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The Codes of the Street in Risky Neighborhoods

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783030162870 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-16287-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:09
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This book presents a comparative look at the norms and attitudes related to youth violence. It aims to present a perspective outside of the typical Western context, through case studies comparing a developed / Western democracy (Germany), a country with a history of institutionalized violence (South Africa), and an emerging democracy that has experienced heavy terrorism (Pakistan). Building on earlier works, the research presented in this innovative volume provides new insights into the sociocultural context for shaping both young people's tolerance of and involvement in violence, depending on their environment. This volume covers: Research on interpersonal violence. Thorough review of the contribution of research on gangs, violence, neighborhoods and community. Analyses on violence-related norms of male juveniles (ages 16-21 years old) living in high-risk urban neighborhoods. Intense discussion of the concept of street code and its use. Application of street code concept to contexts outside the US. An integrating chapter focused on where the street code exists, and how it is modified or interpreted by young men. With a foreword by Jeffrey Ian Ross, this book aims to provide a broader context for research. It does so via a rigorous comparative methodology, presenting a framework that may be applied to future studies. This open access book will be of interest to researchers in criminology and criminal justice, as well as related fields such as sociology, demography, psychology, and public health.

Keywords

Criminology --- Violence --- Crime

Self-Harm as Violence (Book chapter)

Book title: Women and Violence

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Genders and Sexualities in the Social Sciences ISBN: 9781137015112 9781137015129 Year: Pages: 257 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 090768
Subject: Philosophy --- Gender Studies --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:03
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This edited collection explores the agency of women who do violence and have violence done to them. Topics covered include rape, pornography, prostitution, suicide bombing and domestic violence. The volume contributes to the philosophical and theoretical debate, as well as offering practical, social and political responses to the issues examined.

Security Sector Reform and Citizen Security

Authors: ---
Book Series: SSR Papers ISBN: 9781911529736 9781911529729 9781911529743 9781911529750 Year: Pages: 56 DOI: 10.5334/bcc Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: History --- Migration --- Sociology --- Political Science --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:21
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While widely considered a core pillar of the peace and security architecture, Security Sector Reform (SSR) is coming under fire. SSR theory and practice are criticized for being overly focused on traditional conflict and post-conflict settings and for being unable to adjust to unconventional settings marked by chronic crime and terrorism. SSR tends to be disproportionately focused on national institutions and less amenable to engaging at the subnational scale. Drawing on the experiences of so-called ‘citizen security’ measures in cities across Latin America and the Caribbean, this paper offers some opportunities for renewing and revitalizing SSR. The emphasis of citizen security interventions on multiple forms of insecurity, data-driven and evidence-informed prevention, the promotion of social cohesion and efficacy and designing crime prevention into the social and built environment are all insights that can positively reinforce comprehensive SSR measures in the 21st century.

Representing Mass Violence: Conflicting Responses to Human Rights Violations in Darfur

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ISBN: 9780520281509 9780520963085 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.4 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Law --- Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-14 11:01:25
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How do interventions by the UN Security Council and the International Criminal Court influence representations of mass violence? What images arise instead from the humanitarianism and diplomacy fields? How are these competing perspectives communicated to the public via mass media? Zooming in on the case of Darfur, Joachim J. Savelsberg analyzes more than three thousand news reports and opinion pieces and interviews leading newspaper correspondents, NGO experts, and foreign ministry officials from eight countries to show the dramatic differences in the framing of mass violence around the world and across social fields.

Religion and Violence

ISBN: 9783038421436 9783038421443 Year: Pages: 174 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-12 11:46:47
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Men's Experiences of Violence in Intimate Relationships

Authors: ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Victims and Victimology ISBN: 9783030039943 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-03994-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Gender Studies --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:06
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This open access book draws on a broad study on violence against men, from both male and female partners in Norway, to contribute to the research on intimate partner violence. It identifies similarities in men's experiences and backgrounds, including in their perceptions of their own victimisation. Marianne Inez Lien and Jørgen Lorentzen argue that the traditional gender power model should be modified and supplemented, and propose that we consider violence in terms of psychological supremacy, rather than in terms of femininity and masculinity. Men's Experiences of Violence in Intimate Relationships will appeal to students and scholars across a range of areas including criminology, sociology and family violence, and gender studies.

Computational Conflict Research

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Computational Social Sciences ISBN: 9783030293338 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-29333-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:10
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This open access book brings together a set of original studies that use cutting-edge computational methods to investigate conflict at various geographic scales and degrees of intensity and violence. Methodologically, this book covers a variety of computational approaches from text mining and machine learning to agent-based modelling and social network analysis. Empirical cases range from migration policy framing in North America and street protests in Iran to violence against civilians in Congo and food riots world-wide. Supplementary materials in the book include a comprehensive list of the datasets on conflict and dissent, as well as resources to online repositories where the annotated code and data of individual chapters can be found and where (agent-based) models can be re-produced and altered. These materials are a valuable resource for those wishing to retrace and learn from the analyses described in this volume and adapt and apply them to their own research interests. By bringing together novel research through an international team of scholars from a range of disciplines, Computational Conflict Research pioneers and maps this emerging field. The book will appeal to students, scholars, and anyone interested in the prospects of using computational social sciences to advance our understanding of conflict dynamics.

Großerzählungen des Extremen

Authors: ---
Book Series: X-Texte zu Kultur und Gesellschaft ISBN: 9783839441190 Year: Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103380
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-22 11:01:24
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Was macht radikale Weltbilder so attraktiv? Und wie lässt sich die Renaissance des Extremismus kultur- und sozialwissenschaftlich erklären? Sprach man bis vor Kurzem noch davon, dass Großerzählungen auf dem Schrottplatz der Geschichte liegen, finden sie neuerdings mit der Wiederkehr des Fundamentalismus den Weg zurück in den Diskurs. Die Beiträge des Bandes stellen verschiedene Großerzählungen des Extremen vor und diskutieren, wie sie sich in Denkfiguren, Rhetoriken, Symboliken und Handlungsweisen niederschlagen. Mit Beiträgen u.a. von Claus Leggewie und Susanne Schröter.

Staat, Sicherheit und Gewalt in Kamerun

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Book Series: Postcolonial Studies ISBN: 9783839449042 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.14361/9783839449042 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-22 11:21:04
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The process of state building in Cameroon developed violently despite international observation and the UN mandated fiduciary situation. The central issue was the conflict over the transfer of the monopoly on violence and the communication of security, insecurity and threats, since anti-colonial forces, local elites and international administrators conveyed their claims to the future state through security talks. In thinking together of post-colonial theories and security research, Maria Ketzmerick develops a perspective on the state-building process, which has explanatory content for current conflict situations in Cameroon, and also determines narratives of security that have been updated in the post-colonial state.

Filmische Zeugenschaft im Abseits

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Book Series: Post_Koloniale Medienwissenschaft ISBN: 9783839445068 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.14361/9783839445068 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:04
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Abstract

The first fundamental analysis of a cinematic testimony of the cultural decolonization processes between Mozambique and Portugal.

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