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Die Begriffsanalyse im 21. Jahrhundert

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ISBN: 9783957431677 Year: Pages: 318 DOI: 10.30965/9783957437259 Language: German
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-21 23:58:09
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Philosophy

Panentheism and Panpsychism

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Book Series: Innsbruck Studies in Philosophy of Religion ISBN: 9783957431714 Year: Pages: 311 DOI: 10.30965/9783957437303 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Religion --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-21 23:58:15
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Panpsychism has become a highly attractive position in the philosophy of mind. On panpsychism, both the physical and the mental are inseparable and fundamental features of reality. Panentheism has also become immensely popular in the philosophy of religion. Panentheism strives for a higher reconciliation of an atheistic pantheism, on which the universe itself is causa sui, and the ontological dualism of necessarily existing, eternal creator and contingent, finite creation. Historically and systematically, panpsychism and panentheism often went together as essential parts of an allembracing metaphysical theory of Being. The present collection of essays analyses the relation between panpsychism and panentheism and provides critical reflections on the significance of panpsychistic and panentheistic thinking for recent debates in philosophy and theology.

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Religion --- Philosophy

Chapter 3 Derivation of Morality from Prudence (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Routledge Focus on Philosophy ISBN: 9780367230159 9780429277955 Year: Pages: 36 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:22
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This chapter derives and refines a novel normative moral theory and descriptive theory of moral psychology—Rightness as Fairness—from the theory of prudence defended in Chapter 2 of Neurofunctional Prudence and Morality: A Philosophical Theory. The chapter briefly summarizes Chapter 2’s finding that prudent agents typically internalize ‘moral risk-aversion’. The chapter then outlines how this prudential psychology leads prudent agents to want to know how to act in ways they will not regret in morally salient cases, as well as to regard moral actions as the only types of actions that satisfy this prudential interest. The chapter then uses these findings to defend a new derivation of Marcus Arvan’s theory of morality, Rightness as Fairness, showing how the derivation successfully defends Rightness as Fairness against a variety of objections. Additionally, the chapter outlines how Arvan’s theory of prudence can help substantiates the claim that Rightness as Fairness unifies a variety of competing moral frameworks: deontology, consequentialism, contractualism, and virtue ethics. Finally, the chapter shows how Chapter 2’s theory of prudence entails some revisions to Rightness as Fairness, including the adoption of a series of Rawlsian original positions to settle prudential, moral, and social-political issues under ideal and nonideal circumstances.

Confucius and Cicero

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Book Series: Roma Sinica ISBN: 9783110616804 9783110617009 9783110616606 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1515/9783110617009 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 11:21:05
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This book explores the relationships between ancient Roman and Confucian thought, paying particular attention to their relevance for the contemporary world. More than 10 scholars from all around the world offer thereby a reference work for the comparative research between Roman (and early Greek) and Eastern thought, setting new trends in the panorama of Classical and Comparative Studies.

Understanding Perspectivism

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in the Philosophy of Science ISBN: 9781138503069 9781315145198 Year: Pages: 210 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 647272
Subject: Education --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-05 11:21:02
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This edited collection is the first of its kind to explore the view called perspectivism in the philosophy of science. The book brings together an array of essays that reflect on the methodological promises and scientific challenges of perspectivism in a variety of fields such as physics, biology, cognitive neuroscience, and cancer research, just for a few examples. What are the advantages of using a plurality of perspectives in a given scientific field and for interdisciplinary research? Can different perspectives be integrated? What is the relation between perspectivism, pluralism, and pragmatism? These ten new essays by top scholars in the field offer a kaleidoscopic journey toward understanding the view called “perspectivism” and its relevance to science.

Keywords

science --- philosophy --- opinion

Bentham and the Arts

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ISBN: 9781787357365 Year: Pages: 324 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787357365 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-03 23:56:46
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Bentham and the Arts considers the sceptical challenge presented by Bentham’s hedonistic utilitarianism to the existence of the aesthetic, as represented in the oft-quoted statement that, ‘Prejudice apart, the game of push-pin is of equal value with the arts and sciences of music and poetry. If the game of push-pin furnish more pleasure, it is more valuable than either.’ This statement is one part of a complex set of arguments on culture, taste, and utility that Bentham pursued over his lifetime, in which sensations of pleasure and pain were opposed to aesthetic sensibility. Leading scholars from a variety of disciplines reflect on the implications of Bentham’s radical utilitarian approach for our understanding of the history and contemporary nature of art, literature, and aesthetics more generally. Each contributor takes into account, from the perspective of their own discipline and expertise, the implications for their research area of the views contained in Bentham’s Of Sexual Irregularities, and other writings on Sexual Morality (published in the authoritative edition of The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham in 2014) and ‘Not Paul, but Jesus: Volume III’ (published online by the Bentham Project in 2014). In these essays, Bentham puts forward the first philosophical defence of sexual liberty. In doing so, he questions the meaning of ‘taste’ and hence the received understanding of aesthetics more generally. The contributors, moreover, challenge two of the major commonplaces in literary and historical studies of the nineteenth century: first that literature and utilitarianism represented alternative and incompatible views of the world; and second that Bentham’s utilitarianism was somehow emaciated in comparison with that of John Stuart Mill. The volume also includes new reflections on the auto-icon and the panopticon, the latter showing the utilitarian genealogy of a collaborative art and architecture project on the site of the Millbank Penitentiary. The title ‘Bentham and the Arts’ itself challenges the commonly held notion that Bentham had nothing relevant to say on the subject of the Arts – the essays in this volume show that Bentham remains extraordinarily relevant, both in historical and philosophical terms. 'Bentham and the Arts is a feast. Ranging from poetry and sexual nonconformity to the auto-icon and public sculpture, from Hume, Kant, and de Staël to Freud and Michel Onfray, an excellent crew of contributors brings Jeremy Bentham out from the shadow cast by John Stuart Mill with much new to say on taste and politics. Highly recommended for students and scholars alike, this fine interdisciplinary volume is available to all through open-access publishing.' - Stephen Engelmann, University of Illinois at Chicago

Homo absconditus

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ISBN: 9783110666373 9783110666397 9783110661422 Year: Pages: 673 DOI: 10.1515/9783110666397 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 11:21:03
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This volume examines the specifics of Plessner's philosophy in comparison with the conceptions of Dewey, Freud, Habermas, Heidegger, Jaspers, Kant, Nietzsche, v. Uexküll and today's brain, cognition and behavioral research. It shows how philosophical anthropology overcomes the speciesism, ethnocentrism, anthropocentrism of modernity in favour of a common and open future of personal life forms.

Philosophy and Public Administration: Philosophy and Public Administration

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ISBN: 9781839100338 9781839100345 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4337/9781839100345 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Political Science --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-24 15:17:55
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Philosophy and Public Administration provides a systematic and comprehensive introduction to the philosophical foundations of the study and practice of public administration. In this revised second edition, Edoardo Ongaro offers an accessible guide for improving public administration, exploring connections between basic ontological and epistemological stances and public governance, while offering insights for researching and teaching philosophy for public administration in university programmes.

Translating Wisdom

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ISBN: 9780520345683 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.87 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-18 23:59:18
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During the height of Muslim power in South Asia, Muslim nobles of the Mughal Empire (1526-1857) patronized the translation of a large body of Hindu Sanskrit texts into the Persian language, including the Upaniṣads, the Bhagavad Gītā, and numerous other works. In Translating Wisdom, Shankar Nair reconstructs the intellectual processes that underlay these translations, traversing an exceptional linguistic scope including Sanskrit, Arabic, and Persian materials. Using the 1597 Persian rendition of the Sanskrit Yoga Vāsiṣṭha as a case study, Nair traces the intellectual exchanges by which teams of Muslim and Hindu translators, working collaboratively and drawing upon their respective religio-philosophical traditions, crafted a novel lexicon with which to express Hindu philosophical wisdom in an Islamic Persian idiom. How did these translators find a vocabulary through which to convey Hindu, Sanskrit articulations of God, conceptions of salvation and the afterlife, Hindu ritual notions, etc., in Islamic Persian terms? How did these two communities of scholars devise a shared language with which to communicate and to render one another’s religious and philosophical views mutually comprehensible? Translating Wisdom illustrates how these early modern Muslim and Hindu scholars found the words and the means to put their traditions into conversation with one another, achieving a nuanced inter-religious and cross-philosophical dialogue significant not only to South Asia’s past, but also its present.

The Hand Behind the Invisible Hand

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ISBN: 9781529215793 Year: Pages: 278 Language: English
Publisher: Bristol University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-28 23:57:31
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC-ND licence. Using Adam Smith’s notion of an 'invisible hand', this extraordinary contribution identifies dogmatic versus pragmatic views of free markets. Published posthumously, with new contributions by Rod O’Donnell, Daniel B. Klein and Christopher Torr, this book outlines Mittermaier’s main thesis and its relevance for ongoing debates within economics, politics, sociology and philosophy.

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