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The American Automobile Industry

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Book Series: Michigan Papers in Japanese Studies ISBN: 9780472902064 Year: Pages: 119 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.11903719 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: National Endowment for the Humanities||Andrew W. Mellon Foundation - [grantnumber unknown]||[grantnumber unknown]
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-25 00:09:10
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Amid the gloom, indeed the despair, that prevailed among auto industry spokesmen during early 1981, the University of Michigan held the first U.S.-Japan Auto Conference. With all the uncertainty that accompanies a march into new territory, the conference very much resembled a call to arms as industry, union, and government officials sought to comprehend and respond to the Japanese challenge. In the subsequent two conferences in 1982 and 1983, the concerned parties displayed an impressive willingness to roll up their sleeves and get on with creating the conditions for a renewal of the industry. Yet success seemed to elude their efforts, and frustrations mounted as the national recession lengthened and deepened. It was not until the March 1984 conference that definite change in tone became apparent. By this time, it was clear that the industry was beginning to reap the fruits of its efforts. As Paul McCracken notes in his remarks, the market for new cars was manifesting its traditional high-geared response to improved business conditions, and the voluntary trade restraints were contributing to the ability of the industry to take advantage of this renewed prosperity. In addition, those who know the industry well knew that the major improvements in quality and productivity had been made, and many of the changes responsible for these improvements seem unlikely to be reversed. All this was much on the minds of speakers and participants during the March conference. The various speakers presented an image of people who thought that they were pretty much on the way toward addressing successfully their internal problems of productivity, quality, and marketing. All that remained was to dispose of the external factors that prevented the, from competing on that well-known if elusive "level playing field." [ix]

The American and Japanese Auto Industries in Transition

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780472902057 Year: Pages: 251 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.18623 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: National Endowment for the Humanities||Andrew W. Mellon Foundation - [grantnumber unknown]||[grantnumber unknown]
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-25 00:09:17
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This report was prepared for the Policy Board by the U.S. and Japanese research staffs of the Joint U.S.–Japan Automotive Study under the general direction of Professors Paul W. McCracken and Keichi Oshima, with research operations organized and coordinated by Robert E. Cole on the U.S. side, in close communication with the Taizo Yakushiji on the Japanese side. [preface] In view of the importance of stable, long-term economic relationships between Japan and the United States, automotive issues have to be dealt with in ways consistent with the joint prosperity of both countries. Furthermore, the current economic friction has the potential to adversely affect future political relationships. Indeed, under conditions of economic stagnation, major economic issues inevitably become political issues. With these considerations in mind, the Joint U.S.–Japan Automotive Study project was started in September 1981 to determine the conditions that will allow for the prosperous coexistence of the respective automobile industries. During this two-year study, we have identified four driving forces that will play a major role in determining the future course of the automotive industry of both countries. These are: (1) consumers’ demands and aspirations vis-à-vis automobiles; (2) flexible manufacturing systems (FMS); (3) rapidly evolving technology; and (4) the internationalization of the automotive industry. [exec. summary]

Cold Micro Metal Forming

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Production Engineering ISBN: 9783030112806 Year: Pages: 358 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11280-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:10
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This open access book contains the research report of the Collaborative Research Center “Micro Cold Forming” (SFB 747) of the University of Bremen, Germany. The topical research focus lies on new methods and processes for a mastered mass production of micro parts which are smaller than 1mm (by forming in batch size higher than one million). The target audience primarily comprises research experts and practitioners in production engineering, but the book may also be of interest to graduate students alike.

Ineguaglianze economiche. Le certezze e le incertezze (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

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Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.05
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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The aim of the opening speech is to present the most discussed issues in relation to inequality in personal distribution of income and wealth. In particular, it first examines the current trends in economic inequality (§ 1-4). Overall, some certainty has been achieved on these trends over the last century. In a second part of this opening speech (§ 5-7), some knowledge we have about pre-modern inequalities is summarized. In this regard, uncertainties are much more numerous than certainties.

The Psychology of Silicon Valley

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ISBN: 9783030273644 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27364-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Psychology --- Business and Management --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:06
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Misinformation. Job displacement. Information overload. Economic inequality. Digital addiction. The breakdown of democracy, civility, and truth itself. This open access book explores the conscious and unconscious norms, values, and characteristics that drive behaviors within the high-tech capital of the world, Silicon Valley, and the sector it represents. In an era where the reach and influence of a single industry has the potential to define the future of our world, it has become apparent just how little we know about the organizations driving these changes. The Psychology of Silicon Valley offers a revealing look inside the mind of world’s most influential industry and how the identity, culture, myths, and motivations of Big Tech are harming society. The book argues that the bad values and lack of emotional intelligence borne in the vacuum of Silicon Valley will have lasting consequences on everything from social equality to the future of work to our collective mental health. Katy Cook expertly walks us through the psychological landscape of Silicon Valley, including its leadership, ethical, and cultural problems, and artfully explains why we cannot afford to ignore the psychology and values that are behind our technology any longer.

Industry 4.0 for SMEs

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783030254254 Year: Pages: 412 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-25425-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:06
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This open access book explores the concept of Industry 4.0, which presents a considerable challenge for the production and service sectors. While digitization initiatives are usually integrated into the central corporate strategy of larger companies, smaller firms often have problems putting Industry 4.0 paradigms into practice. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) possess neither the human nor financial resources to systematically investigate the potential and risks of introducing Industry 4.0. Addressing this obstacle, the international team of authors focuses on the development of smart manufacturing concepts, logistics solutions and managerial models specifically for SMEs. Aiming to provide methodological frameworks and pilot solutions for SMEs during their digital transformation, this innovative and timely book will be of great use to scholars researching technology management, digitization and small business, as well as practitioners within manufacturing companies.

Organizing Matters

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Book Series: ILERA Publication series ISBN: 9781839104022 9781839104039 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.4337/9781839104039 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Political Science --- Economics --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-15 17:10:44
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Organizing Matters demonstrates the interplay between two distinct logics of labour’s collective action: on the one hand, workers coming together, usually at their place of work, entrusting the union to represent their interests and, on the other hand, social bargaining in which the trade union constructs labour’s interests from the top down. The book investigates the tensions and potential complementarities between the two logics through the combination of a strong theoretical framework and an extensive qualitative case study of trade union organizing and recruitment in four countries – Austria, Germany, Israel and the Netherlands. These countries still utilize social-wide bargaining but find it necessary to draw and develop strategies transposed from Anglo-American countries in response to continuously declining membership.

Economic inequality in the rural Southern Low Countries during the Fifteenth century: sources, data and reflection (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Authors: ---
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.16
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This chapter seeks to explore local and regional variation in levels of inequality in different types of rural localities and regions within the late medieval County of Flanders. Our research indicates that fiscal sources for the County of Flanders can produce reliable data on the distribution of income during the late medieval period. The analysis of these data shows that important local and regional differences can be observed in the distribution of rural income. To a large extent, these local variations can be explained by differences in access to local economic resources. Our results, however, also indicate that substantial regional differences in access to rural resources can produce similar income distributions.

Feeding inequalities: the role of economic inequalities and the urban market in late medieval food security. The case of fourteenth-century Ghent (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Authors: ---
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.25
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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Although the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) revised their theoretical model of food security for over two decades ago, historians have been slow in adopting these new insights to study pre-modern societies. Showcasing the potential of the holistic approach proposed by the FAO, this paper analyses the evolution of food security in the calamitous fourteenth century in Ghent, one the most populated cities at that time. In the long-term, access to food seem to have bettered during the second half of the century thanks to increased wages, wealth and investments into farmland. While these gains can partly be linked to demographic evolutions, we found no evidence of an often-hypothesized Malthusian ceiling before the Black Death.

Looking for the islands of equality in a sea of inequality. Why did some societies in pre-industrial Europe have relatively low levels of wealth inequality? (Book chapter)

Book title: Disuguaglianza economica nelle società preindustriali: cause ed effetti / Economic inequality in pre-industrial societies: causes and effect

Author:
Book Series: Datini Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9788855180535 Year: Volume: 1 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.27
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This paper scrutinizes the insights won by recent studies in wealth inequality in pre-industrial Europe. It focuses on the regions and periods where levels of inequality were relatively low, trying to arrive at an inventory of causes of these exceptions. It discusses catastrophic events, colonization and revolution as possible causes, but argues that these only occasionally had a leveling effect, depending on the social and institutional context in which they occurred. Most clearly wealth accumulation was restricted, even by maximums on ownership, where associative organizations held a solid position, and market and state played lesser roles as coordination systems.

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