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Cow Care in Hindu Animal Ethics

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Book Series: The Palgrave Macmillan Animal Ethics Series ISBN: 9783030284084 Year: Pages: 269 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-28408-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Religion --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:04
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This open access book provides both a broad perspective and a focused examination of cow care as a subject of widespread ethical concern in India, and increasingly in other parts of the world. In the face of what has persisted as a highly charged political issue over cow protection in India, intellectual space must be made to bring the wealth of Indian traditional ethical discourse to bear on the realities of current human-animal relationships, particularly those of humans with cows. Dharma, yoga, and bhakti paradigms serve as starting points for bringing Hindu—particularly Vaishnava Hindu—animal ethics into conversation with contemporary Western animal ethics. The author argues that a culture of bhakti—the inclusive, empathetic practice of spirituality centered in Krishna as the beloved cowherd of Vraja—can complement recently developed ethics-of-care thinking to create a solid basis for sustaining all kinds of cow care communities. ; Offers a focused insight into a key aspect of Hindu religious practice Integrates primary research and tertiary sources to give a multifaceted understanding of the intricacies of cow care practice Challenges conventional Western thought on cow care and its worldwide implications for animal ethics

Knowledge from a Human Point of View

Authors: ---
Book Series: Synthese Library ISBN: 9783030270414 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27041-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Science (General) --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:16
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This open access book – as the title suggests – explores some of the historical roots and epistemological ramifications of perspectivism. Perspectivism has recently emerged in philosophy of science as an interesting new position in the debate between scientific realism and anti-realism. But there is a lot more to perspectivism than discussions in philosophy of science so far have suggested. Perspectivism is a much broader view that emphasizes how our knowledge (in particular our scientific knowledge of nature) is situated; it is always from a human vantage point (as opposed to some Nagelian "view from nowhere"). This edited collection brings together a diverse team of established and early career scholars across a variety of fields (from the history of philosophy to epistemology and philosophy of science). The resulting nine essays trace some of the seminal ideas of perspectivism back to Kant, Nietzsche, the American Pragmatists, and Putnam, while the second part of the book tackles issues concerning the relation between perspectivism, relativism, and standpoint theories, and the implications of perspectivism for epistemological debates about veritism, epistemic normativity and the foundations of human knowledge.

Chapter 3 Derivation of Morality from Prudence (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Routledge Focus on Philosophy ISBN: 9780367230159 9780429277955 Year: Pages: 36 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:22
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This chapter derives and refines a novel normative moral theory and descriptive theory of moral psychology—Rightness as Fairness—from the theory of prudence defended in Chapter 2 of Neurofunctional Prudence and Morality: A Philosophical Theory. The chapter briefly summarizes Chapter 2’s finding that prudent agents typically internalize ‘moral risk-aversion’. The chapter then outlines how this prudential psychology leads prudent agents to want to know how to act in ways they will not regret in morally salient cases, as well as to regard moral actions as the only types of actions that satisfy this prudential interest. The chapter then uses these findings to defend a new derivation of Marcus Arvan’s theory of morality, Rightness as Fairness, showing how the derivation successfully defends Rightness as Fairness against a variety of objections. Additionally, the chapter outlines how Arvan’s theory of prudence can help substantiates the claim that Rightness as Fairness unifies a variety of competing moral frameworks: deontology, consequentialism, contractualism, and virtue ethics. Finally, the chapter shows how Chapter 2’s theory of prudence entails some revisions to Rightness as Fairness, including the adoption of a series of Rawlsian original positions to settle prudential, moral, and social-political issues under ideal and nonideal circumstances.&#xD;

Confucius and Cicero. Old Ideas for a New World, New Ideas for an Old World

Authors: ---
Book Series: Roma Sinica ISSN: 2512-840X ISBN: 9783110616804 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 222 DOI: 10.1515/9783110616804 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 11:21:05
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This book explores the relationships between ancient Roman and Confucian thought, paying particular attention to their relevance for the contemporary world. More than 10 scholars from all around the world offer thereby a reference work for the comparative research between Roman (and early Greek) and Eastern thought, setting new trends in the panorama of Classical and Comparative Studies.

Between Psychology and Philosophy

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Comparative East-West Philosophy ISBN: 9783030225032 Year: Pages: 215 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22503-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Psychology --- Philosophy --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:09
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This open access book discusses a variety of important but unprecedented ways in which psychology can be useful to philosophy. The early chapters illustrate this theme via comparisons between Chinese and Western philosophy. It is argued that the Chinese notion of a heart-mind is superior to the Western concept of mind, but then, more even-handedly, the relative strengths and weaknesses of Chinese and Western thought overall are critically examined. In later chapters, the philosophical uses of psychology are treated more specifically in relation to major issues in Western philosophy. Michael Slote shows that empathy and emotion play a role in speech acts (like assertion and thanking) that speech act theory has totally ignored. Similarly, he treats the age-old question of whether justice pays using psychological material that has not previously been recognized. Finally, the implications of psychological egoism are discussed in terms of some new psychological and, indeed, human distinctions. Human life is pervaded by instincts and aspirations that are neither egoistic nor altruistic, and recognizing that fact can help put egoism in its place. It is less of a challenge to morality than we have realized.

Understanding Perspectivism

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Studies in the Philosophy of Science ISBN: 9781138503069 9781315145198 Year: Pages: 210 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 647272
Subject: Education --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-05 11:21:02
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This edited collection is the first of its kind to explore the view called&#xD;perspectivism in the philosophy of science. The book brings together an&#xD;array of essays that reflect on the methodological promises and scientific&#xD;challenges of perspectivism in a variety of fields such as physics, biology,&#xD;cognitive neuroscience, and cancer research, just for a few examples. What&#xD;are the advantages of using a plurality of perspectives in a given scientific field&#xD;and for interdisciplinary research? Can different perspectives be integrated?&#xD;What is the relation between perspectivism, pluralism, and pragmatism?&#xD;These ten new essays by top scholars in the field offer a kaleidoscopic&#xD;journey toward understanding the view called “perspectivism” and its&#xD;relevance to science.

Keywords

science --- philosophy --- opinion

Agency and Causal Explanation in Economics

Authors: ---
Book Series: Virtues and Economics ISBN: 9783030261146 Year: Pages: 171 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-26114-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Ethnology --- Sociology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:04
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This open access book provides an exploration of the consequences of the ontological differences between natural and social objects (sometimes described as objects of nature and objects of thought) in the workings of causal and agency relationships. One of its important and possibly original conclusions is that causal and agency relationships do not encompass all of the dependent relationships encountered in social life. The idea that social reality is contingent has been known (and largely undisputed) at least since Wittgenstein’s “On Certainty”, but social science, and most notably economics has continued to operate on the basis of causal and agency theories borrowed or adapted from the natural sciences. This volume contains essays that retain and justify the partial or qualified use of this approach and essays that totally reject any use of causal and agency theory built on determined facts (closed systems).The rejection is based on the possibly original claim that, whereas causation in the objects of the natural sciences reside in their properties, human action is a matter of intentionality. It engages with critical realist theory and re-examines the role of free will in theories of human action in general and economic theory in particular.

Your Post has been Removed

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030259686 Year: Pages: 287 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-25968-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Law --- Political Science --- Media and communication --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:06
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This open access monograph argues established democratic norms for freedom of expression should be implemented on the internet. Moderating policies of tech companies as Facebook, Twitter and Google have resulted in posts being removed on an industrial scale. While this moderation is often encouraged by governments - on the pretext that terrorism, bullying, pornography, “hate speech” and “fake news” will slowly disappear from the internet - it enables tech companies to censure our society. It is the social media companies who define what is blacklisted in their community standards. And given the dominance of social media in our information society, we run the risk of outsourcing the definition of our principles for discussion in the public domain to private companies. Instead of leaving it to social media companies only to take action, the authors argue democratic institutions should take an active role in moderating criminal content on the internet. To make this possible, tech companies should be analyzed whether they are approaching a monopoly. Antitrust legislation should be applied to bring those monopolies within democratic governmental oversight. Despite being in different stages in their lives, Anne Mette is in the startup phase of her research career, while Frederik is one of the most prolific philosophers in Denmark, the authors found each other in their concern about Free Speech on the internet. The book was originally published in Danish as Dit opslag er blevet fjernet - techgiganter & ytringsfrihed. Praise for 'Your Post has been Removed' "From my perspective both as a politician and as private book collector, this is the most important non-fiction book of the 21st Century. It should be disseminated to all European citizens. The learnings of this book and the use we make of them today are crucial for every man, woman and child on earth. Now and in the future.” Jens Rohde, member of the European Parliament for the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe “This timely book compellingly presents an impressive array of information and analysis about the urgent threats the tech giants pose to the robust freedom of speech and access to information that are essential for individual liberty and democratic self-government. It constructively explores potential strategies for restoring individual control over information flows to and about us. Policymakers worldwide should take heed!” Nadine Strossen, Professor, New York Law School. Author, HATE: Why We Should Resist It with Free Speech, Not Censorship

The Ethics of Cybersecurity

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: The International Library of Ethics, Law and Technology ISBN: 9783030290535 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-29053-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Law --- Social Sciences --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-12 11:21:03
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This open access book provides the first comprehensive collection of papers that provide an integrative view on cybersecurity. It discusses theories, problems and solutions on the relevant ethical issues involved. This work is sorely needed in a world where cybersecurity has become indispensable to protect trust and confidence in the digital infrastructure whilst respecting fundamental values like equality, fairness, freedom, or privacy. The book has a strong practical focus as it includes case studies outlining ethical issues in cybersecurity and presenting guidelines and other measures to tackle those issues. It is thus not only relevant for academics but also for practitioners in cybersecurity such as providers of security software, governmental CERTs or Chief Security Officers in companies.

The Anthology of Babel

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781950192472 9781950192489 Year: Pages: 398 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0254.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-25 11:21:03
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Why should there only be literary scholarship about authors who actually lived, and texts which exist? Where are the articles on Enoch Campion, Linus Withold, Redondo Panza, Darshan Singh, or Heidi B. Morton? That none of these are real authors should be no impediment to interpreting their invented writings. In the first collection of its kind, The Anthology of Babel publishes academic articles by scholars on authors, books, and movements that are completely invented. Blurring the lines between scholarship and creative writing, The Anthology of Babel inaugurates a completely new literary genre perfectly attuned to the era we live in, a project evocative of Jorge-Louis Borges, Umberto Eco, and Italo Calvino.&#xD;&#xD;

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