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Reconciliation and Architectures of Commitment: Sequencing peace in Bougainville

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ISBN: 9781921666698 Year: Pages: 161 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459490 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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Following a bloody civil war, peace consolidated slowly and sequentially in Bougainville. That sequence was of both a top-down architecture of credible commitment in a formal peace process and layer upon layer of bottom-up reconciliation. Reconciliation was based on indigenous traditions of peacemaking. It also drew on Christian traditions of reconciliation, on training in restorative justice principles and on innovation in womens’ peacebuilding. Peacekeepers opened safe spaces for reconciliation, but it was locals who shaped and owned the peace. There is much to learn from this distinctively indigenous peace architecture. It is a far cry from the norms of a ‘liberal peace’ or a ‘realist peace’. The authors describe it as a hybrid ‘restorative peace’ in which ‘mothers of the land’ and then male combatants linked arms in creative ways. A danger to Bougainville’s peace is weakness of international commitment to honour the result of a forthcoming independence referendum that is one central plank of the peace deal.

Autonomía y reformas en la Universidad de Valencia (1900-1922)

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Book Series: Historia de las Universidades ISSN: 18860710 ISBN: 8481558214 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: 334 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-03 12:59:12
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Los años que transcurren entre 1900 y 1922 definen la parábola de la cuestión de la autonomía en la universidad española. Una primera realidad fue la creación en 1900 del ministerio de instrucción pública y la elaboración por su ministro García Alix de un decreto de autonomía universitaria. Sin embargo el camino de ésta no iba a ser fácil, su sucesor el conde de Romanones hizo malograr la reforma. A pesar de ello los partidarios del cambio no perdieron la esperanza y en las asambleas de catedráticos de 1902 y 1905 continuaron reclamando la tan ansiada autonomía. Finalmente fue Silió en 1919 quien consiguió incoar una efímera experiencia de autonomía. Daniel Comas cuenta todo esto desde la atalaya de la Universidad de Valencia, una institución que durante esos años se encontró en la vanguardia de la reforma. Para ello ha rastreado la prensa local, el archivo universitario, las publicaciones de la universidad… y de esa manera ha reproducido cómo se vivió la cuestión de la autonomía en esa ciudad. Fue un enfrentamiento entre distintas ideologías —conservadores y liberales, monárquicos y republicanos— que se desarrolló en los distintos cuerpos de la universidad —estudiantes y profesores— y que en ocasiones consiguió cruzar el umbral del recinto universitario para interesar a otros actores de la sociedad. En este entramado afloran la alternativa de Giner, las asambleas de catedráticos, los movimientos de estudiantes, etc.

Foundations of Trusted Autonomy

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Book Series: Studies in Systems, Decision and Control ISSN: 2198-4182 ISBN: 9783319648156 9783319648163 Year: Pages: 395 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64816-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Defence Science and Technology Group, Department of Defence, Australia
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-26 16:59:49
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This book establishes the foundations needed to realize the ultimate goals for artificial intelligence, such as autonomy and trustworthiness.Aimed at scientists, researchers, technologists, practitioners, and students, it brings together contributions offering the basics, the challenges and the state-of-the-art on trusted autonomous systems in a single volume.The book is structured in three parts, with chapters written by eminent researchers and outstanding practitioners and users in the field. The first part covers foundational artificial intelligence technologies, while the second part covers philosophical, practical and technological perspectives on trust. Lastly, the third part presents advanced topics necessary to create future trusted autonomous systems.The book augments theory with real-world applications including cybersecurity, defence and space.

Thinking in Action

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Book Series: Hellenic-Serbian Philosophical Dialogue Series ISSN: 2623-3568 / 2623-3576 ISBN: 9786188372900 9786188372917 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 138 DOI: https://doi.org/10.12681/aprlp.16 Language: English
Publisher: NKUA Applied Philosophy Research Lab Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-07 14:48:27
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Action can only be spontaneous and impulsive if not guided by contemplation; contemplation, on the other hand, may only be luxurious playfulness if not either purposed - or suitable - to motivate action. This volume seeks to prove what may seem self-evident to common sense, but adhering to common sense is never pointless nor excessive. Next to this, Thinking in Action is the offspring of friendship, respect and commitment between two academic communities, the Hellenic and the Serbian philosophical communities, that admittedly have a lot in common, especially with regard to philosophy, and hopefully as many differences as needed in order to secure a long-lasting and fertile exchange of ideas; it is also the natural-born child of necessity: philosophy is about argumentation, debate and confrontation. Thinking in Action inaugurates Hellenic-Serbian Philosophical Dialogue Series that entertains no hesitation in being as ambitious as any philosophical series could be: it seeks to establish a permanent, wide and rich channel of fruitful philosophical interaction between the two philosophical communities. Having high aspirations is one thing; meeting these aspirations as well as the expectations of the reader is a totally different one. We wish Thinking in Action, the first volume of the Hellenic-Serbian Philosophical Dialogue Series, apart from being the initial step of a long journey, will also be a fascinating one to the reader.

Shared Grasping: a Combination of Telepresence and Grasp Planning

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ISBN: 9783731504023 Year: Pages: X, 227 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000047718 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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''Shared Grasping'' describes a new approach to shared autonomy for grasping and manipulation tasks to be used in a telepresence system. It is realized with two assistance functionalities, which simplify the grasping, and a user interface, which merges haptic feedback and visual assistance. User studies confirm a reduction in operator workload and an increase in task performance while maintaining a high immersion of the operator into the remote environment when using the assistance functions.

Mindanao : Séparatisme, autonomie et vendetta

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ISBN: 9782355960062 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.884 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Aux yeux des Philippins, Mindanao est un continent noir, peuplé de musulmans qui incarnent la figure de l’autre pour ne pas dire du mal. Cette représentation n’a pas beaucoup changé depuis la colonisation. Les « événements » couverts par les médias depuis la guerre - appelons les choses par leur nom - sous Marcos ont renforcé la perception des musulmans comme des fauteurs de troubles. À bien des égards, le conflit autonomiste, séparatiste, ressemble à la guerre civile du Liban caricaturée par les journalistes occidentaux comme un combat manichéen entre les bons chrétiens et les méchants musulmans. Pour se départir de cette impression, François-Xavier Bonnet a reconsidéré les préjugés qui ont formé le prêt-à-penser des observateurs extérieurs. Son travail fait date car aucun chercheur avant lui n’avait effectué une coupe géologique du conflit en examinant la stratification des tensions, comme autant de couches sédimentaires empilées, altérées par les lignes de faille provoquées par la guerre. Il fallait un géographe de formation pour combiner les différentes échelles d’analyse, souvent enchevêtrées. Il fallait un géopolitologue de conviction pour ne pas accabler une communauté et mettre en lumière la complexité des dynamiques politiques à l’œuvre sur le territoire. La géographie/géo­politique française invite aussi à réfléchir sur l’histoire. Or, la narration du conflit a été négligée au profit d’une étude originale des causes en amont - qui n’existait ni aux États-Unis ni aux Philippines - et des conséquences (avec les règlements de paix) en aval. Il a fallu plusieurs années d’enquête de terrain pour jeter une lumière nouvelle sur cette question.

The University of California: Creating, Nurturing, and Maintaining Academic Quality in a Public University Setting

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ISBN: 9780999498002 0999498002 Year: Pages: 787 Language: English
Publisher: Center for Studies in Higher Education, University of California, Berkeley
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-26 20:59:54
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Sport und Sportgroßveranstaltungen in Europa - zwischen Zentralstaat und Regionen

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Book Series: Edition HWWI ISBN: 9783937816883 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HWWI.4.123 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:21

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The autonomy of sport which is constitutionally recognised is not consistently respected by EU law. There are complaints that the necessary cooperation of the federations in sport is not sufficiently taken into account. This is where the speakers of the 9th International Hamburg Symposium "Sport and Economics" come in when they address legal and economic questions about major sporting events and discuss proposals on the status of sport in the European context. It shows that sport is economically shaped, which has not yet found an adequate equivalent at European level. This is evident, for example, in sports betting and the gambling monopoly.The volume will further stimulate the debate created by the EU White Paper on Sport and the Bundestag resolution on sport in Europe.

Uma politics; An ethnography of democratization in West Sumba, Indonesia, 1986-2006

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183246 9789004253926 Year: Volume: 260 Pages: XVII, 277 p DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_393150 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Democracy cannot be implemented overnight. Democratization is an often unpredictable process. This book concentrates on that political transformation in one of Indonesia’s most ‘traditional’ islands, Sumba. Why does democratization create such great opportunities for local politicians with their private agenda’s? Why does regional autonomy, as part of the national democratization program, promote socio-economic inequality in West Sumba? This book is written out of an intimate knowledge of Sumba’s social groupings. Jacqueline Vel lived in Sumba as a development worker for six years in the 1980s and has made frequent return visits for further research since then. She studied every stage of ‘transition to democracy’ in the local context, thus creating this ethnography of democratization. The book analyses themes apparent in a series of chronological events that occurred over a period of twenty years (1986-2006). Uma Politics is the sequel of Vel’s dissertation The Uma Economy, and the title refers to the uniquely Sumbanese type of network politics. The author brings together tradition with the modern economy, government and politics into an evolving, dynamic concept of political culture. Jacqueline Vel is researcher at the Van Vollenhoven Institute of law, governance and development at Leiden University. Part of the research for this book was for the Modern Indonesia Project of KITLV in Leiden and sponsored by a research fellowship of the IIAS. She is currently involved in research on land law, access to justice, and socio-legal aspects of biofuel production in Indonesia.

Aging and Self-Realization

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Book Series: Aging Studies ISBN: 9783839444221 9783839444221 Year: Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101219
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:13
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Dominant cultural narratives about later life dismiss the value senior citizens hold for society. In her cultural-philosophical critique, Hanne Laceulle outlines counter narratives that acknowledge both potentials and vulnerabilities of later life. She draws on the rich philosophical tradition of thought about self-realization and explores the significance of ethical concepts essential to the process of growing old such as autonomy, authenticity and virtue. These counter narratives aim to support older individuals in their search for a meaningful age identity, while they make society recognize its senior members as valued participants and moral agents of their own lives.

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