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Open Access and the Library

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ISBN: 9783038977407 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-741-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Libraries are places of learning and knowledge creation. Over the last two decades, digital technology—and the changes that came with it—have accelerated this transformation to a point where evolution starts to become a revolution.The wider Open Science movement, and Open Access in particular, is one of these changes and is already having a profound impact. Under the subscription model, the role of libraries was to buy or license content on behalf of their users and then act as gatekeepers to regulate access on behalf of rights holders. In a world where all research is open, the role of the library is shifting from licensing and disseminating to facilitating and supporting the publishing process itself.This requires a fundamental shift in terms of structures, tasks, and skills. It also changes the idea of a library’s collection. Under the subscription model, contemporary collections largely equal content bought from publishers. Under an open model, the collection is more likely to be the content created by the users of the library (researchers, staff, students, etc.), content that is now curated by the library.Instead of selecting external content, libraries have to understand the content created by their own users and help them to make it publicly available—be it through a local repository, payment of article processing charges, or through advice and guidance. Arguably, this is an overly simplified model that leaves aside special collections and other areas. Even so, it highlights the changes that research libraries are undergoing, changes that are likely to accelerate as a result of initiatives such as Plan S.This Special Issue investigates some of the changes in today’s library services that relate to open access.

Interessekonflikter i forskning

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ISBN: 9788202588175 Year: Pages: 259 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.63 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Philosophy --- Social Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 11:21:04
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"This anthology examines various ethical issues related to conflicts of interest in research and raises fundamental questions about the role of research in society. In recent years, researchers and others have expressed concern on several occasions about how research has been conducted or used for political or economic gain, where outcomes of research have been called into question and accusations of rigging or poor quality have been leveled. “Conflict of interest” is a term from research ethics that can help clarify what is at the core of many of these cases.&#xD;&#xD;Questions posed and explored in this anthology include: What exactly is a conflict of interest within the context of research? Is the ideal of pure, unbiased objectivity even realistic? To what degree can transparency remediate challenges associated with conflicts of interest?&#xD;&#xD;The objective with this collection of chapters is to encourage reflection and discourse about the ethical principles and norms that insure quality and integrity in research. The anthology will be of interest to researchers in particular, and all others concerned with ethics in research."&#xD;

The deliverance of open access books

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ISBN: 9789085551201 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_1004809 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:03
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In many scholarly disciplines, books - not articles - are the norm. As print runs become smaller, the question arises whether publishing monographs in open access helps to make their contents globally accessible. To answer this question, the results of multiple studies on the usage of open access books are presented. The research focuses on three areas: economic viability; optimization of open access monographs infrastructure and measuring the effects of open access in terms of scholarly impact and societal influence. Each chapter reviews a different aspect: book sales, digital dissemination, open licenses, user communities, measuring usage, developing countries and the effects on citations and social media.

Chapter 26 The Role of Pseudo-Commons in Post-Socialist Countries (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138060906 9781315162782 Year: Pages: 17 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:03
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If Hardin’s (1968) widely cited case of a pasture accessible to everyone were the standard for public natural resources, those resources would have the tendency to be depleted, degraded, destroyed or overexploited. Hardin explains that each herdsman found it more profitable to graze more animals than the pasture could support, since each took all the profit from an extra animal but bore only a fraction of the cost of overgrazing. Yet, what Hardin calls a “Tragedy of the Commons” is rather a “Tragedy of Open Access” (Feeny et al., 1990), since Hardin confuses the characteristics of a resource, such as low excludability and high rivalry in consumption, with its property rights regime which can take diverse forms. Hardin describes an open access system, meaning no rules and no property rights regime in place, that leads to overuse and degradation, instead of a resource that is held in common. Later, Hardin (1994) refers to the same case as an “unmanaged commons”. With his pasture example, he aimed to contradict the laissez-faire attitude shared by economists in the late 1800s, which was that if each man pursued his own interest then the interests of all would be best served in the long run.&#xD;To motivate this chapter, I will recall four possible methods of natural resource management that can resolve this tragedy. I will also highlight the fourth, often overlooked approach, i.e. the public manager option. In fact, there is a continuum between the two polar ends of the spectrum, from governance enacted by a single central authority to a fully decentralized system of individual decision making. Between these two extremes lies a range of governance regimes that might involve higher levels of government along with local systems (Theesfeld, 2008a; Frey et al., 2016).

Urban Food Sharing

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ISBN: 9781447349860 9781447349822 9781447349846 9781447349853 Year: Pages: 124 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 646883
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:02
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. This book explores the history and current practice of food sharing. Illustrated by rich case studies from around the world, the book uses new empirical data to set an agenda for research and action. The book will be an important resource for researchers, policy makers and sharing innovators to explore the impacts and sustainability potential of such sharing for cities.&#xD;

Lande

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781529206197 9781529207873 9781529206180 9781529206210 9781529206227 Year: Pages: 154 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-24 11:21:03
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. How can Archaeology help us understand our contemporary world? This ground-breaking book reflects on material, visual and digital culture from the Calais “Jungle” – the informal camp where, before its destruction in October 2016, more than 10,000 displaced people lived. LANDE: The Calais 'Jungle' and Beyond reassesses how we understand ‘crisis’, activism, and the infrastructure of national borders in Refugee and Forced Migration Studies, foregrounding the politics of environments, time, and the ongoing legacies of empire. Introducing a major collaborative exhibit at Oxford’s Pitt Rivers Museum, the book argues that an anthropological focus on duration, impermanence and traces of the most recent past can recentre the ongoing human experiences of displacement in Europe today.&#xD;

Fremde Galaxien und abstrakte Welten

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Book Series: Science Studies ISBN: 9783839443576 9783837643572 Year: Pages: 488 DOI: 10.14361/9783839443576 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-01 11:21:02
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How does open access change science as social practice? By answering that question, this innovative book provides sociology of science with a new subject: information infrastructure research.&#xD;

Fritid, frihet og fellesskap

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ISBN: 9788202616564 Year: Pages: 189 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.65 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-01 11:21:03
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This book is about possibilities for, challenges for and knowledge about local cultural work among young people. It describes cultural work at a municipal level but shows also how this work is aiming to reach goals that it has in common with national cultural policy: quality, participation, inclusion, diversity and democracy. Using the municipality and town of Drammen as a vantage point, the book investigates how different parameters effect local cultural work, and how cultural policy at a municipal level is, by necessity, pragmatic, practical and sometimes prosaic. This topic is dealt with through a combination of qualitative and quantitative analysis. The empirical data presented and discussed in the book is a combination of qualitative case studies and quantitative survey data. The survey data shows variations and patterns in the cultural consumption of an age cohort in the municipality, and the case studies show different ways of effectuating and organizing cultural work at this level. Finally, the book discusses the complex interplay between means and ends when a municipality is working to make culture matter for young people.&#xD;

Iberian world empires and the globalization of europe 1415–1668

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Comparative Global History ISBN: 9789811308338 9789811308321 Year: Pages: 531 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-0833-8 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 679371
Subject: Economics --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-08 11:21:10
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This open access book analyses Iberian expansion by using knowledge accumulated in recent years to test some of the most important theories regarding Europe’s economic development. Adopting a comparative perspective, it considers the impact of early globalization on Iberian and Western European institutions, social development and political economies. In spite of globalization’s minor importance from the commercial perspective before 1750, this book finds its impact decisive for institutional development, political economies, and processes of state-building in Iberia and Europe. The book engages current historiographies and revindicates the need to take the concept of composite monarchies as a point of departure in order to understand the period’s economic and social developments, analysing the institutions and societies resulting from contact with Iberian peoples in America and Asia. The outcome is a study that nuances and contests an excessively-negative yet prevalent image of the Iberian societies, explores the difficult relationship between empires and globalization and opens paths for comparisons to other imperial formations.

Keywords

Imperialism --- colonialism --- Iberia --- Europe

Health in Hard Times

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ISBN: 9781447344865 Year: Pages: 288 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-21 11:21:02
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence and edited by a leading expert, this is an important book for anyone seeking to understand one of today’s most significant determinants of health. How has austerity impacted on health and wellbeing in the UK? Health in Hard Times explores its repercussions for social inequalities in health. The result of five years of research, the book draws on a case study of Stockton-on-Tees in the north-east of England, home to some of the starkest health divides. By placing individual and local experiences in the context of national budget cuts and welfare reforms, it provides a holistic perspective on countrywide inequalities. &#xD;

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