Search results: Found 56

Listing 1 - 10 of 56 << page
of 6
>>
Sort by
From Bricks to Brains: The Embodied Cognitive Science of Lego Robots

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781897425787 9781897425794 Year: Pages: 354 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2012-03-29 16:37:58
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

From Bricks to Brains introduces embodied cognitive science, and illustrates its foundational ideas through the construction and observation of LEGO Mindstorms robots. Discussing the characteristics that distinguish embodied cognitive science from classical cognitive science, From Bricks to Brains places a renewed emphasis on sensing and acting, the importance of embodiment, the exploration of distributed notions of control, and the development of theories by synthesizing simple systems and exploring their behaviour. Numerous examples are used to illustrate a key theme: the importance of an agent’s environment. Even simple agents, such as LEGO robots, are capable of exhibiting complex behaviour when they can sense and affect the world around them.

Keywords

science --- brain --- behaviour

Textbook of Cortical Brain Stimulation

Author:
ISBN: 9783110412628 9783110441208 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.2478/9783110412628 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-04-13 11:05:20
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Developed over the past 25 years, Cortical Brain Stimulation has emerged as a brand new, cutting-edge option for the treatment of intractable neurological and psychiatric disorders. Devoid of the mortality and disabling morbidity that may accompany deep brain stimulation, stimulating the cortex with a minimally invasive surgical approach had initially proved its worth for the treatment of Central and other Neuropathic Pain Syndromes and later for Parkinson Disease, Dystonia, Stroke and Coma rehabilitation, Epilepsy, Depression and Tinnitus. Written by many of the pioneers in the field, this authoritative treatise is a comprehensive presentation - from surgical details, to clinical results and mechanisms of action. It also provides the busy clinician with comparisons with non-invasive cortical stimulation techniques, such as TMS and tDCS. No other book deals with this form of brain stimulation. The clinician will harness the power of this formidable new therapeutic option, which is being further refined with the advent of closed-loop stimulation.Dr Canavero deciphered the genesis of the central pain syndromes, introduced extradural cortical stimulation for Parkinson Disease and the vegetative state and co-introduced extradural cortical stimulation for stroke rehabilitation. He made worldwide news in 2008 for partially restoring consciousness in two vegetative patients, in 2013 for proposing the HEAVEN/GEMINI protocol for human head transplantation and in 2014 for pushing brain stimulation in the setting of criminal psychopathy. His books include: Central Pain Syndrome, Cambridge Univ. Press, 2011 (2nd ed.), Textbook of therapeutic cortical stimulation, Nova Sci, 2009 and two books in Italian on human sexual behavior.

Potential Neuromodulatory Profile of Phytocompounds in Brain Disorders

Author:
ISBN: 9783038423171 9783038423164 Year: Pages: VIII, 212 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-317-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-20 08:45:35
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Natural and chemical compounds, often used as both dietary supplements and alternative medicines, are characterized by specific chemical properties, allowing their passage across the blood brain barrier with consequent specific effects on neurotransmission. In particular, several natural compounds have shown beneficial properties in the treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders, especially cognitive impairment and mood disorders, contributing to the maintenance of the physiological brain functioning by interacting with different receptors, transcription factors and signal transduction pathways. Neuroinflammation and oxidative stress have also been proposed as crucial contributors to brain dysfunction development, thus recent investigations have focused on novel therapeutic approaches based on the use of phytoderivates with neuroprotective properties. Thus, this Special Issue includes a collection of 11 papers, describing key findings for the identification of molecular mechanisms required for the development of potential and promising natural therapeutics for the treatment of psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders.

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038425380 9783038425397 Year: Pages: VIII, 270 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-539-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-27 12:48:49
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The issue is dedicated to applications of Deep Brain Stimulation and, in this issue, we would like to highlight the new developments that are taking place in the field. These include the application of new technology to existing indications, as well as ‘new’ indications. We would also like to highlight the most recent clinical evidence from international multicentre trials. The issue will include articles relating to movement disorders, pain, psychiatric indications, as well as emerging indications that are not yet accompanied by clinical evidence. We look forward to your expert contribution to this exciting issue.

An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Human Mind

Author:
ISBN: 9781138233423 9781315309699 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100808
Subject: Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:13
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

One of the main aims of modern mental health care is to understand a person's explicit and implicit ways of thinking and acting. So, it may seem like the ultimate paradox that mental health care services are currently overflowing with brain concepts belonging to the external, visible brain-world and that neuroscientists are poised to become new experts on human conduct. An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Human Mind shows that to create care that is truly innovative, mental health care workers must not only ask questions about how their conceptions of human beings and psychological phenomena came into being, but should also see themselves as co-creators of the mystery they seek to solve.

Behavioural Approaches in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation: A Modular Handbook ISBN: 9780203641545 9781841691831 9781138883130 9781135431853 9781135431846 9781135431808 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203641545 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:30
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The potential of behavioural approaches for improving the lives of people with acquired brain injury is immense. Here that potential is laid out and explored with a thoroughgoing regard for clinical practice and the theoretical frameworks that underpin that practice. This book will prove an invaluable resource for clinical psychologists and the whole range of therapists working with patients suffering from acquired brain damage.

Keywords

brain --- injury --- traumatic --- anterograde --- amnesia --- assessment --- severe --- head --- post --- cognitive

Annals of Bioethics: Regional Perspectives in Bioethics

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Annals of Bioethics ISBN: 9780203971024 9789026519529 9781138002227 9781135302283 9781135302276 9781135302238 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203971024 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:31
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Regional Perspectives in Bioethics" illustrates the ways in which the national and international political landscape encompasses persons from diverse and often fragmented moral communities with widely varying moral intuitions, premises, evaluations and commitments.

Keywords

medical --- brain --- death --- organ --- transplantation --- informed --- consent --- hospital --- committees --- embryonic

Persons and Their Minds

Author:
ISBN: 9781138653696 9781315623658 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102658
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-06 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Today’s approaches to the study of the human mind are divided into seemingly opposed camps. On one side we find the neurosciences, with their more or less reductionist research programs, and on the other side we find the cultural and discursive approaches, with their frequent neglect of the material sides of human life. Persons and their Minds seeks to develop an integrative theory of the mind with room for both brain and culture. Brinkmann’s remarkable and thought-provoking work is one of the first books to integrate brain research with phenomenology, social practice studies and actor-network theory, all of which are held together by the concept of the person.

Brain Asymmetry of Structure And/Or Function

Author:
ISBN: 9783038425502 9783038425519 Year: Pages: VIII, 148 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-551-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-28 13:57:29
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This edited book brings together research reports on the asymmetry of brain function in various species, including humans, dogs, birds, lizards and bees. As shown in a wide range of species, and, as we now know, not solely in humans, the left and right sides of the brain process information in different ways and control different responses or patterns of behaviour. Since this discovery, many new methods have become available to reveal the processes involved in the development, function and evolution of this important attribute of the brain. Chapters consider the evidence for asymmetry of sensory receptors, left–right differences in information processing and asymmetrical control of behaviour. The latter includes lateralization of bird song and use of the magnetic compass in navigation. Other chapters report studies on handedness, hemispheric asymmetries in emotional processing and perception of symmetry in humans. The importance of the degree, or strength, of asymmetry is discussed and the conclusion is that asymmetry of the brain enhances its efficiency. Other chapters provide evidence that early experience influences the development of asymmetry. All of the contributors have strong backgrounds in research and they discuss up-to-date discoveries on lateralized brain and behaviour.

Vitamin E

Author:
ISBN: 9783038429050 9783038429067 Year: Pages: VIII, 150 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-22 09:52:09
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Vitamin E is the major lipid-soluble antioxidant in the cell antioxidant system and is exclusively obtained from the diet. In 1922, vitamin E was discovered as a dietary factor essential for reproduction in rats. Meanwhile, vitamin E has revealed many more important molecular properties, such as the scavenging of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species with consequent prevention of the oxidative damage associated with many diseases. In addition, the modulation of signal transduction and gene expression in antioxidant and non-antioxidant manners was shown for vitamin E.This Special Issue highlights some of the recent advances in vitamin E research, showing on the one hand the status quo and providing, on the other hand, new insights into functions and physiological relevance. Thus, the current knowledge of tocochromanol biosynthesis in plants and future challenges regarding the understanding of its regulation are presented. Another paper describes the fate of vitamin E in the human gastrointestinal lumen during digestion. During the metabolism of vitamin E, the long-chain metabolites 13’-hydroxychromanol and 13’-carboxychromanol are formed by oxidative modification of the side-chain. Their occurrence in human serum indicates a physiological relevance. Another paper describes the membrane distribution of α-tocopherol in brain regions of adult rhesus monkeys, also looking for associations between membrane α-tocopherol and the content of polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Listing 1 - 10 of 56 << page
of 6
>>
Sort by