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Convergence Culture Reconsidered - Media - Participation - Environments

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ISBN: 9783863952174 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2015-840 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:02:14
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Taking media scholar Henry Jenkins’s concept of ‘convergence culture’ and the related notions of ‘participatory culture’ and ‘transmedia storytelling’ as points of departure, the essays compiled in the present volume provide terminological clarification, offer exemplary case studies, and discuss the broader implications of such developments for the humanities. Most of the contributions were originally presented at the transatlantic conference Convergence Culture Reconsidered organized by the editors at the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Germany, in October 2013. Applying perspectives as diverse as literary, cultural, and media studies, digital humanities, translation studies, art history, musicology, and ecology, they assemble a stimulating wealth of interdisciplinary and innovative approaches that will appeal to students as well as experts in any of these research areas.

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literature --- culture --- media

Sonntags 20:15 Uhr – »Tatort« - Zu sozialen Positionierungen eines Fernsehpublikums

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ISBN: 9783863952662 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-24 11:01:16
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Watching television plays an important role in our daily lives. Especially serial narratives like the popular German police procedural Tatort (FRG, since 1970) bear great potential to catch and keep their viewer’s interest. Analysing the integration of the long running TV series Tatort into its viewers’ weekly routines, this study investigates movements in the realm of what is called ‘social positioning’. In online fora, in discussions or while watching the latest episode, television audiences share their impressions. They compare inspectors and crime sites and express their views upon socio-political debates. At the same time watching series for many is a deeply social activity. The series helps its viewers to get together with friends, partners or the family on a regular basis, others enjoy sharing their viewing experience in social networks. Together they laugh or discuss the issues that are brought up by the police investigation. The practice of watching Tatort thereby provides a wide range of possibilities to act upon one’s perspective on how the social world is structured. The ethnographic approach towards practices of social positioning is based upon participant observations in viewing situations over three years, 43 semi-structured narrative interviews, as well as an online ethnography concentrating on Facebook and the fan page Tatort-Fundus. This approach allows for two kinds of findings: Current perspectives on ‚the cultural other‘ as a figure that is bound to situational practices of positioning are enlightened by comparisons to fictional criminals and investigators as well as representations of social, professional and ethnic groups in Tatort. On a more theoretical level, the ethnographic insights on biographies, viewing situations, and practices in between the episodes call for corrections of the still persistent model of taste as a reliable indicator of people’s standing in society. Instead, the study points out the importance of situational and serial acts of positioning. Watching Tatort is a cultural practice with much variation. Still, how its viewers deal with Tatort as a narrative as well as a cultural practice is linked to a set of discursive fields. Describing the practice of watching Tatort as bound to activity/passivity, pleasure/critique, tension/relaxation, real/unreal, entertainment/information, and femininity/masculinity as well as to German/not-German reveals that all of these oppositions are continuously under negotiation. And Tatort viewers are usually positioned in-between.

Rethinking Gamification

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ISBN: 9783957960009 9783957960016 9783957960023 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.14619/001 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-07 18:27:26
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Gamification marks a major change to everyday life. It describes the permeation of economic, political, and social contexts by game-elements such as awards, rule structures, and interfaces that are inspired by video games. Sometimes the term is reduced to the implementation of points, badges, and leaderboards as incentives and motivations to be productive. Sometimes it is envisioned as a universal remedy to deeply transform society toward more humane and playful ends. Despite its use by corporations to manage brand communities and personnel, however, gamification is more than just a marketing buzzword. States are beginning to use it as a new tool for governing populations more effectively. It promises to fix what is wrong with reality by making every single one of us fitter, happier, and healthier. Indeed, it seems like all of society is up for being transformed into one massive game.The contributions in this book offer a candid assessment of the gamification hype. They trace back the historical roots of the phenomenon and explore novel design practices and methods. They critically discuss its social implications and even present artistic tactics for resistance. It is time to rethink gamification!

The Political Structure of UK Broadcasting 1949 - 1999

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Book Series: Media, Democracy & Political Process ISBN: 9783957960603 9783957960610 Year: DOI: 10.14619/011 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-23 15:18:20
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In 1999 David Elstein delivered a lecture series examining the evolvement of UK Broadcasting policy from 1949 to 1999. His sharp analysis is a valuable contribution to the post-war development of the British broadcasting system and unfolds many topical issues in current media policy debates.

Digitale Datenbanken. Eine Medientheorie im Zeitalter von Big Data

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Book Series: Digitale Gesellschaft ISBN: 9783837630282 9783839430286 Year: Pages: 390 DOI: 10.14361/9783839430286 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: EU-Großprojekt Innovations-Inkubator an der Leuphana Universität
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-09 11:01:12
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We have long moved on from a mere information age to the era of big data. Here, databases represent both the enormous potential for gaining knowledge of data collection and the alarming information excesses of digital culture. Furthermore, the term refers to concrete technologies and processes of gathering and accessing digital information. Media theory has to locate databases in between these very different conceptions. Marcus Burkhardt retraces the history of databases and asks how technical procedures of processing digital information determine what can be found how in databases and what knowledge can be gained through them.

Digital Light

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Book Series: Fibreculture Books ISBN: 9781785420009 9781785420085 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_548050 Language: English
Publisher: Open Humanities Press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-04 11:01:10
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Light symbolises the highest good, it enables all visual art, and today it lies at the heart of billion-dollar industries. The control of light forms the foundation of contemporary vision. Digital Light brings together artists, curators, technologists and media archaeologists to study the historical evolution of digital light-based technologies. Digital Light provides a critical account of the capacities and limitations of contemporary digital light-based technologies and techniques by tracing their genealogies and comparing them with their predecessor media. As digital light remediates multiple historical forms (photography, print, film, video, projection, paint), the collection draws from all of these histories, connecting them to the digital present and placing them in dialogue with one another. Light is at once universal and deeply historical. The invention of mechanical media (including photography and cinematography) allied with changing print technologies (half-tone, lithography) helped structure the emerging electronic media of television and video, which in turn shaped the bitmap processing and raster display of digital visual media. Digital light is, as Stephen Jones points out in his contribution, an oxymoron: light is photons, particulate and discrete, and therefore always digital. But photons are also waveforms, subject to manipulation in myriad ways. From Fourier transforms to chip design, colour management to the translation of vector graphics into arithmetic displays, light is constantly disciplined to human purposes. In the form of fibre optics, light is now the infrastructure of all our media; in urban plazas and handheld devices, screens have become ubiquitous, and also standardised. This collection addresses how this occurred, what it means, and how artists, curators and engineers confront and challenge the constraints of increasingly normalised digital visual media. While various art pieces and other content are considered throughout the collection, the focus is specifically on what such pieces suggest about the intersection of technique and technology. Including accounts by prominent artists and professionals, the collection emphasises the centrality of use and experimentation in the shaping of technological platforms. Indeed, a recurring theme is how techniques of previous media become technologies, inscribed in both digital software and hardware. Contributions include considerations of image-oriented software and file formats; screen technologies; projection and urban screen surfaces; histories of computer graphics, 2D and 3D image editing software, photography and cinematic art; and transformations of light-based art resulting from the distributed architectures of the internet and the logic of the database. Digital Light brings together high profile figures in diverse but increasingly convergent fields, from academy award-winner and co-founder of Pixar, Alvy Ray Smith to feminist philosopher Cathryn Vasseleu.

Strafrecht und Medien

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ISBN: 9783863952631 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2016-957 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:02:56
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Criminal trials often attract great public interest. This interest, again, is essential to criminal justice as such, for in democratic states under the rule of law criminal law and its application need to be asserted and accepted within the public discourse. However, most people do not follow criminal trials as spectators in the courtroom, but by means of public media, such as newspapers, television and – increasingly – the internet. Thus, media outlets gain influence on the public opinion and are able to paint the picture of criminal trials according to their own perception. The media tends to overdraw criminal cases rather than to report the unbiased facts. This leads to tensions between possibly diverging interests of the public, of the judiciary and of the media. This volume addresses these tensions from the perspectives of academics and practitioners, who discussed this issue during an interdisciplinary conference held at the Institute for Criminal Law at the Georg-August-University Göttingen.

Wilde und verweigerte Bilder - Untersuchungen zur literarischen Medialität der Figur um 1200

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ISBN: 9783863951597 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2014-756 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-25 11:01:25
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Sprache besitzt eine ihr innewohnende Bildmacht, sie evoziert bei ihrem Rezipienten unwillkürlich Vorstellungsbilder. Dies gilt besonders für poetische Sprache. Unter Einbezug rezeptionsästhetischer Ansätze zeigt die Studie anhand des Beispiels der Figurendarstellung die Charakteristika und Differenzen der Bildprogramme mittelhochdeutscher Erzähltexte auf. Die Untersuchung geht dabei von der These aus, dass die Methoden der Bildevokation an das ihnen zugrunde liegende Medium gebunden sind. Untersucht werden deshalb zum einen Texte semioralen Ursprungs und zum anderen solche, die konzeptioneller Schriftlichkeit zuzurechnen sind. Abschließend stellt sich die Frage nach dem Verhältnis von ‚histoire‘ und ‚discours‘ im Medienwechsel von Mündlichkeit zu Schriftlichkeit. Mit der Bewusstwerdung der Sprache scheint gleichzeitig eine Verschiebung des Schwerpunktes von der Erzählung zum Erzählen stattzufinden.

Politik der Mikroentscheidungen: Edward Snowden, Netzneutralität und die Architekturen des Internets

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Book Series: Digital Cultures ISBN: 9783957960351 9783957960368 Year: DOI: 10.14619/004 Language: German
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-23 15:18:20
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Ob beim Aufrufen einer Webseite, beim Versenden einer E-Mail oder beim Hochfrequenzhandel an der Börse: Auf ihrem Weg durch die Weiten digitaler Netze durchqueren Bits zahlreiche Knoten, an denen eine Reihe von Mikroentscheidungen getroffen werden. Diese Entscheidungen betreffen den besten Pfad zum Ziel, die Verarbeitungsgeschwindigkeit oder die Priorität zwischen den ankommenden Paketen. In ihrer vielschichtigen Gestalt bilden solche Mikroentscheidungen eine bislang nur marginal beachtete Dimension von Kontrolle und Überwachung im 21. Jahrhundert. Sie sind sowohl die kleinste Einheit als auch die technische Voraussetzung einer gegenwärtigen Politik digitaler Netzwerke – und des Widerstands gegen sie. Die aktuellen Debatten um Netzneutralität und Edward Snowdens Enthüllung der NSA-Überwachung bilden dabei lediglich die Spitze des Eisbergs. Auf dem Spiel steht nicht weniger als die Zukunft des Internets, wie wir es kennen.

Format Matters: Standards, Practices, and Politics in Media Cultures

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ISBN: 9783957961563 Year: Pages: 282 DOI: 10.14619/1556 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-26 10:44:05
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From TIFF files to TED talks, from book sizes to blues stations—the term “format” circulates in a staggering array of contexts and applies to entirely dissimilar objects and practices. How can such a pliable notion meaningfully function as an instrument of classification in so many industries and scientific communities? Comprising a wide range of case studies on the standards, practices, and politics of formats from scholars of photography, film, radio, television, and the Internet, Format Matters charts the many ways in which formats shape and are shaped by past and present media cultures. This volume represents the first sustained collaborative effort to advance the emerging field of format studies.

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