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Mass Mobilization in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, 1945–1960

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ISBN: 9780824884451 9780824884468 Year: Pages: 364 Language: English
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press
Subject: History --- Migration --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:28:01
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"Immediately after its founding by Hồ Chí Minh in September 1945, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) faced challenges from rival Vietnamese political organizations and from a France determined to rebuild her empire after the humiliations of WWII. Hồ, with strategic genius, courageous maneuver, and good fortune, was able to delay full-scale war with France for sixteen months in the northern half of the country. This was enough time for his Communist Party, under the cover of its Vietminh front organization, to neutralize domestic rivals and install the rough framework of an independent state. That fledgling state became a weapon of war when the DRV and France finally came to blows in Hanoi during December of 1946, marking the official beginning of the First Indochina War. With few economic resources at their disposal, Hồ and his comrades needed to mobilize an enormous and free contribution in manpower and rice from DRV-controlled regions. Extracting that contribution during the war’s early days was primarily a matter of patriotic exhortation. By the early 1950s, however, the infusion of weapons from the United States, the Soviet Union, and China had turned the Indochina conflict into a #34total war.#34 Hunger, exhaustion, and violence, along with the conflict’s growing political complexity, challenged the DRV leaders’ mobilization efforts, forcing patriotic appeals to be supplemented with coercion and terror. This trend reached its revolutionary climax in late 1952 when Hồ, under strong pressure from Stalin and Mao, agreed to carry out radical land reform in DRV-controlled areas of northern Vietnam. The regime’s 1954 victory over the French at Điện Biên Phủ, the return of peace, and the division of the country into North and South did not slow this process of socialist transformation. Over the next six years (1954–1960), the DRV’s Communist leaders raced through land reform and agricultural collectivization with a relentless sense of urgency. Mass Mobilization in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, 1945–1960 explores the way the exigencies of war, the dreams of Marxist-Leninist ideology, and the pressures of the Cold War environment combined with pride and patriotism to drive totalitarian state formation in northern Vietnam."

Education and Development in Colonial and Postcolonial Africa

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Global Histories of Education ISBN: 9783030278014 Year: Pages: 321 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27801-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:04
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This open access edited volume offers an analysis of the entangled histories of education and development in twentieth-century Africa. It deals with the plurality of actors that competed and collaborated to formulate educational and developmental paradigms and projects: debating their utility and purpose, pondering their necessity and risk, and evaluating their intended and unintended consequences in colonial and postcolonial moments. Since the late nineteenth century, the “educability” of the native was the subject of several debates and experiments: numerous voices, arguments, and agendas emerged, involving multiple institutions and experts, governmental and non-governmental, religious and laic, operating from the corridors of international organizations to the towns and rural villages of Africa. This plurality of expressions of political, social, cultural, and economic imagination of education and development is at the core of this collective work.

Sharpening the Haze

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781911529651 9781911529644 9781911529668 9781911529675 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.5334/bcd Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Psychology --- Anthropology --- Social Sciences --- History --- History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:21
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This volume presents ten visual essays that reflect on the historical, cultural and socio-political legacies of empires. Drawing on a variety of visual genres and forms, including photographs, illustrated advertisements, stills from site-specific art performances and films, and maps, the book illuminates the contours of empire’s social worlds and its political legacies through the visual essay. The guiding, titular metaphor, sharpening the haze, captures our commitment to frame empire from different vantage points, seeking focus within its plural modes of power. We contend that critical scholarship on empires would benefit from more creative attempts to reveal and confront empire. Broadly, the essays track a course from interrogations of imperial pasts to subversive reinscriptions of imperial images in the present, even as both projects inform each author’s intervention.

Kritik - Selbstaffirmation - Othering

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Book Series: Edition Moderne Postmoderne ISBN: 9783839451762 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839451762 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:28:47
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Formal and Methodological Approaches to Applied Linguistics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039283224 9783039283231 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-323-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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The goal of this Special Issue is to bring together state-of-the art articles on applied linguistics which reflect investigation carried out by researchers from different parts of the world. By bringing together papers from different perspectives, we hope to be able to gain a better understanding of the field. Hence, this Special Issue intends to address the study of language in its different dimensions and within the framework of multiple methodologies and formal accounts as used by researchers in the field. This Special Issue is dedicated to research in any area related to applied linguistics, including language acquisition and language learning; language teaching and curriculum design; language for specific purposes; psychology of language, child language and psycholinguistics; sociolinguistics; pragmatics; discourse analysis; corpus linguistics, computational linguistics and language engineering; lexicology and lexicography; and translation and interpretation.

Keywords

linguistic landscape --- minority language --- bilingualism --- multilingualism --- language contact --- bilingualism --- language contact --- pattern borrowing --- Russian --- Samoyedic languages --- Tungusic languages --- reflexive --- valency changing --- middle voice --- English for Specific Purposes --- Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) --- business English --- legal English --- teacher training --- foreign language teaching --- Integrating Content and Language in Higher Education (ICLHE) --- English as a medium of instruction (EMI) --- teaching methodologies in Higher Education --- internationalization of the curriculum --- named river --- conceptual information extraction --- geographic contextualization --- text mining --- Frame-Based Terminology --- food --- idiom --- metaphor --- metonymy --- English as a Foreign Language --- lexemic transfer --- lemmatic transfer --- Lexical Crosslinguistic Influence --- Study Abroad --- language policy --- higher education --- internationalisation --- discourse analysis --- language diversity --- language attitudes --- English linguistic imperialism --- Spanish universities --- modals --- late Modern English scientific writing --- Coruña Corpus --- spontaneous translanguaging --- discourse practices --- language acquisition --- translation --- corpus analysis --- domain loss --- frame-based terminology --- conceptual complexes --- grammatical gender --- interference --- cognates --- Papiamentu --- Spanish --- n/a

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