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Making room: Facilitating the testimony of child witnesses and victims

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ISBN: 978192038347 Year: Pages: 70 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 12:15:32
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About the publicationCourt rooms are frightening places for anyone testifying. Even adults are fearful about giving evidence in front of magistrates and judges, and about being questioned by prosecutors and defence lawyers. Imagine how much more scary that must be for a child. Even worse, in sexual offences children have to talk about embarrassing things, for which they do not even have an adequate or accurate vocabulary. South African law has excellent provisions which allow children to testify via intermediaries and in separate rooms, so that they need not encounter the offender. But this is only as good as the provisioning allows. In the 2009 case of Director of Public Prosecutions v the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development, the Court laid emphasis on these special arrangements, and at the time directed the Minister of Justice to place a report before the Constitutional Court on the readiness of the courts to provide the specialised services. Five years on, this report looks at the statistical evidence that is currently available, coupled with empirical evidence gathered from visits to sexual offences court, to determine how much progress has been made towards the goal of children being able to testify in a safe, child-friendly environment.About the authors:The Centre for Child Law was established in 1998 and is based in the Faculty of Law at the University of Pretoria. The Director of the Centre is Prof Ann Skelton.The Centre contributes towards the establishment and promotion of the best interests of children in South Africa through litigation, advocacy, research and education.Table of ContentsFOREWORDACKNOWLEDGMENTSIntroductionBackgroundQuantifying compliance: Where we were compared to where we are3.1 Intermediaries3.2 Separate child witness testifying rooms3.3 CCTV systems3.4 One-way mirrorsReported experiences: A qualitative view of court services for child victims and witnesses4.1 Eastern Cape4.1.1 Lusikisiki Court4.1.2 Engcobo Court4.1.3 Qumbu Court4.1.4 Ngqeleni Court4.1.5 Mthatha Court4.1.6 Concluding reflections on the Eastern Cape4.2 Free State4.2.1 Welkom Court4.2.2 Odendaalsrus Court4.2.3 Bothaville Court4.2.4 Concluding reflections on the Free State4.3 Gauteng4.3.1 Cullinan Court4.3.2 Bronkhorstspruit Court4.3.3 Krugersdorp Court4.3.4 Palm Ridge Court4.3.5 Pretoria North Court4.3.6 Concluding reflections on Gauteng4.4 KwaZulu-Natal4.4.1 Durban Court4.4.2 Camperdown Court4.4.3 Pinetown Court4.4.4 Verulam Court4.4.5 Pietermaritzburg Court4.4.6 Concluding reflections on KwaZulu-Natal4.5 Limpopo4.5.1 Sibasa Court4.5.2 Giyani Court4.5.3 Louis Trichardt Court4.5.4 Concluding reflections on Limpopo4.6 Mpumalanga4.6.1 Middelburg Court4.6.2 Ermelo Court4.6.3 Nelspruit Court4.6.4 Mhala Court4.6.5 Concluding reflections on Mpumalanga4.7 North West4.7.1 Brits Court4.7.2 Mmabatho Court4.7.3 Lehurutshe Court4.7.4 Zeerust Court4.7.5 Lichtenburg Court4.7.6 Concluding reflections on the North West4.8 Northern Cape4.8.1 Barkly West Court4.8.2 Warrenton Court4.8.3 Hartswater Court4.8.4 Douglas Court4.8.5 Kimberley Court4.8.6 Concluding reflections on the Northern Cape4.9 Western Cape4.9.1 Atlantis Court4.9.2 Parow Court4.9.3 Wynberg Court4.9.4 Paarl Court4.9.5 Cape Town Court4.9.6 Concluding reflections on the Western CapeSurvey results: Observations and some recommendations5.1 Lack of accommodation5.2 Intermediaries5.2.1 Skills and competency5.2.2 Debriefing of intermediaries5.2.3 Evaluation of intermediaries’ performance5.2.4 Appointment of intermediaries – Contract5.3 Awareness of the needs of child victims and witnesses5.4 Lack of toys and other means to keep children busy5.5 Lack of refreshments for child victims and witnessesConcluding recommendations

Kindesschutz bei Kindeswohlgefährdung - neue Mittel und Wege? - 6. Göttinger Workshop zum Familienrecht

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783940344304 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2008-171 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This volume contains a collection of papers of a October 2007 Göttingen workshop on family law, the upcoming changes of child’s welfare by the state in the context of the draft law of the Federal Government to "Facilitate Family Court measures in case of endangered child’s welfare.

Verfassungsrechtliche Anforderungen an Sperrmaßnahmen von kinderpornographischen Inhalten im Internet - Unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Zugangserschwerungsgesetzes

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Book Series: Göttinger Schriften zur Internetforschung ISBN: 9783863950576 Year: Pages: 370 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-140 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-23 14:00:40
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Die Art und Weise wie dem Missbrauch des Internets als Verbreitungsmedium für Kinderpornographie Einhalt geboten werden kann, wird auf nationaler wie auch europäischer Ebene stark diskutiert. Im Mittelpunkt steht die Frage, ob auch unmittelbare Eingriffe in die Internetstruktur zwecks Unterbindung des Zugriffs auf kinderpornographische Webinhalte gerechtfertigt sind. Damit sind in erster Linie die Internetsperren von Access-Providern angesprochen und die Problematik, ob diese tatsächlich eine effektive Maßnahme in der Bekämpfung von Kinderpornographie verheißen. Die Autorin untersucht dieses Thema primär anhand einer verfassungsrechtlichen Würdigung eines legislatorischen Sperransatzes zur Verhinderung des Zugriffs auf diese kinderpornographischen Webinhalte, bezieht aber auch die europäische Entwicklung mit ein. Neben der Herleitung allgemeiner verfassungsrechtlicher Anforderungen wird auch ein Überblick über das Zugangserschwerungsgesetz gegeben, das in den Jahren 2009/2010 als erster ernstzunehmender gesetzlicher Ansatz zur Inhaltsregulierung galt, letztlich jedoch praktisch nicht angewandt wurde.

KindersoldatInnen im Kontext - Biographien, familien- und kollektivgeschichtliche Verläufe in Norduganda

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783863953775 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2018-1122 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:08
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Lange vor „IS“ und „Boko Haram“ galt die messianisch-christliche „Lord’s Resistance Army“ (LRA) in Uganda als die vielleicht brutalste Rebellengruppe Afrikas oder der Welt – und als eine, die sich sehr klar auf die Entführung, „Rekrutierung“ und den Einsatz Minderjähriger als KämpferInnen spezialisiert hat. Dieses Buch zeigt die Erkenntnisse eines Forschungsprojekts über ehemalige KindersoldatInnen in Norduganda und ihre „Reintegration“ in den gesellschaftlichen und familialen Alltag nach ihrer Rückkehr ins zivile Leben. Biographische Verläufe von Ex-KindersoldatInnen vor, während und nach der Zeit ihrer Entführung werden vorgestellt. Die AutorInnen untersuchen, wie sie ins zivile Leben zurückfanden, welche Beziehungsstrukturen oder sozialen Figurationen sich danach zwischen ihnen und den ZivilistInnen sowie insbesondere ihren Herkunftsfamilien beobachten lassen und welche alltagsweltlichen Bedingungen einen Übergang ins zivile Leben erleichtern oder erschweren.

Keywords

Uganda --- child soldier --- biographies

Chapter 4 Boundary crossing (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780367182915 9780429060687 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-28 11:21:11
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Child safeguarding has come to the forefront of public debate in the UK in the aftermath of a series of highly publicised incidents of child sexual exploitation and abuse. These have exposed the inadequacies and failings of inter-organisational relations between police and key partners. While the discourse of policing partnerships is now accepted wisdom, progress has been distinctly hesitant. This paper contributes to understanding both the challenges and opportunities presented through working across organisational boundaries in the context of safeguarding children. It draws on a study of relations within one of the largest Safeguarding Children partnerships in England, developing insights from Etienne Wenger regarding the potential of ‘communities of practice’ that innovate on the basis of everyday learning through ‘boundary work’. We demonstrate how such networked approaches expose the differential power relations and sites of conflict between organisations but also provide possibilities to challenge introspective cultures and foster organisational learning. We argue that crucial in cultivating effective ‘communities of practice’ are: shared commitment and purpose; relations of trust; balanced exchange of information and resources; mutual respect for difference; and an open and mature dialogue over possible conflicts. Boundary crossing can open opportunities to foster increased reflexivity among policing professionals, prompting critical self-reflection on values, ongoing reassessment of assumptions and questioning of terminology. Yet, there is an inherent tension in that the learning and innovative potential afforded by emergent ‘communities of practice’ derives from the coexistence and interplay between both the depth of knowledge within practices and active boundaries across practices.

Au-pair: Von der Kulturträgerin zum Dienstmädchen

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ISBN: 9783205781820 Year: Pages: 355 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437161 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3961
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:59
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Since the 1970s, highly educated families in Austria have employed Au-pairs for taking care of their children. Why have these families preferred Au-pairs to kindergartens with qualified teachers? Were Au-pairs just a flexible substitute or did they have additional functions in the family? Which social and political climate has favoured this private form of childcare? The empirical basis of the work was the documentation of one of the major Austrian Au-pair agencies for the period 1978 - 2000, particularly 298 self-descriptions from guest families and the agency´s annual reports. The material was supplemented by interviews with ten guest families and by interviews with two experts. Thus is possible to analyze the socio-demographic characteristics of guest-families in Vienna and its suburbs, their motivations for taking Au-pairs, and their expectations. The findings indicate that Au-pairs usually serve several roles within the families: for instance, one very important role is to "double" mothers in order to free their minds to continue their social and work life. The pair system is also discussed in view of its two historic threads: one is a long European "education abroad" tradition for rather upper class children. The other thread is a "work-migration" tradition for lower class childs that had to go to cities to work as domestic servants. Which of the two traditions dominates the Au-pair market depends on the economic situation of the countries from which the Au-pairs come. Consequently, the economic and political changes around 1989 in Eastern Europe have had major impacts on the characteristics of Au-pair jobs in Austria

Keywords

au-pair --- child-care --- servants

Experiences of Intervention Against Violence

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Book Series: Cultural Encounters in Intervention Against Violence ISBN: 9783847410256 9783847420439 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.3224/84742043 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:01:03
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The stories in this anthology emerged from interviews with women and young people about their experience of intervention when they were escaping a situation of abuse, neglect and/or sexual exploitation. They come from the research project “Cultural Encounters in Intervention Against Violence (CEINAV)” in four countries – England & Wales, Germany, Portugal and Slovenia. Through support services the women and young people were contacted; they came from a minority or migration background and had travelled through a history of violence and intervention, and were asked to tell who intervened, what had been helpful and what had not.

Alles zum Wohle des Kindes? - Aktuelle Probleme des Kindschaftsrechts 2. Familienrechtliches Forum Göttingen

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Göttinger Juristische Schriften ISBN: 9783863950538 Year: Pages: 255 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-139 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-27 00:00:00
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This volume contains the lectures of the 2nd Family Law Forum in Göttingen, July 2nd, 2011. Major topic is Child Safety Law and the threats of child's well-being.

Contested Childhoods: Growing up in Migrancy

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319446080 9783319446103 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44610-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-24 16:21:06
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This open access book explores specific migration, governance, and identity processes currently involving children and ideas of childhood. Migrancy as a social space allows majority populations to question the capabilities of migrants, and is a space in which an increasing number of children are growing up. In this space, families, nation-states, civil society, as well as children themselves are central actors engaged in contesting the meaning of childhood. Childhood is a field of conceptual, moral and political contestation, where the ‘battles’ may range from minor tensions and everyday negotiations of symbolic or practical importance involving a limited number of people, to open conflicts involving violence and law enforcement. The chapters demonstrate the importance of how we understand phenomena involving children: when children are trafficked, seeking refuge, taken into custody, active in gangs or in youth organisations, and struggling with identity work. This book examines countries representing very different engagements and policies regarding migrancy and children. As a result, readers are presented with a comprehensive volume ideal for both the classroom and for policy-makers and practitioners. The chapters are written by experts in social anthropology, human geography, political science, sociology, and psychology.

Theologies of Childhood and the Children of Africa

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781928396109 Year: DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2016.tcca02 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS Grant: Knowledge Unlatched||North-West University - 100410
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:58
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The purpose of this book is to combine perspectives of scholars from Africa on Child Theologies from a variety of theological sub-disciplines to provide some theological and ministerial perspectives on this topic. The book disseminates original research and new developments in this study field, especially as relevant to the African context. In the process it addresses also the global need to hear voices from Africa in this academic field. It wants to convey the importance of considering Africa’s children in theologising. The different chapters represent diverse methodologies but the central and common focus is to approach the subject from the viewpoint of Africa’s children. The individual authors’ varied theological sub-disciplinary dispositions contribute to the unique and distinct character of the book. Almost all chapters are theoretical orientated with less empirical research, although some of the chapters refer to empirical research which the authors have done in the past.

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