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Japan’s Failed Revolution: Koizumi and the Politics of Economic Reform

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ISBN: 9781925021042 Year: Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
License: ANU Press

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Japan’s Failed Revolution: Koizumi and the Politics of Economic Reform asks why, despite all the high expectations, the Japanese public’s desire for economic reform, and leadership of a majority coalition in a parliamentary democracy, the reformer Prime Minister Koizumi has not achieved the economic reforms expected of him since he surprisingly attained power over a year ago. To unravel this ‘puzzle’, Aurelia George Mulgan eschews the simplicities of both cultural and rational choice explanations and systematically tests the propositions in the comparative literature on ‘failed reform’. The result is one of the best books ever written about contemporary Japanese politics. It explains how, despite British-style parliamentary institutions, Japan’s very ‘un-Westminster’ traditional policymaking process involving the ruling party and the bureaucracy’s structure and linkage has stymied and will probably continue to stymie even a sincere and active Prime Minister’s best reform intentions. This book should be read by all political scientists, journalists, economists, and students interested in contemporary Japan.Ellis S. KraussGraduate School of International Relations and Pacific StudiesUniversity of California, San Diego.The author takes a scalpel to dissect Japan’s dysfunctional political system. She shows with wonderful clarity and depth of knowledge why the Koizumi reforms are not succeeding, and why revolutionary political change is needed as a precondition for economic recovery. The book should be required reading for anyone involved with contemporary Japan.J.A.A. StockwinUniversity of Oxford.

Keywords

Political studies --- Japan

The Tools of Owatatsumi: Japan's Ocean Surveillance and Coastal Defence Capabilities

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ISBN: 9781925022261 Year: Pages: 134 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Agriculture (General)
License: ANU Press

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Japan is quintessentially by geography a maritime country. Maritime surveillance capabilities – underwater, shore-based and airborne – are critical to its national defence posture. This book describes and assesses these capabilities, with particular respect to the underwater segment, about which there is little strategic analysis in publicly available literature.

Keywords

Japan --- maritime --- surveillance --- Asia

The science of population and birth control in post-war Japan (Book chapter)

Book title: Science, Technology, and Medicine in the Modern Japanese Empire

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ISBN: 9781138905337 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Wellcome Trust - 085926
Subject: Public Health
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This essay examines the entanglement between population science andpopulation governance immediately after World War II. It analyzes debates onpopulation and birth control research that contributed to the state-endorsedbirth control campaign. Drawing on the existing works on the campaign as wellas coproduction theory proposed in science and technology studies (STS), thisessay depicts how the Japanese state’s post-war birth control policy wascoproduced with a particular kind of population science that insisted onthe necessity of birth control for Japan’s post-war reconstruction.

Keywords

Birth control --- Japan

Japan's Future in East Asia and the Pacific

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781921313622 Year: Pages: 275 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics
License: ANU Press

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Japan’s Future in East Asia and the Pacific takes a ’big-picture‘ approach to Japan’s economic place in East Asia alongside that of China. It analyses Japan’s successes and experiments in trade policy as well as its failures in macro-economic policy. Japan’s diplomatic and economic integration strategies are also examined for their impact on East Asia and on Australia. The collection assesses China’s growth and dynamism and questions the nature of the competition for economic influence between Japan and China.Contributors to Japan’s Future in East Asia and the Pacific are all graduates of The Australian National University who are making their mark in the region as scholars and economists on East Asian and Pacific affairs.

Bridging Australia and Japan: Volume 1. The writings of David Sissons, historian and political scientist

ISBN: 9781760460860 Year: Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Political Science --- Medicine (General) --- Languages and Literatures
License: ANU Press

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This book represents volume one of the writings of David Sissons, who for most of his career pioneered research on the history of relations between Australia and Japan. Much of what he wrote remained unpublished at the time of his death in 2006, and so the editors have included a selection of his hitherto unpublished work along with some of his published writings. Breaking Japanese Diplomatic Codes, edited by Desmond Ball and Keiko Tamura, was published in 2013 and forms a part of the series that reproduces many of Sissons’ writings. In the current volume, the topics covered are wide. They range from contacts between the two countries as far back as the early 19th century, Japanese pearl divers in northern Australia, Japanese prostitutes in Australia, the wool trade, the notorious ‘trade diversion episode’ of 1936, and a study of the Japan historian James Murdoch. Sissons was an extraordinarily meticulous researcher, leaving no stone unturned in his search for accuracy and completeness of understanding, and should be considered one of Australia’s major historians. His writings deal with not only diplomatic negotiations and decision-making, but also the lives of ordinary and often nameless people and their engagements with their host society. His warm humanity in recording ordinary people’s lives as well as his balanced examination of historical incidents and issues from both Australian and Japanese perspectives are a hallmark of his scholarship.

Science, Technology, and Medicine in the Modern Japanese Empire

ISBN: 9781138905337 Year:
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Medicine (General)
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Medicine; Japan

Keywords

Medicine --- Japan

Imperial Genus: The Formation and Limits of the Human in Modern Korea and Japan

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Book Series: Asia Pacific Modern ISBN: 9780520289598 9780520964198 Year: Pages: 322 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- Philosophy --- History
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"Imperial Genus begins with the turn to world culture and ideas of the generally human in Japan’s cultural policy in Korea in 1919. How were concepts of the human’s genus‑being operative in the discourses of the Japanese empire? How did they inform the imagination and representation of modernity in colonial Korea? Travis Workman delves into these questions through texts in philosophy, literature, and social science.Imperial Genus focuses on how notions of human generality mediated uncertainty between the transcendental and the empirical, the universal and the particular, and empire and colony. It shows how cosmopolitan cultural principles, the proletarian arts, and Pan‑Asian imperial nationalism converged with practices of colonial governmentality. It is a genealogy of the various articulations of the human’s genus‑being within modern humanist thinking in East Asia, as well as an exploration of the limits of the human as both concept and historical figure."

Beyond the Limits to Growth

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Book Series: Science for Sustainable Societies ISSN: 21977356 ISBN: 9784431545583 9784431545590 Year: Pages: 103 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Pharmacy and materia medica --- Chemical Engineering --- Biotechnology --- Business and Management --- Law --- Manufactures --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Environmental Sciences
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At a time when contemporary challenges seem to many to be insurmountable, this book offers an optimistic view of the future and provides a road map for societies to get there. Drawing upon extensive research and many years as a thought leader in environmental and sustainability issues in Japan and internationally, Hiroshi Komiyama analyzes the most pressing challenges to the attainment of sustainability of economically advanced nations and argues forcefully for Japan to lead them out of the present dilemma through active promotion of creative consumer and societal demand. He shows how an active industry–government–academic partnership can provide the environment needed to promote such new creative demand and illustrates its potential through presentation of a Platinum Society Network that was launched on a regional basis in Japan in 2010 to facilitate the solution of common issues through the exchange of information and ideas. What is perhaps most surprising about the text is its unwavering optimism supported by hard evidence, history, and insightful observation. Problems arising from new paradigms of the 21st century (what the author refers to as “exploding knowledge, limited Earth resources, and aging societies“) thwart sustainable development in advanced and developing countries alike. All countries will struggle with issues that evolve from these paradigms including diminishing resources, expanding budget deficits, and growing global environmental problems. This window on potential practical pathways and solutions should be of interest to all those engaged in seeking ways to meet these contemporary challenges.

Neural Circuits: Japan

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889194377 Year: Pages: 220 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
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This Frontiers Research Topic on ‘Neural Circuits: Japan’ explores the diversity of neural circuit research occurring across Japan by innovative researchers using cutting-edge approaches. This issue has brought together papers revealing the development, structure, and physiology of neuronal circuits involved in sensory perception, sleep and wakefulness, behavioral selection, and motor command generation in a range of species from the nematode to the primate. Like the USA and Europe, Japan is now making a strong effort to elucidate neural circuit function in diverse organisms by taking advantages of optogenetics and innovative approaches for gene manipulation, traditional physiological and anatomical approaches, and neural pathway-selective inactivation techniques that have recently been developed in Japan.

Power and Pork : A Japanese Political Life

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ISBN: 9781920942335 Year: Pages: 273 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
License: ANU Press

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Politics and government; Economic policy; Japan

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