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Exotic Moscow Under Western Eyes

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ISBN: 9781934843406 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Academic Studies Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-01 16:07:12
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This collection of essays on Turgenev, Goncharov, Conrad, Dostoevsky, Blok, Briusov, Gor’kii, Pasternak and Nabokov represents diverse voices but is also unified. One invariant is the recurring distinction between “culture” and “civilization” and the vision of Russia as the bearer of culture because it is “barbaric.” Another stance advocates the synthesis of “sense and sensibility” and the vision of “Apollo” and “Dionysus” creating a “civilized culture” together. Those voices that delight in the artificiality of civilization are complemented by those apprehensive of the dangers inherent in barbarism. This collection thus adds new perspectives to the much-debated opposition of vital Russia and a declining West, offering novel interpretations of classics from Oblomov to Lolita and The Idiot to Doctor Zhivago.

Keywords

Literature --- Russia

Europäische Interaktionsfelder - Erkundungen zu deutsch-russischen Beziehungen

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ISBN: 9783863953485 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2017-1076 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-21 11:01:55
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Das Verhältnis von Deutschen und Russen wird oft im Kontext von Kriegen und politischen Spannungen thematisiert. Aber eine derartige Sicht trennt auch das, was verbindet. Tatsächlich hat es im Laufe der Jahrhunderte nicht nur wechselseitige starke Migrationsbewegungen gegeben (Deutschland war zunächst eines der bevorzugten Fluchtländer der russischen Flüchtlinge nach der Russischen Revolution, Russland zog zur Zeit der Zarin Katharina deutsche Aussiedler an), sondern immer haben beide Kulturen auch stark aufeinander gewirkt. Am Schicksal der Russlanddeutschen zeigt sich in besonderer Prägnanz Fluch und Segen einer Existenz zwischen den Kulturen. Hier kann der Blick einzelnen Russlanddeutschen (wie dem letzten lutherischen Pastor von Tomsk) oder grundsätzlichen Überlegungen zur Geschichte und zum Selbstverständnis der Russlanddeutschen gelten. Umgekehrt werden Migrantenschicksale deutlich, die gerade deren Situation zwischen den Kulturen zum Teil tragisch verdeutlichen (Henry von Heiseler, Alexander Schmorell), die Wirkung russischer Kultur auf die deutsche erörtert etwa der Aufsatz zur Dostojewskij-Rezeption der dialektischen Theologen, während die studentische Arbeit zu Dostojewskijs Gotteslästerungsthematik im Großinquisitor ein Stück heutiger Rezeption bietet. Die Schlagwörter Märtyrer und Migranten belegen die gegenwärtig die Gesellschaften in Deutschland und Russland unterschiedlich bewegenden Tendenzen öffentlicher bzw. kultureller Diskurse, deren direkte Vergleichbarkeit nicht von vornherein gegeben ist.

Keywords

Europe --- Russia

Federalism and democratisation in Russia

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ISBN: 9780719058691 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe has encouraged political scientists to re-examine the comparative literature on democratisation. A vast literature has now been produced comparing transitions from authoritarianism and democratisation in different parts of the world. However, there are two major omissions in the transition literature. First, the focus of research has primarily been on national level politics, and second, the relationship between federalism and democracy has largely been overlooked. This study seeks to redress this imbalance by moving the focus of research from the national level to the vitally important processes of institution building and democratisation at the local level and to the study of federalism and democratisation in Russia. Federal states are much more difficult to set up than unitary ones, and forging a new federal system at the same time as privatising the economy and trying to radically overhaul the political system has clearly made Russia's transition triply difficult. This book builds on Cameron Ross' earlier work, 'Regional Politics in Russia', by combining theoretical perspectives with empirical work to provide a comparative analysis of the electoral systems, party systems and governmental systems in the ethnic republics and regions and to assess the impact of theses different institutional arrangements on democratisation and federalism. Overall, this study argues that Russia's weak and asymmetrical form of federalism has played a major role in thwarting the consolidation of democracy. Federalism and democratisation in Russia exist in contradiction rather than harmony. In a vicious circle authoritarianism at the centre has been nourished by authoritarianism in the regions and vice versa. 'Elective dictatorships' and 'delegative democracies' are now well entrenched in many republics and authoritarian regimes are firmly established in a majority of the regions. This book will be vital reading for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of Russian politics and democratisation.

Keywords

politics --- russia, soviet --- communism

Implementing international environmental agreements in Russia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780719063862 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This exciting book is the first systematic study of how international environmental agreements are transformed into political action in Russia. Using three illuminating case studies on the implementation process in the fields of fisheries management, nuclear safety and air pollution control, this book fills an important gap in existing literature. While the focus in current social science debate on international environmental regimes is accumulating knowledge on 'implementing activities' at both national and international level, this book goes one step further and examines implementation at national and regional level. This topic is of great theoretical relevance to the study of environmental politics since some of the main sources of environmental degradation in Europe are to be found in the Russian Federation. It is also of relevance to the more general debate on contemporary Russian politics and offers valuable new material on regional politics in Russia. With its emphasis on the politics of environmental and resource management, it continues the description and discussion of political processes where most accounts of Russian politics tend to stop. This book will be invaluable for undergraduates, postgraduates and academics studying environmental politics and Russian politics at regional and national level.

Keywords

russia --- pollution --- russian --- environmental

Russian Policy in the Orthodox East. Patriarchate of Constantinople (1878-1914)

Author:
ISBN: 9788376560328 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560328 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-17 10:01:11
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The book is the first attempt to make a systematic analysis of the Russian ecclesiastical policy in the diocese of the Patriarchate of Constantinople in the period of 1878-1914. It is based mainly on unedited materials from the archives of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Sofia, Athens, Belgrade and Istanbul. Using the existing publications on the political aspects of the Eastern question, the author presents a new understanding of the role of Russia in the East Mediterranean region at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries.

Trust and Mistrust in the Economies of the China-Russia Borderlands

Author:
ISBN: 9789089649829 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789089649829 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-14 11:01:52
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This book focuses on northeast Sino-Russian border economies and how trans-border economies function in practice, often across great distances, despite widespread mistrust.

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russia --- borderlands --- trade --- china

In the Lands of the Romanovs : An Annotated Bibliography of First-hand English-language Accounts of the Russian Empire (1613-1917)

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ISBN: 9782821876224 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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Over the course of more than three centuries of Romanov rule in Russia, foreign visitors and residents produced a vast corpus of literature conveying their experiences and impressions of the country. The product of years of painstaking research by one of the world's foremost authorities on Anglo-Russian relations, In the Lands of the Romanovs is the realization of a major bibliographical project that records the details of over 1200 English-language accounts of the Russian Empire. Ranging chronologically from the accession of Mikhail Fedorovich in 1613 to the abdication of Nicholas II in 1917, this is the most comprehensive bibliography of first-hand accounts of Russia ever to be published. Far more than an inventory of accounts by travellers and tourists, Anthony Cross's ambitious and wide-ranging work includes personal records of residence in or visits to Russia by writers ranging from diplomats to merchants, physicians to clergymen, gardeners to governesses, as well as by participants in the French invasion of 1812 and in the Crimean War of 1854-56. Providing full bibliographical details and concise but informative annotation for each entry, this substantial bibliography will be an invaluable tool for anyone with an interest in contacts between Russia and the West during the centuries of Romanov rule.

Keywords

bibliography --- Russia --- Romanov

Chapter 20 OPEC and Russia (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367195656 Year: Pages: 11 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Economics --- Sociology --- Bibliography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-08 10:44:03
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Russia has long been a potential dream partner for the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Russia could greatly enhance the cartel’s market power and has several allies among the OPEC member states. During the 2010s, it seemed that the potential of the OPEC–Russia relationship was finally being realized as they grew closer. However, in this chapter we argue that the strengthened dialogue has little impact on physical oil output and the level of mutual commitment remains low. What they do share is an interest in the semblance of cooperation to push oil prices upward through impacting market psychology. This strategy is in line with the postmodern turn in Russian foreign policy, as proclaimed by Vladislav Surkov and others. It also has some important foreign policy side benefits for Russia, such as weakening its international isolation after the conflict in Ukraine and making it possible to simultaneously befriend various Middle Eastern countries that are at odds with each other. The OPEC–Russia dalliance is also convenient for a third party – the USA. Although the USA is still a net oil importer and its consumers dislike high oil prices, they benefit American oil companies and their employees and investors, especially in the shale oil sector. Arrangements between OPEC and Russia are thus not only a happy pro forma marriage, but also a successful ménage à trois.

Keywords

OPEC --- Russia --- co-operation

Da Odessa a New York : Una Grande Aquila, un re dello shund e altre stelle vagabonde

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ISBN: 9788899982003 DOI: 10.4000/books.aaccademia.5706 Language: Italian
Publisher: Accademia University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:27
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A Odessa fu Jacob Adler, giovane campione di boxe e di ballo, a dare vita al primo teatro yiddish russo. Negli Stati Uniti Boris Thomashefsky, giovanissimo immigrato senza alcuna formazione specifica, fondò la prima compagnia yiddish professionale. Adler diventò un attore-mito con il soprannome di Grande Aquila, Thomashefsky fu il re dello shund, l’amato e disprezzato teatro- spazzatura. Per oltre un ventennio l’amicizia e la concorrenza tra i due diedero l’impulso più rilevante a un genere spettacolare al tempo stesso popolare e innovatore, capace di proporre in scena episodi biblici e scabrosi fatti di cronaca, controversie filosofiche e battaglie politiche. Le donne che i due incontrarono e che li affiancarono come attrici e compagne di vita furono altrettanto fondamentali nel determinare la fisionomia del teatro yiddish nella transizione dalla vecchia Europa a quella Amerike nella quale le più diverse etnie e culture cercavano di costruirsi un futuro di benessere e felicità. Sempre mescolando divertimento e commozione, risate e lacrime, il teatro yiddish realizzato durante pochi decenni tra il xix e il xx secolo da alcune centinaia di artisti straordinari non fu soltanto il principale elemento identitario di una comunità ma anche un incredibile laboratorio senza il quale il teatro contemporaneo sarebbe molto più povero.

Keywords

Russia --- shund --- Yiddish theater

Solomon Michoels e Veniamin Zuskin : Vite parallele nell’arte e nella morte

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ISBN: 9788899200121 DOI: 10.4000/books.aaccademia.5811 Language: Italian
Publisher: Accademia University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:27
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Vite parallele, quelle dei due grandi attori Solomon Michoels e Veniamin Zuskin, immerse nella speranza suscitata da un regime che per la prima volta nella storia riconosceva parità di diritti agli ebrei. Lo stato sovietico attribuiva al lavoro culturale e artistico un ruolo fondamentale e gli ebrei progressisti contavano su questo presupposto anche per emanciparsi dal conservatorismo che caratterizzava gran parte della loro tradizione. Per quei giovani, moderni e formati in ambienti fortemente permeati dallo “spirito della musica”, l’arte e il teatro si incontravano con le istanze della Rivoluzione d’Ottobre. Purtroppo l’utopia defluì nel giro di pochi anni in una violenta reazione opposta, destinata a seppellire sotto la pesante cappa del realismo socialista il critico, gioioso e trascendente grottesco del teatro yiddish, nonché provocando uno scontro che volse in tragedia e si concluse con la morte, l’esilio e il silenzio di quasi tutti gli interpreti russi della cultura yiddish. I due protagonisti di questo libro avevano scelto il teatro come ricerca della verità e ne subirono le amare conseguenze.

Keywords

art --- death --- music --- Russia

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