbeispiel Sierra Leone untersucht Anne Menzel die Trennlinie zwischen der Zivilbevölkerung und (ehemaligen) Kämpfern, die sowohl in der Forschung zu Nachkriegsgesellschaften als auch in der Peacebuilding-Praxis meist als gegeben angesehen und ganz selbstverständlich gezogen wird. Ihre Studie eröffnet neue und überraschende Perspektiven, indem sie Einblick in das Entstehen und in die andauernde Praxis einer lokalen "Ästhetik der Gefährlichkeit" gibt, in der sich gerade keine eindeutige Trennung von Exkombattanten und Zivilbevölkerung ausmachen lässt.

Limits to the European Union’s Normative Power in a Post-conflict Society: EULEX and Peacebuilding in Kosovo

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Population Studies ISSN: 2211-3215 ISBN: 9783319778235 9783319778242 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-77824-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: European Commission; H2020 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions; Univerza v Ljubljani
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 12:29:23
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By shedding light on EULEX - the EU mission to Kosovo – this open access book investigates the EU’s peacebuilding activities in that country, in the light of the normative power theory in the post-conflict setting and peacebuilding theory. Ten years after the massive engagement of the EU in the country torn by war, the authors critically assess the effects of the EU projecting its normative power – the enforcement of its standards, ‘good’ or ‘bad’ – through the EULEX mission, taking into consideration also the local aspects, so far neglected in this field of research. Inspecting thoroughly the EULEX activities in the police, customs and judiciary sector, the authors reveal that the mission can contribute to a positive change, but only in those cases which do not request a heavy political involvement and broad leverage by other international players (for example in improving standards of work in police and customs). When it comes to the most serious cases of organized crime, corruption and war crimes, EULEX, however, has not been able to address them effectively due to several internal mission’s deficiencies and external factors; the perceived ineffectiveness of EULEX among the local population led to the lowering of trust not only in this CSDP mission, but also in the EU in general. This open access book offers a comprehensive assessment of the EULEX mission, based on two Horizon2020 research projects: IECEU - Improving the Effectiveness of Capabilities in EU Conflict Prevention, and KOSNORTH – The European Union and its Normative Power in a Post-conflict Society: A Case Study of Northern Kosovo (Marie Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship). As such it is an invaluable resource for scholars, students and policymakers interested in security questions in South Eastern Europe and EU external action.

Civil Society and Transitional Justice in Asia and the Pacific

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760463281 9781760463298 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.22459/CSTJAP.2019 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Philosophy --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-13 11:21:03
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"Over the last two decades, civil society has helped catalyse responses to the legacies of violent conflicts and oppressive political regimes in Asia and the Pacific. Civil society has advocated for the establishment of criminal trials and truth commissions, monitored their operations and pushed for take-up of their recommendations. It has also initiated community-based transitional justice responses. Yet, there has been little in-depth examination of the breadth and diversity of these roles. This book addresses this gap by analysing the heterogeneity of civil society transitional justice activity in Asia and the Pacific. Based upon empirically grounded case studies of Timor-Leste, Indonesia, Cambodia, Myanmar, Bougainville, Solomon Islands and Fiji, this book illustrates that civil society actors can have different – and sometimes competing – priorities, resources and approaches to transitional justice. Their work is also underpinned by diverse understandings of ‘justice’. By reflecting on the richness of this activity, this book advances contemporary debates about transitional justice and civil society. It will also be a valuable resource for scholars and practitioners working on Asia and the Pacific."

Development Assistance for Peacebuilding

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Book Series: International Peacekeeping ISBN: 9781138080461 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_632450 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-22 11:01:47
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Development assistance to fragile states and conflict-affected areas can be a core component of peacebuilding, providing support for the restoration of government functions, delivery of basic services, the rule of law, and economic revitalization. What has worked, why it has worked, and what is scalable and transferable are key questions for both development practice and research into how peace is built and the interactive role of domestic and international processes therein. Despite a wealth of research into these questions, significant gaps remain. This volume speaks to these gaps through new analysis of a selected set of well-regarded aid interventions. Drawing on diverse scholarly and policy expertise, eight case study chapters span multiple domains and regions to analyse Afghanistan’s National Solidarity Programme, the Yemen Social Fund for Development, public financial management reform in Sierra Leone, Finn Church Aid’s assistance in Somalia, Liberia’s gender-sensitive police reform, the judicial facilitators programme in Nicaragua, UNICEF’s education projects in Somalia, and World Bank health projects in Timor-Leste. Analysis illustrates the significance of three broad factors in understanding why some aid interventions work better than others: the area of intervention and related degree of engagement with state institutions, local contextual factors such as windows of opportunity and the degree of local support, and programme design and management.

Everyday Resistance

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ISBN: 9782940503261 9782940503278 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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Northern Sri Lanka has been at the heart of the country’s 30-year civil war, a bloody conflict which has given rise to an estimated 40,000 households headed by women in this region. Based on fieldwork conducted in 10 villages and towns, this ePaper aims to identify and describe the most pervasive economic, physical and psycho-social vulnerabilities that female heads of households (FHHs) in the north face in the post-war context. It also traces how the state has shaped these vulnerabilities th...

The Development of International Refugee Protection through the Practice of the UN Security Council

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ISBN: 9782940415564 9782940415311 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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This paper examines the ambivalent influence of the UN Security Council’s practice on the development of international refugee protection since the early 1990s. While the international refugee protection regime did not originally foresee a role for the Security Council, the increasingly complex security challenges in the post-Cold War era have led to its de facto inclusion in the institutional framework of protection. After having used its wide discretionary powers under the UN Charter to lin...

Building a Peace Economy?

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Book Series: New Approaches to Conflict Analysis ISBN: 9780719087301 9781526129376 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100905
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-21 11:02:20
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This book critically examines the range of policies and programmes that attempt to manage economic activity that contributes to political violence. It offers a new framework for understanding both the problem of economic activity in conflict zones as well as programmes aimed at managing these and transforming them into more peaceful economic and political relationships. Through this examination, both the problems of liberal modes of peacebuilding, implemented by the development-security industry, and opportunities for policy innovation are explored. Useful charts and frameworks throughout the book provide the reader with a range of analytical tools that can be easily used to explore war economies and related policies in a range of contexts, making this book an essential read for students, policy makers and aid practitioners working in a range of disciplines and conflict-affected areas.

Jus Post Bellum: Mapping the Normative Foundations

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780199685899 Year: Pages: 600 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685899.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: Universiteit Leiden
Subject: Law --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-27 11:01:21
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The successful transition from armed conflict to peace is one of the greatest challenges of contemporary warfare. The laws and principles governing transitions from conflict to peace (jus post bellum) have only recently gained attention in legal scholarship. This volume investigates questions concerning the core of jus post bellum: the law (“jus”), the temporal aspect (“post”), and different types of armed conflict (“bellum”). It is the first volume to clarify the different legal meanings and components of the concept, including its implications in contemporary politics and practice. It explores the nature of jus post bellum as a concept, including its foundations, criticisms, and relationship to related concepts (e.g. Transitional Justice, Responsibility to Protect). It rethinks the nexus of the concept to jus ad bellum and jus in bello and its relevance in internal armed conflicts and peacebuilding. It examines problems in relation to the ending of conflict, including indicators for the end of conflict, exit strategies, and institutional responses. It also identifies contours of a “jus,” drawing on disparate bodies and sources of international law such as peace agreements, treaty law, self-determination, norms governing peace operations, and the status of foreign armed forces, environmental law, human rights, and amnesty law. Taking into account perspectives from multiple disciplines, the book will be relevant to scholars, practitioners, and students across many fields, such as peace and conflict studies, international relations, philosophy, political science, and international law.

Solidarity Intervention

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ISBN: 9782940503391 9782940503407 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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All across the globe, individuals mobilize international support in defense of Palestinian rights and a resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. However, these international activists are neither the beneficiaries of their efforts nor do they closely identify with the Palestinian population. Through an ethnographic analysis of social movement organizations and international activists active in the West Bank, this paper tries to understand the emergence of transnational collective actio...

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