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Mapping and the Citizen Sensor

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ISBN: 9781911529194 9781911529163 9781911529170 9781911529187 Year: Pages: 398 DOI: 10.5334/bbf Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Geography --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-11 11:01:48
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Maps are a fundamental resource in a diverse array of applications ranging from everyday activities, such as route planning through the legal demarcation of space to scientific studies, such as those seeking to understand biodiversity and inform the design of nature reserves for species conservation. For a map to have value, it should provide an accurate and timely representation of the phenomenon depicted and this can be a challenge in a dynamic world. Fortunately, mapping activities have benefitted greatly from recent advances in geoinformation technologies. Satellite remote sensing, for example, now offers unparalleled data acquisition and authoritative mapping agencies have developed systems for the routine production of maps in accordance with strict standards. Until recently, much mapping activity was in the exclusive realm of authoritative agencies but technological development has also allowed the rise of the amateur mapping community. The proliferation of inexpensive and highly mobile and location aware devices together with Web 2.0 technology have fostered the emergence of the citizen as a source of data. Mapping presently benefits from vast amounts of spatial data as well as people able to provide observations of geographic phenomena, which can inform map production, revision and evaluation. The great potential of these developments is, however, often limited by concerns. The latter span issues from the nature of the citizens through the way data are collected and shared to the quality and trustworthiness of the data. This book reports on some of the key issues connected with the use of citizen sensors in mapping. It arises from a European Co-operation in Science and Technology (COST) Action, which explored issues linked to topics ranging from citizen motivation, data acquisition, data quality and the use of citizen derived data in the production of maps that rival, and sometimes surpass, maps arising from authoritative agencies.

Dynamics of Long-Life Assets: From Technology Adaptation to Upgrading the Business Model

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ISBN: 9783319454382 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-45438-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-19 16:26:48
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The editors present essential methods and tools to support a holistic approach to the challenge of system upgrades and innovation in the context of high-value products and services. The approach presented here is based on three main pillars: an adaptation mechanism based on a broad understanding of system dependencies; efficient use of system knowledge through involvement of actors throughout the process; and technological solutions to enable efficient actor communication and information handling.The book provides readers with a better understanding of the factors that influence decisions, and put forward solutions to facilitate the rapid adaptation to changes in the business environment and customer needs through intelligent upgrade interventions. Further, it examines a number of sample cases from various contexts including car manufacturing, utilities, shipping and the furniture industry. The book offers a valuable resource for both academics and practitioners interested in the upgrading of capital-intensive products and services.

Error-Correction Coding and Decoding: Bounds, Codes, Decoders, Analysis and Applications

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Book Series: Signals and Communication Technology ISSN: 1860-4862 / 1860-4870 ISBN: 9783319511023 9783319511030 Year: Pages: 522 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-51103-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 15:07:50
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This book discusses both the theory and practical applications of self-correcting data, commonly known as error-correcting codes. The applications included demonstrate the importance of these codes in a wide range of everyday technologies, from smartphones to secure communications and transactions. Written in a readily understandable style, the book presents the authors’ twenty-five years of research organized into five parts:Part I is concerned with the theoretical performance attainable by using error correcting codes to achieve communications efficiency in digital communications systems.Part II explores the construction of error-correcting codes and explains the different families of codes and how they are designed. Techniques are described for producing the very best codes.Part III addresses the analysis of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes, primarily to calculate their stopping sets and low-weight codeword spectrum which determines the performance of these codes.Part IV deals with decoders designed to realize optimum performance.Part V describes applications which include combined error correction and detection, public key cryptography using Goppa codes, correcting errors in passwords and watermarking.This book is a valuable resource for anyone interested in error-correcting codes and their applications, ranging from non-experts to professionals at the forefront of research in their field.

Cloud Computing - Architecture and Applications

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ISBN: 9789535132431 9789535132448 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.5772/62794 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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In the era of Internet of Things and with the explosive worldwide growth of electronic data volume, and associated need of processing, analysis, and storage of such humongous volume of data, it has now become mandatory to exploit the power of massively parallel architecture for fast computation. Cloud computing provides a cheap source of such computing framework for large volume of data for real-time applications. It is, therefore, not surprising to see that cloud computing has become a buzzword in the computing fraternity over the last decade. This book presents some critical applications in cloud frameworks along with some innovation design of algorithms and architecture for deployment in cloud environment. It is a valuable source of knowledge for researchers, engineers, practitioners, and graduate and doctoral students working in the field of cloud computing. It will also be useful for faculty members of graduate schools and universities.

Advances in Security in Computing and Communications

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ISBN: 9789535133452 9789535133469 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.5772/65228 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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In the era of Internet of Things (IoT) and with the explosive worldwide growth of electronic data volume, and associated need of processing, analysis, and storage of such humongous volume of data, several new challenges are faced in protecting privacy of sensitive data and securing systems by designing novel schemes for secure authentication, integrity protection, encryption, and non-repudiation. Lightweight symmetric key cryptography and adaptive network security algorithms are in demand for mitigating these challenges. This book presents some of the state-of-the-art research work in the field of cryptography and security in computing and communications. It is a valuable source of knowledge for researchers, engineers, practitioners, graduates, and doctoral students who are working in the field of cryptography, network security, and security and privacy issues in the Internet of Things (IoT). It will also be useful for faculty members of graduate schools and universities.

Differential Geometrical Theory of Statistics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038424253 9783038424246 Year: Pages: XIV, 458 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-425-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-12 12:20:37
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This Special Issue "Differential Geometrical Theory of Statistics" collates selected invited and contributed talks presented during the conference GSI'15 on "Geometric Science of Information" which was held at the Ecole Polytechnique, Paris-Saclay Campus, France, in October 2015 (Conference web site: http://www.see.asso.fr/gsi2015).

Digitalisierung: Bildung | Technik | Innovation

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ISBN: 9783662528532 9783662528549 Year: Pages: 195 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-52854-9 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-21 14:51:05
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Dieser Themenband beschäftigt sich mit Fragen der zunehmenden Automation und Vernetzung, die unseren Alltag durchdringen. Die Perspektive der Autoren erlaubt einen neuen Blick auf den Umgang und die Nutzung von Daten durch Menschen und Maschinen, sowie die Veränderung der Aufgaben und Prozesse. Die damit verbundenen Arbeitsanforderungen werden zum massiven Wandel von Berufsbildern führen, in dem einfache Tätigkeiten automatisiert und komplexe Tätigkeiten vereinfacht werden. Nicht nur das Arbeiten sondern auch das Lernen, Lehren und Forschen verändert sich durch die Digitalisierung. Die technischen Möglichkeiten wandeln die Lebenswelten mit ihren urbanen Versorgungs- und Infrastrukturen und eröffnen den Wirtschaftsräumen neue Geschäftsmodelle. Diese parallel einsetzenden Entwicklungen führen zu radikalen Umbrüchen, die in den kommenden Jahren sämtliche Aspekte der Gesellschaft verändern werden.

Open Source Systems: Towards Robust Practices 13th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference, OSS 2017, Buenos Aires, Argentina, May 22-23, 2017, Proceedings

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Book Series: IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology ISSN: 1868-4238 / 1868-422X ISBN: 9783319577340 9783319577357 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57735-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 15:15:02
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference on Open Source Systems, OSS 2017, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in May 2017.The 16 revised full papers and 3 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 32 submissions. The papers cover a wide range of topics related to free, libre, and open source software (FLOSS), including: licensing, strategies, and practices; case studies; projects, communication, and participation; tools; and project management, development and evaluation.

Archives in Liquid Times

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Jaarboek ISBN: 9789071251450 Year: Pages: 326 Language: English
Publisher: Stichting Archiefpublicaties Grant: Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences / Archiefschool DEVENTit BV Doxis Informatiemanagers Karmac Informatie & Innovatie BV Picturae DE REE archiefsystemen
Subject: Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-11 11:01:53
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Archives in Liquid Times aims to broaden and deepen the thinking about archives in today’s digital environment. It is a book that tries to fuel the debate about archives in different fields of research. It shows that in these liquid times, archives need and deserve to be considered from different angles. Archives in Liquid Times is a publication in which archival science is linked to philosophy (of information) and data science. Not only do the contributors try to open windows to new concepts and perspectives, but also to new uses of existing concepts concerning archives. The articles in this book contain philosophical reflections, speculative essays and presentations of new models and concepts alongside well-known topics in archival theory. Among the contributors are scholars from different fields of research, like Anne Gilliland, Wolfgang Ernst, Geoffrey Yeo, Martijn van Otterlo, Charles Jeurgens and Geert-Jan van Bussel. This book includes interviews with Luciano Floridi and Eric Ketelaar, in which they reflect on key issues arising from the contributions. The editors are Frans Smit, Arnoud Glaudemans and Rienk Jonker.

Smartphones from an Applied Research Perspective

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ISBN: 9789535135890 9789535135906 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.5772/65172 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Smartphones from an Applied Research Perspective highlights latest advancements of research undertaken in multidisciplinary fields where the smartphone plays a central role. Smartphone is synonymous to innovation in today's society. Very few visionaries predicted its social, cultural, technological and economic impacts, although the usage of smartphone is almost pervasive and transcendental. This book is meant for researchers and postgraduate students looking forward for hot topics for their final year projects, doctoral or even postdoctoral studies. Practitioners too will find food for thought and will surely be amazed by the broadness of the topics presented.

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