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A Typological Perspective on Latvian Grammar

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ISBN: 9783110411317 9783110426984 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.2478/9783110411317 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-04-13 10:28:34
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Theoretical studies of Latvian grammar have a great deal to offer to contemporary linguistics. Although traditionally Lithuanian has been the most widely studied Baltic language in diachronic and synchronic linguistics alike, Latvian has a number of distinctive features that can prove valuable both for historical, and perhaps even more so, for synchronic language research. Therefore, at the very least, contemporary typological, areal, and language contact studies involving Baltic languages should account for data from Latvian. Typologically, Latvian grammar is a classic Indo-European (Baltic) system with well-developed inflection and derivation. However, it also bears certain similarities to the Finno-Ugric languages, which can be reasonably explained by its areal and historical background. This applies, for example, to the mood system and its connections with modality and evidentiality in Latvian, also to the correlation between aspect and quantity as manifested in verbal and nominal (case) forms. The relations between debitive mood, certain constructions with reflexive verbs, and voice in Latvian are intriguing examples of unusual morphosyntactic features. Accordingly, the book focuses on the following topics: case system and declension (with emphasis on the polyfunctionality of case forms), gender, conjugation, tense and personal forms, aspect, mood, modality and evidentiality, reflexive verbs, and voice. The examples included in this book have been taken from the Balanced Corpus of Modern Latvian (Lidzsvarots musdienu latviešu valodas tekstu korpuss, available at www.korpuss.lv), www.google.lv, mass media, and fiction texts (see the List of language sources) without regard to relative frequency ratios.

Aspects of Linguistic Variation

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Book Series: Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs [TiLSM] ISSN: 1861-4302 ISBN: 9783110607963 Year: Volume: 324 Pages: 285 DOI: 10.1515/9783110607963 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-12-19 16:52:49
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This volume brings together papers on linguistic variation. It takes a broad perspective, covering not only crosslinguistic and diachronic but also intralinguistic and interspeaker variation, and examines phenomena ranging from negation and TAM over connectives and the lexicon to definite articles and comparative concepts in well- and lesser-known languages. The collection thus contributes to our understanding of variation in general.

The Expression of Gender

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ISBN: 9783110307337 9783110354140 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.1515/9783110307337 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-02 11:21:05

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Gender is a fascinating category, which has grown steadily in importance across the humanities and social sciences. The book centres on the core of the category within language. Each of the seven contributions provides an independent account of a key part of the topic, ranging from gender and sex, gender and culture, to typology, dialect variation and psycholinguistics.

Chapter All typologies leak (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9783110219050 Year: DOI: 10.1515/9783110219067.5.343 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 230310
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-15 11:21:17

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In his (1921) book, Language, Sapir made the famous observation, “All grammars leak” (38). By this he meant that within the systematic paradigms, rules and routinized patterns of any grammar, we always find a few irregularities and surprises. The same can be said for linguistic typologies. Typological theories are critical tools for linguists, for exploring differences and similarities among languages, for learning about the cognitive factors and social practices that make languages the way they are, and for making predictions about other properties of languages that are members of a certain type. So what do we do when a typology leaks? This paper follows the spirit of such work as Aske (1989) on path types and Mithun and Chafe (1999) on grammatical relations types to understand the grammatical and functional motivations of language-internal typological diversity: that is, why and how a single language uses patterns and constructions of more than one type.&#xD;

Modal and Focus Particles in Sign Languages. A Cross-Linguistic Study

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Book Series: Sign Languages and Deaf Communities [SLDC] ISSN: 2192-516X ISBN: 9781614511816 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 419 DOI: 10.1515/9781614511816 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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Bringing together the research fields of sign language linguistics and information structure, this bookfocuses onthe realization of modal particles and focus particles in three European sign languages: German Sign Language, Sign Language of the Netherlands, and Irish Sign Language. As a cross-linguistic investigation based on a systematic methodological approach, thestudy analyzes the results particularly with regard to nonmanual features expressed by articulators such as the body, head, and face. The analyses of the data provide interesting insights into the syntax-prosody interface in sign languages and the interaction of syntax and prosody in general. Modal and focus particles have not been thoroughly investigated in sign languages. This volumepresents the first studyon this phenomenonand is thus an innovative contribution to the field. From a methodological and theoretical perspective, it draws onup-to-date linguistic tools and provides professionally elicited and annotated data. The bookaccounts for theresultswithin existing theoretical models. Given its specific focus on nonmanuals, the book contributes to recent debates on information structure and the syntax-prosody interface and will be of special interest to both sign and spoken language linguists.

Semantic Fields in Sign Languages. Colour, Kinship and Quantification

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Book Series: Sign Language Typology [SLT] ISSN: 21925186 ISBN: 9781501503429 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: 394,00 DOI: 10.1515/9781501503429 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 12:37:27
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This book presents primary data and typological comparisons across sign languages with respect to three semantic fields: kinship terms, colour terms and quantification. Based on a large-scale study of 32 sign languages from all over the world, these topics are explored in 10 sign languages, accompanied by an introductory part and an appendix with original research materials.

Les amphores grecques dans le nord de l’Italie : Échanges commerciaux entre les Apennins et les Alpes aux époques archaïque et classique

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ISBN: 9782957155798 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pccj.1244 Language: French
Publisher: Publications du Centre Camille Jullian
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Le développement du commerce dans la vallée du Pô et dans le reste de l’Italie du Nord entre le VIe et le Ve s. av. J.-C. est au centre du débat scientifique des dernières années sur le rôle des Étrusques dans le système des échanges dans cette aire géographique. L’attention des chercheurs s’est en effet concentrée non seulement sur l’organisation sociopolitique, mais également sur les potentialités économiques et sur les rapports internes de la région, dans le but de restituer le cadre général des dynamiques et des itinéraires commerciaux. Ce cadre est complexe et organisé, l’Étrurie padane se révélant comme le carrefour des intérêts commerciaux de différents groupes ethniques dès une époque très ancienne. Le territoire padan est traversé dès l’époque villanovienne par un important itinéraire commercial. À la suite de l’insertion progressive des partenaires commerciaux grecs, dans le courant de la première moitié du VIe s. av. J.-C., le rôle économique et culturel de la région atteint son acmé après le milieu du siècle et pendant le siècle suivant. La manifestation la plus éclatante du phénomène se traduit pat la physionomie fédérale prise par la région étrusco-padane et par la diffusion du modèle urbain à travers la nouvelle fondation de Bologne/Felsina ainsi que la fondation ou l’ implication d’autres cités et habitats, tels Adria, Spina, Marzabotto et le Forcello. Cette réorganisation est liée à la nécessité de soutenir et de renforcer des activités commerciales de plus en plus complexes et désormais décidément projetées vers la Côte adriatique septentrionale. Dans ce cadre. une place majeure est occupée par les amphores de transport, une catégorie d’importations toutefois mal prise en compte par les études traditionnelles du secteur en raison des difficultés d’identification de ce matériel. La première partie de l’ouvrage porte sur une révision des études consacrées aux amphores grecques d’époque archaïque tardive et classique, ainsi que sur des études analytiques de corpus d’amphores de ce contexte historico-culturel. La seconde partie est consacrée à la présentation et à l’étude du matériel amphorique de l’Étrurie padane et de l’Italie septentrionale. Cette étude porte aussi bien sur le recensement et l’analyse du matériel publié que sur l’étude ex nova de corpus de matériels inédits.

A typology of marked-S languages

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783944675190 Year: Pages: 281 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_533871 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-09-24 15:01:43
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Case-systems all over the world exhibit striking similarities. In most lan- guages intransitive subjects (S) receives less overt marking than one of the two transitive arguments (agent-like A or patient-like P); the other one of these two arguments is usually encoded by the same form as S. In some languages the amount of overt marking is identical between S, A, and P. But hardly ever does the S argument receive more overt marking than A or P. Yet there are some languages that do not follow this general pattern. This book is about those languages that behave differently, the marked-S languages. Marked-S languages are well-known to be found in East Africa, where they occur in two different language families, Afro-Asiatic and Nilo-Sa- haran. They can also be found in North-Western America and the Pacific region. This book is the first investigation of marked S-languages that treats the phenomenon on a global scale. The study examines the functional distribution of the two main case- forms, the form used for S (S-case) and the case-form of the transitive ar- gument which receives less marking (the zero-case). It offers a very fine- grained perspective considering a wide range of constructions. The con- texts in which the case-marking patterns are investigated include nom- inal, existential and locational predication, subjects in special discourse function (e. g. focused constituents), subjects of passives and dependent clauses, as well as the forms used for addressing someone (vocative form) and for using a noun in isolation (citation form). Apart from the functional distribution of case forms, the formal means of marking are also considered. The main focus is on the synchronic de- scription and comparison of marked-S languages, but historical explana- tions for the unusual case-marking pattern are also discussed.

Further investigations into the nature of phrasal compounding

Authors: ---
Book Series: Morphological Investigations ISBN: 9783961100125 9783961100132 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.885113 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-13 11:01:57
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This collection of papers on phrasal compounding is part of a bigger project whose aims are twofold: First, it seeks to broaden the typological perspective by providing data for as many different languages as possible to gain a better understanding of the phenomenon itself. Second, based on these data which clearly show interaction between syntax and morphology it aims to discuss theoretical models which deal with this kind of interaction in different ways. Models like Generative Grammar assume components of grammar and a clear-cut distinction between the lexicon (often including morphology) and grammar. Other models, like construction grammar, do not assume such components and are rather based on a lexicon including constructs. A comparison of these models on the basis of this phenomenon on the morphology-syntax interface makes it possible to assess their descriptive and explanatory power.

Sign Languages in Village Communities. Anthropological and Linguistic Insights

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Book Series: Sign Language Typology [SLT] ISSN: 2192-5186 ISBN: 9781614511496 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: 420 DOI: 10.1515/9781614511496 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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The book is a unique collection of research on sign languages that have emerged in rural communities with a high incidence of, often hereditary, deafness. These sign languages represent the latest addition to the comparative investigation of languages in the gestural modality, and the book is the first compilation of a substantial number of different village sign languages.Written by leading experts in the field, the volume uniquely combines anthropological and linguistic insights, looking at both the social dynamics and the linguistic structures in these village communities. The book includes primary data from eleven different signing communities across the world, including results from Jamaica, India, Turkey, Thailand, and Bali. All known village sign languages are endangered, usually because of pressure from larger urban sign languages, and some have died out already. Ironically, it is often the success of the larger sign language communities in urban centres, their recognition and subsequent spread, which leads to the endangerment of these small minority sign languages. The book addresses this specific type of language endangerment, documentation strategies, and other ethical issues pertaining to these sign languages on the basis of first-hand experiences by Deaf fieldworkers.

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