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Obsessed by a Dream

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Book Series: Springer Biographies ISBN: 9783030263386 Year: Pages: 511 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-26338-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Science (General) --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:07
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This Open Access biography chronicles the life and achievements of the Norwegian engineer and physicist Rolf Widerøe. Readers who meet him in the pages of this book will wonder why he isn't better known. The first of Widerøe's many pioneering contributions in the field of accelerator physics was the betatron, the second, the linear accelerator, both summarized in a 27 page PhD. The betatron revolutionized the fields of cancer treatment through radiation therapy and also nondestructive testing; hospitals worldwide installed Widerøe's machine and today’s modern radiation treatment equipment is based on his inventions. The most recent renaissance of the linac provides unprecedented x-ray intensities at Free Electron Laser (FEL) facilities in operation and construction worldwide. . Widerøe’s story also includes a fair share of drama, particularly during World War II when both Germans and the Allies vied for his collaboration. Widerøe held leading positions in multinational industry groups and was one of the consultants for building the world's largest nuclear laboratory, CERN, in Switzerland. He gained over 200 patents, received several honorary doctorates and a number of international awards. The author, a professional writer and maker of TV documentaries, has gained access to hitherto restricted archives in several countries, which provided a wealth of new material and insights, in particular in relation to the war years. She tells here a gripping and illuminating story.

From Bilateral Arbitral Tribunals and Investment Courts to a Multilateral Investment Court

Authors: ---
Book Series: European Yearbook of International Economic Law ISBN: 9783662597323 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-59732-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:13
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This open access book considers the potential setup for a future Multilateral Investment Court (MIC). The option of an MIC was first discussed by the EU Commission in 2016 and has since been made an official element of the EU Common Commercial Policy. In 2017, UNCITRAL also decided to discuss the possibility of an MIC, and on 20 March 2018, the Council of the EU gave the EU Commission the mandate to negotiate the creation of an MIC. The “feasibility study” presented here is intended to contribute to a broader discussion on the options for a new international court specialized in investment protection. The cornerstones of such a new permanent court are a strict orientation on the rule of law, reduced costs of investment protection, transparency considerations, aspects of consistency in case law, and the effective enforceability of MIC decisions.

Narrating China's Governance

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ISBN: 9789813291782 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-32-9178-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:23
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This open access book captures and elaborates on the skill of storytelling as one of the distinct leadership features of Xi Jinping, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China and the President of the People’s Republic of China. It gathers the stories included in Xi’s speeches on various occasions, where they conveyed the essence of China’s history and culture, its reform and development, and the principles of China’s participating in global governance and cooperating with other countries to build a community of common destiny. The respective stories not only convey abstract and profound concepts of governance in comparatively straightforward language, but also create an immediate emotional connection between the narrator and the listener. In addition to the original stories, extensive additional materials are provided to convey the original context in which each was told, including when and to whom Xi told it, helping readers attain a deeper, intuitive understanding of their relevance.

Transnational Entrepreneurship in South East Asia

Authors: ---
Book Series: Emerging-Economy State and International Policy Studies ISBN: 9789813292529 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-32-9252-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25
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This open access book brings together narratives of inbound and outbound expatriate entrepreneurship in Japan to provide a comprehensive overview of international entrepreneurship in the region. Through in-depth interviews with expatriate entrepreneurs, policymakers, and additional stakeholders it provides the reader with a solid understanding of the current landscape of international entrepreneurship as it relates to Japan and the challenges for policymakers. The topics addressed in this book include definitions of expatriate entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship policy development and implementation, concepts of mindset, cultural brokerage, community, and identity as they relate to Japanese self-initiated expatriate entrepreneurs working in South East Asia and to non-Japanese self-initiated expatriate entrepreneurs working in Japan. Additionally, the book provides an overview of issues connected to regional development and economic growth in Asia. Illustrated through carefully chosen cases from Japan, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, and Indonesia and developed by connecting these cases to policy and interdisciplinary studies, this book is highly recommended to scholars, policymakers and practitioners who seek an in-depth and up-to-date integrated overview of the field of expatriate entrepreneurship in Asia.

Adaptive Strategies for Water Heritage

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ISBN: 9783030002688 Year: Pages: 435 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00268-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Environmental Sciences --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:13
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This Open Access book, building on research initiated by scholars from the Leiden-Delft-Erasmus Centre for Global Heritage and Development (CHGD) and ICOMOS Netherlands, presents multidisciplinary research that connects water to heritage. Through twenty-one chapters it explores landscapes, cities, engineering structures and buildings from around the world. It describes how people have actively shaped the course, form and function of water for human settlement and the development of civilizations, establishing socio-economic structures, policies and cultures; a rich world of narratives, laws and practices; and an extensive network of infrastructure, buildings and urban form. The book is organized in five thematic sections that link practices of the past to the design of the present and visions of the future: part I discusses drinking water management; part II addresses water use in agriculture; part III explores water management for land reclamation and defense; part IV examines river and coastal planning; and part V focuses on port cities and waterfront regeneration. Today, the many complex systems of the past are necessarily the basis for new systems that both preserve the past and manage water today: policy makers and designers can work together to recognize and build on the traditional knowledge and skills that old structure embody. This book argues that there is a need for a common agenda and an integrated policy that addresses the preservation, transformation and adaptive reuse of historic water-related structures. Throughout, it imagines how such efforts will help us develop sustainable futures for cities, landscapes and bodies of water. ; Crosses regional and national boundaries to meet global challenges Proposes an integrated policy on preservation, transformation and adaptive reuse of water-related structures Offers tools to facilitate collaboration among stakeholders Open Access book

Spectral Geometry of Partial Differential Operators

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781138360716 Year: Pages: 378 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-12 11:21:04
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Access; Differential; Durvudkhan; Geometry; Makhmud; Michael; OA; Open; Operators; Partial; Ruzhansky; Sadybekov; Spectral; Suragan

Keywords

Access --- Differential --- Durvudkhan --- Geometry --- Makhmud --- Michael --- OA --- Open --- Operators --- Partial --- Ruzhansky --- Sadybekov --- Spectral --- Suragan

Balancing the Tides

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ISBN: 9780824883393 9780824883522 9780824879686 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.36960/9780824883522 Language: English
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press
Subject: Law --- Economics --- Political Science --- Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-26 11:23:15
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"Balancing the Tides highlights the influence of marine practices and policies in the unincorporated territory of American S?moa on the local indigenous group, the American fishing industry, international seafood consumption, U.S. environmental programs, as well as global ecological and native concerns. Poblete explains how U.S. federal fishing programs in the post–World War II period encouraged labor based out of American S?moa to catch and can one-third of all tuna for United States consumption until 2009. Labeled �Made in the USA,� this commodity was sometimes caught by non-U.S. regulated ships, produced under labor standards far below continental U.S. minimum wage and maximum work hours, and entered U.S. jurisdiction tax free.&#xD;&#xD;The second half of the book explores the tensions between indigenous and U.S. federal government environmental goals and ecology programs. Whether creating the largest National Marine Sanctuary under U.S. jurisdiction or collecting basic data on local fishing, initiatives that balanced western-based and native expectations for respectful community relationships and appropriate government programs fared better than those that did not acknowledge the positionality of all groups involved. Despite being under the direct authority of the United States, American S?moans have maintained a degree of local autonomy due to the Deeds of Cession signed with the U.S. Navy at the turn of the twentieth century that created shared indigenous and federal governance in the region.&#xD;&#xD;Balancing the Tides demonstrates how western-style economics, policy-making, and knowledge building imposed by the U.S. federal government have been infused into the daily lives of American S?moans. American colonial efforts to protect natural resources based on western approaches intersect with indigenous insistence on adhering to customary principles of respect, reciprocity, and native rights in complicated ways. Experiences and lessons learned from these case studies provide insight into other tensions between colonial governments and indigenous peoples engaging in environmental and marine-based policy-making across the Pacific and the globe. This study connects the U.S.-American S?moa colonial relationship to global overfishing, world consumption patterns, the for-profit fishing industry, international environmental movements and studies, as well as native experiences and indigenous rights.&#xD;&#xD;Open Access publication of this book was made possible by the Sustainable History Monograph Pilot, an initiative sponsored by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation."&#xD;

Sustainable Smart Cities and Smart Villages Research: Rethinking

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039282180 9783039282197 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-219-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Over the last years, sophisticated policy making propositions for sustainable rural and urban development have been recorded. The smart village and smart city concepts promote a human-centric vision for a new era of technology-driven social innovation. This Special Issue offers a useful overview of the most recent developments in the frequently overlapping fields of smart city and smart village research. A variety of topics including well-being, happiness, security, open democracy, open government, smart education, smart innovation, and migration have been addressed in this Special Issue. They define the direction for future research in both domains. The organization of the relevant debate is aligned around three pillars: Section A: Sustainable Smart City and Smart Village Research: Foundations • Clustering Smart City Services: Perceptions, Expectations, and Responses • Smart City Development and Residents’ Well-Being • Analysis of Social Networking Service Data for Smart Urban Planning Section B: Sustainable Smart City and Smart Village Research: Case Studies on Rethinking Security, Safety, Well-being, and Happiness • Exploring a Stakeholder-Based Urban Densification and Greening Agenda for Rotterdam Inner City—Accelerating the Transition to a Liveable Low Carbon City • The Impact of the Comprehensive Rural Village Development Program on Rural Sustainability in Korea • Analyzing the Level of Accessibility of Public Urban Green Spaces to Different Socially Vulnerable Groups of People • Consumers’ Preference and Factors Influencing Offal Consumption in the Amathole District Eastern Cape, South Africa • Sustainable Tourism: A Hidden Theory of the Cinematic Image? A Theoretical and Visual Analysis of the Way of St. James • Future Development of Taiwan’s Smart Cities from an Information Security Perspective • Towards a Smart and Sustainable City with the Involvement of Public Participation—The Case of Wroclaw Section C: Sustainable Smart City and Smart Village Research: Technical Issues • Detection and Localization of Water Leaks in Water Nets Supported by an ICT System with Artificial Intelligence Methods as a Way Forward for Smart Cities • A Study of the Public Landscape Order of Xinye Village • Spatio-Temporal Changes and Dependencies of Land Prices: A Case Study of the City of Olomouc • Geographical Assessment of Low-Carbon Transportation Modes: A Case Study from a Commuter University • Performance Analysis of a Polling-Based Access Control Combined with the Sleeping Schema in V2I VANETs for Smart Cities.

Keywords

synergetic urban landscape planning --- low carbon cities --- densification --- liveability --- greening --- sustainable urban development --- urban planning --- policy evaluation --- sustainable rural policy --- spatial econometrics model --- decomposition method --- South Korea --- low-carbon transportation --- walk --- bike --- transit --- built-environment --- perceptions --- UNCG --- Greensboro --- North Carolina --- offal --- consumers --- perception --- consumption --- meat quality --- purchase-point --- pilgrimage and religion tourism --- sustainable pilgrimage tourism --- moviescapes --- the Way of St. James --- Accessibility --- urban green space --- social demand index --- surface temperature --- smart city --- ecological wellbeing --- population density --- small-sized community --- sustainable urban management --- spatial equity --- urban planning --- smart city --- information security --- cloud computation security --- big data information security --- Internet of things information security --- Smart Cities --- social networks --- ambient behavioral analysis --- urban planning --- decision making --- sustainability --- accessibility --- land price map --- land-use development --- geographic information system --- spatio-temporal changes --- sustainability --- Olomouc --- city sustainable development --- smart city implementation concept --- residents’ participation --- participatory budgeting --- Wroclaw 1998–2018 --- smart cities --- ICTS --- energy efficiency --- polling control --- probability generating function --- vehicular Ad-hoc networks (VANETs) --- vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) --- water supply networks --- network modelling --- leak detection --- artificial neural networks --- settlement --- culture --- public landscape --- landscape order --- Xinye Village --- smart city --- usefulness experience --- safety experience --- convenience experience --- SWB --- smart cities --- information and communication technologies --- technology clusters --- innovation transfer --- sustainability --- analytics --- ICTs --- policy making --- smart cities --- smart villages --- smart urban applications --- data mining --- analytics --- cloud computing and open source technologies --- sustainability --- entrepreneurship --- economic growth --- international migration --- forced migration --- smart technologies --- ICT --- open democracy --- open government --- smart education --- smart innovation

Blockchain and Crypto Currency

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Economics, Law, and Institutions in Asia Pacific ISBN: 9789811533761 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-3376-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:29:47
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This open access book contributes to the creation of a cyber ecosystem supported by blockchain technology in which technology and people can coexist in harmony. Blockchains have shown that trusted records, or ledgers, of permanent data can be stored on the Internet in a decentralized manner. The decentralization of the recording process is expected to significantly economize the cost of transactions. Creating a ledger on data, a blockchain makes it possible to designate the owner of each piece of data, to trade data pieces, and to market them. This book examines the formation of markets for various types of data from the theory of market quality proposed and developed by M. Yano. Blockchains are expected to give data itself the status of a new production factor. Bringing ownership of data to the hands of data producers, blockchains can reduce the possibility of information leakage, enhance the sharing and use of IoT data, and prevent data monopoly and misuse. The industry will have a bright future as soon as better technology is developed and when a healthy infrastructure is created to support the blockchain market.

Actualizing Human Rights

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ISBN: 9780367820381 Year: Pages: 142 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-15 04:50:13
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"This book argues that ultimately human rights can be actualized, in two senses. By answering important challenges to them, the real-world relevance of human rights can be brought out; and people worldwide can be motivated as needed for realizing human rights. Taking a perspective from moral and political philosophy, the book focuses on two challenges to human rights that have until now received little attention, but that need to be addressed if human rights are to remain plausible as a global ideal. Firstly, the challenge of global inequality: how, if at all, can one be sincerely committed to human rights in a structurally greatly unequal world that produces widespread inequalities of human rights protection? Secondly, the challenge of future people: how to adequately include future people in human rights, and how to set adequate priorities between the present and the future, especially in times of climate change? The book also asks whether people worldwide can be motivated to do what it takes to realize human rights. Furthermore, it considers the common and prominent challenges of relativism and of the political abuse of human rights. This book will be of key interest to scholars and students of human rights, political philosophy, and more broadly political theory, philosophy and the wider social sciences."

Keywords

access --- actualizing --- future --- global --- human --- inequality --- motivation --- open --- people --- rights

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