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Maximilian Hell (1720–92) and the Ends of Jesuit Science in Enlightenment Europe

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Book Series: Jesuit Studies ISBN: 9789004416833 Year: Pages: 490 DOI: 10.1163/9789004416833 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 04:54:22
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The Viennese Jesuit astronomer Maximilian Hell was a nodal figure in the eighteenth-century circulation of knowledge. This study of his career sheds light on the Enlightenment, Catholicism, reform in the Habsburg monarchy, and the cultivation of science in the Republic of Letters. Readership: Anyone interested in eighteenth-century Central Europe and Scandinavia, in the production and circulation of knowledge in the Enlightenment, in enlightened absolutism, in Catholicism and the Society of Jesus in the eighteenth century, in the history of astronomy and related subjects, and the history of comparative linguistics and its ideological implications.

Bloomsbury Scientists

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ISBN: 9781787350045 Year: Pages: 198 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Science (General) --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-27 11:01:45
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Bloomsbury Scientists is the story of the network of scientists and artists living in a square mile of London before and after the First World War. This inspired group of men and women viewed creativity and freedom as the driving force behind nature, and each strove to understand this in their own inventive way. Their collective energy changed the social mood of the era and brought a new synthesis of knowledge to ideas in science and art. Class barriers were threatened as power shifted from the landed oligarchy to those with talent and the will to make a difference. A time of unexpected opportunities, from the new disciplines of Genetics and Ecology to Post-Impressionism and beyond, Michael Boulter seamlessly weaves together the stories originating from Bloomsbury’s laboratories, libraries and studios. He narrates the breakthroughs of scientists such as Ray Lankester and Marie Stopes alongside the creative outputs of H. G. Wells and Virginia Woolf, among many others, and intricately connects them all through personal friendships, grievances, quarrels and affections. Bloomsbury Scientists offers a fresh and crucial perspective on this history at a time when the complex relationship between science and art continues to be debated.

The making of British bioethics

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ISBN: 9781847798879 Year: Pages: 303 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_502670 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 081493
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-16 11:01:07
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Recent decades have witnessed profound shifts in the politics of medicine and the biological sciences. Members of several professions, including philosophers, lawyers and social scientists, now discuss and help regulate issues that were once left to doctors and scientists, in a form of outside involvement known as ‘bioethics’. The making of British bioethics provides the first in-depth study of the growing demand for this outside involvement in Britain, where bioethicists have become renowned and influential ‘ethics experts’. The book moves beyond existing histories, which often claim that bioethics arose in response to questions surrounding new procedures such as in vitro fertilisation. It shows instead that British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between changing sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals. Highlighting this interplay has important implications for our understanding of how issues such as embryo experiments, animal research and assisted dying became high profile ‘bioethical’ concerns in late twentieth century Britain. And it also helps us appreciate how various individuals and groups intervened in and helped create the demand for bioethics, playing a major role in their transformation into ‘ethics experts’. The making of British bioethics draws on a wide range of materials, including government archives, popular sources, professional journals, and original interviews with bioethicists and politicians. It is clearly written and will appeal to historians of medicine and science, general historians, bioethicists, and anyone interested in what the emergence of bioethics means for our notions of health, illness and morality.

ПУТИ РАЗВИТИЯ ЗАПАДНОГО ПЕРЕВОДОВЕДЕНИЯ

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ISBN: 9785934394883 Year: Pages: 513 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_577790 Language: Russian
Publisher: R. Valent Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 9
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-12 11:01:11
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The development of translation studies is outlined against the epistemological and intellectual background that characterized the rise of the new discipline and which has to be taken into account if one is to understand the history and the present state of translation studies as a special research field. The monograph offers a detailed and convincing explanation of the ways in which single theories of translation evolved, showing what are the points that they have in common and how they differ from one another in their aims and methods. The theoretical approaches to translation that arose in the German-speaking academic environments (especially H. Vermeer's and K. Reiss's Skopostheorie, J. Holz-Mänttari's Theorie vom translatorischen Handeln and Ch. Nord's approach with »loyalty« as a central cencept) are also presented in comparison to other schools of translation research which developed elsewhere in Europe and beyond.

Real Life Cryptology

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ISBN: 9789462985544 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462985544 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:17
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A large number of enciphered documents survived from early modern Hungary. This area was a particularly fertile territory where cryptographic methods proliferated, because a large portion of the population was living in the frontier zone, and participated (or was forced to participate) in the network of the information flow. A quantitative analysis of sixteenth-century to seventeenth-century Hungarian ciphers (300 cipher keys and 1,600 partly or entirely enciphered letters) reveals that besides the dominance of diplomatic use of cryptography, there were many examples of “private” applications too. This book reconstructs the main reasons and goals why historical actors chose to use ciphers in a diplomatic letter, a military order, a diary or a private letter, what they decided to encrypt, and how they perceived the dangers threatening their messages.

Virtuous Waters

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ISBN: 9780520291737 9780520965393 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.48 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Anthropology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-09 11:01:52
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Virtuous Waters is a pathbreaking and innovative study of bathing, drinking and other everyday engagements with a wide range of waters across five centuries in Mexico. Casey Walsh uses political ecology to bring together an analysis of shifting scientific, religious and political understandings of waters and a material history of social formations, environments, and infrastructures. The book shows that while modern concepts and infrastructures have come to dominate both the hydrosphere and the scholarly literature on water, longstanding popular understandings and engagements with these heterogeneous liquids have been reproduced as part of the same process. Attention to these dynamics can help us comprehend and confront the water crisis that is coming to a head in the twenty-first century.

El mundo amenazado : Las crisis globales y su repercusión en las ciencias, la filosofía y la literatura en el primer tercio del siglo XX

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ISBN: 9789874960139 DOI: 10.4000/books.eunrn.2934 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Editorial UNRN
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures --- Philosophy --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
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Esta obra indaga acerca del impacto de las crisis mundiales sobre diversas áreas de la cultura, en especial, el pensamiento económico, las ciencias naturales, la filosofía y la literatura. Los estudios reunidos se centran en las primeras décadas del siglo XX, etapa en la que la interdependencia de las diversas regiones del planeta –acompañada por la de las distintas esferas de la vida– alcanzó el estatus de global, es decir, constituyó un único mundo. Es entonces cuando las crisis históricas precedentes convergen con las nuevas crisis mundiales y la percepción de los cambios se modifica sustancialmente. De ahí la importancia de los seis ensayos que este volumen ofrece al lector para comenzar a comprender las transformaciones en las ciencias y el campo cultural dentro de un marco conceptual común, conformado por los modelos de espacios controversiales y crisis de mundo del reconocido filósofo de la ciencia Oscar Nudler.

Aggressive Medien

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Book Series: Formationen der Mediennutzung ISBN: 9783839408834 9783899428834 Year: Pages: 340 DOI: 10.14361/9783839408834 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:08
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Mediengewalt ist immer wieder ein Thema öffentlicher Debatten. Insbesondere nach spektakulären Amokläufen taucht regelmäßig die Frage auf, ob Medien ihre Nutzer zu Gewalttätern programmiert und so die Tat verursacht haben. Dabei ist der kausale Zusammenhang alles andere als geklärt: Obwohl die empirische Mediengewaltforschung mit großem Aufwand betrieben wird, hat sie bis heute keine konsensfähige Antwort gefunden. Diese Studie sucht keine weitere Lösung, sondern fragt, wie sich die Kausalformel »Mediengewalt« historisch herausgebildet hat und welcher Gewinn darin liegt, die Mediengewalt-Debatte beständig mit ungeklärtem Wissen zu versorgen.

Die Matrikel der Universität Wien, VIII Band 1746/47-1777/78

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ISBN: 9783205794639 Year: Pages: 714 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_454362 Language: Latin
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 95
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-10-01 07:26:05
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Register (matriculation book) of the University of Vienna, 1746/47-1777/78 with university records, chronicles and enrollments.

Medien in Raum und Zeit

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Book Series: Medienumbrüche ISBN: 9783839410332 9783837610338 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.14361/9783839410332 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:14
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Medien tragen seit jeher dazu bei, Bezüge zwischen Raum und Zeit neu zu ordnen. Spätestens seit dem 19. Jahrhundert durchdringen sie massiv unseren Arbeits-, Freizeit- und Wissenschaftsalltag, so dass sich die Frage nach dem Wandel von Raum-Zeit-Konfigurationen nicht zuletzt historisch stellt. Angesichts der medial gewonnenen Einsichten in den Mikro- und Makroraum unserer lebensweltlichen Umgebung wird insbesondere die Wahrnehmung des Subjekts von sich selbst nachhaltig beeinflusst. Ziel des Buches ist es, den kulturellen Prozess dieser Selbst-Reflexion multiperspektivisch näher einzugrenzen.

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