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Drug Policies and Development

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: International Development Policy ISBN: 9789004440494 Year: Pages: 334 DOI: 10.1163/9789004440494 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-15 00:05:08
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The 12th volume of International Development Policy explores the relationship between international drug policy and development goals, both current and within a historical per-spective. Contributions address the drugs and development nexus from a range of critical viewpoints, highlighting gaps and contradictions, as well as exploring strategies and oppor-tunities for enhanced linkages between drug control and development programming. Crim-inalisation and coercive law enforcement-based responses in international and national level drug control are shown to undermine peace, security and development objectives. Readership: Academic scholars and researchers, policymakers and development practitioners interested in international development policy, drug policies and their effects on development, global economic and political trends, and local development issues.

US Nation Building in Afghanistan

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ISBN: 9781472474841 9781315548623 Year: Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-17 11:01:06
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Why has the US so dramatically failed in Afghanistan since 2001? Dominant explanations have ignored the bureaucratic divisions and personality conflicts&#xD;inside the US state. This book rectifies this weakness in commentary on Afghanistan&#xD;by exploring the significant role of these divisions in the US’s difficulties&#xD;in the country that meant the battle was virtually lost before it even began. The&#xD;main objective of the book is to deepen readers’ understanding of the impact of&#xD;bureaucratic politics on nation-building in Afghanistan, focusing primarily on the&#xD;Bush administration. It rejects the ‘rational actor’ model, according to which the&#xD;US functions as a coherent, monolithic agent. Instead, internal divisions within&#xD;the foreign policy bureaucracy are explored, to build up a picture of the internal&#xD;tensions and contradictions that bedevilled US nation-building efforts. The book&#xD;also contributes to the vexed issue of whether or not the US should engage in&#xD;nation-building at all, and if so under what conditions.

Shared Destiny: China Story Yearbook 2014

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781925022933 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_607531 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-10 11:01:16
License: ANU Press

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Humanity as never before shares a common destiny, whether it be in terms of the resources of the planet, the global environment, economic integration, or the movement of peoples, ideas, cultures. For better or worse humankind is a Community of Shared Destiny 命运共同体. The People’s Republic of China under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party and its ‘Chairman of Everything’, Xi Jinping, has declared that it shares in the destiny of the countries of the Asia and Pacific region, as well as of nations that are part of an intertwined national self-interest. The Party, according to Marxist-Leninist-Maoist theory, is the vanguard of progressive social forces; it cleaves to the concept of shared destiny and its historical role in shaping that destiny. Since its early days nearly a century ago it has emphasised the collective over the individual, the end rather than the means. It addresses majority opinion while guiding and moulding the agenda both for today, and for the future.

Engaging the neighbours. Australia and ASEAN since 1974

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ISBN: 9781760460174 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_616882 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-22 11:01:25
License: ANU Press

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From modest beginnings in 1967, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has become the premier regional institution in Southeast Asia. The 10 members are pursuing cooperation to develop the ‘ASEAN Community’ and also sponsor wider dialogues that involve the major powers. Australia has been interested in ASEAN since its inauguration and was the first country to establish a multilateral link with the Association, in 1974. Australia and ASEAN have subsequently engaged and cooperated on many issues of mutual concern, including efforts to secure an agreement to resolve the Cambodia conflict (signed in 1991), the initiation of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation grouping (1989) and the ASEAN Regional Forum (1994), the conclusion of the ASEAN–Australia–New Zealand Free Trade Agreement (signed in 2008) and the development of the East Asia Summit (from 2005). This book provides the first available detailed history of the evolution of Australia’s interactions with ASEAN. It assesses the origins and phases of development of Australia’s relations with ASEAN; the role ASEAN has played in Australian foreign policy since the 1970s; the ways in which the two sides have collaborated, and at times disagreed, in the pursuit of regional stability and security; and the key factors that will influence the relationship as it moves into its fifth decade.

Globalization and Capitalist Geopolitics

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ISBN: 9780415745055 9781315798165 Year: Pages: 274 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100750
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-18 11:01:27
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In a period of increasing geopolitical insecurity and economic instability this title provides an authoritative yet accessible commentary on debates on capitalism and globalization in the wake of the financial crisis.

Racism After Apartheid

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ISBN: 9781776143597 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.18772/22019033061 Language: English
Publisher: Wits University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 11:21:03
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"Racism after Apartheid, volume four of the Democratic Marxism series, brings together leading scholars and activists from around the world studying and challenging racism. In eleven thematically rich and conceptually informed chapters, the contributors interrogate the complex nexus of questions surrounding race and relations of oppression as they are played out in the global South and global North. Their work challenges Marxism and anti-racism to take these lived realities seriously and consistently struggle to build human solidarities."

Scriptures, Shrines, Scapegoats, and World Politics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780472901234 9780472131747 Year: Pages: 457 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.11353856 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-25 11:21:03
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The effect of religious factors on politics has been a key issue since the end of the Cold War and the subsequent rise of religious terrorism. However, the systematic investigations of these topics have focused primarily on the effects of religion on domestic and international conflict. Scriptures, Shrines, Scapegoats, and World Politics offers a comprehensive evaluation of the role of religion in international relations, broadening the scope of investigation to such topics as the relationship between religion and cooperation, religion and conflict, and the relationship between religion and the quality of life. Religion is often manipulated by political elites to advance their principal goal of political survival. Zeev Maoz and Errol A. Henderson find that no specific religion is either consistently more bellicose or consistently more cooperative than other religions. However, religious similarity between states tends to reduce the propensity of conflict and increase the opportunity for security cooperation. The authors find a significant relationship between secularism and human security.

BRICS and the New American Imperialism

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"BRICS is a grouping of the five major emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Volume five in the Democratic Marxism series, BRICS and the New American Imperialism challenges the mainstream understanding of BRICS and US dominance to situate the new global rivalries engulfing capitalism. It offers novel analyses of BRICS in the context of increasing US induced imperial chaos, deepening environmental crisis tendencies (such as climate change and water scarcity), contradictory dynamics inside BRICS countries and growing subaltern resistance. The authors revisit contemporary thinking on imperialism and anti-imperialism, drawing on the work of Rosa Luxemburg, one of the leading theorists after Marx, who attempted to understand the expansionary nature of capitalism from the heartlands to the peripheries. The richness of Luxemburg’s pioneering work inspires most of the volume’s contributors in their analyses of the dangerous contradictions of the contemporary world as well as forms of democratic agency advancing resistance. While various forms of resistance are highlighted, among them water protests, mass worker strikes, anti-corporate campaigning and forms of cultural critique, this volume grapples with the challenge of renewing anti-imperialism beyond the NGO-driven World Social Forum and considers the prospects of a new horizontal political vessel to build global convergence. It also explores the prospects of a Fifth International of Peoples and Workers."

Capitalism’s Crises

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781776147069 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.18772/22015109209 Language: English
Publisher: Wits University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-25 00:08:29
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"The contributors to this volume draw on a non-dogmatic Marxist approach to explain the systemic and conjunctural dynamics of crisis inherent in global capitalism. Their analysis asks what is historically specific to capitalism's crises while avoiding catastrophic or defeatist claims. At the same time the volume situates left agency within actual patterns of resistance and class struggle to clarify the potential for transformative change. The cycle of resistance strengthened by the World Socal Forum and transnational activism is now punctuated by the experience of the Arab Spring, the agency of anti-systemic movements, left think tanks, the Occupy Wall Street Movement, labour unions, left parties in Europe such as Syrizia and Podemos and peoples' budgeting in Kerala, India. On the down side, we are witnessing the waning of the Workers Party in Brazil and serious challenges for South Africa's once powerful labour movement and still formative social justice activism. All these developments are assessed in this volume. This is the second volume in the Democratic Marxism series. It elaborates on crucial themes introduced in the first volume, Marxism in the 21st Century: Crisis, Critique and Struggle (edited by Michelle Williams and Vishwas Satgar)."

Marxisms in the 21st Century

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781776147052 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.18772/22013127533 Language: English
Publisher: Wits University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-25 00:08:32
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The current resurgence of Marxism is based on new sources of inspiration and creativity from movements that seek democratic, egalitarian and ecological alternatives to capitalism. The Marxism of many of these movements is neither dogmatic nor prescriptive, but rather, open, searching, utopian. It revolves around four primary factors: the importance of democracy for an emancipatory project; the ecological limits of capitalism; the crisis of global capitalism; and the learning of lessons from the failures of Marxist-inspired experiments. Marxisms in the Twenty-First Century challenges vanguardist Marxism featured in South Africa and beyond. Featuring leading thinkers from the Left, the book offers provocative ideas on interpreting our current world and serves as an excellent introduction to new ways of thinking about Marxism to students and scholars in the field. Many anti-capitalist traditions and themes - including democracy, globalisation, feminism, critique and ecology inform and shape the contributions in this volume.

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