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Lógica formal y argumentación como disciplinas complementarias

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Book Series: Biblioteca Humanidades ISBN: 9789503410530 Year: Volume: 35 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2015-08-04 15:16:38
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En el libro se analiza la problemática lógico-filosófica que se da entre los formalismos lógicos y el lenguaje natural, tratando de responder a la pregunta de si es posible formalizar la lógica natural o de sentido común. Se comienza presentando una caracterización de la lógica natural, su primer intento de formalización por J. Piaget y R. García, las limitaciones del mismo, el análisis de los obstáculos epistemológicos que se presentan en su enseñanza mostrando que estos concuerdan con ciertos resultados de la psicología experimental. En los capítulos siguientes se presentan los distintos sistemas formales creados con el objetivo de ampliar el campo de la lógica clásica para dar cuenta de dominios de lenguaje no incluidos en ella. El texto culmina con un capítulo de reflexión filosófica sobre el significado de las constantes lógicas y sobre la problemática de por qué y cómo enseñar lógica.

How best to 'go on'? Prospects for a 'Modern Synthesis in the sciences of mind

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199068 Year: Pages: 91 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-906-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Psychology straddles areas from the biological to the social and cultural. Within that vast range, there have been recent explosions of interest in neuropsychology, genetics and epigenetics, and the evolutionary bases of mindedness. Correspondingly, there have been conceptual innovations and new empirical evidence in relation to the embodied, social and discursive processes supporting mind and personhood. Simultaneously, awareness of developmental processes and their dynamic interweaving of genetic, physiological, neurological, social and cultural elements has also increased. Might such developments help ‘connect the dots’ between diverse aspects of mindedness and the contexts within which it arises? Whilst it seems clear that mind is co-constituted of both biological and socio-cultural processes, how might we bring these disparate realms of knowledge together? In a number of these areas, suggestive integrative possibilities have been explored (e.g., predictive processing, embodied and situated cognition, dynamic developmental systems theory) and insights such as a focus on action, ‘knowledge as skills’, embeddedness and connectivity have been pursued across a range of disciplines. This edited collection of articles bring together such possibilities – and others - in the same forum in order to provide an opportunity to re-visit a recurring discussion within theoretical psychology: The claimed lack of - and potential for - theoretical synthesis and unity. While the chapters range over a number of areas of research, this collection is focused on current prospects for conceptual synthesis within - or convergence of research between - aspects of mind and mindedness. As is clear from the contributions, it highlights integrative conceptual proposals that emphasize action-orientation, process, embeddedness and connectivity – especially between explanatory ‘levels’. Beyond specific proposals for integration, several of the contributions explicitly or implicitly expose broader questions about the purpose of psychological research, the epistemological and ontological commitments required, and the relevant social, political and economic contexts within which such research is performed. This is perhaps inevitable since any aim for synthesis of various understandings of mind will - or should - lead to consideration of the general implications, beyond the ‘science’, that follow from an integrated account of mind and mindedness. Whether or not the contributions in this volume provide insights into profitable paths towards greater theoretical synthesis in the sciences of mind or, alternatively, provide grist for the mill of renewed skepticism over the potential or even desirability of such synthesis is unpredictable. Whichever the outcome, we feel sure that they will help provoke future productive research in, and thinking about, the sciences of mind.

Rhétorique et cognition - Rhetoric and Cognition. Perspectives théoriques et stratégies persuasives- Theoretical Perspectives and Persuasive Strategies

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Book Series: Sciences pour la Communication ISBN: 9783034315470 Year: Pages: 354 DOI: 10.3726/978-3-0352-0271-7 Language: French
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170385
Subject: Psychology --- Philosophy --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-03 11:01:14
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This volume gathers contributions from two disciplines which have much to gain from one another – rhetoric and cognitive science – as they both have much to say in the broad realm of argumentation studies. This collection neither condemns the fallacious effects of specific argument schemes nor adds yet another layer to fallacy criticism, but studies how argumentation and fallacies work, hic et nunc. What are the linguistic and cognitive mechanisms behind the «performance » of fallacious arguments? How do rhetorical strategies work at the interface of cognition, language science and society?

Fachspezifische und fachübergreifende Argumentation am Beispiel von Schöpfung und Evolution

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ISBN: 9783847105060 Year: Pages: 561 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: V&R unipress Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 330
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 11:01:48
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The study is in the German-speaking area the first and only one, which empirically evaluates the argumentation skills of students (n=48) at the high school level. It furthermore draws consequences for the research in youth theology. As the technical didactical background served creation as a narration about a good beginning, and evolution as a description of the origin and development of different species. This made it possible to explore the communication form „arguing“ in this fundamental research of the pedagogy of religion not only subject-specific but across different subjects. The results show that the researched students argue and thereby use different patterns subject-specific but also across different subjects. However, it remains unclear, whether they use these patterns consciously.

Essays on Values and Practical Rationality

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Book Series: Lisbon Philosophical Studies – Uses of Languages in Interdisciplinary Fields ISBN: 9783034331531 9783034331548 9783034330589 Year: Pages: 392 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:13
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The essays presented here are the outcome of research carried out by members of IFILNOVA (Institute for Philosophy of New University of Lisbon) in 2016.

The IFILNOVA Permanent Seminar seeks to show how values are relevant to humans (both socially and individually). This seminar is the ‘place’ where different research will converge towards a unified viewpoint. This includes the discussion of the following questions: What is the philosophical contribution to current affairs and decisions that depend crucially on values? Can philosophy make a difference, namely by bringing practical reason to bear on these affairs and decision? And how to do it? Which are our scientific ‘allies’ in this enterprise; psychology, communication sciences, even sociology and history?

This volume shows the connection between practical rationality and values and covers the dimensions ethics, aesthetics and politics.

Techlash

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Book Series: Management, Change, Strategy and Positive Leadership ISBN: 9783030432799 Year: Pages: 55 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-43279-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:27:47
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Technology has made human lives incomparably better. Civilization as we know it would utterly collapse without it. However, if not properly managed, technology can and will be systematically abused and misuse and thereby become one of the biggest threats to humankind. This open access book applies proactive crisis management to the management of technology organizations to make them more sustainable and socially responsible for the betterment of humankind. It forecasts the unintended consequences of technology and offers methods to counteract it.

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