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Monitored

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ISBN: 9780745338637 9781786803924 9781786803931 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102245
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-05 09:51:01
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This book explores a central contradiction of 21st century economy and society: the more morally and politically unaccountable capitalism and capitalists are, the more accountable the mass majority of its subjects must become. The technocratic ideology and surveillance culture of our modern marketized societies hides a deeper reality of a free market that is unmanageable and a corporate elite whose actions cannot be traced let alone regulated. This work highlights the paradoxical way an often disjointed and unjustifiable modern neoliberalism persists through subjecting individuals and communities to a wide range of technical and ethical 'accounting' in all areas of contemporary life. These pervasive practices of monitoring and codifying everything and everyone mask how at its heart this system and its elites remain socially uncontrollable and ethically out of control.

Data Politics

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Routledge Studies in International Political Sociology ISBN: 9781138053250 9781138053267 9781315167305 Year: Pages: 304 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-20 11:21:03
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Data has become a social and political issue because of its capacity to reconfigure relationships between states, subjects, and citizens. This book explores how data has acquired such an important capacity and examines how critical interventions in its uses in both theory and practice are possible. Data and politics are now inseparable: data is not only shaping our social relations, preferences and life chances but our very democracies. Expert international contributors consider political questions about data and the ways it provokes subjects to govern themselves by making rights claims. Concerned with the things (infrastructures of servers, devices, and cables) and language (code, programming, and algorithms) that make up cyberspace, this book demonstrates that without understanding these conditions of possibility it is impossible to intervene in or to shape data politics. Aimed at academics and postgraduate students interested in political aspects of data, this volume will also be of interest to experts in the fields of internet studies, international studies, Big Data, digital social sciences and humanities.

Profile: Interdisziplinäre Beiträge

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Book Series: Digital Cultures ISBN: 9783957961013 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.14619/021 Language: German
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-15 13:41:44
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Profile haben Konjunktur. Seit der Verbreitung von Social Networking Sites sind sie alltäglicher Ort der Selbstdarstellung. Doch die Praktiken und Techniken der Profilierung sind keineswegs neu. Schon lange beschreiben Profile potentielle StraftäterInnen. Nun bestimmen sie auch die potentielle Kreditwürdigkeit. Im Spannungsfeld zwischen Profil und Profilierung nehmen die Beiträge aus Medienwissenschaft, Soziologie, Geschichtswissenschaft und Informatik die vielschichtigen Dimensionen dieses zentralen Phänomens der digitalen Medienkultur in den Blick: Wie verändern sich Bedeutung und Bewertung des Profil-Begriffs? Wie stehen Profile in Zusammenhang mit Subjektivierung und Machtkonstellationen? Welche Wechselwirkungen zwischen Profilen und Privatheit sind gegenwärtig relevant?

Big data et traçabilité numérique : Les sciences sociales face à la quantification massive des individus

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ISBN: 9782722604674 DOI: 10.4000/books.cdf.4987 Language: French
Publisher: Collège de France
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:23
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les traces numériques de l’activité des individus, des entreprises, des administrations, des réseaux sociaux sont devenues un gisement considérable. Comment ces données sont-elles prélevées, stockées, valorisées, et vendues ? Et que penser des algorithmes qui convertissent en outil de contrôle et de persuasion l’information sur les comportements, les actes de travail et les échanges ? Les big data sont-elles à notre service ou font-elles de nous les rouages consentants du capitalisme informationnel et relationnel ? Les sciences sociales enquêtent sur les enjeux sociaux, éthiques, politiques et économiques de ces transformations. Mais elles sont elles aussi de plus en plus consommatrices de données numériques de masse. Cet ouvrage collectif explore l’expansion de la traçabilité numérique dans ces deux dimensions, marchande et scientifique. L’ouvrage est dirigé par Pierre-Michel Menger, professeur au Collège de France et titulaire de la chaire « Sociologie du travail créateur », et par Simon Paye, maître de conférences à l’université de Lorraine, sociologue du travail et des groupes professionnels.

Industry 4.0 for SMEs

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ISBN: 9783030254254 Year: Pages: 412 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-25425-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:06
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This open access book explores the concept of Industry 4.0, which presents a considerable challenge for the production and service sectors. While digitization initiatives are usually integrated into the central corporate strategy of larger companies, smaller firms often have problems putting Industry 4.0 paradigms into practice. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) possess neither the human nor financial resources to systematically investigate the potential and risks of introducing Industry 4.0. Addressing this obstacle, the international team of authors focuses on the development of smart manufacturing concepts, logistics solutions and managerial models specifically for SMEs. Aiming to provide methodological frameworks and pilot solutions for SMEs during their digital transformation, this innovative and timely book will be of great use to scholars researching technology management, digitization and small business, as well as practitioners within manufacturing companies.

Sekundärnutzung klinischer Daten – Rechtliche Rahmenbedingungen

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ISBN: 9783954661428 9783954663224 Year: Language: German
Publisher: MWV Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104963
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-15 11:21:04
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Zunehmend greift medizinische Forschung auf Daten aus der Versorgung zurück. Diese ‚Sekundärnutzung‘ von Behandlungsdaten bringt jedoch zahlreiche Rechtsfragen mit sich. Sozial- und Gesundheitsdaten gehören zu den intimsten Informationen über einen Menschen. Mit dem vorliegenden Rechtsgutachten steht erstmals eine detaillierte Übersicht über die spezifischen rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen für die Sekundärnutzung medizinischer Daten in den einzelnen Bundesländern zur Verfügung, die auch jeweils die unterschiedliche Trägerschaft und Rechtsform der behandelnden Institution berücksichtigt. Die Analyse gibt Forschern und anderen Akteuren im Gesundheitsbereich Orientierung beim rechtskonformen Umgang mit medizinischen Behandlungsdaten. Das Buch enthält darüber hinaus ein ergänzendes Gutachten, das die rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen für die Sekundärnutzung der über die elektronische Gesundheitskarte nach § 291a SGB V verwalteten Daten darstellt.

Helmholtz Portfolio Theme Large-Scale Data Management and Analysis (LSDMA)

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ISBN: 9783731506959 Year: Pages: V, 259 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000071931 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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The Helmholtz Association funded the ""Large-Scale Data Management and Analysis"" portfolio theme from 2012-2016. Four Helmholtz centres, six universities and another research institution in Germany joined to enable data-intensive science by optimising data life cycles in selected scientific communities. In our Data Life cycle Labs, data experts performed joint R&D together with scientific communities. The Data Services Integration Team focused on generic solutions applied by several communities.

New Horizons for a Data-Driven Economy: A Roadmap for Usage and Exploitation of Big Data in Europe

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319215686 9783319215693 Year: Pages: 303 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-21569-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Media and communication --- Business and Management --- Information theory --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-08 17:30:33
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In this book readers will find technological discussions on the existing and emerging technologies across the different stages of the big data value chain. They will learn about legal aspects of big data, the social impact, and about education needs and requirements. And they will discover the business perspective and how big data technology can be exploited to deliver value within different sectors of the economy.

Religion and the New Technologies

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ISBN: 9783038425304 9783038425311 Year: Pages: VI, 135 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-29 09:40:01
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In April 2000, Bill Joy, co-founder and chief scientist at Sun Microsystems published a controversial article entitled "Why the Future Does not Need Us." Joy called for a moratorium on research in three new technological fields—artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, and genetic engineering. He noted that, while we were poised to make rapid technological advances in each of these areas, our understanding of the ethical questions these technologies would inevitably raise was lagging far behind. The intervening years since Joy’s warning have indeed brought significant advances in each of these fields, advancements that have huge implications for how human life will unfold. Each holds great promise—for new medical cures, for new materials and machines, and for new insights into our world. However, each of these technologies also brings the possibility of great peril. For good or ill, these technologies will change the way we work, live, think, and love. Thus, it makes sense to approach them from a religious perspective. How do these new technologies change our understanding of ourselves, our place in the world, our relationships to one another, the way we face death, or our relationship to God?

Social Theory after the Internet

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ISBN: 9781787351226 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787351226 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100895
Subject: Sociology --- Media and communication --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-09 11:02:05
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The internet has fundamentally transformed society in the past 25 years, yet existing theories of mass or interpersonal communication do not work well in understanding a digital world. Nor has this understanding been helped by disciplinary specialization and a continual focus on the latest innovations. Ralph Schroeder takes a longer-term view, synthesizing perspectives and findings from various social science disciplines in four countries: the United States, Sweden, India and China. His comparison highlights, among other observations, that smartphones are in many respects more important than PC-based internet uses. Social Theory after the Internet focuses on everyday uses and effects of the internet, including information seeking and big data, and explains how the internet has gone beyond traditional media in, for example, enabling Donald Trump and Narendra Modi to come to power. Schroeder puts forward a sophisticated theory of the role of the internet, and how both technological and social forces shape its significance. He provides a sweeping and penetrating study, theoretically ambitious and at the same time always empirically grounded.The book will be of great interest to students and scholars of digital media and society, the internet and politics, and the social implications of big data.

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