Search results: Found 70

Listing 11 - 20 of 70 << page
of 7
>>
Sort by
Kants Einleitung in die Rechtslehre von 1784 - Immanuel Kants Rechtsbegriff in der Moralvorlesung „Mrongovius II“ und der Naturrechtsvorlesung „Feyerabend“ von 1784 sowie in der „Metaphysik der Sitten“ von 1797

Author:
ISBN: 9783863950699 Year: Pages: 137 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-459 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-17 04:22:18
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

1797 erscheint mit den Metaphysischen Anfangsgründen der Rechtslehre Immanuel Kants rechtsphilosophisches Hauptwerk. Nicht selten begegnet man daher der Auffassung, Kants Rechtsphilosophie entstamme im Wesentlichen seiner Spätphase und sei überdies nur schwer mit der kritischen Moralphilosophie der 1780er Jahre in Einklang zu bringen. Vor diesem Hintergrund widmet sich die vorliegende Untersuchung dem Vergleich des kantischen Rechtsbegriffs, wie er 1797 in der Einleitung in die Rechtslehre vorgestellt wird, mit Kants Ausführungen in den Vorlesungsnachschriften Moral-Mrongovius II und Naturrecht-Feyerabend aus dem Jahre 1784. Dabei kann nachgewiesen werden, dass der Rechtsbegriff von 1797 bereits 1784 ausgearbeitet war. Mehr noch: Es zeigt sich, dass Kants Rechtsbegriff nicht nur bereits in der Phase seiner kritischen Moralphilosophie vorlag, sondern vielmehr in einem Guss mit ihr konzipiert wurde und wie diese auf dem kritischen Freiheitsbegriff basiert.

11 Moral Neuroenhancement (Book chapter)

Book title: The Routledge handbook of neuroethics

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781138898295 9781315708652 Year: Pages: 21 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 11:01:59
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In recent years, philosophers, neuroethicists, and others have become preoccupied with “moral enhancement.” Very roughly, this refers to the deliberate moral improvement of an individual’s character, motives, or behavior. In one sense, such enhancement could be seen as “nothing new at all” (Wiseman, 2016, 4) or as something philosophically mundane: as G. Owen Schaefer (2015) has stated, “Moral enhancement is an ostensibly laudable project. . . .

Internationale Gerechtigkeit und institutionelle Verantwortung

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783110615876 Year: Pages: 438,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110615876 Language: German / English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

What are the implications of globalization for moral behavior? What would global practices look like that were just for all in principle? Is it possible to generalize the basic principles of social justice as they prevail in democratic countries? Or instead, do other, possibly weaker levels of moral responsibility exist at the global level that promote global social justice based on different sets of principles?

Preserving and Exhibiting Media Art

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Framing Film ISBN: 9789048513833 9789089642912 Year: Pages: 448 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-23 11:21:12
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This vibrantly illustrated introduction to the emerging field of the preservation and presentation of media art brings together the contributions of authors from all over Europe and the United States. This volume can serve as a textbook for students in advanced degree programs in media art and museum studies, as well as an invaluable introduction for general readers. A potent combination of incisive scholarly articles and focused case studies, Preserving and Exhibiting Media Art offers a comprehensive overview of the history, theory, and practical skills of preserving media art.

Foundations for Moral Relativism : Second expanded edition

Author:
ISBN: 9782821876101 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In this new edition of Foundations for Moral Relativism, a distinguished moral philosopher tames a bugbear of current debate about cultural difference. J. David Velleman shows that different communities can indeed be subject to incompatible moralities, because their local mores are rationally binding. At the same time, he explains why the mores of different communities, even when incompatible, are still variations on the same moral themes. The book thus maps out a universe of many moral worlds without, as Velleman puts it, “moral black holes”. The six self-standing chapters discuss such diverse topics as online avatars and virtual worlds, lying in Russian and truth-telling in Quechua, the pleasure of solitude and the fear of absurdity. Accessibly written, Foundations for Moral Relativism presupposes no prior training in philosophy.

Agency: Moral Identity and Free Will

Author:
ISBN: 9781783748754 9781783748778 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0197 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-02 16:09:36
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

There is agency in all we do: thinking, doing, or making. We invent a tune, play, or use it to celebrate an occasion. Or we make a conceptual leap and ask more abstract questions about the conditions for agency. They include autonomy and self-appraisal, each contested by arguments immersing us in circumstances we don’t control. But can it be true we that have no personal responsibility for all we think and do? Agency: Moral Identity and Free Will proposes that deliberation, choice, and free will emerged within the evolutionary history of animals with a physical advantage: organisms having cell walls or exoskeletons had an internal space within which to protect themselves from external threats or encounters. This defense was both structural and active: such organisms could ignore intrusions or inhibit risky behavior. Their capacities evolved with time: inhibition became the power to deliberate and choose the manner of one’s responses. Hence the ability of humans and some other animals to determine their reactions to problematic situations or to information that alters values and choices. This is free will as a material power, not as the conclusion to a conceptual argument. Having it makes us morally responsible for much we do. It prefigures moral identity. Closely argued but plainly written, Agency: Moral Identity and Free Will speaks for autonomy and responsibility when both are eclipsed by ideas that embed us in history or tradition. Our sense of moral choice and freedom is accurate. We are not altogether the creatures of our circumstances.

Le care monde : Trois essais de psychologie sociale

Author:
ISBN: 9791036200342 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.9377 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Pourquoi le travail du care est-il particulièrement fertile pour les questions morales ? Qu’est-ce que la psychologie sociale peut apporter à la réflexion en éthique ? En quoi la philosophie morale peut-elle renouveler l’écoute des psychologues ? Ceux-ci peuvent-ils transformer leur façon de comprendre les préoccupations du monde ordinaire ? Comment les discours savants peuvent-ils ne pas étouffer la voix différente en éthique ? À partir d’enquêtes réalisées sur le terrain de la recherche en nanomédecine, sur celui du soin gériatrique, ou de l’expérience de femmes confrontées à la violence, ce livre propose une lecture de « ce qui compte » pour les personnes qui sont engagées dans une relation d’attention à autrui. Les conditions de l’identification à l’autre, ou au contraire de l’impossibilité de s’imaginer à sa place, sont un fil rouge dans une réflexion portant tour à tour sur l’angoisse morale, le racisme et le mépris social, le rapport entre souci de soi et souci des autres.

Sexuelle Identität und gesellschaftliche Norm

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zum Medizinrecht ISBN: 9783941875722 Year: Pages: 125 DOI: 10.17875/gup2010-39 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Psychology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Die „sexuelle Identität“ des Menschen ist keineswegs nur biologisch, sondern in erheblichem Maße auch neurologisch, psychologisch sowie durch Umweltbedingungen determiniert und infolgedessen gradualisiert. Die Gesellschaft und ihr Recht ignorieren diese Variabilitäten jenseits der natürlichen Geschlechtlichkeit jedoch mit Blick auf Orientierungsbedürfnisse weitgehend: Familien- und personenstandsrechtliche Zuschreibungen müssen eindeutig sein, Veränderungen des biologischen Geschlechts kommen nur in seltenen Ausnahmefällen in Betracht, die gesellschaftlichen Vorstellungen über den Freiraum an „sexueller Selbstbestimmung“ werden an den Grenzen strafrechtlich abgesichert und jene, die sich nicht daran halten, gelten in der Rechtspraxis entweder als schuldfähig oder haben mit u.U. langjährigem Freiheitsentzug im Rahmen der Sicherungsverwahrung zu rechnen. Dieses Spannungsfeld zwischen individueller Disposition und gesellschaftlicher Erwartung war Gegenstand eines Workshops, der am 20. November 2009 gemeinsam vom Institut für Humangenetik der Universitätsmedizin Göttingen und dem Zentrum für Medizinrecht der Juristischen Fakultät veranstaltet wurde. Der vorliegende Band enthält die Resultate eines interdisziplinären Dialogs von Experten/Innen aus der Humangenetik, der Sexualforschung, der Soziologie, des Medizinrechts und der forensischen Psychiatrie.

Public Policy: Why ethics matters

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781921666759 Year: Pages: 311 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459474 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Ethics is a vigorously contested field. There are many competing moral frameworks, and different views about how normative considerations should inform the art and craft of governmental policy making. What is not in dispute, however, is that ethics matters. The ethical framework adopted by policy analysts and decision makers not only shapes how policy problems are defined, framed and analysed, but also influences which ethical principles and values are taken into account and their weighting. As a result, ethics can have a profound impact, both on the character of the policy process and the choices made by decision makers. Public Policy – Why Ethics Matters brings together original contributions from leading scholars and practitioners with expertise in various academic disciplines, including economics, philosophy, physics, political science, public policy and theology. The volume addresses three main issues: fist, the ethical considerations that should inform the conduct of public officials and the task of policy analysis; second, the ethics of climate change; and third, ethics and economic policy. While the contributors have varying views on these important issues, they share a common conviction that the ethical dimensions of public policy need to be better understood and given proper attention in the policy-making process.

Security and Privacy

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Practical Ethics and Public Policy Monograph ISBN: 9781921862588 Year: Pages: 291 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459519 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:25
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This study is principally concerned with the ethical dimensions of identity management technology – electronic surveillance, the mining of personal data, and profiling – in the context of transnational crime and global terrorism. The ethical challenge at the heart of this study is to establish an acceptable and sustainable equilibrium between two central moral values in contemporary liberal democracies, namely, security and privacy. Both values are essential to individual liberty, but they come into conflict in times when civil order is threatened, as has been the case from late in the twentieth century, with the advent of global terrorism and trans-national crime. We seek to articulate legally sustainable, politically possible, and technologically feasible, global ethical standards for identity management technology and policies in liberal democracies in the contemporary global security context. Although the standards in question are to be understood as global ethical standards potentially to be adopted not only by the United States, but also by the European Union, India, Australasia, and other contemporary liberal democratic states, we take as our primary focus the tensions that have arisen between the United States and the European Union.

Listing 11 - 20 of 70 << page
of 7
>>
Sort by