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Disability in the Industrial Revolution

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Book Series: Disability History ISBN: 9781526125774 Year: Pages: 241 DOI: 10.9760/9781526125774 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095948/Z/11/Z
Subject: Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-25 11:02:10
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The Industrial Revolution produced injury, illness and disablement on a large scale and nowhere was this more visible than in coalmining. Disability in the Industrial Revolution sheds new light on the human cost of industrialisation by examining the lives and experiences of those disabled in a sector that was vital to Britain’s economic growth. Although it is often assumed that industrialisation led to increasing marginalisation of people with impairments, disabled mineworkers were expected to return to work wherever possible, and new medical services developed to assist in this endeavour. Using a rich and innovative mix of sources ranging from official reports to autobiographies, this book examines disability and its consequences in the coalfields of Scotland, north east England and south Wales. It explores how working conditions, the organisation of labour, and employer attitudes affected the ability of impaired miners to find employment, and charts the multifaceted responses to disablement, ranging from health and safety regulations to welfare programmes. Recognising that experiences of disability extended beyond the world of work, the book discusses the family, community and cultural lives of disabled mineworkers. It shows how disability played an important role in industrial relations and shaped class identity. In the process, it presents a new history of disability and the Industrial Revolution, one that shows how disabled people contributed to Britain’s industrial development, and demonstrates how concerns about disability shaped responses to industrialisation.

Knowledge and Institutions

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Book Series: Knowledge and Space ISBN: 9783319753287 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-75328-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Psychology --- Business and Management --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:14
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This open access book bridges the disciplinary boundaries within the social sciences to explore the role of social institutions in shaping geographical contexts, and in creating new knowledge. It includes theorizations as well as original empirical case studies on the emergence, maintenance and change of institutions as well as on their constraining and enabling effects on innovation, entrepreneurship, art and cultural heritage, often at regional scales across Europe and North America. Rooted in the disciplines of management and organization studies, sociology, geography, political science, and economics the contributors all take comprehensive approaches to carve out the specific contextuality of institutions as well as their impact on societal outcomes. Not only does this book offer detailed insights into current debates in institutional theory, it also provides background for scholars, students, and professionals at the intersection between regional development, policy-making, and regulation.

Safety Cultures, Safety Models

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISBN: 9783319951294 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-95129-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Psychology --- Economics --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:12
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The objective of this book is to help at-risk organizations to decipher the “safety cloud”, and to position themselves in terms of operational decisions and improvement strategies in safety, considering the path already travelled, their context, objectives and constraints. What link can be established between safety culture and safety models in order to increase safety within companies carrying out dangerous activities? First, while the term “safety culture” is widely shared among the academic and industrial world, it leads to various interpretations and therefore different positioning when it comes to assess, improve or change it. Many safety theories, concepts, and models coexist today, being more or less appealing and/or directly useful to the industry. How, and based on which criteria, to choose from the available options? These are some of the questions addressed in this book, which benefits from the expertise of its worldwide famous authors in several industrial sectors.

The Wages Crisis in Australia

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ISBN: 9781925261769 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.20851/ilm-1 Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:04
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This edited volume of chapters resulted from an international conference held at the University of Adelaide in July 2016 under the same title to explore the multifaceted concept of ʿilm in Islam — its agency and manifestations in the connected realms of science, religion, and the arts. The aim is to explore the Islamic civilisational responses to major shifts in the concept of ‘knowledge’ that took place in the post-mediaeval period, and especially within the context of the ‘early modern’. It asserts that the true value of knowledge lies in its cross-civilisational reach, as when the development of knowledge in pre-modern Islam exerted profound changes onto the Europeans, whose resurgence in the early modern period has in turn forced massive changes onto the Islamic worldview and its systems of knowledge. Now the landscape of knowledge has significantly changed, the Muslim mind, which has been historically calibrated to be particularly sensitive towards knowledge, can and should open to new horizons of knowing where science, religion, and art can meet again on freshly cultivated and intellectually fertile grounds.

Temperature Sensing

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ISBN: 9781789235029 9781789235036 Year: Pages: 98 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71461 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Temperature is the most often-measured environmental quantity and scientists are continuously improving ways of sensing it. To present their work in the field of temperature sensing, researchers from distant parts of the world have joined their efforts and contributed their ideas according to their interest and engagement. Their articles will give you the opportunity to understand concepts and uses of fiber-optic sensing technology. The optical fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer for temperature sensing is presented, as well as the optical fiber-distributed temperature sensor and fiber Bragg grating-based sensor. You can learn about tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy and its various industrial applications. Last but not least, cutting temperature measurements during the machining of aluminum alloys provides us with an insight into the correlation between cutting conditions, mechanical strength of the aluminum alloy, and the cutting temperature measured using the tool-workpiece thermocouple system. The editors hope that the presented contributions will allow both professionals and readers not involved in the immediate field to understand and enjoy the topic.

Heat and Mass Transfer - Advances in Modelling and Experimental Study for Industrial Applications

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Book Series: Heat and Mass Transfer ISSN: 26316196 ISBN: 9781789237726 9781789237733 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 158 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71818 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Heat and mass transfer are ubiquitous transport phenomena in many fields, from the natural environment and living organisms to the engineering process. This book focuses on the latest advances in applying fundamental heat and mass transfer theory and novel technologies for addressing a wide range of industrial problems of interest. This book will present readers with a recent analytical study, CFD modelling, and experimental investigations of heat and mass transfer topics associated with a variety of engineering disciplines including multiphase flow, nanofluids, porous media, battery thermal management, and engineering processes such as extractive distillation and arc welding. The book aims to provide new insights to understand the heat and mass transfer phenomena, serving as a platform for exchanging inspiring ideas and boosting further development of these disciplines.

Pulp and Paper Processing

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ISBN: 9781789238471 9781789238488 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68843 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book gives emphasis to wood fiber raw materials, alternative sources of fibers for paper production, environmental issues, paper quality improvement and cost of paper production. Varieties of non-wood raw materials, including kenaf, rice straw, empty fruit bunches of palm trees, bamboo, bagasse, etc., are considered in this book. The process of fiber treatment also varied to meet paper quality improvement. Different organosolv processes of fiber treatment are discussed. Considering contemporary issues, one particular chapter analyzes the environmentally friendly way of processing non-wood fibers for paper production. The book also contains a chapter on the by-product raw materials of paper production and their profitable applications.

Abrasive Technology - Characteristics and Applications

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ISBN: 9781789841930 9781789841947 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72364 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The subject matter of this book is the information on the abrasive technology methods, the characteristics of the methods (for example, the technological parameters, tools, and machines), innovative methods, characteristics of surface structure and surface properties after this type of mechanical process, and application in various industrial branches and other technical and technological domains. Abrasive technology is very important, for example, in precision component manufacturing and nano-technology devices. The aim of this book is to present information on the characteristics and applications of abrasive technology, abrasive tools, tests, and also the innovative methods of this technology. This information enables scientists, engineers, and designers to ensure the soundness and integrity of the fabricated components and to develop new techniques effectively.

Industrial Concentration and the Chicago School of Antitrust Analysis

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631408742 Year: Pages: 422 DOI: 10.3726/b13907 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Law --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:26
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After roughly 15 years of merger control application in the Federal Republic of Germany a reassessment of the significance of this instrument of antitrust policy seems necessary. This is particularly so in view of the reorientation of merger control policy in the United States which has been - in its original version - the model for the German merger control system.
Concerning merger control, the reorientation is characterized by the notion that the structure-conduct-performance paradigm which has dominated U.S. antitrust for a quarter of a century is imprecise or even incorrect and «that bigness in business does not necessarily mean badness.»
This makes the fundamental question arise of whether the German merger control system is still up to date in terms of the underlying market theory and of whether the German Act Against Restraints of Competition needs a reorientation towards aspects of market conduct and performance instead of market structure by means of a Fifth Amendment.

Digital Transformation in Smart Manufacturing

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ISBN: 9789535138419 9789535138426 9789535140825 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69336 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The purpose of this book is to provide an overview of the new industrial revolution: the ""Industry 4.0."" Globalization and competitiveness are forcing companies to review and improve their production processes. Industry 4.0 is a revolution that involves many different sectors and is still evolving. It represents the integration of tools already used in the past (big data, cloud, robot, 3D printing, simulation, etc.) that are now connected to a smart network by transmitting digital data at high speeds. The implementation of a 4.0 system represents a huge change for companies, which are faced with big investments. The idea of the book is to present practices, challenges, and opportunities related to the Industry 4.0. This book is intended to be a useful resource for anyone who deals with this issue.

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