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Des outils pour le changement

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Book Series: Études en développement international et mondialisation ISBN: 9782760321922 9782760322127 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574290 Language: French
Publisher: Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-02 11:01:12
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global crisis - developing countries - international development studies

Intellectual Property and Public Health in the Developing World

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ISBN: 9781783742288 9781783742301 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 348 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0093 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Law --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-14 16:03:14
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Across the world, developing countries are attempting to balance the international standards of intellectual property concerning pharmaceutical patents against the urgent need for accessible and affordable medicines. In this timely and necessary book, Monirul Azam examines the attempts of several developing countries to walk this fine line. He evaluates the experiences of Brazil, China, India, and South Africa for lessons to guide Bangladesh and developing nations everywhere. Azam's legal expertise, concern for public welfare, and compelling grasp of principal case studies make Intellectual Property and Public Health in the Developing World a definitive work.The developing world is striving to meet the requirements of the World Trade Organization's TRIPS Agreement on intellectual property. This book sets out with lucidity and insight the background of the TRIPS Agreement and its implications for pharmaceutical patents, the consequences for developing countries, and the efforts of certain representative nations to comply with international stipulations while still maintaining local industry and public health. Azam then brings the weight of this research to bear on the particular case of Bangladesh, offering a number of specific policy recommendations for the Bangladeshi government—and for governments the world over.Intellectual Property and Public Health in the Developing World is a must-read for public policy-makers, academics and students, non-governmental organizations, and readers everywhere who are interested in making sure that developing nations meet the health care needs of their people.

Food Price Policy in an Era of Market Instability: A Political Economy Analysis

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Book Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780198718574 Year: Pages: 544 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718574.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-10 11:01:18
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Food price volatility is one of the major challenges facing the global agricultural system today. This was most vividly illustrated during the global food crisis of 2007–9 when price spikes occurred for key staple food commodities—such as wheat, rice, maize, and soybeans. Given the variety of reactions by governments of countries experiencing similar food price shocks, the 2007–9 crisis offered an excellent natural experiment for generating knowledge on responses to price volatility in particular and on the political economy of agricultural policy-making more generally. This book contains the wealth of collaborative research by a global team of experts on food price policy—the research was undertaken on a sizeable group of low- and middle-income countries that were highly affected by the 2007–9 food crisis. The central aim of the study is to uncover which political economy factors—ranging from the constellation of different interest groups to the nature of political institutions—explain variations in policy responses across countries. The research output proves valuable for at least three target audiences. First, it can inform international organizations and donors about which types of policy interventions can mitigate price volatility and whether they are feasible given a country’s political economy context. Second, it can help national policy makers better understand the trade-offs of certain policy interventions. Third, it generates much-needed further knowledge about the agricultural policy-making process in developing countries, which remains incredibly scarce despite the importance of agriculture to these countries’ economies.

Kansalaiset kaupunkia kehittämässä

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ISBN: 9789520306236 Year: Pages: 299 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-09 11:02:27
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"Urban planning and development are a meeting ground for different experiences and interpretations pertaining to the desireable city, and the ways in which citizens should genuinely be able to participate in the process. This multidisciplinary book explores broadly the question of how to best approach participation today. Instead of aiming at a singular interpretation, the book sets out to develop tools for a better understanding of the different logics behind urban development and citizen participation. The authors explore themes ranging from governmental structures and settings all the way to individual lifeworlds and experiences, and provide several well-founded propositions on what participation is about. The articles give voice to actors from the public sphere, from the third and fourth sectors, as well as to citizens in different social roles and positions. The book serves as a text book in disciplines related to urban development and participation, and as an information source for professionals and citizens interested in the topic."

Technologies for Development: From Innovation to Social Impact

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ISBN: 9783319910673 9783319910680 Year: Pages: 225 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91068-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (SNF)
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-20 16:20:27
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This open access book presents 18 case studies that explore current scientific and technological efforts to address global development issues, such as poverty, from a holistic and interdisciplinary point of view, putting actual impacts at the centre of its analysis. It illustrates the use of technologies for development in various fields of research, such as humanitarian action, medical and information and communication technology, disaster risk-reduction technologies, habitat and sustainable access to energy. The authors discuss how innovative technologies, such as unmanned aerial vehicles for disaster risk reduction, crowdsourcing humanitarian data, online education and ICT-based medical technologies can have significant social impact. The book brings together the best papers of the 2016 International Conference on Technologies for Development at EPFL, Switzerland. The book explores how the gap between innovation in the global South and actual social impact can be bridged. It fosters exchange between engineers, other scientists, practitioners and policy makers active at the interface of innovation and technology and human, social, and economic development.

The Leap of Faith

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ISBN: 9780198796817 Year: Pages: 332 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 295675
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-08 11:01:03
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This is the first book to compare the history of tax compliance in several countries (Sweden, Britain, Italy, Romania, and the United States)The book clearly elaborates the policy lessons from the five cases explored for countries who are currently trying to build successful and effective tax policiesMakes the direct connection between historical cases and current policy issues in developed and developing countriesWhy are citizens in some countries more willing to pay taxes than in other countries? This book examines the history of the relationship between citizens and their states in five countries, (Sweden, Britain, Italy, Romania, and the United States), and demonstrates how and why people in in some countries have come to trust the government with their money while in other countries they do not. The book explores the evolution of this relationship in detail, in each case showing how some governments developed the fiscal and technical capacity to tax their citizens fairly and deliver public services efficiently. In short, how and why some countries became more trustworthy than others. The volume concludes by examining the implications of these five cases for developing countries today and the lessons that can be learned.

Developing and Assessing Academic and Professional Writing Skills

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Book Series: Forum Angewandte Linguistik - F.A.L. ISBN: 9783653960471 9783653960488 9783631673621 Year: Pages: 205 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Education --- Languages and Literatures --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:54
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Academic literacy used to be considered a complex set of skills that develop automatically as a by-product of academic socialization. Since the Bologna Reform with its shorter degree programmes, however, it has been realized that these skills need to be fostered actively. Simultaneously, writing skills development at all levels of education has been faced with the challenge of increasingly multilingual and multicultural groups of pupils and students. This book addresses the questions of how both academic and professional writing skills can be fostered under these conditions and how the development of writing skills can be measured.

The e-Government Development Discourse

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ISBN: 9781928396574 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2018.BK71 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS
Subject: Computer Science --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 11:21:04
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research agenda for e-Government. When e-Government was first conceived, it was designed upon basic technologies where the emphasis was only on the simple display of government information for citizens to read. Nowadays, e-Government design comprises many complicated modules such as upload and download consoles, two-way interaction consoles between citizens and government agents, integrated government business processes presenting the whole of government, and it does not depend solely on technology. The complexity of e-Government has now evolved to include political, cultural, economic, social and technical dimensions. Bringing all these difficult aspects together is so complicated that it needs carefully planned strategies informed by local contextual characteristics. Rather than giving formulaic definitions and conceptual standpoints on many aspects of e-Government, as is the case in many e-Government publications, this book will explore the frontiers of global knowledge value chains by discussing current and future dimensions of e-Government. For example, the book discusses the concept of data governance by exploring how actual opening up of government data can be achieved, especially in a developing world context. Further, the book posits that opening government data should be followed by the opening up of government business processes in order to peddle the concept of accountability and responsiveness. Much text on data governance has concentrated on articulating the basic definitions surrounding this concept. Another very important topic explored in this book is regarding how the concept of decolonisation can be extended to e-Government by providing practical examples as to how researchers in the developing world can contribute to the advancement of e-Government as a scientific field of enquiry and guide its implementation, thereof. Decolonisation is advocated for in e-Government research so that there is a balance in the inclusion of the Afrocentric knowledge into e-Government advancement other than over-reliance on the Euro-, Asia- and America-centric knowledge value chains (Mbembe 2015). As e-Government is a very expensive undertaking, the issue of funding has excluded African countries and a majority of the developing world from implementing e-Government. Despite funding being a critical cornerstone of e-Government development, there is a dearth of information on this topic. Therefore, this book provides a chapter which discusses traditional and innovative ways of funding e-Government design and implementation which can go a long way in improving e-Government penetration into the developing world. Further, the book explores how intelligent e-Government applications can be designed, especially in resource-constrained countries. A couple of emerging technology innovations such as fog computing and intelligent information technology are explored within the realm of e-Government design.

Manual Sobre los Derechos Humanos al Agua Potable y Saneamiento para Profesionales

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ISBN: 9781789060522 Year: DOI: 10.2166/9781789060522 Language: Spanish
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-13 11:21:02
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"Also available in Portuguese (Manual Sobre os Direitos Humanos à Água Potável e Saneamento para Profissionais), French (Manuel des Droits de l'Homme à l'Eau Potable et à l'Assainissement à l’intention des Praticiens) and Spanish (Manual Sobre los Derechos Humanos al Agua Potable y Saneamiento para Profesionales). The Manual highlights the human rights principles and criteria in relation to drinking water and sanitation. It explains the international legal obligations in terms of operational policies and practice that will support the progressive realisation of universal access. The Manual introduces a human rights perspective that will add value to informed decision making in the daily routine of operators, managers and regulators. It also encourages its readership to engage actively in national dialogues where the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation are translated into national and local policies, laws and regulations. Creating such an enabling environment is, in fact, only the first step in the process towards progressive realisation. Allocation of roles and responsibilities is the next step, in an updated institutional and operational set up that helps apply a human rights lens to the process of reviewing and revising the essential functions of operators, service providers and regulators. Contents Introduction; Main operational principles; Setting the scene – context and contents of the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation; Translating the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation into operational terms; Creating the enabling environment; . Incorporating HRWS into the essential functions of service providers; Addressing sensitive practices, dealing with challenges and avoiding pitfalls."

Manual Sobre os Direitos Humanos à Água Potável e Saneamento para Profissionais

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ISBN: 9781780408965 Year: DOI: 10.2166/9781780408750 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Subject: Environmental Technology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-13 11:21:02
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"Manual Sobre os Direitos Humanos à Água Potável e Saneamento para Profissionais is the Portuguese translation of Manual on the Human Rights to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation for Practitioners. The Manual highlights the human rights principles and criteria in relation to drinking water and sanitation. It explains the international legal obligations in terms of operational policies and practice that will support the progressive realisation of universal access. The Manual introduces a human rights perspective that will add value to informed decision making in the daily routine of operators, managers and regulators. It also encourages its readership to engage actively in national dialogues where the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation are translated into national and local policies, laws and regulations. Creating such an enabling environment is, in fact, only the first step in the process towards progressive realisation. Allocation of roles and responsibilities is the next step, in an updated institutional and operational set up that helps apply a human rights lens to the process of reviewing and revising the essential functions of operators, service providers and regulators. Contents Introduction; Main operational principles; Setting the scene – context and contents of the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation; Translating the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation into operational terms; Creating the enabling environment; . Incorporating HRWS into the essential functions of service providers; Addressing sensitive practices, dealing with challenges and avoiding pitfalls."

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