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Balkán a migrace: Na křižovatce antropologických perspektiv

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ISBN: 9788090509818 Year: Pages: 149 Language: Czech
Publisher: AntropoWeb
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-04-28 23:22:59
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The collective monograph Balkans and migration includes five chapters written by anthropologically oriented researchers (L. Budilová, G. Fatková, L. Hanus, M. Jakoubek, M. Pavlásek) practicing a long-term research in the Balkan territory. In addition to general parameters of anthropological optics and an anthropological field research in the Balkans those particular studies are connected by study transversal theme of migration. While, however, the Balkans and anthropology in the publication are invariant framework guaranteeing the unity of the whole volume, the migration represent in this respect the constant variable. The given phenomenon is studied in case of various groups (Bulgarian and Romanian Czechs, Karakachans), and we can observe some aspects of its heterogeneous nature (post-war migration within the re-emigrant interstate agreements, seasonal labor migration, migration of farmers for the land, leaving the homeland because of religious disputes, etc.). The ambition of the monograph is to justify the relevance to attend to the fieldwork based research in the Balkans, and show why the new generation of anthropologists and other social scientists, practitioners, should pay their professional attention to the Balkan peninsula. Although Western anthropologists have been already focused on the Balkans for few decades, in Czech environment was this theme ignored by anthropologists and ethnographers. They yielded this interest to the political scientists, historians, travelers, and television reporters. This monograph is going to rectify this situation by a series of analyses applying different perspectives of the research. Those analyses are based on the interpretation of ethnographic data collected during the long-term field research. The Balkan peninsula and this terrain inhabiting populations are presented as a stimulating field for Czech anthropological researchers. An attractive topic reflected in those five chapters is the Czech expatriate presence in the Balkans. Until the present time there live several enclaves of Czech compatriots, who actively claim their Czech origin. Those enclaves adapt dynamically to the global political and economic changes. Not only the authors of this monograph have noticed that the science paradigm in the second half of the twentieth century, which is based on a priori national categorization, is not able to capture new social and cultural formations of minority groups living outside their „homeland“. An attempt to overcome the nationalistic classification of Czech (e) migration could be applied and grounded in many identification strategies taking place in the distant past. It seems that the time has come to revise the still dominant scientific approaches to expatriate minorities and expand their attention to the dimensions of collective life reflecting the changes in the last twenty years. The transformation of strategies of Czech expatriate minorities in topologically, economically and politically open Europe (hence the global environment) is a useful platform, where certain phenomena can be observed. Those phenomena produce inspiring issues of sustainability and transformation of collective identities in the contemporary world. Certain marginality of the region including more difficulties in accessibility of resources force the marginal populations to adapt to difficult conditions. These minorities are a good example for monitoring the development of organic solidarity patterns (in Durkheim sense) into more complex social structures, often „aside“ all scientific concepts of collective identification.

Chapter 8 Intergenerational support for autonomous living in a post-socialist housing market (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780367262822 Year: Pages: 19 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-21 11:21:03
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This paper explores housing trajectories of young adults and practices of intergenerational support in Romania drawing on narratives of a group of people aged 25–39 living (quasi-) autonomously in Bucharest, and those of kin that support them. It describes three housing arrangements in which family (parental) resources and property play an important role, and argues that in this context of high interdependence, unequal relationships develop between parents and adult children marked by professed entitlement on the part of children and controlling generosity on the part of parents. It shows how interdependent practices of homemaking and material support combine to shape housing trajectories and defi ne the boundaries of ownership over homes that are shared, gifted or given in use within kin networks, sheltering young adults from the vagaries of the market.

The Leap of Faith

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ISBN: 9780198796817 Year: Pages: 332 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 295675
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-08 11:01:03
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This is the first book to compare the history of tax compliance in several countries (Sweden, Britain, Italy, Romania, and the United States)The book clearly elaborates the policy lessons from the five cases explored for countries who are currently trying to build successful and effective tax policiesMakes the direct connection between historical cases and current policy issues in developed and developing countriesWhy are citizens in some countries more willing to pay taxes than in other countries? This book examines the history of the relationship between citizens and their states in five countries, (Sweden, Britain, Italy, Romania, and the United States), and demonstrates how and why people in in some countries have come to trust the government with their money while in other countries they do not. The book explores the evolution of this relationship in detail, in each case showing how some governments developed the fiscal and technical capacity to tax their citizens fairly and deliver public services efficiently. In short, how and why some countries became more trustworthy than others. The volume concludes by examining the implications of these five cases for developing countries today and the lessons that can be learned.

Chapter 2 Independent Living in Central and Eastern Europe? (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138352803 9780429434549 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-19 11:21:02
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This chapter discusses efforts to realize the right of disabled people to independent living and community inclusion in the post-socialist Central and Eastern European (CEE) region.

Inward Being and Outward Identity: The Orthodox Churches in the 21st Century

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ISBN: 9783038426974 9783038426981 Year: Pages: VI, 212 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-22 09:26:02
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The articles in this collection go well beyond introductions to look deeply at key dimensions of faith, theology, philosophy, liturgy, scripture, spiritual life and thinking on ecology and sexuality that together give a highly textured picture of the Orthodox Churches in the 21st century. The collapse of the Soviet Union has seen the Orthodox Church in Eastern Europe emerge from persecution to rebuild the infrastructure of churches, monasteries and social services and become a powerful cultural force. In contrast, Orthodox Christians in the Middle East and elsewhere are often caught in war, sectarian violence, duress and persecution. Meanwhile, in Western Europe, the Americas, Australia, parts of sub-Saharan Africa and other regions outside its traditional homelands Orthodox Christianity is taking hold as a distinct minority religion and attracting a steady stream of converts. But the faith is also struggling for its identity in cultural environments sometimes hostile to traditional Christianity. How are these churches engaged with secular society, other religions and other Christian churches? How well are Orthodox Churches listening and responding to the changing cultures they are living in? These are some of the fundamental questions being addressed here both theoretically and in case studies.

Forest Insects and Pathogens in a Changing Environment: Ecology, Monitoring & Genetics (IUFRO Joint Meeting of WP7.03.05 & 7.03.10)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039215119 9783039215126 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-512-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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After the successful conclusion of the Joint Meeting of IUFRO’s 7.03.05 & 7.03.10 working parties and given the exciting and novel studies that have been presented in the framework of this meeting, we decided to present some of these studies in the current Special Issue of Forests. To make this issue more appealing and interesting to everyone in the field of Forest Protection, studies that cover a wide range of topics were selected, ranging from ecology and phylogeography to forest management and protection. More importantly, as these studies refer to pests and pathogens from different parts of the world, it is expected that the knowledge gained can be further used in the protection of natural environment worldwide.

Sustainable Cultural Management

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039215980 9783039215997 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-599-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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The connections between culture and sustainability have been in the public agenda since the 20th century. However, whilst global sustainability programmes at international institutional levels are yet to recognise the role of culture in their sustainability policies, the bid (albeit failed) in the early 2000s to formally add “culture” to the trilogy of sustainability pillars (economic, social, and environmental) mobilised a new discourse for the reframing of cultural policy narrative, which in turn urged a reassessment of methods of cultural management reflecting the same concerns among the sector’s grassroots. The idea of sustainability and culture working together and their envisioned role in future-proofing society and human development captured the imagination of cultural commentators, policy makers and practitioners alike, keen to fulfil these principles “out there”—in cultural organizations and events mega and small, in cities and regions, local and global. The papers in this Special Issue reflect this appeal. This publication covers a wide selection of issues related to sustainable cultural management, which means that it can be recommended to a varied audience. First of all, it can be recommended to managers experienced in cultural management, where success is measured more by the degree of mission accomplishment and the social benefits achieved rather than by profit. Another group comprises the employees of cultural organizations who want to improve their knowledge of sustainable cultural management. This Special Issue can also be recommended to artists, researchers, students, state and local government employees, founders and patrons of art, and all those who want to understand the importance of sustainable cultural management.

Keywords

sustainable management of culture --- town divided by a border --- cross-border market for cultural services --- cultural offer --- Cieszyn-?eský T?šín --- sustainable consumption --- cultural services --- cultural institutions --- philharmony --- Katowice --- culture 1.0–3.0 --- patronage --- cultural and creative industries --- cultural participation --- cultural communities of practice --- EU cohesion policies --- consumer-based brand equity --- social media --- cultural institutions --- factor analysis --- CBBE --- 3C Sustainable System --- Urban sculpture planning system --- public art --- sustainable urban sculpture development --- cultural policy --- management --- heritage --- public participation --- China --- social project culture --- management by project --- evolution path --- sustainable development --- pro-environmental behavior --- grid-group cultural theory --- cognitive sociology --- contemporary art market --- art galleries --- sustainable management --- Delphi method --- foresight study --- crowdfunding --- creative-cultural industries --- culture --- film industry --- attitudes --- Romania --- sustainable development --- sustainability --- museums --- heritage --- cultural sustainability --- effectiveness --- environment --- attractivity --- event --- sustainability --- culture-led regeneration --- European Capital of Culture --- Liverpool --- ABC model --- cultural distance theory --- qualitative research methods --- integration --- Shigatse city --- management of culture --- sustainability --- old industrial areas --- post-transformation areas --- Ostrava --- marketing concept --- cultural institutions --- sustainable development --- cultural offer diversity --- culture consumer --- cultural and creative industries --- social media content exploration --- abstract and concrete information --- behavioral and emotional participation --- n/a

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