Search results: Found 21

Listing 1 - 10 of 21 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by
The spoken word: Oral culture in Britain, 1500-1850

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780719057465 Year: DOI: 10.9760/mupoa/9780719057465 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The early modern period was of great significance throughout Europe with respect to its gradual transition from a largely oral to a fundamentally literate society. On the one hand, the spoken word remained of the utmost importance to the dissemination of ideas, the communication of information and the transmission of the cultural repertoire. On the other hand, the proliferation of written documents of all kinds, the development of printing and the spread of popular literacy combined to transform the nature of communication. Studies previous to this have traditionally focussed on individual countries or regions, and emphasised the contradictions between oral and literate culture. The essays in this fascinating collection depart from these approaches in several ways. By examining not only English, but also Scottish and Welsh oral culture, they provide the first pan-British study of the subject. The authors also emphasise the ways in which oral and literate culture continued to compliment and inform each other, rather than focusing exclusively on their incompatibility, or on the 'inevitable' triumph of the written word. The chronological focus, ranging from the sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century, with glances ahead to the twentieth, set the problem against a longer chronological span than most other studies, providing a link between early modern and modern oral and literate cultures. This book it will be of interest to students and scholars of British history, Linguistics, Literary Studies and Folklore Studies.

Keywords

culture --- oral --- folklore --- linguistics

Witchcraft continued: Popular magic in modern Europe

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780719066580 Year: DOI: 10.9760/mupoa/9780719066580 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Witchcraft continued provides an important collection of essays on the nature and understanding of witchcraft and magic in European society over the last two centuries. It innovatively brings together the interests of historians in nineteenth-century witchcraft and the twentieth-century fieldwork of anthropologists and sociologists on the continued relevance of witch beliefs. The book covers England, the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Germany, France, Finland, Transylvania and Northern Ireland. It examines the experience of and attitudes towards witchcraft from both above and below. They demonstrate the widespread fear of witches amongst the masses during the nineteenth century, and the continued but more restricted relevance of witchcraft in the twentieth century. While the educated classes generally denounced witch-believers as either superstitious, foolish or both, secular and religious authorities still had to find strategies of dealing with the demands of those who believed themselves the victims of witchcraft. Moreover the rise of the folklore movement and the growth of anthropology as an academic discipline over the period provided a huge body of evidence on continuing beliefs that many had consigned to the past. This book will be essential reading for those interested in the continued importance of witchcraft and magic in the modern era. More generally it will appeal to those with a lively interest in the cultural history of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Keywords

transylvania --- folklore --- witchcraft --- witches

Witchcraft narratives in Germany: Rothenburg, 1561-1652

Author:
ISBN: 9780719052590 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Given the widespread belief in witchcraft and the existence of laws against such practices, why did witch-trials fail to gain momentum and escalate into 'witch-crazes' in certain parts of early modern Europe? This book answers this question by examining the rich legal records of the German city of Rothenburg ob der Tauber, a city which experienced a very restrained pattern of witch-trials and just one execution for witchcraft between 1561 and 1652. The author explores the factors that explain the absence of a 'witch-craze' in Rothenburg, placing particular emphasis on the interaction of elite and popular priorities in the pursuit (and non-pursuit) of alleged witches at law. By making the witchcraft narratives told by the peasants and townspeople of Rothenburg central to its analysis, the book also explores the social and psychological conflicts that lay behind the making of accusations and confessions of witchcraft. Furthermore, it challenges existing explanations for the gender-bias of witch-trials, and also offers insights into other areas of early modern life, such as experiences of and beliefs about communal conflict, magic, motherhood, childhood and illness. Written in a lively narrative style, this innovative study invites a wide readership to share in the compelling drama of early modern witch trials. It will be essential reading for researchers working in witchcraft studies, as well as those in the wider field of early modern European history.

Keywords

germany --- folklore --- witchcraft --- witches

Beyond the witch trials: Witchcraft and magic in Enlightenment Europe

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780719066603 Year: DOI: 10.9760/mupoa/9780719066603 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Beyond the witch trials provides an important collection of essays on the nature of witchcraft and magic in European society during the Enlightenment. The book is innovative not only because it pushes forward the study of witchcraft into the eighteenth century, but because it provides the reader with a challenging variety of different approaches and sources of information. The essays, which cover England, Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Germany, Scotland, Finland and Sweden, examine the experience of and attitudes towards witchcraft from both above and below. While they demonstrate the continued widespread fear of witches amongst the masses, they also provide a corrective to the notion that intellectual society lost interest in the question of witchcraft. While witchcraft prosecutions were comparatively rare by the mid-eighteenth century, the intellectual debate did no disappear; it either became more private or refocused on such issues as possession. The contributors come from different academic disciplines, and by borrowing from literary theory, archaeology and folklore they move beyond the usual historical perspectives and sources. They emphasise the importance of studying such themes as the aftermath of witch trials, the continued role of cunning-folk in society, and the nature of the witchcraft discourse in different social contexts. This book will be essential reading for those interested in the decline of the European witch trials and the continued importance of witchcraft and magic during the Enlightenment. More generally it will appeal to those with a lively interest in the cultural history of the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. This is the first of a two-volume set of books looking at the phenomenon of witchcraft, magic and the occult in Europe since the seventeenth century.

Keywords

enlightenment --- folklore --- witchcraft

Death in Jewish Life. Burial and Mourning Customs Among Jews of Europe and Nearby Communities

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Rethinking Diaspora ISBN: 9783110339185 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 398 DOI: 10.1515/9783110339185 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This volume examines in inter-disciplinary perspective the degree to which the medieval Ashkenazi were innovative in the area of communal activity surrounding burial and mourning customs. The topics cover liturgical poetry as well as statutory prayers confessions, final testimonies and acts of charity funeral and mourning rites the influences of the surrounding non-Jewish the effects of major acts of persecution.

Riddles: Perspectives on the use, function and change in a folklore genre

Author:
Book Series: Studia Fennica Folkloristica ISBN: 9789517460194 9517465769 9789522228215 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.21435/sff.10 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation grant and SKS
Subject: Ethnology --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:28
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Riddles are a journey into a fascinating world rich in delightful metaphors and ambiguity. This book is based on material drawn from all over the world and analyses both traditional true riddles and contemporary joking questions. It introduces the reader to different riddling situations and the many functions of riddles, wich vary from education to teasing, and from defusing a heated situation to entertainment. In addition to providing a survey of international riddle scholarship, the book has a comprehensive bibliography with suggestions for further reading.

Introduction to Paremiology. A Comprehensive Guide to Proverb Studies

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110410167 9783110456127 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.2478/9783110410167 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 11:27:07
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This handbook introduces key elements of the philological research area called paremiology (the study of proverbs). It presents the main subject area as well as the current status of paremiological research. The basic notions, among others, include defining proverbs, main proverb features, origin, collecting and categorization of proverbs. Each chapter is written by a leading scholar-specialist in their area of proverbial research. Since the book represents a measured balance between the popular and scientific approach, it is recommended to a wide readership including experienced and budding scholars, students of linguistics, as well as other professionals interested in the study of proverbs.

Artificis culturals: tradició, patrimoni, turisme

Author:
Book Series: Col·lecció Estudis d'Antropologia Social i Cultural ISBN: 9788491683889 Year: Pages: 368 Language: Catalan
Publisher: Publicacions i Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona
Subject: Anthropology --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-04 10:03:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

A partir de l’estudi de la tradició, el patrimoni i el turisme, Llorenç Prats ha reflexionat sobre els imaginaris col·lectius hegemònics en relació amb la identitat i sobre els mecanismes polítics i simbòlics que intervenen en la seva formació i el seu desenvolupament. En aquest sentit, la contribució de l’autor a l’antropologia catalana ha estat cabdal, perquè ha desconstruït alguns paradigmes de la nació i la identitat catalanes. A mitjan anys noranta va investigar sobre la categoria i l’ús del patrimoni com a artefacte cultural, cosa que va tenir una notable influència a escala nacional i internacional, i, ja més recentment, el seu treball s’ha orientat a l’estudi antropològic del turisme. Aquest llibre, que reuneix textos publicats per Prats entre 1985 i 2014, és una mostra representativa del seu llegat acadèmic i una eina útil per al debat, la docència i la recerca, així com un estímul per interrogar-se sobre la naturalesa, el caràcter i la funció social del que ell mateix anomena «artificis culturals».

The Irish Folklore Commission 1935-1970: History, ideology, methodology

Author:
Book Series: Studia Fennica Folkloristica ISBN: 9789517469470 9789522228109 9789522228116 Year: Pages: 535 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_617192 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation grant and SKS
Subject: Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:18
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"Between 1935 and 1970 the Irish Folklore Commission (Coimisiún Béaloideasa Éireann), under-funded and at great personal cost to its staff, assembled one of the world’s largest folklore collections. This study draws on the extensive government files on the Commission in the National Archives of Ireland and on a wide variety of other primary and secondary sources, in order to recount and assess the work and achievement of this world-famous institute. The cultural, linguistic, political and ideological factors that had a bearing on the establishment and making permanent of the Commission and that impinged on many aspects of its work are here elucidated. The genesis of the Commission is traced and the vision and mission of its Honorary Director, Séamus Ó Duilearga (James Hamilton Delargy), is outlined. The negotiations that preceded the setting up of the Commission in 1935 as well as protracted efforts from 1940 to 1970 to place it on a permanent foundation are recounted and examined at length. All the various collecting programmes and other activities of the Commission are described in detail and many aspects of its work are assessed and, in some cases, reassessed. This study also deals with the working methods and conditions of employment of the Commission’s field and Head Office staff as well with Séamus Ó Duilearga’s direction of the Commission. This is the first major study of the Irish Folklore Commission, which has been praised in passing in numerous publications, but here for the first time its work and achievement is detailed comprehensively and subjected to scholarly scrutiny. This work should be of interest not only to students of Irish oral tradition but to folklorists everywhere. The history of the Irish Folklore Commission is a part of a wider history, that of the history of folkloristics in Europe and North America in particular. Moreover, the Irish Folklore Commission maintained contacts with scholars on all five continents, and this work has relevance for many areas of the developing world today, where conditions are not dissimilar to those that pertained in Ireland in the 1930's when this great salvage operation was funded by the young, independent Irish state."

Myth and Mentality: Studies in Folklore and Popular Thought

Author:
Book Series: Studia Fennica Folkloristica ISBN: 9789517463713 9789522228499 9789522228482 Year: Pages: 317 DOI: 10.21435/sff.8 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation and SKS||SKS
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Religion --- History of arts --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-24 11:01:48
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"The recent fascination in Finnish folklore studies with popular thought and the values and emotions encoded in oral tradition began with the realisation that the vast collections of the Finnish folklore archives still have much to offer the modern-day researcher. These archive materials were not only collected by scholars, but also by the ordinary rural populace interested in their own traditions, by performers and their audiences. With its myriad voices, this body of source material thus provides new avenues for the researcher seeking to penetrate popular thought. What does oral tradition tell us about the way its performers think and feel? What sorts of beliefs and ideas are transmitted in traditional songs and narratives? Perspectives from the study of mentalities and cultural cognition research provide a framework for investigating these issues. This collection of articles works from the premise that the cultural models which shape mentalities give rise to manifest expressions of culture, including folklore. These models also become embedded in the representations appearing in folklore, and are handed down from one generation to the next. The topics of the book cover age-old myths and world views, concepts of witchcraft and the Devil stretching back to the Middle Ages, and the values and collective emotions of Finnish and Hungarian agrarian communities. "

Listing 1 - 10 of 21 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by