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Brutes ou braves gens

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ISBN: 9791034404490 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pus.8688 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Strasbourg
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:50
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les hommes des siècles passés étaient-ils plus violents que nous ? On a depuis longtemps postulé que les gens du Moyen Âge et de l’époque moderne avaient eu des comportements brutaux avant d’apprendre à se contenir, à se civiliser, et parvenir à des mœurs enfin dignes à partir du xviiie ou du xixe siècle. L’importance des actes de violence dans les sources judiciaires semblerait le confirmer mais s’agissait-il des indices d’une immoralité générale ou d’actes exceptionnels ? Le travail critique mené dans Brutes ou braves gens ? réexamine les méthodes, critique les sources, apporte des pièces inédites et donne des exemples d’utilisation des sources textuelles et iconographiques, comme les scènes de rixes paysannes qui, correctement interprétées, ne peuvent plus être retenues comme des preuves. L’étude minutieuse d’un procès du début du xviie siècle pour homicide (édité en entier) montre qu’au-delà des apparences d’un acte impulsif commis par une « brute », on peut retrouver les motivations et les circonstances d’une mise à mort préméditée, constater le trouble d’une population pas du tout habituée à de tels crimes et s’interroger sur la violence légale appliquée aux accusés. Livre d’Histoire consacré à la violence et sa mesure du xvie au xviiie siècle, Brutes ou braves gens ? rejoint des débats actuels sur les formes et les chiffres de la criminalité, dont on connaît les enjeux politiques.

Keywords

violence --- Moyen Âge --- histoire

Self-Harm as Violence (Book chapter)

Book title: Women and Violence

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Genders and Sexualities in the Social Sciences ISBN: 9781137015112 9781137015129 Year: Pages: 257 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 090768
Subject: Philosophy --- Gender Studies --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:03
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This edited collection explores the agency of women who do violence and have violence done to them. Topics covered include rape, pornography, prostitution, suicide bombing and domestic violence. The volume contributes to the philosophical and theoretical debate, as well as offering practical, social and political responses to the issues examined.

Cátedra Unesco y Cátedra Infancia: justicia transicional y memoria histórica

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La garantía efectiva de los derechos humanos, hoy más que nunca, plantea retos difícilmente superables desde las ciencias jurídicas exclusivamente. Es por esta razón que la Cátedra Unesco y la Cátedra Infancia han convocado a otras disciplinas y a los miembros de la Red UNITWIN para llevar a cabo investigaciones sobre gobernanza y los temas objeto de estudio de ambas Cátedras. Este libro es el resultado de esas contribuciones. En la primera sección de esta publicación el lector podrá encontra...

Chaste Cinematics

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ISBN: 9780692541555 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0117.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:38
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Victor J. Vitanza (author of Sexual Violence in Western Thought and Writing) continues to rethink the problem of sexual violence in cinema and how rape is often represented in “chaste” ways, in the form of a Chaste Cinematics. Vitanza continues to discuss Chaste Cinematics as participating in transdisciplinary-rhetorical traditions that establish the very foundations (groundings, points of stasis) for nation states and cultures. In this offering, however, the initial grounding for the discussions is “base materialism” (George Bataille): divine filth, the sacred and profane. It is this post-philosophical base materialism that destabilizes binaries, fixedness, and brings forth excluded thirds. Vitanza asks: why is it that a repressed third, or a third figure, returns, most strangely as a “product” of rape and torture? He works with Jean-Paul Sartre and Page duBois’s suggestion that the “product” is a new “species.” Always attempting unorthodox ways of approaching social problems, Vitanza organizes his table of contents as a DVD menu of “Extras” (supplements). This menu includes Alternate Endings and Easter Eggs as well as an Excursus, which invokes readers to take up the political exigency of the DVD-Book. Vitanza’s first “Extra” studies a trio of films that need to be reconsidered, given what they offer as insights into Chaste Cinematics: Amadeus (a mad god), Henry Fool (a foolish god), and Multiple Maniacs (a divine god who is raped and eats excrement). The second examines Helke Sander’s documentary Liberators Take Liberties, which re-thinks the rapes of German women by the Russians and Allies during the Battle of Berlin. The third rethinks Margie Strosser’s video-film Rape Stories that calls for revenge. In the Alternate Endings, Vitanza rethinks the problem of reversibility in G. Noé’s Irréversible. In the Easter Eggs, he considers Dominique Laporte’s “the Irreparable,” as the object of loss and Giorgio Agamben’s “the Irreparable,” as hope in what is without remedy. The result is not another film-studies book, but a new genre, a new set of rhetorics, for new ways of thinking about cinematics, perhaps postcinematics.

Keywords

rape --- film theory --- sexual violence --- rhetoric

De la refundación al ocaso : Los intelectuales liberalconservadores ante la última dictadura

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Book Series: Entre los libros de la buena memoria ISBN: 9789503412763 Year: Volume: 3 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Subject: History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-29 15:24:41
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El presente trabajo analiza el rol de la intelectualidad liberal-conservadora argentina ante la última dictadura, el "Proceso de Reorganización Nacional" (1976-1983). El libro estudia las posiciones e intervenciones de un conjunto de catorce actores: Álvaro Alsogaray, Alberto Benegas Lynch, Germán Bidart Campos, Horacio García Belsunce, Jorge Luis García Venturini, Mariano Grondona, Juan Segundo Linares Quintana, Mario Justo López, José Alfredo Martínez de Hoz, Víctor Massuh, Jaime Perriaux, Ambrosio Romero Carranza, Carlos Sánchez Sañudo y Ricardo Zinn. La elección de estos nombres implica considerar un abanico amplio de trayectorias que componen figuras intelectuales de diversidad, unidas sin embargo por muchos más vínculos que la adscripción política.La obra se interna en la historia político-intelectual de un espacio ideológico aún poco explorado desde los estudios sobre la intelectualidad, las derechas y la propia dictadura, reponiendo los diversos espacios ocupados por estos hombres, sus proyectos, coincidencias, polémicas y desencantos en un momento clave de la historia argentina.Cita sugerida: Vicente, Martín (2015). De la refundación al ocaso : Los intelectuales liberalconservadores ante la última dictadura. La Plata : Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación ; Posadas : Universidad Nacional de Misiones ; Los Polvorines : Universidad Nacional de General Sarmiento. (Entre los libros de la buena memoria ; 3) Disponible en http://libros.fahce.unlp.edu.ar/index.php/libros/catalog/book/61

Human Remains and Identification

Authors: ---
Book Series: Human Remains and Violence ISBN: 9780719097560 9781526125019 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council||Knowledge Unlatched - 283617||100127
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-05 11:01:48
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Human Remains and Identification presents a pioneering investigation into the practices and methodologies used in the search for and exhumation of dead bodies resulting from mass violence. Previously absent from forensic debate, social scientists and historians here confront historical and contemporary exhumations with the application of social context to create an innovative and interdisciplinary dialogue, enlightening the political, social and legal aspects of mass crime and its aftermaths. Through a ground-breaking selection of international case studies, Human Remains and Identification argues that the emergence of new technologies to facilitate the identification of dead bodies has led to a "forensic turn", normalising exhumations as a method of dealing with human remains en masse. However, are these exhumations always made for legitimate reasons?

Chapter 6. Partners into Competitors (Book chapter)

Book title: Nations and Citizens in Yugoslavia and the Post-Yugoslav States

Author:
ISBN: 9781474221559 Year: Pages: 103-118 DOI: 10.5040/9781474221559.ch-007 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 230239
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-30 11:02:19
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The clash between civic and ethnic solidarity as well as diverse understanding of whom should be loyal to whom and who belong together turned decisive at the moment when the multi-party majority democracy was introduced in the Yugoslav republics. Democratic participation and political belonging clashed in Yugoslavia at the junction of Yugoslav citizenship, republican citizenship and ethnic membership. Yugoslavia’s initial democratization eventually exacerbated inter-republic and inter-ethnic conflicts which had been meticulously nurtured and controlled by those nationalist elites who were attempting to, by multi-party elections, accede to power or stay in power. In this context, messages sent from the West underscoring the importance of state consolidation for successful democratization did not pressure regional actors to redefine or reform their ethnically heterogeneous states towards greater pluralism. They reinforced the idea that a truly functional state could only be an ethnically homogenized nation-state. In multinational socialist federations, it ended up promoting ethnically based political communities in opposition to the existing civic-legal political communities at the republican level as basis for democracy. This chapter argues that this ethnocentric vision of citizenship immediately challenged the existing social realities and institutional settings, put in question the borders between the republics, and opened the doors for violence and war. In his book States and Power in Africa: Comparative Lessons in Authority and Control, Jeffrey Herbst describes the conflicts between the Zulu and early Dutch settlers over their opposing conceptions of sovereignty over territory and people. The Zulu believed that their political authority extended wherever people had pledged obedience to their king regardless of the territory where they happened to be. Also, ‘the Zulu believed that they could let the whites settle on land without giving up ownership’, whereas for the European whites, occupation over a certain territory also meant the ownership of that territory and control of the people that happened to be there (2000: 40–41). Extrapolated from its colonial context in which the Dutch colonizers wanted to absolutely dominate the colonized and take their land, the story could be interpreted as a clash between the conception of a political community based on ethnic, cultural, hereditary or maybe also declaratory loyalty and solidarity, regardless of existing political boundaries and polities in which the members of this community live, and a political community based on loyalty to the authorities governing a territory where one lives and, ideally, on solidarity with all those who happen to be on that territory under the same authorities. Modern states in reality often combine these two principles in a particular way: they often claim that their citizens or their ethnic kin abroad are bound to their polity and thus expect a loyalty and sometimes exercise an influence on diaspora members (who, in turn, are often interested in meddling in political affairs of the ‘old country’), but, internally, they always insist on undivided loyalty of the population they govern. Even further from its original South African situation, the clash between what we can generally call civic and ethnic solidarity, as well as different understandings of whom should be loyal to whom and who belonged together, turned crucial during the last years of Yugoslavia and decisive at the moment when the multi-party majority democracy was introduced in its republics.

Literatura y violencia en la narrativa latinoamericana reciente

Author:
Book Series: Colectivo crítico ISBN: 9789503411759 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 218 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Subject: Social Sciences --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-15 19:52:04
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Los trabajos reunidos en Literatura y violencia en la narrativa latinoamericana reciente interrogan los modos de narrar las experiencias extremas de la historia latinoamericana de las últimas décadas. Configuran un variado mapa de la violencia de las últimas décadas, que comienza con las dictaduras del Cono Sur y arriba a los setecientos femicidios de Ciudad Juárez; un recorrido que va de sur a norte, de los ´70 a los ´90, de la violencia dictatorial a la violencia neoliberal y a la guerra de las drogas. Las obras de Luis Gusmán, Martín Kohan, Alan Pauls, Ricardo Piglia y Daniel Moyano interrogan la violencia dictatorial en Argentina. Las narrativas de Iván Thays, Santiago Roncagliolo y Daniel Alarcón exploran los años de la violencia en Perú (1980-2000) durante el conflicto armado entre Sendero Luminoso y las fuerzas militares. Si las obras de Horacio Castellanos Moya, Rodrigo Rey Rosa y Franz Galich recorren el contexto de América Central atravesado por el genocidio guatemalteco; la narrativa de Fernando Vallejo descubre el fracaso de la izquierda y el imperio de la violencia sin ideología desatada por el narcotráfico en Colombia.

Dilemas, apuestas y reflexiones teórico-metodológicas para los abordajes en historia reciente

Author:
Book Series: Estudios / Investigaciones ISSN: 15140075 ISBN: 9789503410936 Year: Volume: 52 Pages: 250 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Nacional de La Plata. Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-08-03 14:52:15
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“Dilemas, apuestas y reflexiones teórico-metodológicas para los abordajes en Historia Reciente” se preocupa por presentar los dilemas teóricos y metodológicos, las potencialidades  y la utilización de las fuentes para la escritura de la Historia Reciente, los condicionantes en las agendas académicas con el propósito de dejar explicitadas las preocupaciones con las que se trabaja en escritura de la historia del pasado reciente y dar cuenta cómo se construyen los objetos de estudio. El libro está organizado en dos partes. La primera dedicada a discutir conceptos, categorías y perspectivas teóricas, y la segunda orientada a reflexionar sobre posibilidades y limitaciones del heterogéneo y complejo universo de materiales utilizados en la escritura de los diferentes capítulos de ese pasado doloroso y que no pasa. No obstante esta división, los recorridos analíticos, teórico-metodológicos e historiográficos atraviesan todos los capítulos del libro, pero lo hacen desde aproximaciones disímiles, que aportan de manera significativa, sea a la reflexión crítica sobre cuestiones estructurantes de la investigación sobre el pasado reciente (la represión, sus dimensiones, modalidades y características; la militancia humanitaria, las relaciones entre violencia y política, los exilios; la temporalidad del pasado-presente; los trabajos de la memoria, la transmisión intergeneracional de pasados traumáticos), sea al conocimiento específico de capítulos concretos de la historia de las dictaduras argentina y chilena.

Representing Mass Violence: Conflicting Responses to Human Rights Violations in Darfur

Author:
ISBN: 9780520281509 9780520963085 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.4 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Law --- Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-14 11:01:25
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How do interventions by the UN Security Council and the International Criminal Court influence representations of mass violence? What images arise instead from the humanitarianism and diplomacy fields? How are these competing perspectives communicated to the public via mass media? Zooming in on the case of Darfur, Joachim J. Savelsberg analyzes more than three thousand news reports and opinion pieces and interviews leading newspaper correspondents, NGO experts, and foreign ministry officials from eight countries to show the dramatic differences in the framing of mass violence around the world and across social fields.

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