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Chapter Violence and Politics in Zimbabwe from 2008-2018 (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780198805472 Year: Pages: 14 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 726504
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:21:34
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"Zimbabwe’s ZANU-PF party has been locked in an internal battle of political survival which intensified as the country democratized. Political violence has become a common feature in these internal struggles and underscores the degree of competition between agents within the government. This analysis of Zimbabwe’s political violence is presented in three sequential parts: the first considers patterns and explanations for the violence in 2008; the second on subsequent low-level violence since 2008; and the last on the violence emanating from internal ZANU-PF factional struggles. There are continuities in this violence over the past ten years; first, the politics of the ruling party have become the defining feature of the Zimbabwean state; and political violence remains a direct reflection of ZANU-PF internal struggles. Second, violence is most intense surrounding elections. Violence marred all three that took place between January 2008 and August 2018, although at vastly different rates and in response to different perceived threats. Despite the repeated risks of violence during elections, Zimbabwe remains a relatively stable country with low rates of all political violence compared to the surrounding states in Africa. Third, violence is but one way that the internal competition with ZANU-PF and state institutions is performed. As ZANU-PF continues to alter its foundations, elites and principles to be ‘fit for purpose’, there are reasons to believe that violence rates will not change."

Game-Day Gangsters: Crime and Deviance in Canadian Football

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ISBN: 9781927356531 9781927356548 9781927356555 Year: Pages: 176 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-04 17:04:53
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In the complicated interaction between sport and law, much is revealed about the perception and understanding of consent and tolerable deviance. When a football player steps onto the field, what deviations from the rules of the game are considered acceptable? And what risks has the player already accepted by voluntarily participating in the sport? In the case of Canadian football, acts of on-field violence, hazing, and performance-enhancing drug use that would be considered criminal outside the context of sport are tolerated and even promoted by team and league administrators. The manner in which league review committees and the Canadian legal system understand such actions highlights the challenges faced by those looking to protect players from the dangers of the sport. Although there has been some discussion of legal and institutional reforms dealing with crime and deviance in Canadian sport, little exists in the way of sports law, with most cases falling into the legal categories of criminal, administrative, or civil law. In Game-Day Gangsters, Fogel argues for a review of the systems by which Canadian football is governed and analyzes the reforms proposed by football leagues and by players. Juxtaposing material from interviews with football players and administrators and from media files and legal cases, he explores the discrepancies between the playersÕ own experiences and the institutional handling of disciplinary matters in junior, university, and professional football leagues across the country.

Keywords

CFL --- violence --- sport --- drugs

The Codes of the Street in Risky Neighborhoods

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783030162870 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-16287-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:09
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This book presents a comparative look at the norms and attitudes related to youth violence. It aims to present a perspective outside of the typical Western context, through case studies comparing a developed / Western democracy (Germany), a country with a history of institutionalized violence (South Africa), and an emerging democracy that has experienced heavy terrorism (Pakistan). Building on earlier works, the research presented in this innovative volume provides new insights into the sociocultural context for shaping both young people's tolerance of and involvement in violence, depending on their environment. This volume covers: Research on interpersonal violence. Thorough review of the contribution of research on gangs, violence, neighborhoods and community. Analyses on violence-related norms of male juveniles (ages 16-21 years old) living in high-risk urban neighborhoods. Intense discussion of the concept of street code and its use. Application of street code concept to contexts outside the US. An integrating chapter focused on where the street code exists, and how it is modified or interpreted by young men. With a foreword by Jeffrey Ian Ross, this book aims to provide a broader context for research. It does so via a rigorous comparative methodology, presenting a framework that may be applied to future studies. This open access book will be of interest to researchers in criminology and criminal justice, as well as related fields such as sociology, demography, psychology, and public health.

Keywords

Criminology --- Violence --- Crime

The concept and measurement of violence against women and men

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781447332640 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_623150 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press Grant: Lumsa University
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-14 11:01:15
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. The extent of violence against women is currently hidden. How should violence be measured? How should research and new ways of thinking about violence improve its measurement? Could improved measurement change policy? The book is a guide to how the measurement of violence can be best achieved. It shows how to make femicide, rape, domestic violence, and FGM visible in official statistics. It offers practical guidance on definitions, indicators and coordination mechanisms. It reflects on theoretical debates on ‘what is gender’, ‘what is violence’, and ‘the concept of coercive control’. and introduces the concept of ‘gender saturated context’. Analysing the socially constructed nature of statistics and the links between knowledge and power, it sets new standards and guidelines to influence the measurement of violence in the coming decades.

The Architecture of Fear

Author:
ISBN: 9789782015570 9791092312065 Year: Language: English
Publisher: IFRA-Nigeria
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-14 11:31:46
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Self-Harm as Violence (Book chapter)

Book title: Women and Violence

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Genders and Sexualities in the Social Sciences ISBN: 9781137015112 9781137015129 Year: Pages: 257 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 090768
Subject: Philosophy --- Gender Studies --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:03
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This edited collection explores the agency of women who do violence and have violence done to them. Topics covered include rape, pornography, prostitution, suicide bombing and domestic violence. The volume contributes to the philosophical and theoretical debate, as well as offering practical, social and political responses to the issues examined.

Gender Violence & Human Rights: Seeking Justice in Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760460709 Year: DOI: 10.22459/GVHR.12.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Gender Studies --- Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-18 11:01:34
License: ANU Press

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The postcolonial states of Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu operate today in a global arena in which human rights are widely accepted. As ratifiers of UN treaties such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, these Pacific Island countries have committed to promoting women’s and girls’ rights, including the right to a life free of violence. Yet local, national and regional gender values are not always consistent with the principles of gender equality and women’s rights that undergird these globalising conventions. This volume critically interrogates the relation between gender violence and human rights as these three countries and their communities and citizens engage with, appropriate, modify and at times resist human rights principles and their implications for gender violence. Grounded in extensive anthropological, historical and legal research, the volume should prove a crucial resource for the many scholars, policymakers and activists who are concerned about the urgent and ubiquitous problem of gender violence in the western Pacific.

Performing Interpersonal Violence. Court, Curse, and Comedy in Fourth-Century BCE Athens

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Book Series: MythosEikonPoiesis ISSN: 18685080 ISBN: 9783110245608 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: 490 DOI: 10.1515/9783110245608 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101080
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-21 11:02:20
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This book offers the first attempt at understanding interpersonal violence in ancient Athens. While the archaic desire for revenge persisted into the classical period, it was channeled by the civil discourse of the democracy. Performances such as the staging of trials and comedies ritually defined the meaning of violence and its appropriate application. Speeches and curse tablets not only spoke about violence, but also exacted it, deriving its legitimate use from a democratic principle, the communal decision of the human jurors in the first case and the underworld gods in the second.

Keywords

Violence --- Ritual --- Performance --- Revenge --- Conflict

Experiences of Intervention Against Violence

Authors: ---
Book Series: Cultural Encounters in Intervention Against Violence ISBN: 9783847410256 9783847420439 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.3224/84742043 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:01:03
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The stories in this anthology emerged from interviews with women and young people about their experience of intervention when they were escaping a situation of abuse, neglect and/or sexual exploitation. They come from the research project “Cultural Encounters in Intervention Against Violence (CEINAV)” in four countries – England & Wales, Germany, Portugal and Slovenia. Through support services the women and young people were contacted; they came from a minority or migration background and had travelled through a history of violence and intervention, and were asked to tell who intervened, what had been helpful and what had not.

Stories that Make History. The Experience and Memories of the Japanese Military ›Comfort Girls-Women‹

Authors: ---
Book Series: Genocide and Mass Violence in the Age of Extremes ISSN: 26266490 ISBN: 9783110670523 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 300 DOI: 10.1515/9783110670523 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-12 19:29:15
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The experiences of Korean comfort girls-women are a paradigmatic example of how military sexual violence can obliterate the dignity of women and shame them into nonexistence. This book examines how the turning of their innocence into inadequacy, compounded their long, miserable suffering for half a century.

Keywords

Violence --- Korea --- Trauma research --- Suppression

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