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Cities, Autonomy, and Decentralization in Japan

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Book Series: Routledge Contemporary Japan Series ISBN: 9780203358498 9780415326032 9780415546966 9781134341504 9781134341498 9781134341450 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203358498 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences --- History --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:29
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Adding a new perspective to the current literature on decentralization in Japan, Cities, Autonomy and Decentralization in Japan, approaches the subject from an urban studies and planning approach. The essays in the collection present a cogent compilation of case studies focusing on the past, present and future of decentralization in Japan. These include small scale development in the fields such as citizen participation (machizukuri), urban form and architecture, disaster prevention and conservation of monuments. The contributors suggest that new trends are emerging after the bursting of Japan's economic bubble and assess them in the context of the country's larger socio-political system. This in-depth analysis of the development outside of Japan provides a valuable addition to students of Urban, Asian and Japanese Studies.

Small Firms and Innovation Policy in Japan

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Book Series: Routledge Contemporary Japan Series ISBN: 9780203027899 9780415368124 9780415651721 9781134207527 9781134207510 9781134207473 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203027899 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Sociology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:12
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This new book discusses the extent to which the Japanese economy encourages entrepreneurship and innovation. Although Japan has a strong reputation as an innovator, some people argue that this reputation is misplaced. Contrary to earlier expectations, the USA rather than Japan emerged as the leader in the biotech industries in the 1990s, and also many small firms in Japan supply only a few – or just one – other company, thereby limiting their view of the marketplace and the commercial opportunities within it. Despite the increase of international patents, international scientific citations and a positive technology trade balance, the Japanese innovation system is weak in giving birth to radical innovations. The book explores fully these issues, making comparisons with other countries where appropriate. It concludes that the Japanese innovation system has both advantages and disadvantages and contributes to a better understanding of how policy changes take place.

Institutional and Technological Change in Japan's Economy

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Contemporary Japan Series ISBN: 9780203028018 9780415368223 9780415648585 9781134206827 9781134206810 9781134206773 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203028018 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Economics --- Sociology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:21
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Institutional and technological change is a highly topical subject. At the theoretical level, there is much debate in the field of institutional economics about the role of technological change in endogenous growth theory. At a practical policy level, arguments rage about how Japan and the Japanese economy should plan for the future. In this book, leading economists and economic historians of Japan examine a range of key issues concerning institutional and technological change in Japan, rigorously using discipline-based tools of analysis, and drawing important conclusions as to how the process of change in these areas actually works. In applying these ideas to Japan, the writers in this volume are focusing on an issue which is currently being much debated in the country itself, and are helping our understanding of the world’s second-largest economy.

Consuming Life in Post-Bubble Japan

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789462980631 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462980631 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-21 11:01:44
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The bursting of the economic bubble in the 1990s shook the very foundation of the post-war economic 'miracle' and marked the beginning of a gradual shift in the environmental consciousness of the Japanese. Yet, it by no means removed consumption from the pivotal position it occupied within Japanese society. Consuming Life in Post-Bubble Japan argues that consumption in Japan today is no longer simply a component of everyday economic activities, but rather a reflection of a society guided by the 'logic of late capitalism'. The volume pins down the contradictory nature of the setting in which consuming occurs in Japan today: the veneration of material comfort and convenience on the one hand, and the new rhetoric of recycling and energy conservation on the other. Theoretical insights developed as part of an art-historical enquiry, such as notions of socially engaged art and its critique, offer a new paradigm for investigating this dilemma. By combining case studies analysing the production and consumption of contemporary art with ethnographic material related to ordinary commodities and shopping, this volume provides a novel, transdisciplinary approach to exploring how a 'society of consumers' operates in post-bubble Japan and how contemporary life is a 'consuming project'.

Keywords

consumption --- recycling --- art --- commodification --- japan

Japan’s Failed Revolution: Koizumi and the Politics of Economic Reform

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ISBN: 9781925021042 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459944 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:37
License: ANU Press

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Japan’s Failed Revolution: Koizumi and the Politics of Economic Reform asks why, despite all the high expectations, the Japanese public’s desire for economic reform, and leadership of a majority coalition in a parliamentary democracy, the reformer Prime Minister Koizumi has not achieved the economic reforms expected of him since he surprisingly attained power over a year ago. To unravel this ‘puzzle’, Aurelia George Mulgan eschews the simplicities of both cultural and rational choice explanations and systematically tests the propositions in the comparative literature on ‘failed reform’. The result is one of the best books ever written about contemporary Japanese politics. It explains how, despite British-style parliamentary institutions, Japan’s very ‘un-Westminster’ traditional policymaking process involving the ruling party and the bureaucracy’s structure and linkage has stymied and will probably continue to stymie even a sincere and active Prime Minister’s best reform intentions. This book should be read by all political scientists, journalists, economists, and students interested in contemporary Japan. Ellis S. Krauss&#xD;&#xD;Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies&#xD;&#xD;University of California, San Diego.&#xD;&#xD;The author takes a scalpel to dissect Japan’s dysfunctional political system. She shows with wonderful clarity and depth of knowledge why the Koizumi reforms are not succeeding, and why revolutionary political change is needed as a precondition for economic recovery. The book should be required reading for anyone involved with contemporary Japan.&#xD;&#xD;J.A.A. Stockwin&#xD;&#xD;University of Oxford.

Keywords

political studies --- japan

The Tools of Owatatsumi: Japan's Ocean Surveillance and Coastal Defence Capabilities

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781925022261 Year: Pages: 134 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_515942 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-02-01 11:01:19
License: ANU Press

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Japan is quintessentially by geography a maritime country. Maritime surveillance capabilities – underwater, shore-based and airborne – are critical to its national defence posture. This book describes and assesses these capabilities, with particular respect to the underwater segment, about which there is little strategic analysis in publicly available literature.

Keywords

surveillance --- asia --- maritime --- japan

The science of population and birth control in post-war Japan (Book chapter)

Book title: Science, Technology, and Medicine in the Modern Japanese Empire

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ISBN: 9781138905337 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust - 085926
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:00
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This essay examines the entanglement between population science and population governance immediately after World War II. It analyzes debates on&#xD;population and birth control research that contributed to the state-endorsed&#xD;birth control campaign. Drawing on the existing works on the campaign as well&#xD;as coproduction theory proposed in science and technology studies (STS), this&#xD;essay depicts how the Japanese state’s post-war birth control policy was&#xD;coproduced with a particular kind of population science that insisted on&#xD;the necessity of birth control for Japan’s post-war reconstruction.

Keywords

birth control --- japan

Auf der Jagd nach der Sonne

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Book Series: Studien zur Politischen Soziologie ISBN: 9783845296975 Year: Volume: 36 Pages: 629 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845296975 Language: de
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-26 14:01:47
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This book analyses the portrayal of nuclear power in Japanese journalism and the factors that influence it. Combining a field theoretical approach to journalism with frame analysis on different levels of the communication process, the author argues that the nuclear industry in Japan used its financial power to form a ‘pro-nuclear civil society’ and that this frame sponsorship is the reason for the relatively positive portrayal of nuclear power in Japan until 2011. After ‘Fukushima’, journalistic autonomy in this domain increased and journalism became a driving force of change in nuclear policy. At the same time, the field of journalism became polarised because its more heteronomous parts remained integrated into the ‘pro-nuclear civil society’. This book offers a new perspective on the Japanese media and journalism in Japan, emphasising heterogeneity and change in contrast to previous research, which focused on press clubs as institutions of pervasive media control.

Japan's Future in East Asia and the Pacific

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781921313622 Year: Pages: 275 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459302 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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Japan’s Future in East Asia and the Pacific takes a ’big-picture‘ approach to Japan’s economic place in East Asia alongside that of China. It analyses Japan’s successes and experiments in trade policy as well as its failures in macro-economic policy. Japan’s diplomatic and economic integration strategies are also examined for their impact on East Asia and on Australia. The collection assesses China’s growth and dynamism and questions the nature of the competition for economic influence between Japan and China. Contributors to Japan’s Future in East Asia and the Pacific are all graduates of The Australian National University who are making their mark in the region as scholars and economists on East Asian and Pacific affairs.

Das Verhaeltnis von Arbeitsrecht und Zivilrecht in Japan und Deutschland

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Bonner Schriften zum deutschen und europaeischen Recht der Arbeit und der Sozialen Sicherheit ISBN: 9783631641088 Year: Pages: 162 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:57
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Das Verhältnis von Arbeitsrecht und Zivilrecht in Japan und Deutschland war Thema des siebten gemeinsamen Symposiums der Japanisch-Deutschen Gesellschaft für Arbeitsrecht und ihrer deutschen Schwestergesellschaft, der Deutsch-Japanischen Gesellschaft für Arbeitsrecht am 3. und 4. September 2012 an der Universität Meiji, Tokyo. Den Ausgangspunkt des Austauschs bildeten die in diesem Band versammelten Referate. Die Vorträge der japanischen Referenten geben nicht nur Auskunft über neue Entwicklungen in Japan, sie informieren zudem über Grundzüge des japanischen Zivil- und Arbeitsrechts. Der Rechtsvergleich zwischen Japan und Deutschland gibt wertvolle Erkenntnisse für die Fortentwicklung des Arbeitsrechts. Die gesellschaftlichen Herausforderungen, vor denen Japan und Deutschland stehen, sind in vielem ähnlich.

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